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Products
Perkins 404F-E22T and 404F-E22TA Industrial Engine Maintenance Operation Manual II


Detailed Description:

General information

note

We make every effort to provide accurate and timely information. Use this article

File, you agree to Perkins Engines Company Limited

No liability is assumed for errors or omissions.

note

These recommendations are subject to change without notice. Check with local

Contact your Perkins dealer for the latest recommendations.

Diesel requirements

Perkins is not responsible for continuously evaluating and monitoring governments and technology

Technical Association published technical specifications for distillate diesel.

Perkins distillate diesel specifications provide a known and reliable benchmark to

The estimated performance of distillate diesel made from conventional energy sources

Sentence.

Satisfactory engine performance depends on the quality fuel used. use

Good quality fuel will have the following effects: long engine life and

Acceptable levels of exhaust emissions. The fuel must meet the regulations in Table 13.

Set minimum requirements.

note

Footnotes are a key part of the Perkins Distillate Diesel Specification Sheet. please

Read all footnotes.

Table 13

Perkins Distillate Diesel Specifications (1)

characteristic

unit

Claim

ASTM test

D1319

D482

ISO test

ISO3837

ISO6245

ISO4262

Aromatic compound

Ash

Volume percentage

Weight percent

Weight percent

Up to 35%

Up to 0.01%

Up to 0.35%

10% carbon residue in the bottom area

D524

Slag

Cetane number (2)

-

Minimum 40?

D613 / D6890

D2500

ISO5165

ISO3015

Cloud point

° C

Cloud point must never exceed the minimum expected loop

境 温度。 Environment temperature.

Copper strip corrosion

-

Up to 3

D130

ISO2160

Density at 15 ° C (59 ° F)

kg / m

3

Minimum 801, maximum 876

No equivalent test

ISO 3675ISO 12185

(3)

Distillation

° C

10% @ 282 ° C (539.6 ° F)

D86

ISO3405

maximum

90% @ 360 ° C (680 ° F) max

Big

Flash point

° C

-

Legal limit

D93

ISO2719

Thermal stability

Aging at 150 ° C (302 ° F)

After 180 minutes, the minimum reflectivity

80%

D6468

No equivalent test

Pour point

° C

6 ° C (42.8 ° F) minimum below ambient D97

ISO3016

temperature

(Continued)

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

45

Maintenance chapter

General Fuel Information

(Table 13, continued)

Sulfur (1)

Mass percentage

0.0015

D5453 / D26222

D445

ISO 20846ISO 20884

Kinematic viscosity (4)

mm

2

/ s (cSt)

The viscosity of the fuel delivered to the fuel injection pump.

ISO3405

"Minimum 1.4 / Maximum 4.5"

Water and sediment

water

Weight percent

Weight percent

Weight percent

mg / 100ml

mm

Up to 0.1%

D1796

D1744

D473

ISO3734

No equivalent test

ISO3735

ISO6246

Up to 0.1%

Precipitate

Up to 0.05%

Colloids and resins (5)

10 mg / 100 mL

D381

Moisturized at 60 ° C (140 ° F)

Up to 0.52

D6079

ISO12156-1

Wear scar diameter after slip correction.

(6)

(1)

This technical specification includes requirements for Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD). ULSD does not exceed 15 ppm (0.0015%) of sulfur. See ASTM D5453, ASTM D2622, or ISO

20846, ISO 20884 test method.

(2)

(3)

(4)

High cetane fuel is recommended for operation at high altitudes or in cold weather.

"According to the standard table, the equivalent API weight is 45 at a minimum density of 801 kg / m3 (kg / m3) and a maximum density of 876 kg / m3

At 30 ".

The value of the fuel viscosity is the value when the fuel is delivered to the fuel injection pump. Fuel should also meet minimum viscosity requirements and meet ASTM D445 test methods at 40 ° C (104 ° F).

Method or ISO 3104 test method. If low-viscosity fuel is used, it may need to be cooled in order to keep the fuel viscosity at the fuel injection pump at least

"1.4 cSt". For high viscosity fuel, a fuel heater may be required at the fuel injection pump to reduce the viscosity to "1.4 cSt".

Follow test conditions and procedures for gasoline (motor).

Ultra low sulfur fuel needs to consider the fuel lubrication performance. To determine fuel lubricity, perform an ISO 12156-1 or ASTM D6079 high-frequency reciprocating unit (HFRR) test. If burning

The oil lubricity does not meet the minimum requirements, please consult your fuel supplier. Do not dispose of fuel without consulting your fuel supplier. Some additives are incompatible. These additives may lead

Causes the fuel system to malfunction.

(5)

(6)

Perkins manufactures engines approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Certified. Engines manufactured by Perkins have passed corresponding regulatory agency regulations

Certified fuel use. Perkins does not authorize use of diesel engines

Any other fuel.

Note: It is the responsibility of engine users and operators to use EPA and other

Fuel prescribed by regulatory agencies.

note

Operation with fuel that does not comply with Perkins recommendations can cause the following effects

Response: Difficult starting, reduced fuel filter life, and inefficient combustion

Quality, injector deposits, severely reduced service life of the fuel system,

Combustion chamber deposits and reduced engine life.

note

Perkins 404F-E22F diesel engines must use ultra-low sulfur diesel

operating. The fuel must have a sulfur content below 15 PPM. The fuel meets

US Environmental Protection Agency requirements for emissions regulations.

Fig. 27

g02157153

Figure 27 is a demonstration of the label installed in the fuel tank of the application

Next to the fuel filler cap.

The fuel specifications listed in Table 14 can be issued for all 404F-

E22F engine.

Table 14

Acceptable Fuel Specifications for 404F-E22F Engines (1)

Fuel technical specifications

Comment

EN590

European Automotive Diesel (DERV)

ASTM D975 Grade 1D S15

ASTM D975 Grade 2D S15

"North American Light Distillate Diesel Sulfur Content Below 15 PPM"

"General diesel produced in North American middle distillates has a sulfur content below 15 PPM"

JIS K2204

"Japan Diesel" must meet the requirements stated in the "Lubricity" section.

BS 2869: 2010 Class A2 or EU equivalent

"EU off-highway diesel. Sulfur content for 2011 must be less than 10 PPM"

(1)

All fuel must meet the specifications in the Perkins Distillate Diesel Technical Specifications table.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


46

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

General Fuel Information

Diesel characteristics

Lubricity

Cetane number

Lubricity refers to the ability of fuel to prevent pump wear. Oil lubricity description

The ability of the oil to reduce friction between the bearing surfaces is improved. This ability can be reduced

Less damage due to friction. Fuel's lubrication properties are related to fuel

Operation of the jet system. Prior to the promulgation of fuel sulfur limits,

The lubricity of the fuel is considered to be a function of the viscosity of the fuel.

Fuels with higher cetane numbers have shorter ignition delays. High cetane number can increase

Ignition quality. The cetane number of the fuel is burned in a standard CFR engine

The ratio of cetane and heptamethylnonane of the oil is obtained. See ISO

5165 to understand the test method.

Lubricity is especially good for current ultra-low sulfur fuels and low aromatic fossil fuel

Don't matter. These fuels are produced to meet stringent exhaust emission requirements.

begging.

The expected cetane number of today's diesels typically exceeds 45. But some

Areas may have a cetane number of 40. America is the possibility

One of the areas where low cetane number appears. Under normal starting conditions,

Find the lowest cetane number to reach 40. High altitude or cold operating conditions

It is recommended to use high cetane fuel.

The lubricity of these fuels must not exceed 0.52 mm (0.0205 inch)

Wear scar diameter. Fuel lubricity test must be performed on HFRR

Yes, operating conditions are 60 ° C (140 ° F). See ISO 12156-

1.

Low cetane fuel is the root cause of cold start failures.

Viscosity

note

Fuel system using qualified fuel is tested to ISO 12156-1 and has

Lubricity up to 0.52 mm (0.0205 inch) wear scar diameter. mill

Fuel with a scar diameter greater than 0.52 mm (0.0205 inch) will cause

Reduced service life and premature failure of the fuel system.

Viscosity is the property of a liquid that creates resistance to shear or flow. With temperature

As the viscosity increases, the viscosity will decrease. For ordinary fossil fuels, at viscosity

The drop fits the logarithmic relationship. This usually involves kinematic viscosity. Sports stick

Degree is the quotient of dynamic viscosity and density. Kinematic viscosity generally passes standard temperature

The reading of the gravity flow viscometer is determined at a certain degree. See ISO

3104 to understand the test method.

Fuel additives enhance the lubricity of the fuel. Regarding the need to use fuel

For the environmental conditions of the additives, contact your fuel supplier. Your burning

The oil supplier will give advice on the use and proper disposal of additives.

Conference.

Fuel viscosity is important because fuel lubricates fuel system components

Agent's role. The fuel must reach sufficient viscosity in order to

Lubricates the fuel system at extremely hot temperatures. If the fuel at the fuel injection pump

Oil kinematic viscosity below "1.4 cSt" may damage the fuel injection pump. This

Such damage may include excessive scratches and jams. Low viscosity may cause

Difficult hot restarts, stalls, and degraded performance. High viscosity may cause

Causes a pump jam.

Distillation

Distillation represents the mixing ratio of different hydrocarbons in the fuel. High ratio

Light hydrocarbons can affect combustion performance.

Perkins recommends kinematic viscosity of the fuel delivered to the injection pump to 1.4 to

4.5 mm2 / sec. If low viscosity fuel is used,

It cools down to keep the fuel viscosity at the fuel injection pump not low

At 1.4 cSt. For high viscosity fuels, the fuel injection pump may be required

Install a fuel heater everywhere to reduce the viscosity to 4.5 cSt.

Biodiesel and recommendations for using B20

Biodiesel is a fuel that can be defined as a fatty acid monoalkyl ester. Raw

Biodiesel can be made from a variety of raw materials. The most common biodiesel in Europe

It is rapeseed oil methyl ester (RME). This biodiesel is made from rapeseed oil

to make. Soybean oil methyl ester (SME) is the most common biodiesel in the United States.

This biodiesel is made from soybean oil. The main raw material is soybean oil or

Rapeseed oil. These fuels are called fatty acid methyl esters (FAME).

density

Density is the mass of fuel per unit volume at a specific temperature. This parameter

Both the performance and emissions of the motivation have a direct impact. This type of influence decision

Heat output of fuel injection quantity. This parameter is at 15 ° C (59 ° F)

Raw vegetable oils of any concentration cannot be used as fuel for compression

machine. Without esterification, these biodiesel gels on the crankshaft

Tank and fuel tank. These fuels may be associated with engines produced today

Many of the elastomer components used are incompatible. The original form of these vegetable oils

Not suitable for use in compression engines as fuel. Biodiesel replacement

Raw materials include animal fats, waste cooking oil and various other raw materials. in order to

The listed products are used as fuel and these oils must be esterified.

Derived in the following kg / m.

3

Perkins recommends a density of 841 kg / m

3

The fuel to get the right

Power output. Lighter fuels are acceptable, but those fueled

The output does not reach the rated power.

sulfur

Fuel made from 100% FAME is commonly called B100 biodiesel

Or pure biodiesel.

Sulfur levels are managed through emission regulations. Regional regulations, national regulations

Or international regulations may require fuels to meet certain sulfur limits.

