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Products
Perkins 1103 and 1104 Diesel Engine Maintenance Manual One


Detailed Description:

Operation and Maintenance Manual

1103 and 1104 industrial engines

DC (Engine)

DD (Engine)

DJ (Engine)

DK (engine)

RE (engine)

RG (engine)

RJ (engine)

RR (engine)

RS (engine)

RT (engine)

DF (engine)

DG (engine)

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


Important safety matters

Most accidents in the operation, maintenance and repair of the product are caused by failure to observe basic safety rules or precautions. If it works

Therefore, before the occurrence of various potential dangers, accidents can often be avoided. Staff must be alerted to potential dangers

Report. Staff must also be trained to acquire the necessary skills and the proper use of tools.

Improper handling, lubrication, maintenance or repair of the product is dangerous and can cause personal injury or death.

You must read and understand the information on the operation, lubrication, maintenance and repair of the product before performing these tasks.

Safety precautions and warnings are provided in this manual and on the product. Failure to heed these warnings will give you or others

Causes personal injury or death.

Identify hazards with "safety warning symbols" and "mark text" such as "danger", "warning", or "beware". The Warning label is shown below.

The meaning of the safety warning symbol is as follows:

note! Be alert! It's about your safety.

Below the warnings are described dangerous situations, some written in words and some graphically.

Operations that can cause product damage are indicated on the product and in this manual by the "Caution" sticker.

Not every situation that could be dangerous can be expected. Therefore, the warnings presented in this manual and the product do not cover all

Happening. If tools, procedures, work methods or techniques are not specifically recommended by Perkins, you must protect yourself and yourself

The safety of others. Also ensure that the method of operation, lubrication, maintenance or repair procedures you choose will not damage the product or cause unsafe conditions.

The materials, technical specifications and diagrams in this manual have been compiled based on information available at the time of writing. Listed technical specifications, torque, pressure

Forces, measured values, adjusted values, charts, and other items are subject to change at any time, and these changes will affect the repair of the product. So in progress

Before carrying out various operations, you must obtain complete and up-to-date information. The agent has the latest information.

When this product needs to be replaced, it is recommended to use

Perkins original parts or parts of the same technical specification

Pieces. The same technical specifications include, but are not limited to, overall dimensions,

Type, strength and material.

Ignoring this warning can cause premature failure, product damage, or even human

Casualties.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


Warranty section

SCBU7833

3

table of Contents

table of Contents

Warranty information ............... ... 78

Index section

Preface ... ....... 4

Security section

index................................................. ............... 79

Safety Signs................................................ .......... 5

General hazard information ... .... 6

Preventing burns ... .......... 7

Fire protection and explosion protection ............... .........8

Preventing bruises and cuts ... .10

Up and down equipment ............... ....... 10

Before starting the engine ............... ... 10

Engine start ............ ..... 10

Engine shutdown ... ..... 11

Electrical System................................................ ........ 11

Product information data section

Model view description ............... .... 12

Product identification information ......... 18

Operation part

Lifting and storage ... ......twenty two

Gauges and indicators ... ....twenty four

Engine start ............ ..... 25

Engine operation ... ..... 28

Engine shutdown ... ..... 29

Cold weather operation ... ... 30

Maintenance section

Filling capacity .................. ......... 33

Maintenance schedule ... ... 48

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


Foreword

4

SCBU7833

Foreword

Maintenance cycle

When performing maintenance, it should be done at the same time smaller than the specified time interval

Maintenance items for previous levels. We recommend copying a maintenance plan

The watch is displayed near the engine as a convenient reminder.

We also recommend that maintenance records be used as a permanent record of the engine

Keep a part.

reference

This manual contains safety information, operating instructions, lubrication and maintenance information

material. This manual should be stored in a folder near the engine

Or file storage. Read, analyze this manual and document it

Keep it with the engine data.

Perkins authorized agents or Perkins distributors can help

You adjust your maintenance plan according to the needs of the machine's operating environment

Draw.

English is the primary language for all Perkins publications. Use English

Language facilitates translation and consistency.

Overhaul

Details or options shown on some photos and illustrations in this manual

Parts may differ from those on your engine. To illustrate the side

Then, some shields and covers may have been removed. Product design

Continuous improvement and development may change the engine, and these

Changes may not be incorporated in this manual. When you are on the engine or your own

If you have any questions, please contact your Perkins dealer or

Perkins distributors consult the latest information.

In addition to the overhaul time and maintenance items during this cycle,

Details of engine overhauls are not included in the operation and maintenance manual. only

Perkins authorized personnel should perform overhaul. Perkins generation

Managers and Perkins distributors can provide a variety of overhaul procedures

Program. In the event of a major engine failure, there are many

Options for overhaul after failure. With Perkins agents or

Contact Perkins distributors to obtain these programs.

Safety

Warning in California Proposition 65

The security section lists basic security considerations. In addition, this

Sections also indicate various dangerous situations and warnings. Fucking

Before operating, lubricating, maintaining and repairing this engine, read and

Understand the basic considerations listed on the safety section.

California believes that diesel engine exhaust and one of them

These ingredients can cause cancer, cause birth defects and other reproductive effects

harm. Battery terminals, terminals and related accessories included

Lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after contact.

operating

The method of operation indicated in this manual is the most basic. They can

Help operators improve their skills and skills to be more effective and economical

Run the engine economically. When the operator gains knowledge of the engine and

After mastering its performance, operation skills and methods will be improved.

The operation part is for the reference of the operator, various photos and illustrations

Instruct operators to inspect, start, run, and

Stop. This section also contains a discussion of electronic diagnostics.

maintenance

The maintenance section is a guide to engine maintenance. Illustrated by

Step instructions are maintenance intervals by working hours and / or calendar time

Choreography. For the items in the maintenance cycle, please refer to the detailed description later.

Bright.

Recommendations should be made at the appropriate intervals indicated in the maintenance cycle schedule.

maintenance. The actual working environment of the engine will also affect the maintenance week

period. Therefore, in extremely harsh, dusty, humid or frozen cold

Operation under cold conditions may require more than specified in the maintenance schedule

Frequent lubrication and maintenance.

The maintenance items in the maintenance plan are based on preventive maintenance management procedures

Prepared. If you follow the preventive maintenance management procedures

Support, then there is no need to make regular adjustments. Perform preventive maintenance

Management procedures due to reduced unplanned downtime and failures

Loss of costs will minimize operating costs.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

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Security section

Safety Signs

Security section

i06059602

Safety Standard Logo

There may be specific warning signs on the engine. Introduction in this chapter

The exact location of the hazard is described and described. Please be familiar

All safety signs.

Make sure all safety signs are legible. If the warning sign

The caption text or illustrations are not recognized, please clean or

change. Clean these warning signs with cloth, water, and soap. Do not

Use solvents, gasoline, and other harsh chemicals to clean

These warning signs. Solvents, gasoline, or harsh chemicals can

Can make the adhesive sticking the safety sign lose its tackiness. loose

Warning signs may come off the engine.

Replace damaged warning signs or re-attach missing warning signs

Chi. If a warning sign is attached to the replaced part,

Paste new warning signs on replacement parts. Perkins generation

Managers or Perkins distributors can provide new warning signs.

figure 2

g03715977

Typical example of a four-cylinder engine

Unless you understand the instructions and warnings in the operation and maintenance manual,

Otherwise, do not work on or operate the engine. Be careful

Things are your responsibility. Do not follow instructions or leave warnings

It may cause personal injury or death.

(2) ether

(1) General warning

Do not use auxiliary sprays and aerosols similar to ethyl ether to help start. . Otherwise it may be possible to guide

The explosion caused an explosion and personal injury. .

The instructions and warnings in the "Operation and Maintenance Manual"

Before that, please do not operate the machine. . Failure to comply with these warnings may lead to

Causes personal injury or death. .

image 3

g01682820

The ether warning label (2) is located on the intake manifold cover. Refer to Figure 2

.

figure 1

g01154807

Typical example

The general warning label (1) will be on the valve mechanism cover. Reference picture

2.

Note: The location of this label will depend on the application of the engine.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


6

SCBU7833

Security section

General hazard information

i06059648

General danger information

Figure 6

g00037887

Figure 4

g03715988

Before servicing or repairing the equipment,

Hang a "No Operation" or similar warning label.

Typical example of a four-cylinder engine

Figure 7

g00702020

Wear hard hats, goggles, and other protective equipment as required.

Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry because they may

Hold the controls or other parts of the engine.

Figure 5

g03715821

Make sure all guards and covers are properly seated in the engine

Place it on.

3-cylinder engine.

(1) General warning label

(2) Ether warning label

Keep the engine free of foreign objects. Remove floor, aisles and

Debris, oil, tools, and other items on the steps.

General warning label (1) located on the valve cover of the three-cylinder engine

Behind. Ether warning label (2) located on the valve of a three-cylinder engine

The front of the mechanism cover.

Never pour maintenance liquids into glass containers. Put all the liquid

Drain into a suitable container.

Please observe all local regulations regarding the disposal of various liquids.

Use all cleaning solutions with care.

Report all necessary repairs.

Do not allow unauthorized persons to board the device.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

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Security section

Prevent burns

Disconnect the power storage during maintenance or repair of the electrical system

Pool. Disconnect the battery ground lead. Cover the wires with tape to

Prevent sparks. If equipped, clean the battery before disconnecting the battery.

Diesel exhaust treatment fluid.

Maintain the engine in the equipment repair area. About putting equipment in for repair

For location steps, see the OEM documentation.

Don't try to repair something you don't understand. Use proper work

With. Replace or repair damaged equipment.

For a new engine that is started for the first time or a repaired engine

Be prepared for shutdown operations when an overspeed occurs. accessible

Shut off the fuel and / or air supply. make sure

Only the fuel supply pipe is cut off. Make sure the oil return pipe is open.

Figure 8

g00687600

The engine should be started from the operator console (cab). never

Start the engine by shorting the starter motor terminal or battery.

This action bypasses the engine neutral starting system and / or the electrical system

The system may be damaged.

Always use planks or cardboard to check for leaks. under pressure

The sprayed liquid may penetrate human tissues. Liquid penetrates into

Entering the body can cause serious personal injury and may even lead to death

Perish. Even a pinhole-sized leak can cause severe

Serious personal injury. If oil is sprayed into your skin, you must

Treat immediately. Seek a doctor who is familiar with this type of trauma.

Engine exhaust contains combustion products that may be harmful to the human body. Service

The engine must be started and run in a ventilated area. If the engine

In confined areas, engine exhaust should be vented to the outside.

Contain leaking liquid

Use caution when removing the cover. Gradually loosen without removing the cover

Or the last two bolts or nuts on opposite ends of the device. Demolishing

Before removing the last two bolts or nuts, pry the cover loose to release it.

Release spring pressure or other pressure.

When inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and repairing the engine, please

Strictly ensure that there is a container for the outflow of liquid. Before opening any cavity

Before disassembling or disassembling any parts, be prepared to use appropriate containers

To collect the effluent.

Compressed air and water

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for holding liquids.

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for holding liquids.

Please observe all local regulations regarding the disposal of various liquids.

Compressed air and / or pressurized water can blow debris and / or hot water out

Come. This behavior may cause personal injury.

Using compressed air or pressurized water directly on the case may cause

Personal injury.

Wear when washing with compressed air and / or pressurized water

Protective clothing, protective shoes and eye protection. Eye protection includes eye protection

Glasses and protective masks.

i06059611

Prevent scald burns

The maximum pressure for cleaning must be below 205kPa

(30psi). The maximum water pressure used for cleaning must be lower than

275kPa (40psi).

Do not touch any part of the running engine. Must stay

Do not service the engine until it has cooled down. Demolishing

Before opening any pipes, fittings or related parts, release the empty

Pneumatic, hydraulic, lubrication, fuel system and cooling

Total pressure in the system.

Liquid penetration

Even if the engine has been off for a long time,

Stay stressed. Failure to release pressure properly can result in hydraulic pressure

Objects such as oil or pipe plugs fire at high speed.

Coolant

When the engine is at operating temperature, the engine's coolant is hot

Yes, and under pressure. Water tank and access to heater or generator

There is hot coolant in all the pipes of the motor.

Do not disassemble any hydraulic components until pressure is released, no

Will cause personal injury. Do not disassemble until pressure is released

Any hydraulic parts, otherwise it will cause personal injury. Related releases

Refer to the OEM information for any steps required to release hydraulic pressure.

Touching hot coolant or steam can cause severe burns. Vent

Allow the cooling system components to cool before cooling the system.

After the engine has stopped and cooled down, check the coolant level.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


8

SCBU7833

Security section

Fire and explosion protection

Ensure that the filler cap is cooled before opening it. Cover must reach

Temperature that can be touched with bare hands. Remove the filler cap slowly so that

release stress.

Determine if the engine is in a position where flammable gases can be drawn into the intake system

Environment. These gases can cause the engine to overspeed. This

May cause personal injury, property damage, or engine damage.

Cooling system additives contain alkali. Alkaline substances can cause personal injury

harm. Do not allow the alkali to come in contact with the skin, or let it get into the eyes or

mouth.

If the application type involves the presence of flammable gases, please consult

Your Perkins agent and / or Perkins distributor to

Get more information on appropriate protective devices.

Motor oil

Remove all flammable or conductive materials from the engine, such as

Oil, motor oil and debris. Do not allow any flammables to accumulate on the engine

Or conductive materials.

May be repeated or prolonged exposure to mineral or synthetic base oils

Feel skin pain. For more information, refer to the supplier

Material Safety Data Sheet provided. Hot oil and lubricating parts

May cause personal injury. Do not allow hot oil to come in contact with the skin.

Use appropriate personal protective equipment.

Fill fuel and lubricants in properly labeled containers and store

Away from unauthorized personnel. Put tarpaulin and other flammable

Store items in protective containers. Never store flammable materials

Place for smoking.

Diesel

Do not expose the engine to any open flame.

Diesel may irritate the eyes, respiratory system, and skin. Long time

Exposure to diesel can cause various skin conditions. Should be used

Appropriate personal protective equipment. For more information, refer to Supply

Material Safety Data Sheet provided by the supplier.

Exhaust pipe insulation if pipelines, pipes and seals are damaged

(If equipped) can protect hot exhaust pipe parts from oil

Or injection of fuel. The exhaust heat shield must be installed correctly.

Accumulator

It is forbidden to perform welding on pipelines or tanks filled with flammable liquids.

Never cut flames on pipes or tanks containing flammable liquids

Cut. Before welding or flame cutting these pipes or tanks, use

Wash it thoroughly with a non-flammable solvent.

Electrolyte is acidic and it can cause personal injury. avoid

Avoid electrolyte contact with skin or eyes. Be sure to maintain the battery

Wear protective glasses. Wash hands after touching batteries and terminals.

Use of gloves is recommended.

The wires must be kept in good condition. Make sure all wires are properly installed

Install and connect securely. Check all wires daily. please at

Repair loose or worn wires before running the engine. Clean and

Tighten all line connectors.

i06059642

Fire protection and explosion protection

Remove all irrelevant or unnecessary wires. Do not use than push

Small wires or cables are recommended. Do not place any fuses and /

Or the circuit breaker is bypassed and shorted.

An arc or spark can cause a fire. Connect securely, follow recommended cloth

Designed wiring and properly maintained battery cables can help prevent

Generate arcs and sparks.

Inspect all pipes and hoses for wear or deterioration. Hose must

Must be set up correctly. Pipes and hoses must be properly supported or fastened

Solid pipe clamp. Tighten all fittings to the recommended torque. leakage

May cause fire.

The oil filter and fuel filter must be installed correctly. Filter

The housing must be tightened to the correct torque.

Figure 9

g00704000

All fuel, most lubricants, and some coolants are mixed

Everything is flammable.

When flammable liquid leaks or splashes on hot surfaces or electrical components,

May cause fire. Fire can cause personal injury and property damage

Missed.

If the engine crankcase is removed within 15 minutes after an emergency stop

Lids may cause sparks.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

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Security section

Fire and explosion protection

Improper connection of jumper cables may cause an explosion, resulting in personal injury

harm. For specific instructions, please refer to the operation section of this manual

Minute.

Do not charge frozen batteries. Doing so can cause an explosion.

The battery must be kept clean. Every battery grid cell must

Close the lid (if equipped). When the engine is running, make sure

Use recommended cables, connectors, and battery box covers.

Fire extinguisher

Make sure fire extinguishers are available. Be familiar with the use of fire extinguishers

law. Check fire extinguishers frequently. Follow the instructions on the dashboard.

Diethyl ether

Ether is a toxic and flammable substance.

Do not smoke when changing the ether tank or using an ether spray device.

Do not store ether tanks in living areas or engine compartments. and also

Do not store ether cans in direct sunlight,

Where the temperature exceeds 49 ° C (120 ° F). Keep the ether tank away

Keep away from open flames or sparks.

Figure 10

g00704059

Use caution when refueling the engine. Don't send

Smoking while motivated. Also don't go near open flames or fire

Flower ground refuels the engine. Remember to start before refueling

The machine is off.

Pipes, pipes and hoses

Do not bend high-pressure lines. Do not strike high-pressure lines. please

Do not install any bent or damaged pipeline. Do not put on high pressure pipe

Clip on anything else.

Repair or replace any loose or damaged pipes. Leak will

Cause fire. Ask your Perkins agent or your

Perkins distributors inquire about repair or replacement of parts.

Carefully inspect the lines, pipes and hoses. Don't check with bare hands

leakage. Use a wooden board or cardboard to check for leaks as recommended

Torque all joints.

Replace the parts if any of the following conditions occur:

• The end fitting is damaged or leaking.

• The outer layer is worn or cut.

• Metal wires are exposed.

• Outer bulge.

• The elastic parts of the hose are twisted.

• Armored sheath is embedded in the outer layer.

• Displacement of end fittings.

Figure 11

g00704135

The gas emitted from the battery can cause an explosion. Let open flame or fire

Spend away from the top of the battery. Do not place where the battery is charged

Smoking.

Ensure that all pipe clamps, shields, and heat shields are installed correctly. installation

Properly helps prevent vibration during engine operation,

Friction and excessive heat generation.

Do not connect metal objects to the terminals.

Check the battery charge. Must use voltmeter or specific gravity

meter.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


10

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Security section

Prevent crushing and cuts

i03018585

If equipped, ensure that the lighting system for the engine is suitable for the job

Condition conditions. Make sure all lights are working properly.

Prevents pressure injuries and cut injuries

The engine must be started if servicing is required and must be installed

All protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful when working around the rotating parts.

When working under a component, the component should have reliable support.

Do not bypass the automatic shutdown circuit. Do not disable auto power off

road. This circuit is set to prevent personal injury.

It also prevents engine damage.

If no additional maintenance instructions are provided, run the engine

Do not attempt to make adjustments during the time.

Avoid all rotating and moving parts. Until maintenance

Remove the protective cover. Replace the cover after maintenance.