Fuel sulfur content and fuel quality must comply with existing local emissions laws

regulation.

Biodiesel can be mixed with distillate diesel fuel. This mixture

Can be used as fuel. The most commonly used blended biodiesel is made up of 5%

B5 is a blend of biodiesel and 95% distillate diesel. B20,

Blended with 20% biodiesel and 80% distillate diesel.

Perkins 404F-E22F diesel engines are designed to be used only

ULSD. Use ASTM D5453, ASTM D2622, or ISO

20846 ISO 20884 test method, ULSD fuel sulfur content must

Must be below 15 PPM (mg / kg) or 0.0015%.

Note: The above percentages are volume percentages.

American Distillate Diesel Technical Parameters ASTM D975-09a includes up to

B5 (5%) biodiesel.

note

These engines can cause damage when using diesel with a sulfur limit above 15 PPM.

Injury or permanent damage to the emission control system and / or shorten maintenance intervals.

European Distillate Diesel Specification EN590: 2010 including up to B7

(7%) biodiesel.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

47

Maintenance chapter

General Fuel Information

Note: Perkins manufactures engines approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and

Fuel use certification under the European certification system. Perkins is not authorized

The engine uses any other fuel. Engine users are responsible for using manufacturing

Properly recommended and approved by the EPA and other appropriate regulatory agencies

oil.

Note: Perkins T40-0012 Fuel Cleaner is useful for cleaning and preventing sinking.

Accumulation is most effective. Perkins diesel conditioner improves bio

The stability of diesel and biodiesel helps to limit the

form. For more information, see "Perkins Diesel System Cleaning

Agents, and Perkins. "

Biodiesel with metal impurities (sodium, potassium, calcium and / or magnesium) in diesel

Ash products are formed during combustion in the engine. Ash may affect the post

Handle the life and performance of emission control equipment and

accumulation. The accumulation of ash may lead to increased frequency of ash maintenance and /

Or performance degradation.

Technical specifications

Clean biodiesel must comply with the latest EN14214 or ASTM

D6751 (in the United States). Biodiesel is only compatible with

Qualified mineral diesel blends according to EN590 or ASTM D975 S15

Close, the mixing volume ratio reaches 20%.

General requirements

In the US, B6 to B20 blended biodiesel must comply with the latest version

Requirements listed in ASTM D7467 (B6 to B20), and

API severity must be 30-45.

Biodiesel has poor oxidation stability, so biodiesel is stored for a long time

Problems may occur during this period. Biodiesel should be 6 months after production

Used within. If the equipment is stored for more than 3 months, the fuel system should not

There is a B20 blend of biodiesel.

In North America, biodiesel and blended biodiesel must pass BQ-

9000 approved manufacturers and BQ-9000 certified distributors

buy.

Due to poor oxidation stability and other potential problems, it is highly recommended to start

The engine does not use B20 blended biodiesel for a limited period of operation, or

Restricted use level is up to B5 when certain risks can be assumed

Blend of biodiesel. Use of organisms should be restricted in the following application examples

Diesel: Standby generators and some emergency vehicles.

In other parts of the world, the use of BQ-9000 approved and recognized

Certified biodiesel, or use an equivalent biodiesel quality agency

Biorecognized and certified biocompatible biodiesel quality control standards

Diesel.

Perkins highly recommends that seasonally operated engines be shut down for long periods of time

The fuel system was previously flushed with conventional diesel, including the fuel tank. example

For example, combine harvesters should flush fuel systems seasonally.

Engine maintenance requirements

Biodiesel is corrosive and may cause fuel tanks and fuel lines

Debris is generated. The corrosive nature of biodiesel will clean fuel tanks and fuel

Oil lines. This cleaning effect on the fuel system may cause fuel filtration

The cleaner is clogged prematurely. Perkins recommends the first use of B20

The fuel filter must be replaced in the 50th hour after diesel fuel is drained.

Microbial contamination and growth can cause fuel system corrosion and fuel filtration

Prematurely blocked. Ask the supplier how to choose the right anti-microbiotic

物 资源。 Additives.

Water accelerates microbial contamination and growth. Compared with distillate fuel,

Biodiesel is naturally more prone to water. Therefore, always check the water

Separator, discharge if necessary.

The presence of glycerides in biodiesel can also lead to faster fuel filters

Clogged. Therefore, the periodic maintenance cycle should be shortened to 250 hours.

Brass, bronze, red copper, lead, tin, and zinc accelerate oxygen in biodiesel

化 process. Deposits may form during oxidation, so fuel

Tanks and fuel lines cannot use these materials.

When using biodiesel, it may affect crankcase oil and aftertreatment system

System. The reason for this effect is the chemical composition and characteristics of biodiesel

Properties such as density and volatility; and

Chemical impurities, such as alkalis and alkali metals (sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium).

Fuel for cold weather operation

• When using biodiesel or blended biodiesel, the combustion of crankcase oil

The degree of oil dilution may be higher. Use biodiesel or mixed

When biodiesel is used, the increase in fuel dilution is similar to that of biodiesel.

Cases are associated with lower volatility. Many of the latest launches in the industry

In-cylinder emission control strategies used in engine design may lead to oil collection

The biodiesel concentration in the tank increased. Biodiesel in crankcase oil

The long-term effects of oil concentration are currently unknown.

European standard EN590 contains weather-related requirements and options

Around. These choices can be applied individually for each country. There are five categories

It belongs to Arctic climate and severe winter climate. 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4.

For temperatures as low as −44 ° C (−47.2 ° F), use

EN590 Class 4 fuel. See EN590 for fuel physics

Detailed criteria for judging the nature.

Diesel ASTM D975 1-D used in the United States can be used at temperatures below

Extremely cold environments at −18 ° C (−0.4 ° F).

• If biodiesel is used, Perkins recommends passing an oil analysis check

Check the quality of the engine oil. Make sure to note the ignition

Biodiesel levels in oil.

Aftermarket Fuel Additives

Performance related issues

The use of complementary diesel fuel additives is generally not recommended. Because this type of additive

May damage fuel system or engine. Fuel supplier or fuel system

Manufacturers will add appropriate supplemental diesel additives.

Due to lower energy than standard distillate fuel, B20 will produce 2-4%

Power loss. In addition, as deposits gradually develop in the injector,

The rate will be further reduced.

Perkins acknowledges the need for additives in some special environments.

Biodiesel and blended biodiesel are known to cause fuel system sediments

Increase, of which the increase in the deposits in the injector is most pronounced. These sink

Deposits that cause energy loss due to restricted or changed fuel injection, or

This causes other functional problems associated with these precipitates.

Note: Some anti-corrosive additives can cause injector fouling, which can cause

The injector is not working properly.

For environmental conditions that require the use of fuel additives, contact your

Oil supplier. Fuel suppliers may recommend the appropriate additives for you

And the correct amount of treatment.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


48

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

General Fuel Information

Note: For best results, fuel suppliers should use

Add fuel to process fuel. Treated fuel must reach the levels shown in Table 13.

Requirements.

Perkins Diesel System Cleaner

Perkins T40-0012 Fuel Cleaner is the only one made by Perkins

Recommended Fuel Cleaner.

If biodiesel or hybrid biodiesel is required, Perkins will

Use Perkins Fuel Cleaner. Fuel is used to remove

Deposits in fuel systems due to the use of biodiesel. For students

For more information on the use of biodiesel and biodiesel, see

"Recommendations on Biodiesel and B20."

Perkins Fuel Cleaner Removes Biofuel from Fuel System

Oil and biodiesel mixed sediments. These deposits may

Will cause loss of power and engine performance.

If fuel cleaner is added to the fuel, the engine runs for 30 hours

The deposits in the fuel system can be removed from time to time. For best results

As a result, the fuel cleaner can be used up to 80 hours

Time. Perkins fuel cleaner can be used continuously without affecting the engine

Or the durability of the fuel system.

The container is detailed with instructions for mandatory fuel cleaner usage ratios.

Note: Perkins Fuel Cleaner is compatible with existing and US. EPA

Tier 4 Certified Off-Highway Diesel Engine Emission Control Catalyst and

Particle filters are compatible. Sulfur in Perkins Fuel System Cleaner

It is less than 15 ppm and is allowed to be used with ULSD fuel.

Fuel cleaner and 404F-E22 industrial starter

machine

Perkins recommends that diesel fuel must be used at 3000 engine operating hours.

Use T40-0012 fuel cleaner. Use T40-0012 fuel

Detergents will remove accumulated deposits and maintain engine power output.

Due to regional fuel differences and different life cycles, it may be shorter

Deposits accumulate during the period. If power reduction is found, Perkins

It is recommended to use a cleaner as needed.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

49

Maintenance chapter

Maintenance advice

Maintenance advice

Do not loosen the high-pressure fuel pipe to exhaust air from the fuel system.

Engine oil

i06043762

Relieve system pressure

To relieve the pressure of the lubrication system, the engine needs to be stopped.

i06565662

On engines equipped with electronic controls

Welding

Coolant system

Pressured systems: Hot coolant can cause severe burns. in order to

Open the lid and shut down, waiting for the radiator to cool down. Then slowly loosen

Open the lid and release the pressure.

note

Note: Because the strength of the rack may decrease, some manufacturers

Welding is not recommended on chassis frames or beams. About the chassis or horizontal

For welding problems on the beam, consult the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) or

Your Perkins agent.

The engine may have automatic starting capability. Perform any maintenance or repair

Before making sure the power supply is isolated.

To relieve the pressure of the cooling system, the engine needs to be stopped. Let the cooling system

The pressure cap cools down. Remove the cooling system pressure cap slowly to release

Put stress.

Proper welding procedures are necessary to avoid damage to the engine

ECM, sensors and related components. Remove from device if possible

Parts, and then weld the parts. If it is not possible to disassemble a part,

When welding the device on the electronic control engine, the following steps must be performed.

Make. The following procedures are considered to be the safest for welding on components

program. This procedure should have minimal risk of damage to electronically controlled components.

Fuel System

To relieve pressure in the gas system, shut down the machine.

note

Do not connect the ground wire of the welding machine to electrical components such as electronic control modules

(ECM) or sensor. Improper grounding method

Damage to bearings, hydraulic components, electrical components, and other components.

High pressure fuel pipe

Use the ground clip of the welding machine to clamp the component to be welded. As much as possible

The son is placed near the welding point. This will help reduce the possibility of damage.

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. High pressure

Oil spills may cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and maintenance are not followed

Repairing the guide may cause personal injury or death.

Note: Perform welding operations in areas where there is no danger of explosion.

The high-pressure fuel pipe is between the high-pressure fuel pump and the high-pressure fuel manifold and

Fuel line between fuel manifold and cylinder head. These fuel pipes are similar to other

The fuel lines on the fuel system are different.

1. Stop the engine. Turn the switch-controlled power supply OFF

Closed) position.

This is due to the following differences:

2. Make sure that the fuel supply to the engine is turned off.

• The high-pressure fuel pipe is always full of high pressure.

3. Disconnect the battery negative cable from the battery. If electricity storage is provided

Pool cut-off switch, turn on the switch.

• The internal pressure of the high-pressure fuel pipe is higher than other types of fuel systems

high.