Refer to the service manual for repair and adjustment information.

Keep objects away from rotating fan blades. Fan blades will throw or

Cutting objects.

i02616984

Start the engine

Wear protective goggles when hitting objects to avoid eye injury.

When the object is struck, debris or other debris can fly around. knock

Before hitting an object, make sure that no one around is hit by flying debris

hurt.

Do not use auxiliary sprays and aerosols similar to ethyl ether to help start. . Otherwise it may be possible to guide

The explosion caused an explosion and personal injury. .

i06059630

Up, down, down equipment

If a warning is attached to the engine start switch or controls

Do not start the engine or pull the controls. Starting

Ask the person who attached the warning label before the engine.

Do not climb the engine. Engine is not suitable for installation or removal

position.

If the engine must be started for repair work, it must be installed

All protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful when working around the rotating parts.

See OEM Information for Hand and Foot Grab in Specific Applications

Where to live.

In the operator's operating room or using the engine start switch

Start the engine.

i06059655

Always start the engine according to the operation and maintenance manual (operation section

Start the engine in the steps described in points). Understanding the right start

This step helps prevent major damage to engine components. Up

Understanding the correct starting procedure can help prevent personal injury.

Start the engine before the engine

To ensure water jacketed water heater (if equipped) and / or lubrication

Oil heater (if equipped) is working normally

During this time, look at the water and oil thermometers.

note

First start of new engine or overhauled engine and starter repaired

When the engine is passing, be prepared to stop when overspeed occurs. This can

This is achieved by shutting off the air and / or fuel supply to the engine.

Engine exhaust contains combustion products that are harmful to the human body. must

Start and run the engine in a well-ventilated area. If at

A confined space to start the engine

Go outdoors.

The exhaust gas of the engine contains the combustion products that are harmful to the human body. . Must be in Liangliang

Start and start the engine in a well-ventilated field, if it is closed in a closed field

Therefore, it is necessary to exhaust the exhaust gas to the outside. .

Note: The engine is equipped with an automatic setting for cold start under normal operating conditions.

Equipment. If the engine will run in extreme cold, then extreme cold may be needed

Auxiliary starting device. Generally, the engine will be equipped with

Auxiliary starter for the zone.

Inspect the engine for potential hazards.

The engine is equipped with a glow plug assist starter in each cylinder

Set to heat the intake air to facilitate starting.

If there is an "No Operation" on the start switch or control

Warning labels or similar warning labels, never start the engine or move

Move any controls.

Before starting the engine, make sure that there are

Nearly nobody. Make sure no one is nearby.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


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Security section

Engine shutdown

i03616456

Engine stop machine

Follow the operation and maintenance manual for engine shutdown (operation part).

Engine shutdown operation to avoid overheating and starting the engine

Accelerated wear of machine parts.

The emergency stop button can only be used in emergency situations (if any

Equipped). Do not use the emergency stop button when the engine is stopped normally.

button. Do not start until the problem that caused the emergency shutdown is resolved

Start the engine.

If a new or overhauled engine starts for the first time

An overspeed condition causes the engine to stop. This can be done by cutting the hair

Motive fueling and / or gas supply.

i02616968

Electrical, Electrical and Gas System

When the charging device is working, do not disconnect the charging device from the battery.

Install the circuit or battery circuit cable. Flammable by battery

The gas may be ignited by a spark.

To prevent sparks from igniting flammable gases from some batteries

Body, the negative “−” jump start cable should be last from the external power supply

Connect to the negative “−” terminal of the starter motor. If you start the motor

Not equipped with negative “−” terminal, please connect jumper start cable

To the cylinder.

Check the wires every day for looseness. Before the engine starts,

Tighten any loose wires. Repair before engine starts

All frayed wires. For specific startup instructions, see

Operation and maintenance manual.

Grounding method

It is necessary to start the engine for the best performance and reliability of the engine

The electrical system of the machine is properly grounded. Improper grounding can cause

Control and unreliable circuit paths.

Uncontrolled circuits can cause damage to main bearings, crankshaft journal surfaces, and aluminum

Damage to quality parts.

Engines without an engine-to-frame ground strap may be electrically

Damage due to discharge.

To ensure that the engine and engine electrical system work properly, you must

Use engine-to-rack ground straps that connect directly to

Battery. This path can be directly grounded to the engine through the engine

frame.

All ground points must be tight and free of corrosion. Engine AC

The generator must pass one foot to withstand its full charge current

The wire is grounded to the negative "-" terminal of the battery.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


12

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Product information data section

Model view

Product information data section

Model view description

i06059623

Machine model type view

The following model views show typical engine characteristics. due to

Depending on the application, your engine may look different from what is shown in the picture

Display is different.

1104 engine model view

Figure 12

g03706445

Typical example

(1) Coolant outlet

(2) Refueling port

(3) Fine fuel filter

(4) Starting motor

(5) Oil gauge (oil dipstick)

(6) Primary fuel filter

(7) Oil filter

(8) Oil filter (lower position, if installed)

(9) Coolant inlet

(10) Water pump

(11) Belt

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


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Model view description

Model view

Figure 13

g03706446

Typical example

(12) Rear lifting ears

(13) Front lifting ears

(14) Alternator

(15) Turbocharger

(16) Oil drain plug

(17) Flywheel

(18) Coolant discharge

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


14

SCBU7833

Model view description

Model view

1103 engine model view

Figure 14

g03705844

Typical example

(1) Coolant outlet

(2) Fine fuel filter

(3) Injector

(4) Oil cooler

(5) Open respirator

(6) Oil gauge (oil dipstick)

(7) Primary fuel filter

(8) Oil filter

(9) Oil drain plug

(10) Refueling port

(11) Coolant inlet

(12) Water pump

(13) Belt

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

15

Model view description

Engine description

Figure 15

g03705848

Typical example

(14) Alternator

(15) Turbocharger

(16) Starting motor

(17) Flywheel

(18) Flywheel housing

(19) Coolant drain plug

i06059626

Description of engine

• Turbocharged aftercooling

• Turbocharged

• Natural aspirated

Engine technical specifications

Note: The front end of the engine is opposite the end of the engine flywheel. At the end of the flywheel

Look around and determine the left and right sides of the engine. No. 1 cylinder is at the forefront

Cylinder.

Figure 16

g00984281

Typical example of valve arrangement

(A) Intake valve

(B) Exhaust valve

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


16

SCBU7833

Model view description

Engine description

Table 1

(Table 3, continued)

1104 Industrial Engine Technical Specifications

Inline 4-cylinder

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

Counterclockwise

Number of cylinders

Cylinder bore

Valve clearance setting (intake)

Valve clearance setting (exhaust)

0.20 mm (0.008 in)

0.45 mm (0.018 in)

105 mm (4.134 in)

127 mm (5.0 in)

stroke

Table 4

Intake method

Turbocharged aftercooled

Turbocharged

1103 Constant Speed Technical Specifications

Naturally aspirated

Number of cylinders

Cylinder bore

Inline 3 cylinder

Compression ratio

Displacement

NA 19.25: 1 NA

T 18.23: 1 T, TA

105 mm (4.134 in)

stroke

127 mm (5.0 in)

4.4 L (268 in)

3

Intake method

Turbocharged

Naturally aspirated

Ignition sequence

1 3 4 2

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

Valve clearance setting (intake)

Counterclockwise

Compression ratio

Displacement

NA 19.25: 1

T 17.25: 1

0.20 mm (0.008 in)

0.45 mm (0.018 in)

3.3 L (201 in)

3

Valve clearance setting (exhaust)

Ignition sequence

1 2 3

Table 2

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

Valve clearance setting (intake)

Counterclockwise

1103 Industrial Engine Technical Specifications

0.20 mm (0.008 in)

0.45 mm (0.018 in)

Number of cylinders

Cylinder bore

Inline 3 cylinder

Valve clearance setting (exhaust)

105 mm (4.134 in)

stroke

127 mm (5.0 in)

Engine cooling and lubrication

Intake method

Turbocharged

Naturally aspirated

The cooling system includes the following components:

Compression ratio

Displacement

NA 19.25: 1

T 18.25: 1

• Gear driven centrifugal water pump

• Water temperature regulator to regulate engine coolant temperature

• Gear driven oil pump (gear type)

•Oil cooler

3.3 L (201 in)

3

Ignition sequence

1 2 3

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

Valve clearance setting (intake)

Counterclockwise

0.20 mm (0.008 in)

0.45 mm (0.018 in)

Engine oil is supplied by a gear pump. Engine oil

After cooling and filtering. When the oil viscosity is high, the bypass valve

The motive parts provide an unobstructed flow of lubricant. If the oil cools

Oil filter or oil filter element is blocked, the bypass valve can also send

The motive parts provide an unobstructed flow of lubricant.

Valve clearance setting (exhaust)

table 3

1104 Constant Speed Technical Specifications

Engine efficiency, emission control efficiency and engine performance

Large utilization depends on adherence to proper operating and maintenance recommendations. launch

Engine performance and efficiency also depend on the use of recommended fuel, lubrication

Oil and coolant. For more information on maintenance issues,

Refer to the operation and maintenance manual maintenance schedule.

Number of cylinders

Cylinder bore

Inline 4-cylinder

105 mm (4.134 in)

stroke

127 mm (5.0 in)

Intake method

Turbocharged aftercooled

Turbocharged

Naturally aspirated

Engine life

Maximize engine efficiency and maximize engine performance

Depends on adherence to proper operation and maintenance recommendations. this

In addition, use recommended fuels, coolants, and lubricants. will

The operation and maintenance manual is used as a guide to the maintenance required for the engine

south.

Compression ratio

NA 19.25: 1

T 17.25: 1, T 18.23: 1, TA 18.23: 1

Displacement

4.4 L (268 in)

3

1 3 4 2

Ignition sequence

(Continued)

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

17

Model view description

Engine description

The expected life of the engine is usually determined by the average power required

Predict it. The average power required is based on

The fuel consumption of the motive is determined. Reduced full throttle operation

Hours and / or operation with reduced throttle settings can result in

Low average power requirements. Reducing operating hours will extend

Motivation requires uptime before overhaul.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


18

SCBU7833

Product identification information

Engine identification

Product identification information

The serial number plate is located on the left side of the cylinder block near the rear of the engine

square.

i03616452

The following information is embossed on the serial number plate: engine serial number,

Model and configuration assembly number.

Motivation machine identification

i02890279

Perkins engines are identified by a serial number. This number

Note on the serial number plate mounted on the left side of the engine block.

Reference number

For example, the engine number is RE12345U090001H.

When ordering parts, you may need information about

material. Find out your engine information. Fill in the corresponding place

These materials. Make a copy of this list for your records. Save this

This information is for future reference.

RE

Engine

Engine list number

Made in uk

RE12345

U

Archival records for reference

engine model

090001

H

Engine serial number

Year of manufacture

Engine production serial number

Engine low idle

Perkins agents need these numbers to identify the engine

Included parts. This allows you to accurately identify the zero of the replacement part

Part Number.

Engine full load speed

Primary fuel filter

i03616448

Sequence number column number sign plate

Water separator filter

Fine fuel filter element

Lube filter element part number

Auxiliary oil filter element part number

Total lubrication system capacity

Total cooling system capacity

Air filter element

Fan drive belt

Alternator belt

i03616462

Emission emission certification certificate sticker film

Emissions-compliant engine label

Typical example of emission signage

Figure 17

g00994966

Typical serial number sign

(1) Temporary parts list number

(2) Type

(3) Serial number

(4) List number

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SCBU7833

19

Product identification information

Emission certification film

Figure 18

g01173630

A typical example of this type of tag is mounted on an engine using an electronic fuel injection system or electronic fuel injection pump.

Figure 19

g01156733

A typical example of such a sign is mounted on an engine using a mechanical fuel injection system.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


20

SCBU7833

Product identification information

Emission certification film

Comply with MSHA-exhausted engine labels.

Figure 20

g01381316

Typical example

The label shown in Figure 20 indicates that it was used in North American underground

machine. In compliance with mine safety and health management (MSHA) emissions requirements

Install the required label on the engine. Certified diesel engines will

It is identified by a clearly permanent certification mark. Certification standard

Marked with an MSHA certification number. Diesel engine tags must be installed

Firm.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

twenty one

Product identification information

Emission certification film

Engine nameplates that do not meet emissions requirements

Figure 21

g01156734

Typical tags are installed on engines that do not comply with emissions requirements.

Figure 22

g01157127

This typical label is mounted on a stationary engine.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


twenty two

SCBU7833

Operation part

Engine lifting

Operation part

Lifting and storage

i06059647

Engine engine hoisting

Figure 25

g03791033

Lifting lugs may be installed in some three-cylinder applications, as shown in Figure 25.

(1) Lifting ear

note

Never bend eyebolts and brackets. Eyebolts and brackets only

Withstand tension load. Remember when the angle between the support member and the object

When it is less than 90 °, the bearing capacity of the eyebolt becomes small.

When parts must be moved at an angle, use

Constant load link bracket.

Figure 23

g03729078

Typical example of four cylinder lifting eyes

Use a crane to move heavy components. Use an adjustable hanging beam

Lift the engine. All supporting members (chains and ropes)

They should be parallel to each other. The top surface of the chain and wire rope as much as possible

Can stay vertical.

Some removals require lifting with lifting tools to ensure correct

Balance and safety.

Use the lifting ears on the engine only when disassembling the engine.

Lifting ears are designed and installed for specific engine configuration assemblies.

Replacing lifting eyes and / or engine will prevent lifting eyes and lifting gear

use. If changes have been made to the lifting eyes and / or the engine, make sure

Ensure that the correct lifting device is provided. Please consult your Perkins

Agent or your Perkins distributor to get information about

Information on engine lifting fixtures.

i06059657

Engine, engine, storage

Perkins occurs during storage of the engine after a period of use

Assumes no responsibility for damages.

Figure 24

g03791046

Typical example of three cylinder lifting eyes

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

twenty three

Lifting and storage

Engine storage

Your Perkins agent or Perkins distributor can assist you

Complete preparations for long-term storage of the engine.

Monthly check

The crankshaft must be rotated to change the spring load of the valve train. Jiangqu

The shaft rotates more than 180 degrees. Visually inspect the engine for damage or

corrosion.

Storage conditions

The engine must be stored in a waterproof building. Must be maintained in the building

constant temperature. Engines filled with PerkinsELC can operate at − 36 ° C

Coolant protection at ambient temperature (−32.8 ° F). hair

Motives cannot be used in environments where temperature and humidity vary greatly.

Before storing, make sure that the engine is completely covered. In engine records

Make a note of the procedure.

Shelf life

Following all recommendations, the engine can be stored for up to 6 months.

Store the program

Keep proper records of the procedures performed on the engine.

Note: When storing the engine, there must be no biodiesel in the fuel system.

1. Make sure the engine is clean and dry.

a. If the engine is running on biodiesel, it must emit

System and install new filters. The fuel tank needs to be flushed.

b. Fill the fuel system with an acceptable fuel. If needed

For more information on acceptable fuels, see this procedure

And maintenance manual oil recommendations. 15 minutes on engine

Clock to remove all biodiesel from the system.

2. Drain all the water from the water filter of the strainer. Make sure

油箱加满。

3.存放发动机时不需要排放发动机机油。 in case

使用正确规格的发动机机油,发动机可以存放

长达6个月。如需了解发动机机油的正确规

格,请参阅本操作和保养手册油液建议。

4.从发动机上卸下驱动皮带。

密封冷却系统

确保冷却系统加注了PerkinsELC或符合ASTM

D6210规格的防冻液。

打开冷却系统

确保所有冷却系统排放塞都已打开。使冷却液放

Out.安装排放塞。在系统中放入汽相抑制剂。

加入汽相抑制剂后,必须密封冷却系统。如果冷

却系统与大气连通,将会导致汽相抑制剂失去作

use.

如需了解保养程序,请参阅本操作和保养手册。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


twenty four

SCBU7833

仪表和指示灯

仪表和指示灯

仪表和指示灯

转速表– 此仪表指示发动机转速。 在无负

载时,把油门控制杆移动到全油门位置,发

动机在高怠速运转。 在最大额定负载下,

油门操纵杆在全油门位置,发动机在满负载转速下运

转。

i03616444

仪仪表表和和指指示示灯灯

note

为帮助防止发动机受到损害,切勿超过高怠速转速。

超速可能导致对发动机的严重损害。 发动机可以在高

怠速运行而不受损害,但应绝不许超过高怠速转速。

您的发动机上的仪表可能与下述仪表不同或不具

备所有下述仪表。更多有关仪表组的资料,请参

阅OEM资料。

仪表用来指示发动机性能。确保仪表处于良好的

工作状态。观察仪表一段时间之后,您就能确定

正常的运行范围。

电流表– 此仪表指示蓄电池充电电路中的充

电或放电量。 仪表指针应在 “0” (零)位

右侧动作。

仪表读数的显著变化表明潜在的仪表或发动机问

question.即使仪表读数在规格范围内,其读数变化也

可能表明存在问题。确定和纠正导致任何读数显

著变化的原因。请向您的珀金斯代理商或您的

珀金斯分销商寻求帮助。

燃油油位– 此仪表指示燃油箱中燃油的液

Bit.燃油油位表在“起动/停机 (START/

STOP)” 开关在“接通(ON)” 位置时工作。

工时计– 此仪表指示发动机的运行时间。

note

如果显示无机油压力,应将发动机停机。 如果发动机

冷却液超出了最高冷却液温度,停止发动机。 否则会

导致发动机损坏。

发动机机油压力– 冷态发动机起动后,机油

压力应在最大值。 在额定转速下,典型的

SAE10W30 发动机机油压力为

207 至413 kPa (30 至60 psi)。

低怠速时油压低是正常的。如果负载稳定但仪表

读数变化,进行以下步骤:

1.1.卸掉负载。

2.2.降低发动机转速至低怠速。

3.3.检查和保持机油油位。

水套水冷却液温度表– 典型温度范围是

71 至96 °C (160 至205 °F)。 压力为

48 kPa (7 psi) 的加压冷却系统的最高容许

温度为110 °C (230 °F)。 在某些情况下可能会有更

高的温度。 随着负荷的不同,发动机冷却液温度读数

不同。 对于正在使用中的增压系统,读数应永远不能

超过沸点。

如果发动机在正常范围内运转且有蒸汽生成,则

进行下列程序:

1.1.降低负载和发动机转速。

2.2.检查冷却系统是否渗漏。

3.3.决定是否必须立即关闭发动机,或者是否可以

通过减少负载使发动机冷却。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

25

发动机起动

Before starting the engine

发动机起动

•如果发动机起动开关或操纵装置上系有一个 “不准

操作”警告标签或类似的警告标签,切勿起动发动

机或移动任何操控装置。

i03018700

•确保运转部件的周围无异物。

发发动动机机起起动动前前

•所有护罩必须在位。检查是否有损坏或遗失的护

罩。修理任何损坏的护罩。更换损坏和/或丢失的

护罩。

起动发动机前,先进行所需的日常保养和其他定

期保养。详细资料请参考操作和保养手册保养周

期表。

•断开所有未针对接合电起动马达时产生的高耗用电

流加以防护的蓄电池充电器。检查电缆和蓄电池

是否有连接不好和腐蚀。

•为使发动机达到其最大使用寿命,起动发动机之

前,请对发动机室内做彻底检查。查看以下项

目:油泄漏,冷却液泄漏,松动的螺栓和过量脏

物和/或油泥.清除堆积的过量脏物和油泥。对检

查过程中发现的故障进行修理。

•复位所有停机装置或报警部件(如有配备)。

•检查发动机润滑油油位。保持机油油位在发动机

机油油尺的“加(ADD)”标记与 “满(FULL)”标记之

间。

•检查冷却系统软管是否有裂纹和松动的夹箍。

•检查冷却液液位。观察集水箱(如有配备)中的

冷却液液位。保持冷却液液位在集水箱上的 “满

(FULL)”标记处。

•检查交流发电机和附属传动皮带是否有裂纹、断裂

和其它损坏。

•检查线路和线束是否连接松动,导线是否磨损或擦

伤。

•如果发动机没有配备集水箱的话,应将冷却液油位

保持在距加注口管底部13mm(0.5inch)之内。

如果发动机配备目测表,保持冷却液液位在目测表

Inside.