4. Disconnect all electrical components from the wire harness. Includes the following components:

Before performing any service or repairs on the engine fuel pipe

The following tasks:

• Electrical components of driven equipment

• ECM

1. Stop the engine.

2. Wait 10 minutes.

• Sensor

• Electric fuel pump

• Electronically controlled valves

• Relay

note

Never pass electrical components (electronic control modules or electronic control modules

Sensor) or the ground point of electronic components is used as the ground point of the welding machine.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


50

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Adverse working conditions

i06245648

Adverse working conditions

Harsh operation means that the application of the engine exceeds the current performance of this engine.

Line of standards. Perkins maintains standards for the following engine parameters:

• Performance indicators such as power range, speed range and fuel consumption

• Fuel quality

• Working altitude

• Maintenance cycle

• Oil selection and maintenance

• Coolant type and maintenance

• Environmental Quality

• Installation

• Oil temperature in the engine

See engine standards or consult your Perkins dealer or

Perkins distributors to determine if the engine is within specified parameters

Operate in the surrounding area.

Adverse operation can accelerate component wear. Under harsh operating conditions

Running engines may require more frequent maintenance intervals to confirm

Guarantee maximum reliability and maintain full engine life.

Fig. 28

g01075639

Use the example above. The current from the welding machine to the welding machine ground clamp will not be damaged

Any related parts.

Due to the different applications of a single engine, it is not possible to combine all

The enabling factors for harsh operations are determined. Please consult your

How a Perkins Dealer or Perkins Distributor Is Necessary for an Engine

Dedicated maintenance.

(1) Engine

(2) Welding rod

(3) The key switch is in the OFF (open) position.

(4) The battery disconnect switch is in the on position

(5) Disconnected battery cable

(6) Battery

Work environment, improper operating procedures and incorrect maintenance procedures

May cause severe operation.

(7) Electrical / electronic components

(8) Minimum distance between soldered parts and any electrical / electronic parts

(9) Parts to be welded

envirnmental factor

(10) Current path of welding machine

(11) Welding machine ground clamp

Ambient temperature – the engine may run for extended periods in extremely cold or hot environments

Row. If the engine starts and stops frequently in very cold temperatures

Engine, valve parts may be damaged due to carbon deposits. Extremely hot intake air will decrease

Engine performance.

5. Connect the welding ground cable directly to the part to be welded. Will pick up

Place the ground cable as close to the weld as possible to reduce the welding current.

The possibility of damage to the following parts. Bearings, hydraulic components, electric

Air parts and ground cable straps.

Air quality-The engine may be exposed to dirty or dusty rings for a long time

Unless the equipment is regularly cleaned. Mud, dirt and dust may

Wrapped parts. Maintenance can be very difficult. Deposits may contain rot

Corrosive chemicals.

Note: If electrical / electronic parts are used as welding machine ground, or electrical / electronic department

The part is located between the welding machine ground and the welding point, then the current from the welding machine is

This component could be severely damaged.

Deposition-compounds, elements, corrosive chemicals and salts can damage

Some parts are broken.

Altitude – the engine is above the preset altitude for its application

Problems may occur when operating at high altitudes. The necessary adjustments should be made.

6. Protect the wire harness from damage caused by welding debris and welding spatter.

7. Weld using standard welding procedures.

Incorrect operating procedures

• Run at low idle for long periods of time

• Frequent thermal shutdown

• Overload operation

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

51

Maintenance chapter

Adverse working conditions

• Overspeed operation

• Operation outside the intended application

Incorrect maintenance procedures

• Extended maintenance intervals

• Do not use recommended fuels, lubricants and coolants / antifreeze

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


52

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Maintenance cycle

i06565645

Turbocharger-Check .............. 70

Maintenance cycle

Maintenance every 1500 working hours

Crankcase Breather (Canister)-Replacement ...

Maintenance when needed

Every 2000 working hours

Batteries-Replacement ..............

Battery or battery cable-disconnected .......... 54

Engine-Clean ............... 59

Fuel System-Filling ......... 64......

Alternator-Check ..............

Engine Mounting Support-Inspection ... 61... 61

Starter Motor-Check ...............

Every 3000 working hours

Daily maintenance

Coolant Temperature Regulator-Replacement ............. 58

Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valves-Clean ...

Water Pump-Check ............... 71

Coolant Level-Check ...............

Engine Air Filter Maintenance Indicator-Check ... 60

Engine Air Pre-Filter-Inspection / Cleaning ...

Engine Oil Level-Check .............

Fuel System Primary Filter / Water Separator-Drain ... 66

Fuel System Fine Filter / Water Separator-Drain ... 68

Around the inspection .......... 70

Every 3000 working hours or every 2 years

Coolant (DEAC)-Replacement ... 55

Every 4000 working hours

Aftercooler Core-Check ............... 53

Every 50 working hours or weekly maintenance

Every 6000 working hours or 3 years

Water and Sediment in Fuel Tanks-Emissions ... 68

Coolant Extender (ELC)-Add ... 57........

Maintenance every 500 working hours

Every 12,000 operating hours or every 6 years of maintenance

Belt-Inspection / Adjustment ............... 54

Engine Air Filter Element-Replacement ...... 60

Fan Clearance-Check ...............

Coolant (ELC)-Replacement ... 56.......

Trial run

Fan Clearance-Check ...............

Every 500 working hours or 1 year

Battery Electrolyte Level-Check .............. 54

Engine Oil and Filters-Replace ...

Fuel System Primary Filter (Water Separator) Element-Replace ... 65

Fuel System Fine Filter-Replacement ................

Hoses and Clamps-Inspection / Replacement ...

Radiator-Clean ............... 69

Every 1000 working hours

Alternator and fan belts-replacement ...

Engine Valve Clearance-Check .................

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

53

Maintenance chapter

Aftercooler core-check

i03826059

i03018688

Aftercooler core-check

Alternator and Fan Belt-Replace

Note: Adjust the frequency of cleaning work according to the impact of the working environment.

Check the aftercooler for: damaged heat sink, corrosion, dirt,

Grease, insects, leaves, motor oil and other debris. Clean after cooling if necessary

Device.

For air-to-air aftercoolers, the cleaning method is the same as for the radiator.

High-pressure air can cause personal injury.

Failure to follow proper steps below could result in personal injury. use

When compressing air, wear a protective mask and protective clothing.

When used for cleaning purposes, the maximum air pressure at the nozzle must be lower than

205 kPa (30 psi).

After cleaning, start the engine and accelerate the engine to high idle. Here is

Helps remove debris and dry cores. Stop the engine. In the core

Place a light bulb at the back to check if the core is clean. Repeat if necessary

Cleaning steps.

Inspect the blades for damage. The curved leaves can be combed away with a "comb knife".

Fig. 29

g01091158

Note: If aftercooler parts are repaired or replaced, infiltration is highly recommended

Leak test.

Typical example

(1) Adjustment bolt

(2) Mounting bolt

Check that the following parts are in good condition: Weldments, mounting supports

Brackets, air lines, connections, clamps and seals. Repair if necessary

Management.

For applications that require multiple transmission belts, replace the matching complete transmission

Move the belt. Replace only one belt in a group, as the old belt has been replaced

Stretching will put more load on the new belt. Additional load will increase

Onto a new belt, causing the belt to break.

i04651969

Alternator-check

Note: When a new belt is installed, it is necessary to

Check the tension of the belt twice.

For belt installation and removal procedures, see Disassembling and assembling hands

book.

Perkins recommends checking the alternator regularly. Check alternator connection

Whether the head is loose and the battery is charging normally. With the engine running

In the process, check the ammeter (if equipped) to ensure the battery and /

Or the normal working performance of the electrical system. Make repairs as needed.

i03018721

Battery-Replace

Check that the alternator and battery are charging properly. If you save

The battery is charging normally and the ammeter reading should be almost zero. All power storage

The pool should remain charged. The battery should be kept warm because the temperature will affect

Swing car power. If the battery is too cold, the battery cannot be cranked.

When the engine is not running for a long time or only for a short time, the battery

It may not be fully charged. A low-charge battery is more powerful than a fully charged battery

Easy to freeze.

The battery releases flammable gases that could explode. Sparks may cause

This flammable gas is ignited. This could result in personal injury or death.

Ensure proper ventilation of the battery in a closed place. Follow the right procedures

This helps prevent arcing and / or sparking around the battery. in

Do not smoke while maintaining the battery.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


54

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Battery electrolyte level-check

Clean the battery case with the following cleaners:

• Use 0.1 kg (0.2 lb) sodium bicarbonate and 1 L (1 qt) of water

The solution.

Remove battery before removing battery cable or battery

cover. The battery cover should be removed before performing any maintenance.

Disconnect the battery cable or battery without removing the battery cover

May cause explosion, resulting in personal injury.

• Use ammonium hydroxide solution.

Rinse the battery case thoroughly with clean water.

1. Turn the engine start switch to the OFF position. Remove all

Electrical load.

i03840677

Battery or battery cable-disconnected

2. Turn off all battery chargers. Disconnect all battery chargers.

3. Use the negative “-” cable to connect the negative “-” terminal of the battery to the starter motor.

Connect the negative "-" terminals of. From the negative "-" terminal of the battery

Disconnect the cable.

4. The positive “+” cable connects the positive “+” terminal of the battery to the starter motor.

The positive "+" terminals are connected. From the positive terminal of the battery

Disconnect the cable.

Remove battery before removing battery cable or battery

cover. The battery cover should be removed before performing any maintenance.

Disconnect the battery cable or battery without removing the battery cover

May cause explosion, resulting in personal injury.

Note: Be sure to recycle the battery. Never dispose of the battery. Scrapped

The battery is sent to the appropriate recycling plant.

1. Turn the start switch to the OFF position. Turn the ignition switch (such as

Equipped) Turn to OFF position, remove key and turn off all

There is an electrical load.

5. Remove the used battery.

6. Install new batteries.

2. Disconnect the negative battery terminal. Make sure that the cable cannot contact the terminals.

When using four 12V batteries, two negative terminals must be disconnected

Pick up.

Note: Before installing the cable, make sure that the engine start switch is OFF.

position.

7. Connect the cable from the positive terminal of the starter motor to the positive terminal of the battery.

"+" Terminal.

3. Disconnect the positive connection.

4. Clean all disconnected connectors and battery terminals.

8. Connect the battery negative “-” cable to the battery negative “-” terminal

on.

5. Clean the terminals and cable clamps with fine sandpaper. Clean these items straight

Until its surface is shiny. Do not remove material excessively. Excessively

Removal of the material may cause the clamp to fail to fit properly. Use properly

Silicone or petroleum jelly smeared clamp and terminal surfaces.

i03018722

Battery electrolyte level-check

6. To prevent accidental starting, wrap the cable ends with tape.

7. Make necessary system repairs.

When the engine is not running for a long time or only for a short time, the battery

It may not be fully charged. Make sure the battery is fully charged to prevent the battery from scoring

freeze. If the battery is properly charged, the ammeter reads while the engine is running

The number should be close to zero.