•检查燃油供油。放掉油水分离器(如有配备)中

的积水。打开供油阀(如有配备)。

•检查空气滤清器保养指示器(如有配备)。当黄

膜片进入红色区或红色活塞锁止在可视位置时,要

保养空气滤清器。

note

在发动机运行之前和期间必须打开燃油回油管上的所

有阀门,以便防止燃油压力过高。 燃油压力高可能导

致滤清器壳体故障或其它损坏。

•确保所有由发动机驱动的设备已从发动机上分离。

最大限度降低电气负载和卸掉任何电气负载。

如果发动机数周未起动过,燃油可能从燃油系统

中泄掉。空气可能进入滤清器壳体。并且更换

燃油滤清器时,一些气泡将被困在发动机燃油系

统中。在这些情况下,请用手油泵注油。 More

有关泵注燃油系统的信息资料,请参考操作和保

养手册燃油系统-泵注。

i03616446

发发动动机机起起动动

不不要要使使用用类类似似乙乙醚醚的的喷喷雾雾式式起起动动辅辅助助装装置置。 .否否则则可可

能能导导致致爆爆炸炸和和人人身身伤伤害害。 .

发发动动机机排排气气含含有有对对人人体体有有害害的的燃燃烧烧产产物物。 .必必须须在在良良

好好通通风风的的场场所所起起动动和和运运转转发发动动机机,,如如果果在在封封闭闭场场

所所,,要要将将废废气气排排到到外外面面去去。 .

请参阅操作和保养手册查寻您的控制装置类型。

使用下述步骤来起动发动机。

1.1.如有配备,在起动发动机前,将油门杆移动到

全油门位置。

note

发动机盘车时间不要超过30秒钟。 再次盘车前,让起

动马达先冷却2分钟。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


2.2.将发动机起动开关转到起动(START)

位置。

4.4.当发动机起动时,松开发动机起动开关钥匙。

26

SCBU7833

发动机起动

寒冷天气起动

将发动机起动开关保持在起动(START)位置并

盘动发动机。

5.5.如果发动机没有起动,松开发动机起动开关,

使电动起动马达冷却。然后,重复步骤2至步

骤4。

3.3.当发动机起动时,松开发动机起动开关。

4.4.如有配备,将油门杆缓慢放入低怠速位置,允

许发动机怠速运转。请参阅操作和保养手册起

动发动机后主题。

6.6.如果发动机配备有油门,则允许发动机怠速3

至5分钟,或允许发动机怠速直至水温指示器

开始上升。发动机应在低怠速平稳运转直到速

度逐渐提高到高怠速。继续进行正常运转之前

要让白烟消散。

5.5.如果发动机没有起动,松开发动机起动开关,

使电动起动马达冷却。然后,重复步骤2至步

骤4。

7.7.在低载荷下运转发动机,直至所有系统达到工

作温度为止。暖机期间,检查仪表。

6.6.转动发动机起动开关钥匙至断开(OFF)(断

开)位置以停止发动机。

8.8.转动发动机起动开关至断开位置以停止发动

machine.

i06059653

i03840672

寒寒冷冷天天气气起起动动

用用跨跨接接起起动动电电缆缆起起动动

不不要要使使用用类类似似乙乙醚醚的的喷喷雾雾式式起起动动辅辅助助装装置置。 .否否则则可可

能能导导致致爆爆炸炸和和人人身身伤伤害害。 .

不不正正确确的的跨跨接接起起动动电电缆缆连连接接会会引引起起爆爆炸炸,,造造成成人人身身

伤伤害害。 .

通过使用水套水加热器或更大的蓄电池容量,加

强了−18°C(0°F)以下温度的起动能力。

防防止止在在蓄蓄电电池池周周围围产产生生火火花花。 .火火花花会会引引起起气气体体爆爆

炸炸。 .不不要要让让跨跨接接起起动动电电缆缆端端部部互互相相接接触触或或与与发发动动机机

接接触触。 .

以下项目在寒冷天气下可将起动问题和燃油问题

出现的几率降至最低:发动机油底壳加热器,水

套水加热器,燃油加热器和燃油管路隔热层。

注:如有可能,首先诊断无法起动的原因。进行任何

必要的修理。如果发动机无法起动仅是由于蓄电池的

状况,给蓄电池充电,或者使用跨接起动电缆起动发

动机。

请遵循寒冷天气下的起动步骤。

1.1.如有配备,在起动发动机前,将油门杆移动到

全油门位置。

在发动机关闭后,还可再次检查蓄电池的状况。

note

2.2.如有配备,将发动机起动开关转至加热位置。

将发动机起动开关在加热位置保持6秒钟,直

到预热塞指示灯点亮。此动作将启用预热塞,

帮助发动机进行起动。

使用一个与电起动马达有相同电压的蓄电池电源。 Cross

接起动只允许使用相同电压。 使用更高电压会损坏电

气系统。

不要反向连接蓄电池电缆。 否则交流发电机可能损

Bad.接地电缆要在最后连接并要最先断开。

note

发动机盘车时间不要超过30秒钟。 再次盘车前,让起

动马达先冷却2分钟。

当使用外部电源起动发动机时,将发动机操控开关旋

至“断开(OFF)” 位置。 在连接跨接起动电缆之前,将

所有电气附件关闭。

在将跨接起动电缆连接到被起动发动机之前,确保主

电源开关是在断开(OFF)位置。

3.3.预热塞指示灯点亮的同时,将发动机起动开关

转到起动位置,拖动发动机。

1.1.将起动开关转到断开(OFF)位置。关闭所有发

动机附件。

注:如果预热塞指示灯短暂点亮r2至3秒钟或预热塞

指示灯不亮,说明冷起动系统中有故障。不要使用乙

醚或其它起动液体来起动发动机。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7 833

27

发动机起动

After starting the engine

2.2.将跨接起动电缆的一个正极端连接到已放电蓄

电池的正极电缆端子。将跨接起动电缆的另一

正极端连接到电源的正极电缆接线端子上。

3.3.将跨接起动电缆的一个负极端连接到电源的负

极电缆接线端子上。将跨接起动电缆的另一端

连接到发动机气缸体或底盘接地点。这一步骤

有助于防止潜在火花点燃某些蓄电池产生的易

燃气体。

4.4.起动发动机。

5.5.在起动熄火的发动机之后,马上以相反顺序断

开跨接起动电缆。

跨接起动后,交流发电机可能不会把严重放电的

蓄电池重新充足电。发动机停止后,必须更换蓄

电池或对蓄电池充电到正确电压。许多蓄电池被

认为是不能再使用了,但仍可以重新充电使用。

请参阅操作和保养手册蓄电池-更换和测试和调

整手册蓄电池-测试。

i030187 16

发发动动机机起起动动后后

注:温度在0至60°C(32至140°F)时,暖机时间

大约需要3分钟。温度低于0°C(32°F)时,可能

需要额外的暖机时间。

当发动机暖机怠速时,观察以下情况:

•向发动机施加负荷之前,在怠速和最高转速(发动

机无负荷时)的一半转速时,检查是否有液体或气体

渗漏。在某些应用情况下这样做不可能。

•低怠速运行发动机,直到所有系统达到工作温度。

暖机期间,检查所有仪表。

注:发动机运行时,应观察仪表读数,经常记录数

according to.比较长期数据将有助于确定每一个仪表的正常读

数。比较长期数据还将有助于发现非正常运行情况的

发展变化。应查明读数发生重大变化的原因。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


28

SCBU7833

发动机运行

发动机运行

发动机运行

i03018699

燃燃油油省省油油准准则则

i06059631

发发动动机机运运行行

发动机的效率会影响燃油经济性。珀金斯的设

计和制造工艺为所有应用类型带来最高的燃油效

rate.遵循建议的程序以便获得发动机使用寿命期

的最佳性能。

正确的运转和保养是获得发动机最大寿命和经济

性的关键因素。如果按照操作和保养手册中的指

示去做,使用费用可以降至最低,使用寿命可以

最大限度地延长。

•避免燃油溢出。

燃油受热会膨胀。燃油可能会从燃油箱溢出。

检查燃油管路是否有渗漏。对燃油管路进行所需

的维修。

在达到工作温度后,发动机可以在额定转速下运

Row.发动机在低发动机转速和低功率需求时达到

正常工作温度将会快些。此程序比发动机无负荷

怠速运转的情况要更有效率。发动机应在数分钟

内达到工作温度。

•知道不同燃油的特性。只使用推荐的燃油。

•避免不必要的怠速运转。

发动机运行时,应观察仪表读数,经常记录数

according to.比较长期数据将有助于确定每一个仪表的正

常读数。比较长期数据也将有助于发觉非正常运

行的发展变化。应调查读数中的明显变化。

使发动机停机而不是长时间怠速运行。

•频繁观察空气滤清器保养指示器。保持空气滤清器

滤芯清洁。

i06059656

•保养电气系统

发发动动机机暖暖机机

一个坏的蓄电池电池会使交流发电机过度工作。

这将消耗额外的功率和燃油。

•确保驱动皮带调整正确。驱动皮带应状况良好。

•确保所有软管连接紧密。连接处不应泄漏。

•确保被驱动设备状况良好。

变速发动机

1.1. Run the engine at low idle for 3 to 5 minutes. Or low idle

Run the engine until the jacket water temperature starts to rise.