8. 要连接蓄电池,需先连接正极接头,然后再接负极

接头。

i06565648

皮带- 检查/调整

所有铅酸蓄电池含有硫酸,硫酸能烧蚀皮肤和腐蚀衣

clothes.对蓄电池作业或在其附近工作时,必须戴防护面

罩和穿防护服。

an examination

1. 拆下加注口盖。 蓄电池的电解液位保持在蓄电池的

“满(FULL)” 标记位置。

为获得发动机的最高性能,应检查传动皮带是否磨损

和断裂。 更换磨损或损坏的皮带。

If water needs to be added, use distilled water.如果没有蒸馏水,

可使用低矿物质的清洁水。 不要使用人工软化水。

如果皮带过松,将会由于振动造成不必要的皮带和皮

带轮磨损。 松动的皮带打滑可能足以导致过热。

2. Check the condition of the electrolyte using a suitable battery tester.

3. Install the cover.

新皮带的正确张力是400 N (90 lb) 至489 N (110 lb)

.操作30 分钟或以上的使用过的皮带在额定转速下

的正确张力是267 N (60 lb) 至356 N (80 lb)。

4. Keep the battery clean.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

55

Maintenance chapter

冷却液(DEAC) - 更换

应在皮带轮之间皮带的中心点检查皮带张力。

note

After any maintenance or repair of the engine cooling system,

Perform this procedure on the engine on a flat surface.水平地面将允许您准

确检查冷却液液位。 此步骤也有助于避免冷却系统中

出现气穴。

Adjustment

注:冷却系统放水后,检查水泵和水温调节器。 该检

查为在必要时更换水泵、水温调节器和软管提供了好

opportunity.

emission

Pressurized system: Hot coolant can cause severe burns. In the hair

The machine stops and waits for the cooling system components to cool down before turning on the cooling

System filler cap.缓慢松开冷却系统加注口盖,以释放

掉所有压力。

1. 发动机停机,使发动机冷却下来。 缓慢地松开冷却

系统加注口盖,以释放掉所有压力。 Remove the cooling system

Fill the cap.

注:请参阅操作和保养手册, 一般危险事项中关于盛装

溢出液体的信息

图 30

g03886616

Typical example

1. 松开螺栓(1) ,然后松开螺栓(3) 。

2. 松开螺母和螺栓(4) 。

3. 移动交流发电机(2) ,以便将皮带(4) 调整到所需

的张力。

4. 拧紧螺栓(1) 和螺栓(3) 至扭矩为22 N·m

(194 lb in)。 拧紧螺母和螺栓(4) 至扭矩为22 N·m

(194 lb in)。

i06565675

冷却液(DEAC) - 更换

• DEAC

柴油发动机防冻剂/冷却液

如果有以下情况发生,在推荐的保养周期之前,清洁

和冲刷冷却系统:

图 31

g03890108

• 发动机频繁过热。

Typical example

• 观察到起泡沫。

2. 拆下发动机上的排放塞(1) 。 打开排放旋塞或拆下

• 机油已进入冷却系统,冷却液被污染。

• 柴油已进入冷却系统,冷却液被污染。

散热器上的排放螺塞。

将冷却液排放到适当的容器中。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


56

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

冷却液(ELC)- 更换

3. 正确地处理排放物。 遵照当地法规处理排放物。

4. 清洗冷却系统加注口盖。 检查冷却系统加注口盖上

的垫圈。 如果冷却系统加注口盖上的垫圈损坏,废

弃原来的冷却系统加注口盖并安装新的加注口盖。

如果冷却系统加注口盖上的垫圈未损坏,进行加压

测试。 如果冷却系统加注口盖无法保持正确压力,

安装新的冷却系统加注口盖。

冲刷

1. 使用清洁的水和合适的清洁剂冲洗冷却系统,以便

清除任何碎屑。 有关合适的清洁剂,请咨询您的

Perkins 代理商或经销商。

5. 起动发动机。 检查冷却系统是否泄漏以及工作温度

2. 安装连接软管。 清洁排放塞。 安装排放塞。 牢固

是否正常。

拧紧排放塞。

i06565666

note

加注冷却系统时, 速度不要快于每分钟5 L

(1.3 US gallons) to prevent airlock.

冷却液(ELC)- 更换

Air blockage of the cooling system can damage the engine.

note

3. 向冷却系统中加注清水,然后安装冷却系统加注口

cover.

Perkins ELC 必须与延长剂一起使用,以实现 12000

小时工作时间。 有关合适的延长剂的更多信息,请联

系您的Perkins 经销商。

4. 起动发动机,在低怠速运转发动机至少30 分钟。

冷却液温度应至少为82 °C (180 °F)。

如果有以下情况发生,在推荐的保养周期之前,清洁

和冲刷冷却系统:

note

Incorrect or incomplete flushing of the cooling system can damage copper and other metals

component.

• The engine frequently overheats.

• Foaming was observed.

To avoid damaging the cooling system, ensure that the cooling is rinsed thoroughly with clean water

system. Continue to flush the system until all traces of the cleaning agent disappear

stop.

• The oil has entered the cooling system and the coolant is contaminated.

• The diesel has entered the cooling system and the coolant is contaminated.

Note: After draining and replacing ELC, clean the cooling system

Just use clean water.

5. Stop the engine and allow the engine to cool down. Slowly release the cooling

The system fills the cap to relieve all pressure. Remove the cooling system

Fill the cap. Remove the connecting hose or the cooling system drain plug.

Let the water drain. Rinse the cooling system with clean water. Installation connection

hose. Install all drain plugs and tighten them securely.

Note: After the cooling system is drained, check the water pump and water temperature regulator. necessary

Replace the water pump, water temperature regulator and hose when necessary.

note

Raise

Maintenance and repairs of the engine cooling system must be performed on the ground. hair

The motive must be level in order to check the coolant level. The engine must be water

Level to avoid the danger of introducing air locks in the cooling system.

note

Do not fill the cooling system faster than 5 L per minute

(1.3 US gallons) to prevent airlock.

emission

Air blockage of the cooling system can damage the engine.

1. Fill the cooling system with coolant / antifreeze. To learn more about cooling

For information on system specifications, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual, plus

Note capacity and recommended topics (maintenance section). Do not install cooling yet

System filler cap.

Pressurized system: Hot coolant can cause severe burns. In the hair

The machine stops and waits for the cooling system components to cool down before turning on the cooling

System filler cap. Slowly release the cooling system filler cap to release

Remove all stress.

2. Start the engine and run at low idle. Increase engine speed to

High idle speed. Operate the engine to open the engine thermostat. this

Operation will allow any air in the system to be vented. Engine speed

Reduce to low idle. Stop the engine.

1. Stop the engine and allow the engine to cool down. Slowly release the cooling

The system fills the cap to relieve all pressure. Remove the cooling system

Fill the cap.

3. Keep the coolant level at the maximum mark for your application

Office.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

57

Maintenance chapter

Coolant extender (ELC)-added

5. Stop the engine and allow the engine to cool down. Slowly release the cooling

The system fills the cap to relieve all pressure. Remove the cooling system

Fill the cap. Remove the cooling system drain plug. Let the water drain. use

Rinse the cooling system with clean water. Install the cooling system drain plug and secure

Tighten firmly.

Raise

note

Do not fill the cooling system faster than 5 L per minute

(1.3 US gallons) to prevent airlock.

Air blockage of the cooling system can damage the engine.

1. Fill the cooling system with ELC. To learn more about cold

For information on system specifications, see this Operation and Maintenance Manual,

Filling capacity topic (maintenance section). Do not install a cooling system yet

Fill the cap.

2. Start the engine and run at low idle. Increase engine speed to

High idle speed. Operate the engine to open the engine thermostat. Section

When the thermostat is turned on, all air in the system will be exhausted. Will send

The motive speed is reduced to a low idle speed. Stop the engine.

Fig. 32

g03890108

2. Remove the drain plug (1) from the engine. Open drain cock or remove

Drain plug on radiator.

3. Keep the coolant level at the maximum mark for your application

Office.

Let the coolant drain.

For information on the disposal and recycling of used coolant, please consult

Your Perkins dealer or Perkins distributor.

4. Clean the cooling system filler cap. Check the cooling system filler cap

Washer. If the gasket on the cooling system filler cap is damaged,

Discard the original cooling system filler cap and install a new filler cap.

If the gasket on the cooling system filler cap is not damaged,

The system fills the cap for pressure testing. Cooling system filler cap

The correct pressure is stamped on the surface of the cooling system filler cap. If it's cold

The system filler cap failed to maintain the correct pressure, installing a new cooling

System filler cap.

Scour

1. Rinse the cooling system with distilled or deionized water to remove any

Detritus.

2. Install the connecting hose. Clean and install the drain plug. Tighten the row firmly

Release the stopper.

5. Start the engine. Check the cooling system for leaks or operating temperature

No.

note

Do not fill the cooling system faster than 5 L per minute

(1.3 US gallons) to prevent airlock.

i06043731

Air blockage of the cooling system can damage the engine.

Coolant extender (ELC)-added

3. Fill the cooling system with distilled or deionized water. Install cooling system

Fill the cap.

To ensure 12,000 hours of Perkins ELC operation,

Add extender after 6000 hours of operation. To get the right extension

Agent, please contact your Perkins agent or Perkins distributor

Business.

4. Start and run the engine at low idle speed until the temperature reaches

49 to 66 ° C (120 to 150 ° F).

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


58

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Coolant Level-Check

i06565647

i06565682

Coolant Level-Check

Coolant Temperature Regulator-Replace

Replace the thermostat before it fails. Recommended to use this preventative maintenance

Guidelines. Thermostat replacement can reduce unplanned downtime.

Pressurized system: Hot coolant can cause severe burns. In the hair

The machine stops and waits for the cooling system components to cool down before turning on the cooling

System filler cap. Slowly release the cooling system filler cap to release

Remove all stress.

When the water temperature regulator fails in the partially open position, it will cause the engine to overheat.

Hot or cold.

When the water temperature regulator fails in the fully closed position, it can cause severe engine damage.

Heavy overheating. Severe overheating of the engine can cause cracked cylinder heads or piston jams

Cylinder failure.

Check the coolant level after the engine has stopped and cooled down.

Failure of the water temperature regulator in the open position will cause the engine to

The working temperature is too low under load. Over temperature when the engine is under partial load

Low will cause excessive carbon deposits in the cylinder, which will accelerate the piston ring and cylinder liner.

abrasion.

note

After any maintenance or repair of the engine cooling system,

Perform this procedure on the engine on a flat surface. This step will allow you to be accurate

Check the coolant level. This step also helps to prevent

Air pockets.

note

Inadvertent replacement of the water temperature regulator can cause serious damage to the engine.

1. Slowly remove the cooling system filler cap to relieve pressure.

Perkins engines use a split-type cooling system.

Operate the engine with the water temperature regulator installed.

2. Keep the coolant level at the maximum mark for your application

Office. If the engine is equipped with a viewing window to maintain the coolant level

Hold the correct position in the observation window.

If the water temperature regulator is not installed correctly, the engine may overheat, causing

Damaged cylinder head. Make sure the new water temperature regulator is installed in the original position

彩乐乐网. Ensure that the air vent of the water temperature regulator is unobstructed.

Do not use liquid gasket material on the gasket or cylinder head surface.

For the replacement procedure of the water temperature regulator, refer to the disassembly and assembly manual,

Water Temperature Regulator-Remove and install, or consult your Perkins agent

Dealer or Perkins distributor.