• Cold engines consume extra fuel. Use as much as possible from the water jacket

Heat from water and exhaust systems. Keep cooling system components clear

Clean and well maintained. Never run without water temperature adjustment

Engine. All these items will help keep things running

degree.

When the temperature is below −18 ° C (0 ° F), it may take longer

time.

2.2. Check all instruments during warm-up.

3.3. Check around the machine. Check if the engine has

Liquid and air leaks.

4.4. Increase the speed to the rated speed. Check for liquids and

Gas leakage. When the water jacket temperature reaches 60 ° C (140 ° F)

The engine may operate at full rated speed at full load.

Constant speed engine

1.1. Run the engine for 3 to 5 minutes.

When the temperature is below −18 ° C (0 ° F), it may take longer

time.

2.2. Check all instruments during warm-up.

3.3. Check around the machine. Check the engine for leaks

Liquid or leak, apply the load only after confirming that there is no leak.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

29

Engine shutdown

Engine shutdown

Engine shutdown

• Check the crankcase oil level. Keep the oil level at the engine dipstick

Between the "Add" tag and the "Fill" tag on.

i03616465

• Make minor adjustments if necessary. Repair every leak and

Tighten any loose bolts.

Engine stop machine

• Pay attention to the required maintenance intervals. Follow this operation and maintenance manual

Maintenance as described in the maintenance schedule.

• Fill the fuel tank to prevent moisture from accumulating in the fuel tank. No fuel tank

Refueling is too full.

note

Stopping the engine immediately after running under load will cause overheating and speed up the start

Wear of machine parts.

note

Use only the antifreeze recommended in the operating and maintenance manual Coolant Specifications

Agent / coolant mixture. Failure to do so will cause engine damage.

If the engine has been running continuously at high speed and / or heavy load,

Run the engine at low idle for at least 3 minutes before the engine stops.

Low and stable engine internal temperature.

Avoiding hot engine shutdowns increases turbocharger shaft and bearing life

Life.

• Let the engine cool down. Check the coolant level.

• If the engine is expected to run at freezing temperatures, check the coolant

Is it properly protected against frost? The cooling system must be protected,

In case it freezes at the expected minimum external temperature. If must

Yes, add normal coolant / water mixture.

Stop at low idle speed before stopping the engine running at low load

Engine for 30 seconds. If the engine is constantly at high RPM and / or

High load operation, run the engine at low idling speed at least 3

minute. This step will reduce and stabilize the internal temperature of the engine

Settle down.

• Perform the necessary regular maintenance on all driven equipment. This guarantee

Support in the instruction manual of the original equipment manufacturer (OEM)

and.

Make sure you understand the engine shutdown procedure. Shutdown should follow

The shutdown system installed on the engine or refer to the original equipment manufacturer's

For instructions.

• To stop the engine, turn the start key switch to OFF

position.

i03018541

Emergency emergency stop machine

note

The emergency stop control is for emergency use only. Never put an emergency stop

The device or control is used for the normal shutdown process.

The OEM may have assembled an emergency stop button. More about emergency

See the OEM documentation for information on the stop button.

Ensure that external systems that support engine operation after engine shutdown

All components are safe and reliable.

i03616455

After the engine is shut down

Note: Before checking the engine oil, stop the engine for at least 10 minutes

To allow the engine oil sufficient time to return to the sump.

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30

SCBU7833

Cold weather operation

Cold weather operation

Cold weather operation

Cold weather operation recommendations

• If the engine can start, run the engine until it reaches

81 ° C (177.8 ° F) minimum operating temperature. Reach working temperature

The degree will help prevent the intake and exhaust valves from sticking.

i06059616

Cold and cold weather operation

• The engine's cooling system and lubrication system will not immediately dissipate immediately after shutdown

Lose all heat. This means that after a period of engine shutdown

Still capable of starting easily.

Perkins diesel engines can operate effectively in cold weather.

Starting and running of a diesel engine in cold weather depends on

The following:

• Before the cold weather arrives, raise the launch to reach the correct technical parameters

Machine lubricant.

• Model of fuel used

• viscosity of engine oil

• Work on the glow plug

• Weekly check all rubber parts (hose and fan drive belt

Wait).

• Inspect all electrical wiring and connections for any wear and insulation damage

Bad phenomenon.

• Optional cold start assist

• Battery condition

• Keep all batteries fully charged and warm.

• Fill up the fuel tank at the end of each shift.

• Ambient air temperature and altitude

• Applied additional load

• Check air filters and air inlets daily. When running on snowy days

Check the air inlets more frequently.

• Make sure the glow plug is working properly. See the test and adjustment manual

Glow plug-test.

• Application of hydraulic and transmission oil viscosity

This section describes the following information:

• Potential problems caused by operation in cold weather

Alcoholic alcohol or starting fluids can cause personal injury to adults or damage to property. .

• To minimize ambient air temperature between 0 ° and −40 ° C

(32 ° to 40 ° F)

Recommended steps.

Alcoholic alcohol or starting fluid is a highly highly flammable product and is toxic and poisonous.

Dangdang, will cause adult injuries or damage to property or property. .

The operation and maintenance of the engine at freezing temperatures is very complicated. This

Caused by:

• Weather conditions

It is not necessary to use a spray-mist-type starting auxiliary auxiliary installation device similar to that of ethyl ether. . No coco otherwise

Can lead to detonation explosions and injuries. .

• Engine applications

As proposed by your Perkins agent or Perkins distributor

The recommendations are based on past workable practices. Included in this section

The information provides guidance for cold weather operations.

• For information on jump start using cables in cold weather, please

Refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual

Instructions.

Engine oil viscosity

You must use an engine oil of the correct viscosity. Oil viscosity

The value of the ratcheting torque. See this repair and maintenance manual

Fluid recommendations for recommended oil viscosity information.

Recommended coolant

The coolant should provide the cooling system with the lowest expected outside temperature.

Degree of protection. Refer to this service and maintenance manual for fluid recommendations.

Learn about recommended coolant mixtures.

In cold weather, often check the glycol concentration of the coolant

Is it correct to ensure adequate freeze protection?

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SCBU7833

31

Cold weather operation

Fuel and cold weather effects

Engine block heater

In addition, the engine must be warmed up thoroughly so that other

The parts are in better condition, the service life of the engine is usually, come

Lectures will be extended. Lubrication will be improved. Acid in motor oil

And sludge will be reduced. This lubrication will make the engine bearings, live

Plug rings and other parts have a longer life. But please

Limit unnecessary idling time to 10 minutes to reduce grinding

Damage and unnecessary fuel consumption.

Engine block heater (if equipped) heats around the combustion chamber

Engine cylinder water. This heat has the following effects:

• Improve starting performance.

• Reduce warm-up time.

Once the engine is stopped, the electric block heater can be energized to work.

Typical electric power of effective block heater is 1250 / 1500W single

Bit. Please consult your Perkins agent or Perkins distributor

To learn more.

Water temperature regulator and insulated heater pipe

The engine is equipped with a water temperature regulator. When the engine coolant is below

When the working temperature is determined, the cylinder liner water enters through the engine block.

Engine cylinder head. The coolant then passes through the coolant temperature

The internal channel of the regulator returns to the cylinder. This system ensures cold

The coolant flows through the engine under low temperature operating conditions. In the engine cylinder

When the water jacket has reached the correct minimum operating temperature, the water temperature regulator

turn on. When the temperature of the liner water coolant exceeds the minimum working temperature

When the water temperature regulator is further opened to make more coolant

Flow through the radiator to dissipate excessive heat.

Engine idling

Will start when the engine is idling after starting in cold weather

The machine speed was increased from 1000 rpm to 1200 rpm. Speed increase

It will warm up the engine more quickly. If a manual throttle is installed,

Use this control device to keep engine speed

Elevated operation at low idle speeds is easier. The engine should not

Speed up warm-up by "high-speed operation".

Progressive opening of water temperature regulator to progressively close the cylinder block and cylinder head

Between the sidewalks. This system ensures cooling into the radiator

Highest fluid flow for best heat dissipation.

Apply light load (additional load) during engine idling

It will help to keep the minimum operating temperature. Minimum working temperature is

82 ° C (179.6 ° F).

Note: Perkins discourages the use of any air restriction devices such as cooling

Device curtain. Restricting airflow may have the following consequences: Exhaust pipe temperature is too high

High power loss, excessive fan usage and reduced fuel economy.