Note: If only the water temperature regulator is replaced, drain the coolant in the cooling system

Only the liquid level of the coolant is lower than the water temperature regulator shell.

i06565691

Crankcase Breather (Canister)-Replacement

Hot oil and hot parts can cause personal injury. Don't let hot oil

In contact with skin.

note

Be sure to shut down the engine before performing any maintenance and repair work.

Figure 33

g02590196

Typical filler cap seals

Crankcase breathers are important for keeping engines in compliance with emissions standards

component.

3. Clean the cooling system filler cap and check the condition of the filler cap seal.

condition. If the filler cap seal is damaged, replace the cooling system

Mouth cover. Reinstall the cooling system filler cap.

• The filter in the crankcase breather must be serviced at the specified service intervals

Filter element.

4. Check the cooling system for leaks.

• Before operating the engine, the correct filter element must be installed.

• The installation of the filter element is very important.

• The quality of the installed filter element is very important.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

59

Maintenance chapter

Engine-Clean

• Filter element protects the engine from excessive oil entering the intake system

System. The filter element also protects the engine aftertreatment system.

Note: Excessive oil entering the engine air intake system may cause the engine speed to be lost.

Control increases rapidly.

Figure 34

g03331718

Typical example

Fig. 35

g03331704

Typical example

1. Make sure that dust cannot enter the respirator components. Make sure the

The outer body is clean and undamaged. Place a container under the respirator assembly

Device.

3. Remove the filter element (5) and O-ring (6) and discard.

Note: Make sure all parts are clean and free of dirt.

2. Remove the clip (3), and then remove the hose (4) from the cover (2).

Remove the cover (2) from the main body (1).

4. Install the new O-ring (6) on the cover (2), and then attach the new

The filter element (5) is installed in the cover (2).

5. Install the cover assembly into the main body (1). Tighten the cover assembly to the torque

10 N · m (7 lb ft).

6. Install the hose (4) and clip (3). Remove the container and remove any

Spilled oil.

i06146266

Engine-Clean

High voltage can cause personal injury or death.

Moisture may cause conductive circuits.

Ensure that the electrical system is powered off. Lock start control

Attach a "No Start" label.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


60

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Engine Air Filter Element-Replace

4. Make sure that the end cap (1) and valve (2) are clean and free of dirt. Install the end cap.

When installing, make sure that the valve (2) is in the vertical down position.

note

Accumulation of grease and oil on the engine poses a risk of fire. Keep hair

Motivation is clean. As long as there is a considerable amount of debris and spilled liquid accumulating

Remove it from the engine.

Note: If equipped, the air filter repair instructions must be checked and reset

light.

Regular engine cleaning is recommended. Steam cleaning engine will remove product

Poly engine oil and grease. A clean engine has the following benefits:

i03018717

• Easy to check for oil leakage

• Maximum heat transfer characteristics

• Easy maintenance

Engine air filter maintenance indicator-

an examination

Note: Care must be taken when cleaning the engine to prevent excessive water damage

Electrical components. The pressure washer or steam cleaner must not be pointed at any electrical

Air connector or the connector of the connecting cable at the rear of the connector. Avoid washing and such

Electrical components such as alternator, starter motor and ECM. Make sure to spray

Keep the oil pump away from the fluid used to clean the engine.

Some engines may have a different service indicator than this.

Some engines are equipped with differential pressure gauges. Inlet pressure differential pressure display

Shows the difference in pressure measured before and after the air cleaner element. air

When the air cleaner element becomes dirty, the pressure difference rises. If you launch

The machine is equipped with different kinds of maintenance indicators, following the original equipment manufacturing

(OEM) recommendations to maintain air cleaner care instructions

Device.

Post-processing

The air filter maintenance indicator may be installed on the air filter or

Far away.

During engine cleaning, ensure that water or cleaning fluid cannot enter the aftertreatment

system. Damage may occur if cleaning fluid enters the aftertreatment system.

i06565678

Engine Air Filter Element-Replace

Engine air filters may be provided by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM)

Supply, follow the OEM's instructions on removing and installing air cleaner elements

Bright.

Typical example of an air filter

Fig. 37

g00103777

Typical maintenance indicator

Observe the maintenance indicator. Air filter when one of the following occurs

The filter element should be cleaned or replaced:

• The yellow diaphragm enters the red area.

• The red plunger is locked in the visible position.

Test maintenance indicator

The service indicator is an important device.

Fig. 36

g03896344

• Check whether the reset is flexible. The maintenance indicator should be pressed less than 3 times.

Typical example

Reset without pushing.

• When the engine accelerates to the rated speed of the engine, check the movement of the yellow core

Dynamic situation. The yellow core should lock when approximately maximum vacuum is reached.

1. Before removing the filter element, make sure that the air filter body is clean.

2. Remove the end cap (1) from the body (3). Remove the air cleaner element from

Remove the body (3) and discard the filter element.

If the service indicator does not reset the fuel or the yellow core cannot be locked at maximum

Vacuum position, maintenance indicator should be replaced. If the new maintenance indicator

If it cannot be reset, the mounting hole of the maintenance indicator may be blocked.

3. Make sure that the inner body of the air cleaner is clean and free of dirt. Install new filter

Filter element.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

61

Maintenance chapter

Engine Air Prefilter-Inspection / Cleaning

If necessary, the service indicator may be required in severely dusty environments.

To be replaced frequently.

i03018715

Engine oil level-check

i02949338

Engine Air Prefilter-Inspection / Cleaning

Hot oil and hot parts can cause personal injury. Don't let hot oil

In contact with skin.

Figure 39

g00110310

(Y) "" Add (ADD) mark. (X) "" FULL mark.

note

Perform this maintenance when the engine is stopped.

Fig. 38

g01453058

Typical engine air strainer

(1) Butterfly nut

(2) Cover

(3) Subject

1. Keep the oil level at the "ADD" mark (Y) and

Between the "FULL" marks (X). When filling the crankcase, do not

Go beyond the "FULL" mark (X).

Remove the wing nut (1) and cover (2). Check if there is a product in the body (3)

Dust and debris. Clean the subject if necessary.

note

Operate the engine when the oil level is above the "FULL" mark

It can immerse the crankshaft in the oil. Air from crankshaft immersed in oil

Foaming will weaken the lubricating ability of the oil and cause power loss.

After cleaning the pre-filter, install the cover (2) and wing nut (1).

Note: When the engine works in dusty applications, it needs to be more frequent

Clean.

2. If necessary, remove the filler cap and add oil. Cleaning the oil filter

Cleaner filler cap. Install the oil filler cap.

i03018708

Engine mounting support-check

i06565684

Engine oil and filter-replacement

Note: Perkins may not provide engine mounts. More about engines

For brackets and correct bolt torque information, refer to the OEM literature.

Check whether the engine mounting base is aging and the bolt torque is correct.

Engine vibration can be caused by:

Hot oil and hot parts can cause personal injury. Don't let hot oil

In contact with skin.

• Improper engine installation

• Engine mounting base is aging

• Loose engine mount

note

When inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and repairing products,

Make sure the liquid is in a container. Before opening any chamber or disassembling

Be prepared to collect in a suitable container before any liquids are stored

Set of liquid.

The engine mounting base should show signs of aging. About recommended twists

Please refer to the OEM information.

Dispose of all liquids in accordance with local regulations and directives.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


62

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Engine oil and filter-replacement

note

Keep all parts clean and free of impurities.

Contaminants cause rapid wear and shorten component life.

Do not drain oil when the engine is cold. Because the oil is cold, suspended waste

Particulate matter settles at the bottom of the oil pan, waste particles do not accompany the cold engine oil

discharge. Drain the crankcase oil when the engine is stopped. Crash oil is still

While warm, drain the oil from the crankcase. This method of oil release allows

Waste particles suspended in the oil are properly discharged.

Failure to follow this recommended procedure will cause waste particles to

The oil is recirculated in the engine lubrication system.

Drain engine oil

Stop the engine after it runs at normal operating temperature. use

Drain the engine crankcase oil in one of the following ways:

• If the engine is equipped with a drain valve, turn the drain valve knob counterclockwise

In order to drain the oil. After the oil is drained, the needle rotates immediately to drain the oil.

Valve knob to close the drain valve.

• If the engine is not equipped with a drain valve, remove the oil drain plug so that

Drain the oil. After the oil is drained, it should be cleaned after the drain plug is cleaned.

Put it back.

Fig. 40

g03890458

3. Apply a clean engine to the new oil filter seal (2)

Motor oil.

Replace the oil filter

note

Do not fill the oil filter with oil before installation. These motor oils will not be

Filtered and may be contaminated. Contaminated oil can cause the engine

Accelerated component wear or damage to the engine.

note

Perkins oil filters are manufactured in accordance with Perkins specifications.

Use of Perkins unrecommended oil filters may cause engine shaft

Engine parts such as bearings and crankshafts were severely damaged. These serious engines

Damage caused by unfiltered oil carried into the engine lubrication system

Caused by waste particles. Use only oil filters recommended by Perkins

Cleaner.

4. Install the oil filter (3). Tighten the oil filter by hand. Don't

Over-tighten the oil filter.

Fill the engine crankcase

1. Use an appropriate tool to remove the oil filter.

2. Clean the sealing surface of the oil cooler (1).

1. Remove the oil filler cap. More information about lubricant technical parameters

Material, see Operation and Maintenance Manual. Fill the crankcase correctly

Quantity of motor oil. For more information on refill capacity, see Operation

Operation and maintenance manual.

note

If equipped with auxiliary oil filter system or remote oil filter

System, following the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) or filter manufacturer's

Suggest. Crankcase oil overfilling or underfilling may cause

Damage to motivation.

note

In order to prevent damage to the crankshaft bushing, cranking starts when the oil is cut off

machine. This will fill the filter before starting the engine. engine

The cranking time should not exceed 30 seconds.

2. Start the engine and run the engine at "low idle" for 2 minutes.

This step is performed to ensure that the organic and

The filter is filled with oil. Check the oil filter for inorganic oil leakage

leak.

3. Stop the engine and wait at least 10 minutes for the oil to flow back to the oil collector

groove.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

63

Maintenance chapter

Engine valve clearance-check

Figure 41

g00986928

Typical example

4. Remove the oil level gauge and check the oil level. Keep the oil level at the oil level

Between the "MIN" and "MAX" marks of the table.

i06565667

Engine valve clearance-check

Fig. 42

g03890559

When performing this maintenance, make sure that the engine will not start. Do not use

The starter motor drives the flywheel to avoid personal injury.

(1) Exhaust gas recirculation valve

(2) Connecting pipe

(3) Cooler

Hot engine parts can cause burns. Measuring / adjusting the valve

Wait some time before the gap to allow the engine to cool down.

With the exhaust gas recirculation valve, connecting pipe, and cooler removed, make

Clean the parts with a mild detergent. All parts must be dried before installation

Pieces.

note

Only qualified service personnel should perform this maintenance.

For information on removing and installing parts, see Disassembly and Assembly Manual

book.

Running an engine with incorrect valve clearance will reduce engine efficiency

Rate while reducing the service life of engine components.

After cleaning and installing the exhaust gas recirculation valve, an electronic service technician will need to be connected

To reset the timer.