Coolant temperature rise recommendations

Engines that have cooled below normal operating temperature due to non-operation

Warm up. Before the engine resumes full operation,

temperature. During operation in very cold weather conditions, the engine

Short-term operation will cause damage to the engine valve mechanism. If posted

The motive was stopped many times after it was started, but it was not running so

Warm up completely and the above will happen.

Cab heaters are useful in extremely cold weather conditions. Come

The supply pipe from the engine and the return pipe from the cab should be taken

Insulation measures to reduce heat loss in the outside air.

Insulation of air intake and engine room

When frequently encountering outside temperatures below −18 ° C (− 0 ° F)

In air conditions, the air filter inlet can be specified to the engine

indoor. The air filter located in the engine room can also be

Minimize snow from entering the air cleaner. At the same time, the engine is isolated

The heat helps to heat the intake air.

When the engine is operating below normal operating temperature, the

Fuel and oil do not burn completely. These fuels and oils cause

Soft carbon deposits form on the valve stem. Generally speaking, these carbon deposits will not

Causes problems, they can occur when the engine is at normal operating temperature

Burned out.

By insulating the engine compartment,

The heat is retained.

Stopped many times after the engine was started without running

In order to completely warm up, these carbon deposits will accumulate. This will cause

The following questions:

i06059651

• The valve does not work freely.

• Valve issuance.

The influence of fuel oil and cold and cold weather

• The putter may bend.

Note: Use only fuel grades recommended by Perkins. See this operation

And maintenance manual oil recommendations.

• Other damage to valve train components is also possible.

For this reason, after starting, the engine must be run until

Coolant temperature reaches at least 71 ° C (160 ° F). Valve stem

Carbon deposits will be kept to a minimum. Valves and valve components will remain

Freedom of operation.

Diesel performance may have significant effects on engine cold-start capability

influences. Low temperature critical characteristics of diesel

The minimum ambient temperature is acceptable. The following attributes are used to define

Low temperature performance of oil:

• Cloud point

• Pour Point

• Filter Cold Blocking Point (CFPP)

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32

SCBU7833

Cold weather operation

Fuel related components in cold weather

The cloud point of fuel oil refers to the temperature at which waxes in diesel oil begin to precipitate.

degree. The melting point of the fuel must be below the minimum ambient temperature to prevent filtration

Cleaner blocked.

Micron rating and location of primary fuel filter during cold weather operation

Quite important. Primary fuel filters and fuel lines are the most common types of cooling

Fuel affected components.

CFPP is the temperature at which a particular fuel will pass through a standard filter.

CFPP can be used to estimate the lower operating temperature of the fuel.

Fuel heater

Note: OEMs may be equipped with fuel heaters. If this is the case

Then, the fuel heater should be disconnected in warm weather to prevent the fuel from overheating.

If the type of fuel heater uses a heat exchanger, the OEM should install an additional

Bypass device for use in warm weather. Ensure bypass in warm weather

The facility works normally to prevent overheating of the fuel.

Pour point is the last temperature before fuel stops flowing and waxing begins.

Please pay attention to these characteristics when purchasing fuel. Consider engine applications

Average ambient temperature. Refueling works well in one climate

Good engines may not function properly when shipped in colder climates

jobs. The problem may be caused by temperature changes.

For more information on fuel heaters (if equipped), see

Read the OEM information.

If engine power is too low or performance is poor during winter,

Check the fuel for wax out before troubleshooting.

The following parts can be used to reduce the problem of fuel wax waxing in cold weather.

The rate is minimized.

• Fuel heater, may be optional for OEM.

• Fuel pipe insulation, may be optional for OEM.

Winter and Arctic diesel can be used in countries and regions where the winter is severely cold

Area. For more information, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual

Weather operation

Another important fuel that may affect cold starts and operation of diesel engines

Oil characteristics are octane. For more information, see Actions and

Maintenance manual oil recommendations.

i03018697

Components related to fuel oil in cold and cold weather

Fuel tank

Condensation may form on an underfilled fuel tank. Before you run

Fill the fuel tank after the motive.

The fuel tank should include some equipment that releases water and sediment from the bottom.

Shi. Some fuel tanks use fuel supply pipes with pipe ends in the fuel tank.

Located above the sedimentary layer of water and sediment.

The fuel supply pipe used by some fuel tanks is taken directly from the bottom of the fuel tank.

oil. If the engine is equipped with this system, regular maintenance of fuel

The system filter is very important.

Drain water and sediment from the fuel storage tank under the following conditions:

Week, when changing the oil and when filling the fuel tank. This will help

Prevents water and sediment from being pumped from the storage tank into the engine fuel tank

in.

Fuel Filter

There may be a primary fuel filter installed in the fuel tank and engine

Between fuel inlets. After replacing the fuel filter, pump the fuel

Oil system to remove air bubbles from the fuel system. More about pumps

For fuel system information, please refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual

Maintenance section.

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33

Maintenance section

Filling capacity

Maintenance section

Filling capacity

1104 engine

Table 7

1104 Naturally Aspirated Engine

Cabin or system

Rise

Quart

i03616443

Only for engines

10.4

11

Filling capacity

External cooling system capacity (OEM recommended) (1)

Total cooling system capacity (2)

(1)

The external cooling system includes a radiator or an expansion tank and the following components:

Exchangers, aftercoolers and piping. See Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) technology

parameter. Enter the external system capacity value in this line.

The entire cooling system includes the capacity of the engine cooling system plus the capacity of the external system

Lubrication system

(2)

The refilling capacity of the engine crankcase reflects the closeness of the crankcase

Like capacity or sum of oil tank and standard oil filter capacity. for

The auxiliary oil filter system requires additional oil. About assist

For the capacity of the oil filter, please refer to the OEM technical parameters.

For more information on lubricant specifications, see Operation and

Maintenance manual maintenance section.

the amount. Fill the total capacity into this line.

Table 8

1104 turbocharged engine

Cabin or system

Rise

Quart

Only for engines

11.4

12

1104 engine

External cooling system capacity (OEM recommended) (1)

Total cooling system capacity (2)

table 5

(1)

The external cooling system includes a radiator or an expansion tank and the following components:

1104 engine

Exchangers, aftercoolers and piping. See Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) technology

Cabin or system

Rise

Quart

parameter. Enter the value of the external cooling system capacity in this line.

The entire cooling system includes the capacity of the engine cooling system plus the external system capacity

(2)

Engine crankcase standard sump (1)

6.5

7

the amount. Fill the total capacity into this line.

(1)

These values are approximate capacities of the crankcase oil pan, including factory-installed standard

Capacity of quasi-oil filter. Engines with auxiliary oil filters will need

Extra oil. For the capacity of the auxiliary oil filter, see the original

Technical parameters of the manufacturer.

1103 engine

Table 9

1103 naturally aspirated engine without oil cooler

1103 engine

Cabin or system

Rise

Quart

Table 6

Only for engines

4.21

4

1103 engine

External cooling system capacity (OEM recommended) (1)

Total cooling system capacity (2)

Cabin or system

Rise

Quart

Engine crankcase standard sump (1)

6.5

7

(1)

The external cooling system includes a radiator or an expansion tank and the following components:

(1)

These values are approximate capacities of the crankcase oil pan, including factory-installed

Exchangers, aftercoolers and piping. See Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) technology

Capacity of quasi-oil filter. Engines with auxiliary oil filters will need

Extra oil. For the capacity of the auxiliary oil filter, see the original

Technical parameters of the manufacturer.

parameter. Enter the external system capacity value in this line.

(2)

The entire cooling system includes the capacity of the engine cooling system plus the capacity of the external system

the amount. Fill the total capacity into this line.

Table 10

cooling system

1103 Naturally aspirated and turbocharged engines equipped with an oil cooler

Choke

In order to properly maintain the cooling system, you must know the total cooling system capacity

the amount. The approximate capacity of the engine cooling system is listed in the following table.

External system capacity will vary from application to application. About the outside

System capacity, please refer to OEM technical parameters. Need to know this

Capacity data to determine how much cooling is required for the entire cooling system

Fluid / antifreeze.

Cabin or system

Rise

Quart

Only for engines

4.43

4.02

External cooling system capacity (OEM recommended) (1)

Total cooling system capacity (2)

(1)

The external cooling system includes a radiator or an expansion tank and the following components:

Exchangers, aftercoolers and piping. See Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) technology

parameter. Enter the external system capacity value in this line.

(2)

The entire cooling system includes the capacity of the engine cooling system plus the capacity of the external system

the amount. Fill the total capacity into this line.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


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SCBU7833

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

i06059632

If there is no distilled or deionized water, use

Listed properties of water.

Oil and fluid construction recommendations

Table 11

Usable water

characteristic

High limit

General coolant information

Chloride (Cl)

40 mg / L

Sulfate (SO

4

)

100 mg / L

170 mg / L

note

Never add coolant to an overheated engine. The engine may therefore

And damaged. The engine should be allowed to cool first.

total hardness

Total solids

acidity

340 mg / L

pH values from 5.5 to 9.0

note

If the engine is stored or shipped in an area below freezing temperature,

However, the system must be protected at the lowest ambient temperature or fully

To prevent damage.

For water quality analysis, please consult one of the following channels:

• Local water company

• Agricultural institutions

note

• Independent laboratory

In order to properly prevent freezing and boiling, always check the ratio of coolant

weight.

additive

Additives help protect the metal surfaces of the cooling system. Lack of cooling

Insufficient liquid additives or dosages can promote the development of

Health:

The cooling system should be cleaned for the following reasons:

• The cooling system is contaminated

• Engine overheating

•corrosion

• Formation of mineral deposits

• rust

• Coolant foaming

note

• scale

Never run the engine without a water temperature regulator in the cooling system

machine. Water temperature regulator helps keep engine coolant in the correct working position

作 温度。 For temperature. When the water temperature regulator is not installed, the cooling system may gradually produce

Failure.