This maintenance content is recommended as part of a lubrication and preventive maintenance program

In part, this helps to extend the life of the engine. Valve clearance

Maintenance is important to maintain engine compliance.

Make sure the engine is stopped before measuring the valve clearance. When the engine is cold

At this time, the engine valve clearance can be checked and adjusted.

• Intake valve

• Exhaust valve

0.20 mm (0.8 inch)

0.20 mm (0.8 inch)

For the correct adjustment sequence, see System operation, testing and adjustment,

Engine Valve Clearance-Check / Adjust.

i06565661

Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve-Clean

,

At 3000 hours, warning light will work, diagnostic code 5838-31

It will activate and perform exhaust gas recirculation valve cleaning. If not around

Perform maintenance within 100 hours and the engine will be derated.

The exhaust recirculation valve connection pipe and cooler will need to be removed and cleaned to

This allows the engine to operate normally.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


64

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Fan clearance-check

i06565692

Ensure all adjustments and repairs are performed by appropriately trained and authorized personnel

carried out.

Fan clearance-check

note

Do not continue cranking for more than 30 seconds. Before cranking again, let the starter motor

Cool for 2 minutes.

If air enters the fuel system, it must be removed before starting the engine

Air in the fuel system. Air may enter when the following events occur

Fuel System:

• Drain the fuel tank or partially drain the fuel tank.

• Disconnect the low-pressure fuel pipe.

• Leaks in the low-pressure fuel system.

• Replace the fuel filter.

Complete the following steps to remove air from the fuel system:

Fig. 43

g03309719

Typical example

Figure 44

g03891128

Typical example

Make sure the engine is stopped. Make sure the battery disconnect switch is in the OFF position

彩乐乐网. Make sure the cooling system is full.

1. Make sure the fuel tank is full and any fuel valves (if equipped) are in the

"ON" position.

The clearance between the fan cover (2) and the fan (1) needs to be checked. gotta be

Four equally spaced positions align the edge of the fan shroud and the end of the fan blade (A)

Check the spacing between the ends.

2. If the application has a gravity oil supply system, loosen the ventilation screw (1),

Make fuel flow. When the fuel coming out of the ventilation screw is out of air

When doing so, tighten the ventilation screw (1) by hand. If the fuel system is not heavy

Power supply system, go to step 3.

• (A) equals 5 mm (0.19685 inch) (three-cylinder engine or four-cylinder engine

Naturally Aspirated Engine)

• (A) equals 10 mm (0.39370 inch) (turbocharged

machine)

Note: The fan cover is not adjustable.

i06565680

Fuel System-Filled

Note: For cleanliness standards that must be followed during operation of all fuel systems

For more information, see System Operation, Testing, and Adjustments, Fuel

Cleanliness of system components.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

65

Maintenance chapter

Fuel System Primary Filter (Water Separator) Element-Replace

i06565654

Fuel system primary filter (oil-water separator) filter element

-Replace

Leaking or spilled fuel on hot surfaces or electrical components can cause loss

fire. To prevent possible injury, when replacing the fuel filter or oil moisture

When removing the filter element, turn off the start switch. The spilled fuel should be immediately

Remove the oil.

Note: For cleanliness standards that must be followed during operation of all fuel systems

For more information, see System Operation, Testing, and Adjustments, Fuel

Cleanliness of system components.

note

Be sure to shut down the engine before performing any maintenance and repair work.

Figure 45

g03891159

Typical example

Remove the filter element.

3. Loosen the ventilation screw (2) on the secondary fuel filter. Turn the key switch

Go to the "RUN" position.

1. Turn fuel supply valve (if equipped) before performing this maintenance.

Go to OFF position.

4. The key switch will allow the electric charge pump to operate. When from the ventilation screw

(2) When there is no air flowing out of the fuel, tighten the ventilation screws to the torque

Is 24 N · m (212. lb in). Then, operate the electric charge pump 2

minute.

2. Place a suitable container under the oil-water separator to hold it

All possible fuel spills. Remove any spilled fuel. clear

The housing of the filter assembly.

5. Turn the key switch to the "OFF" position. At this point, the fuel system should

Begin oiling and the engine should be able to start.

6. Operate the engine starter motor and drag the engine. Start the engine

Then, run the engine at low idle for at least 5 minutes. For constant speed

Engine, do not apply load for 5 minutes.

Note: Operating the engine during this time will help ensure that there are no

air. Do not loosen the high-pressure fuel pipe to drain air from the fuel system

gas. This step is not necessary.

7. Make sure that the fuel system is leak-free.

After the engine is stopped, perform any repairs on the fuel pipe of the engine or

Before repairing, you must wait 10 minutes to release the high pressure fuel pipe

Fuel pressure. Waiting for 10 minutes will also silence the low-pressure fuel system.

The state of oil filling dissipates. If necessary, make small adjustments. Repair low voltage

Any leaks from the fuel system and cooling, lubrication, or air systems. repair

Manage any leaked high-pressure fuel lines. Please refer to the disassembly and assembly manual,

Fuel injection pipe-installation.

If you check a running engine, always use the correct check

Check the steps to avoid the danger of liquid penetration. Please refer to the operation and maintenance manual

Booklet, general hazard information.

If the engine does not start, see Troubleshooting and Engines

Crank but not start.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


66

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Primary Fuel System Filter / Water Separator-Drain

10. The secondary filter element must be replaced at the same time as the primary filter element. See operation

Operation and Maintenance Manual, Fuel System Filter-Replace.

i06565657

Fuel System Primary Filter / Water Separator-Drain

water

Leaking or spilled fuel on hot surfaces or electrical components can cause loss

fire. To prevent possible injury, when replacing the fuel filter or oil moisture

When removing the filter element, turn off the start switch. The spilled fuel should be immediately

Remove the oil.

note

The oil-water separator is not a filter. Oil-water separator removes water from fuel

Separated. Never allow the water level in the oil-water separator to exceed half

Run the engine. May cause severe engine damage.

Figure 46

g03891253

3. Open the drain valve (6), then open the ventilation screw (1) and drain

Filter. Close the drain and ventilation screws. Hand pressure

Tighten the drain and ventilation screws.

4. Remove the filter oil cup (5) from the filter (2), and then remove the filter

Remove the filter element (3) from the filter (2). Waste filter

Core (3).

5. Remove the O-ring (4) and discard the O-ring (4).

6. Make sure all parts are clean and dry.

7. Install a new O-ring seal (4), and then install a new filter

Core (3).

8. Install the filter oil cup (5) to the filter (2) and place the filter

Tighten the oil cup to 10 N · m (88 lb in).

Fig. 47

g01316965

Typical example

9. If necessary, open the fuel supply valve. Remove the container, in a safe

Location to handle fuel.

1. Open the drain (1). Hold the drained oil in a suitable container.

Dispose of the discharged fluid properly.

2. Use only hand pressure to close the drain valve (1).

In addition, drain water from the secondary fuel filter. See this operation and maintenance

Brochure Fuel System Fine Filter / Water Separator-Emissions Learn More

interest.

note

The oil-water separator is under negative pressure during normal engine operation. make sure

The drain is tightened securely to prevent air from entering the fuel system.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

67

Maintenance chapter

Fuel System Secondary Filter-Replace

i06565679

Fuel System Secondary Filter-Replace

Leaking or spilled fuel on hot surfaces or electrical components can cause loss

fire. To prevent possible injury, when replacing the fuel filter or oil moisture

When removing the filter element, turn off the start switch. The spilled fuel should be immediately

Remove the oil.

note

Be sure to shut down the engine before performing any maintenance and repair work.

Standards for cleanliness that must be followed during operation of all fuel systems

For more information, see System Operation, Testing, and Adjustments, Fuel System

System component cleanliness.

Remove the filter element

1. Turn fuel supply valve (if equipped) before performing this maintenance.

Go to OFF position.

2. Place a suitable container under the fuel filter to hold it

All possible fuel spills. Remove any spilled fuel. clear

The housing of the filter assembly.

Fig. 48

g03891817

3. Open the drain valve (6) and, if necessary, the ventilation screw (1).

Allow the fuel to drain from the filter. Tighten the ventilation screw (1) securely,

Close the drain valve (6).

4. Use a suitable strap wrench to lift the filter cup (5) from the bottom of the filter.

Remove the seat (2).

5. Remove and discard the filter element (3). Remove the O-ring (4) from

Remove the filter oil cup (5). Discard the old O-ring seal.

6. Make sure the filter oil cup (5) is clean and free from dirt.

Install the filter element

1. Install the filter element (3) in the filter base (2).

2. Install the new O-ring seal (4) to the filter cup (5), and then

Install the filter cup (5) to the filter base (2). Don't make

Use a tool to install the filter assembly. Tighten the filter by hand pressure

Oil cup.

3. Turn the fuel supply valve (if equipped) to the on position.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


68

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Fuel System Fine Filter / Water Separator-Drain

4. The primary fuel filter and the secondary fuel filter must be replaced at the same time. Fill with fuel

System, see this Operation and Maintenance Manual, Fuel System-Charging

Note.

i04703151

Water and sediment in the fuel tank-discharge

i06565670

Fuel system fine filter / water separator-discharge

water

note

When checking, maintaining, testing, adjusting and servicing the engine, be sure to stay

Make sure that the spilled liquid is in a container. Before opening any cavity

Before disassembling or disassembling any liquid-storage parts,

Container collects liquid.

Dispose of all liquids in accordance with local regulations and directives.

Leaking or spilled fuel on hot surfaces or electrical components can cause loss

fire. To prevent possible injury, when replacing the fuel filter or oil moisture

When removing the filter element, turn off the start switch. The spilled fuel should be immediately

Remove the oil.

Fuel tank

Fuel quality is critical to engine performance and service life. Fuel

Moisture in the fuel can cause excessive wear on the fuel system.

Water is brought into the fuel tank when filling it with fuel.

Vapor condensation occurs when the fuel is heated and cooled. Fuel flows through the fuel

Water vapour condensation can occur during the return of the system to the fuel tank. This will lead

Causes water to accumulate in the fuel tank. Drain fuel tanks regularly and from reliable sources

Obtaining fuel helps to eliminate moisture from the fuel.

Drain water and sediment

The fuel tank should be equipped with a means to drain water and sediment from the bottom of the fuel tank.

彩乐乐网.

Open the drain valve at the bottom of the fuel tank to drain off water and sediment. shut down

Drain valve.

Check the fuel daily. Wait five minutes after filling the fuel tank, and then

Drain the water and sediment from the fuel tank.

Wait for the engine to run before refueling the fuel tank in order to drive off the fuel tank.

Humid air. This helps prevent condensation. Filling the fuel tank

Do not add to the top. The fuel expands when it gets hot. Fuel tank may overflow

flow.

Some fuel tanks use make-up pipes to allow water and residue to settle at the end of the fuel supply

The lower part of the end. The fuel supply pipe of some fuel tanks is taken directly from the bottom of the fuel tank

oil. If the engine is equipped with such a system, regularly maintain the fuel system

The filter is very important.

Fig. 49

g06014499

Typical example

Fuel storage tank

1. Place a suitable container under the filter. Open the drain valve (1),

Let the oil drain off.

Drain water and sediment from the fuel storage tank at the following intervals.

2. When needed, close the drain valve (1) using only hand pressure.

This step must be performed when the primary fuel filter is discharged. See this operation

And Maintenance Manual, Fuel System Primary Filter / Water Separator-Emissions Understanding

More information.

• weekly

• Maintenance cycle

• Refill the fuel tank

This will help prevent water and sediment from being pumped into the tank from the storage tank.

Motive in the fuel tank.

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SCBU9075

69

Maintenance chapter

Hoses and clamps-inspection / replacement

If the large fuel tank has just been refueled or moved, refuel the engine

Before, allow enough time for sediment to settle in the storage tank.

The internal bulkhead of the large storage tank will also help to trap sediment. From Cong Chu

Filtering the fuel pumped from the fuel tank helps to ensure fuel quality. Such as

It is possible to use an oil-water separator.

Replace hoses and clamps

More information on removing and replacing fuel hoses (if equipped),

See OEM information.

The following describes a common method of replacing the coolant hose. More there

For information on cooling systems and cooling system hoses, see OEM

material.

i03469458

Hoses and clamps-inspection / replacement

Pressurized system: Hot coolant can cause severe burns. In the hair

The machine stops and waits for the cooling system components to cool down before turning on the cooling

System filler cap. Slowly release the cooling system filler cap to release

Remove all stress.

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. High pressure

Oil spills may cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and maintenance are not followed

Repairing the guide may cause personal injury or death.

1. Stop the engine. Let the engine cool down.

If you check a running engine, always use the correct check

Check the steps to avoid the danger of liquid penetration. See Operation and Maintenance Manual

, General hazard information.

2. Slowly loosen the cooling system filler cap to release all pressure

force. Remove the cooling system filler cap.

Note: Drain the coolant into a suitable, clean container. This coolant

Can be reused.

Inspect all hoses for leaks caused by:

• Rupture

• Soften

3. Drain part of the cooling liquid from the cooling system so that the cooling liquid level is lower than

Hose to be replaced.

4. Remove the clamp from the hose.

• Clamp loose

5. Disconnect the old hose.

Replace broken or softened hoses. Tighten any loose clamps.

Check the following:

6. Replace the damaged hose with a new hose.

7. Install the hose clamp with a torque wrench.

• Pipe end fittings are damaged or leaking

• Outer coating is worn or cut

Note: For information on the correct coolant, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual,

Oil is recommended.

• Exposed metal wires for reinforcement

• Local bulging of the outer cover

8. Refill the cooling system. More about refilling the cooling system

For information, see the OEM literature.

9. Clean the cooling system filler cap. Check the cooling system filler cap

Seals. If the seal is damaged, replace the cooling system filler port

cover. Install the cooling system filler cap.

• The flexible part of the hose is kinked or squeezed

• Armored sheath embedded in outer cover

Constant torque can be used wherever standard hose clamps are used

Hose clamp. Make sure that the constant torque hose clamps match the standard clamp dimensions

with.

10. Start the engine. Check the cooling system for leaks.

i03018579

The hose will harden due to drastic temperature changes. Hardened hose will cause

The hose clamp is loose. May cause leakage. Constant torque soft

The tube clamp will help prevent the hose clamp from loosening.

Radiator-Clean

It may be different for each installation. The difference depends on the following reasons

Vegetarian:

Perkins does not usually provide a radiator. The following describes a typical

Heater cleaning steps. For more information on cleaning the radiator, see

OEM information.

• Hose type

• Type of joint material

• Expected expansion and contraction of the hose

• Expected expansion and contraction of the joint

Note: Adjust the frequency of cleaning work according to the impact of the working environment.

Check these items of radiator: damaged heat sink, corrosion, dirt,

Grease, insects, leaves, motor oil and other debris. Clean and cool if necessary

Device.

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70

SCBU9075

Maintenance chapter

Starter motor-check

For more information, see System Operation Tests and Adjustments, Intake and

Exhaust system-inspection and wastegate-test.

High-pressure air can cause personal injury.

i06565674

Failure to follow proper steps below could result in personal injury. use

When compressing air, wear a protective mask and protective clothing.

Check around

When used for cleaning purposes, the maximum air pressure at the nozzle must be lower than

205 kPa (30 psi).

Serial number: ER11–above

Compressed air is the preferred method for removing loose debris. Put compressed air on

Blow in the opposite direction of the fan airflow. Keep the nozzle away from the heat sink

Approximately 6 mm (0.25 in) away. In level with radiator pipe assembly

Move the air nozzle slowly in the direction of the row. This will clear the

Detritus.

Check the engine for leaks and loose connections

move

The bypass check takes just a few minutes. Take a moment to perform these checks

Inspection can avoid expensive repairs and accidents.

Pressurized water can also be used for cleaning. The maximum water pressure for cleaning must be lower than

275 kPa (40 psi). Use high-pressure water to soften the sludge. From both sides

Clean the core.

In order to obtain the longest service life of the engine,

A thorough inspection of the engine compartment is required. Check for the following

Head: oil leakage or coolant leakage, loose bolts, belt wear

Damage, loose connections, and garbage buildup. Make repairs as needed.

Use degreaser and steam to remove oil and grease. Clean core of two

end. Rinse the core with detergent and hot water. Rinse thoroughly with dry water

core.

• The shield must be in place. Repair damaged shields or replace

失的防护罩。

如果散热器内部被堵塞,请参阅OEM 手册中关于冲

洗冷却系统的信息。

散热器清洁完毕后,起动发动机。 让发动机低怠速运

行三至五分钟。 提高发动机转速至高怠速。 这有助

于清除碎屑和干燥芯。 缓慢降低发动机速度至低怠

速,然后停止发动机。在散热器芯后面放一个灯泡来

检查芯是否清洁。 必要时再次清洁。

• 维修发动机前先擦拭所有的罩盖和塞堵,以减少系

统污染的机会。

note

擦拭掉任何种类的渗漏液体(冷却液、润滑油或燃

油)。 如果观察到渗漏情况,要找出泄漏的原因并解

Decision.如果怀疑有渗漏,应比推荐次数更为频繁地检查

液位,直到找到或修好渗漏,或直到不再怀疑有渗

漏。

检查散热片有无损坏。 弯曲了的散热片可用一把“梳

刀”梳开。 检查这些项目是否处于良好状态: 焊接处,

安装支架, 空气管路, 连接处, 卡箍和密封件. 必要时

进行修理。

i03018695

note

起动马达- 检查

积聚在发动机上的润滑脂和 /或机油有失火危险。 clear

除积聚的润滑脂和机油。 有关更多的资料,请参阅操

作和保养手册, 发动机- 清洁。

珀金斯建议定期检查起动马达。 如果起动马达发生故

障,发动机在紧急情况下就无法起动。

• 确保冷却系统软管夹紧正确,连接紧密。 检查有

No leakage.检查所有管路的状况。

检查起动马达是否正常工作。 检查和清洁电气连接。

请参阅系统运作、测试和调整手册, 电起动系统- 测试

以获得更多有关检查步骤和技术参数的信息,也可向

您的珀金斯代理商或珀金斯分销商寻求帮助。

• 检查水泵是否有冷却液泄漏。

冷却液过量渗漏说明需要更换水泵。拆下水泵。 please

参阅拆解和装配, 水泵- 拆卸和安装。

i06565688

• 检查润滑系统中是否在曲轴前油封、曲轴后油封、

油底壳、机油滤清器和摇臂室盖处有渗漏。

涡轮增压器- 检查

• 检查进气系统的管道和弯头有无裂纹,卡箍是否松

动。 确保软管和管不与其它软管、管和线束接

touch.

序列号: ER11–以上

推荐对涡轮增压器进行定期目视检查。 任何来自曲轴

箱的烟雾都通过进气系统过滤。 因此,从机油中来的

和燃烧后产生的副产品可能聚集在涡轮增压器压缩机

壳体。 时间一长,这些积聚物可能会导致发动机功率

损失、黑烟增多和发动机的整体效率降低。

• 确保旋转零件的周围区域无障碍物。

• 检查交流发电机皮带和所有附件驱动皮带有无裂

纹、断裂或其它损坏。

如果发动机运转时涡轮增压器损坏,则会损坏涡轮增

压器压缩机叶轮和/或发动机。 涡轮增压器压缩机叶

轮的损坏可能导致活塞、气门和缸盖的损坏。

• 检查导线线束是否损坏。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

71

Maintenance chapter

水泵- 检查

多槽皮带轮的皮带必须成套更换。 如果只更换一根皮

带,则这根皮带就会比其它没更换的皮带承受更大的

负荷。 因为原来的皮带已被拉长。 额外负载就会加

到新皮带上,从而造成皮带断裂。

注:水泵密封由冷却系统的冷却液来润滑。 当发动机

降温而零件收缩时,有少量渗漏发生是正常的。

目视检查水泵是否渗漏。 如果有过多的冷却液渗漏,

更换水泵密封或水泵。有关拆解和组装步骤,请参阅

拆解和组装手册, 水泵- 拆卸和安装。

高压燃油管

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. High pressure

Oil spills may cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and maintenance are not followed

Repairing the guide may cause personal injury or death.

发动机停机后,在进行任何维修或修理之前,等待 10

分钟以便释放高压燃油管中的燃油压力。 等待10 分

钟也将使低压燃油系统的静态充油耗散。 如有必要,

进行小的调整。 修理低压燃油系统以及冷却、润滑或

空气系统的任何泄漏。 修理任何泄漏的高压燃油管。

请参考拆解和组装手册, 燃油喷油管- 安装。

如果您检查正在运行的发动机,请始终使用正确的检

查步骤以避免液体穿透危险。 请参考操作和保养手

册, 一般危险信息。

目视检查高压燃油管路有无损坏或者燃油泄漏迹象。

更换所有受损的高压燃油管路或者出现泄漏的高压燃

油管路。

确保高压燃油管路上的所有夹子就位并且夹子无松

动。

• 检查剩余燃油系统是否泄漏。 查找松动的燃油输

油管卡箍。

• 每日排放燃油箱中的水和沉积物。

• 检查线路和导线线束是否有连接处松动,导线是否

磨损或擦伤。 检查系带是否有松动或缺失。

• 检查接地母线连接和状况是否良好。

• 断开所有无法防护起动马达的吸耗电流的蓄电池充

电装置。 除非发动机装的是免维护蓄电池,否则

要检查蓄电池的状况和电解液液位。

• 检查仪表的状况。 更换破裂的仪表。 更换所有不

能被校准的仪表。

发动机后处理系统

检查所有卡箍、夹子和系带是否牢固且状况良好。

i03018580

水泵- 检查

失效的水泵可能引起严重的发动机过热问题,进而导

致以下情况:

• 缸盖裂纹

• 活塞咬缸

• 其它对发动机的潜在损害

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


72

SCBU9075

Warranty section

保修信息资料

Warranty section

保修信息资料

i06245661

排放保修信息

认证发动机制造商向最终采购方和所有后续采购方担

保:

1. 在美国和加拿大运行和使用、单缸排量小于10 升

(包括小于37 kW 的Tier 1 和Tier 2 船用发动

机,但不包括机车用和其他船用发动机)的新生产

非公路柴油发动机和固定式柴油发动机,包括其排

放控制系统的所有零件(“排放相关部件”),均:

a.

自销售之日起,其设计、建造和装配满足美国

环境保护署(EPA)以法规形式规定的相关排

放标准的要求。

b.

在保修期内,排放相关部件在材质和制造工艺

方面,不存在可能导致发动机违反相关排放标

准规定的缺陷。

2. 在加利福尼亚州运行和使用的新生产非公路柴油发

动机(包括小于37 kW 的Tier 1 和Tier 2 船用推

进发动机及小于37 kW 的Tier 1 至Tier 4 船用辅

助发动机,但不包括机车用和其他船用发动机),

包括其排放控制系统的所有零件(“排放相关部

件”),均:

a.

自销售之日起,其设计、建造和装配满足加州

空气资源局(ARB)规定的所有相关法规的要

begging.

b.

在保修期内,不存在材料和工艺方面的缺陷,

不会导致排放相关的部件出现发动机制造商认

证申请中所描述的材料失效类型。

只要遵守规定的保养要求,可预期后处理系统在发动

机使用寿命(排放设备耐用期)内正常工作。

在Perkins. com 维修和支持网站可以查看关于排放控

制保修的详细说明。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9075

73

Reference section

References

Reference section

References

i05331382

发动机保护计划

(延期维修合同)

延期维修合同- 即刻购买,多年保护

延期维修合同(ESC) 让您不必再为意外的修理工作烦

恼,因为它已经涵盖了让您的发动机重新正常运转所

需的费用。 与其它延期保修不同,Perkins 白金 ESC

让您免受任何部件和零件故障困扰。

每日成本只需£0.03 / $0.05 / euro 0.04 即可高枕无

忧,ESC 让您梦想成真。

为什么要购买延期维修合同?

1. 不要吃惊- 对意外维修事件的总体解决(零件、人

工和旅费)。

2. 享有Perkins 全球网络提供的长期产品支持。

3. 原装Perkins 零件确保始终如一的发动机性能。

4. 所由维修工作都由受过严格培训的技师完成。

5. 如果出售机器,还可转让保修服务。

灵活的保修可为您的Perkins 发动机提供正确水平的

protection.保修可以延长到2 年/ 1,000 小时乃至10 年/

40,000 小时

您可以在标准保修期内随时购买ESC - 即使是最后一

day!

每家Perkins 经销商都有经过严格培训且经验丰富的

Perkins 产品支持服务技师。 全天候提供支持服务,

随时候命让您的发动机恢复正常工作,确保停机时间

最短。 购买ESC 就意味着这些服务费用全免。

购买延期服务合同,快速便捷! 请立即联系本地

Perkins 经销商,他们会即刻为您提供报价。 you can

访问下面的网站以查找离您最近的Perkins 经销商:

www.perkins.com

note

与发动机类型和应用无关。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


74

SCBU9075

Index section

index

One

加注.............................................................. 57

排放.............................................................. 56

冷却液温度调节器-更换................................. 58

冷却液延长剂(ELC)-添加........................... 57

冷却液液位-检查............................................ 58

Up and down equipment ............... ........ 13

General hazard information ... ...... 8

盛装泄漏的液体............................................. 9

适当地处置废弃物........................................ 10

吸入.............................................................. 10

压缩空气和加压水.......................................... 9

液体穿透........................................................ 9

用超低硫柴油加注时会出现静电危害............ 9

出现活动诊断编码的发动机的运行.................. 30

出现间歇诊断编码的发动机的运行.................. 30

Knife

Product identification information ............... 21

产品信息资料部分........................................... 18

交流发电机-检查............................................ 53

交流发电机和风扇皮带-更换.......................... 53

Preface ... .................. 4

安全................................................................ 4

保养................................................................ 4

保养周期........................................................ 4

操作................................................................ 4

大修................................................................ 4

加利福尼亚州65号提案中的警告................... 4

文献资料........................................................ 4

people

保修部分.......................................................... 72

Warranty information ............... .... 72

Maintenance recommendations ... .......... 49

保养章节.......................................................... 40

Maintenance schedule ... ....... 52

每1000工作小时........................................... 52

每12000个工作小时数或每6年的保养......... 52

每2000工作小时........................................... 52

每3000个工作小时....................................... 52

每3000个工作小时或每2年.......................... 52

每4000工作小时........................................... 52

每500个工作小时的保养.............................. 52

每500个工作小时或1年................................ 52

每50个工作小时或每周一次的保养............ 52

每6000个工作小时或3年.............................. 52

每隔1500工作小时的保养.......................... 52

每天的保养................................................... 52

试运转.......................................................... 52

需要时即进行的保养.................................... 52

传感器和电气部件........................................... 27

仪表和指示灯................................................... 25

force

Functional parts and controls ...

Filling capacity .................. ........... 40

冷却系统...................................................... 40

润滑系统...................................................... 40

References ...................................... .......... 73

参考资料部分............................................. 22, 73

供参考用的档案记录.................................... 22

发动机-清洁................................................... 59

后处理.......................................................... 60

发动机安装支座-检查..................................... 61

发动机保护计划(延期维修合同)...................... 73

Engine electronics ... 16

发动机机油和滤清器-更换............................. 61

更换机油滤清器........................................... 62

加注发动机曲轴箱........................................ 62

排放发动机机油........................................... 62

发动机机油油位-检查..................................... 61

发动机空气滤清器保养指示器-检查............... 60

测试保养指示器........................................... 60

发动机空气滤清器滤芯-更换......................... 60

冷却液(DEAC) -更换...................................... 55

冲刷.............................................................. 56

加注.............................................................. 56

排放.............................................................. 55

冷却液(ELC)-更换...................................... 56

冲刷.............................................................. 57

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


75

SCBU9075

Index section

空气滤清器的典型示例................................ 60

环境因素...................................................... 50

发动机空气预滤器-检查/清洁......................... 61

发动机起动................................................ 15, 31

起动发动机................................................... 31

发动机起动后................................................... 32

发动机起动前................................................... 31

发动机气门间隙-检查.................................... 63

发动机停机................................................ 15, 39

发动机停机后................................................... 39

Engine operation ... ... 34

变速发动机................................................... 34

微粒排放物的减少........................................ 34

Engine diagnostics ... ... 30

hand

报警和关断装置............................................... 25

警报器.......................................................... 25

切断装置...................................................... 25

操作部分.......................................................... 23

排放保修信息................................................... 72

排放认证贴膜................................................... 21

排气再循环阀-清洁........................................ 63

故障记录.......................................................... 30

mouth

散热器-清洁................................................... 69

Post-processing operations ... ....... 35

后冷器芯-检查................................................ 53

曲轴箱呼吸器(滤罐) -更换.......................... 58

围绕检查.......................................................... 70

高压燃油管................................................... 71

检查发动机是否渗漏,连接处是否松动....... 70

wood

标牌和贴膜的位置........................................... 21

序列号标牌................................................... 21

柴油微粒滤清器再生........................................ 35

Overview ... ... 18

机型视图.......................................................... 18

在配备电子控制装置的发动机上进行焊接....... 49

water

水泵-检查....................................................... 71

涡轮增压器-检查............................................ 70

油液建议.......................................................... 40

ELC冷却系统保养....................................... 42

一般冷却液信息........................................... 40

油液建议(一般燃油资料)................................. 43

柴油特性...................................................... 46

柴油要求...................................................... 44

燃油清洁剂和404F-E22工业用发动机....... 48

一般信息...................................................... 44

Safety Signs................................................ ............ 5

(1)通用警告.............................................. 5

(2)手(高压) ........................................... 6

乙醚警告........................................................ 7

安全部分............................................................ 5

Cold weather operation ... .... 36

发动机怠速运转........................................... 37

发动机润滑油粘度........................................ 36

寒冷天气操作建议........................................ 36

冷却液升温建议........................................... 37

推荐使用的冷却液........................................ 36

寒冷天气起动................................................... 31

寒冷天气下与燃油有关的部件......................... 38

燃油加热器................................................... 38

燃油滤清器................................................... 38

燃油箱.......................................................... 38

燃油和寒冷天气的影响.................................... 37

燃油省油准则................................................... 34

燃油系统-充油................................................ 64

燃油系统粗滤器(油水分离器)滤芯-更换......... 65

拆下滤芯。................................................... 65

heart

燃油系统粗滤器/油水分离器-放水................. 66

燃油系统细滤器/油水分离器-放水................. 68

燃油系统细滤清器-更换................................. 67

拆下滤清器滤芯........................................... 67

恶劣工作条件................................................... 50

不正确的保养程序........................................ 51

不正确的操作程序........................................ 50

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


76

SCBU9075

Index section

燃油箱中的水和沉渣-排放............................. 68

排放水和沉淀物........................................... 68

燃油储油箱................................................... 68

燃油箱.......................................................... 68

存放条件...................................................... 23

诊断灯.............................................................. 30

超速(OVERSPEED) ........................................ 27

Lifting and storage ... ....... twenty three

Before starting the engine ............... .... 15

起动马达-检查................................................ 70

use

用跨接起动电缆起动(不要在存在爆燃性空

气的危险场所中使用本步骤).......................... 32

field

car

Electrical System................................................ .......... 15

接地方法...................................................... 16

软管和卡箍-检查/更换.................................... 69

更换软管和夹箍........................................... 69

skin

皮带-检查/调整............................................... 54

调整.............................................................. 55

检查.............................................................. 54

配置参数.......................................................... 30

释放系统压力................................................... 49

发动机机油................................................... 49

冷却液系统................................................... 49

燃油系统...................................................... 49

监测系统.......................................................... 26

可编程设置的选项和系统操作..................... 26

监测系统(发动机警告指示灯) ......................... 26

in

Head

重要安全信息..................................................... 2

目录................................................................... 3

Fire protection and explosion protection ............... ........ 11

管路、管道和软管........................................ 13

灭火器.......................................................... 13

乙醚.............................................................. 13

Preventing burns ... .......... 10

柴油...............................................................11

后处理系统....................................................11

机油...............................................................11

进气系统 .......................................................11

冷却液...........................................................11

蓄电池...........................................................11

Preventing bruises and cuts ... ... 13

紧急停机.......................................................... 39

from

自诊断.............................................................. 30

Lv

蓄电池-更换................................................... 53

蓄电池电解液液位-检查................................. 54

蓄电池或蓄电池电缆-断开............................. 54

wind

设备描述.......................................................... 20

电控发动机特性........................................... 20

发动机诊断................................................... 20

使用寿命...................................................... 20

售后产品和Perkins发动机......................... 20

设备起吊.......................................................... 23

设备贮存(发动机和后处理)............................. 23

风扇间隙-检查................................................ 64

high

High-pressure fuel pipe .................. ....... 13

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


产品和代理商资料

注:关于产品识别标牌位置,请参阅《操作与保养手册》的 “产品识别信息资料”部分。

交货日期:

Product information

model:

产品识别号:

发动机序列号:

发动机序列号:

发电机序列号:

附件序列号:

附件资料:

用户设备编号:

代理商设备编号:

代理商资料

name:

address:

分公司:

代理商联系人

telephone number

Office hours

Sales:

零件:

服务:

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SCBU9075

©2015 Perkins Engines Company Limited

all rights reserved

78

2015年12 月月

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE

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