• Coolant foaming

During engine operation, many additives are depleted. These Tim

Dosage must be replenished periodically.

Many engine failures are related to the cooling system. The following questions are related to the cold

But system failures are related to: overheating, leaking pumps and radiators or heat

The exchanger is blocked.

Additives must be added to the correct concentration. Additive concentration over

High causes the inhibitor to precipitate out of solution. These precipitates may

Causes the following problems:

These failures can be avoided with proper cooling system maintenance

Free. Maintenance of cooling system and fuel system and lubrication system

Raising is just as important. Coolant quality and fuel and lubricant quality

Quantity is just as important.

• Gel formation

• Reduced heat transfer

• Leakage of water pump seals

• Blockage of radiators, coolers and small channels

Coolant usually consists of three ingredients: water, additives and ethylene glycol

alcohol.

Ethylene glycol

water

Glycol in coolant helps protect against the following

happened:

Water is used in the cooling system to transfer heat.

It is recommended to use distilled distilled water or or to remove ionomers in the cooling system of the engine.

Water water. .

Do not use the following types of water in the cooling system: hard water, use

Softened water and seawater after salt conditioning.

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SCBU7833

35

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

•boiling

note

• Frozen

Do not use commercially available cooling that meets only ASTM D3306 specifications

Fluid / antifreeze. This type of coolant / antifreeze is intended for light automotive applications

Prepared.

• Water pump cavities

For best performance, Perkins recommends using water / glycol

A 1: 1 mixture of solutions.

Perkins recommends a 1: 1 mixture of water and ethylene glycol. This

A mixture of ethylene glycol and water as an antifreeze can achieve the best

Heavy load performance. If protection in extreme cold conditions is required,

The water / glycol ratio can be increased to 1: 2.

Note: Use a mixture that will provide protection at the lowest ambient temperature.

Note: 100% pure ethylene glycol will be at a temperature of −13 ° C (8.6 ° F)

Will freeze.

Mixture of SCA inhibitor and water can be used, but it is antiseptic

Corrosion, boiling and freeze protection are not as good as ELC. Perkins

It is recommended to keep the SCA concentration at 6% in such cooling systems

To 8%. It is best to use distilled or deionized water. Meet recommendations

Water with water quality requirements can also be used.

Most traditional antifreeze uses ethylene glycol. Can also be used

alcohol. When mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio, ethylene glycol and propylene glycol

Alcohols provide similar protection against frost and boiling. See Table 12

And Table 13.

Table 14

Table 12

Coolant life

Ethylene glycol

Coolant type

Service life (1)

concentration

50%

60%

Frost protection

Perkins ELC

6000 working hours or 3 years

−36 ° C (−33 ° F)

Commercial weight that meets ASTM D6210 requirements

Load antifreeze

−51 ° C (−60 ° F)

3000 working hours or 2 years

Commercial weight that meets the requirements of ASTMD4985

Load antifreeze

3000 working hours or 1 year

3000 working hours or 1 year

note

Commercially available SCA inhibitors and water

Do not use propylene glycol with an ethylene glycol concentration greater than 50% because

Propylene glycol's thermal conductivity is reduced. Requires additional protection against freezing or boiling

For protection, ethylene glycol can be used.

(1)

Use the first cycle. At this point, the cooling system must also be flushed clean.

ELC

Table 13

Perkins provides ELC for the following applications:

• Heavy-duty spark-ignition gas engine

• Heavy diesel engine

Propylene glycol

concentration

Frost protection

50%

−29 ° C (−20 ° F)

To check the glycol concentration in the coolant, measure the coolant ratio

weight.

• Automotive applications

ELC's corrosion resistance is different from that of other coolants.

ELC is a coolant based on ethylene glycol. However, ELC

Contains Organic Corrosion Inhibitors and Antifoam Agents, and Nitrite Contains

The amount is low. PerkinsELC is formulated with appropriate amounts of the above additives

Made for all metal parts in the engine cooling system

Provides excellent corrosion protection.

Recommended coolant

• ELC

• SCA

• ASTM

Long-lasting coolant

Supplementary coolant additives

American Materials Testing Association

Provide an ELC solution pre-mixed with distilled water. ELC mixing ratio

It is 1: 1. This pre-mixed ELC provides −36 ° C

(−33 ° F) frost protection. It is recommended to add the cooling system for the first time.

Use this pre-mixed ELC for injection. It is also recommended to supplement the cooling system

This premixed ELC is used in the system.

The following two coolants are used on Perkins diesel engines:

First Choice-PerkinsELC

There are several different sizes of containers available. Please ask

Perkins dealers ask for part numbers.

Acceptable-Commercially Available Burdens that Meet ASTM D6210 Technical Specifications

Antifreeze

Appropriate-Commercially available heavy loads that meet ASTM D4985 specifications

antifreeze. Must be replaced after 1 year.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


36

SCBU7833

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Oil recommendations

ELC cooling system maintenance

4. Clean the system with a suitable cleaner. Follow the label

Instructions.

Correct addition of long-lasting coolant

5. Drain the cleaner into a suitable container. With clean water

Flush the cooling system.

note

Use premixed or concentrated coolants only for Perkins products.

6. Fill the cooling system with clean water and run the engine until it warms up

To 49 ° C to 66 ° C (120 ° F to 150 ° F).

Mix long-lasting coolant with other products to reduce the use of long-lasting coolant

life. Failure to follow the recommendations will reduce the life of the cooling system components

Unless you take the correct remedy.

note

Incorrect or incomplete flushing of the cooling system can damage copper and other metals

component.

To properly maintain the balance between antifreeze and additives,

Recommended ELC concentration. Decreasing the proportion of antifreeze will also decrease

Low additive ratio. This action will lower the coolant prevention system

Ability to show pitting, cavitation, erosion and deposition.

To avoid damaging the cooling system, ensure that the cooling system is thoroughly rinsed with water

System. Continue flushing the system until all traces of the cleaning agent disappear

stop.

note

Do not use traditional coolants to refill with Extended Life Coolant (ELC)

Cooling system.

7. Drain the coolant into a suitable container and rinse the cold water with water

But the system.

Do not use standard supplemental coolant additives (SCA).

Do not use standard cold SCA or SCA when using Perkins ELC

Filter.

Note: The cooling system cleaner must be flushed from the cooling system.

Cooling system cleaners left in the system can contaminate the coolant. detergent

It may also corrode the cooling system.

8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 until the system is completely clean.

ELC cooling system cleaning

9. Fill the cooling system with Perkins pre-mixed ELC.

Note: If ELC is used for the cooling system, no cleaning agent is required.

Only when the system has been added some other type of coolant or cold

Only when the system is damaged and contaminated, the use of cleaning agents is required.

ELC cooling system pollution

When the ELC is discharged from the cooling system, it is simply rinsed with clean water.

note

Before filling the cooling system, the heater control must be

(If equipped) Set in hot position. See OEM information to

Install heater control. Drain and refill the cooling system

After that, run the engine until the coolant level reaches normal operation

Liquid level at temperature and remains stable. Add coolant if needed

Mix the liquid and fill the system to the specified level.

Note: ELC will weaken when mixed with other products

The effects of ELC and shorten the life of ELC. Use only

Perkins' premixed or concentrated coolant products. Do not follow these recommendations

The council shortens the life of cooling system components.

ELC cooling system can withstand the maximum burden of traditional impurities

Load 10% of antifreeze or SCA. If impurities exceed total system

10% of capacity, perform one of the following steps:

Replaced by Perkins ELC

To replace heavy-duty antifreeze with PerkinsELC, perform

Next steps:

• Drain the coolant from the cooling system into a suitable container. according to

Local regulations dispose of coolant. Rinse the cooling system with clean water. Make

Fill the system with PerkinsELC.

note

Care must be taken when inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and repairing the product

To ensure that the drained oil is collected. Before opening any chamber or disassembling

Be prepared to collect in a suitable container before any liquids are stored

Set of liquid.

• Drain some of the liquid from the cooling system to an appropriate one in accordance with local regulations

Container. The cooling system was then filled with a premixed ELC. this

The program will reduce impurities to below 10%.

• Maintain the system according to the traditional heavy-duty coolant method. With SCA

Processing system. In the recommended replacement cycle of traditional heavy-duty coolant

Periodically change the coolant.

Dispose of all liquids in accordance with local regulations and directives.

1. Drain the coolant into a suitable container.

2. Dispose of the coolant in accordance with local regulations.

3. Rinse the cooling system with water to remove any debris.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

37

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

Commercially available heavy load freeze protection and SCA

Table 17

Formula for adding SCA to heavy-duty coolant during maintenance

V × 0.014 = X

note

Ban on the use of commercially available heavy-duty cooling systems containing amines in anti-corrosion protection systems

liquid.

V is the total capacity of the cooling system.

X is the number of SCA required.

Table 18 illustrates how to do this using the formula in Table 17.

Calculation.

note

Never run the engine without a water temperature regulator in the cooling system

machine. Water temperature regulator helps keep engine coolant in the correct working position

作 温度。 For temperature. When the water temperature regulator is not installed, the cooling system may gradually produce

Failure.

Table 18

Example of adding SCA to heavy-duty coolant during maintenance

Total cooling system capacity

(V)

multiplier

Number of SCA required

(X)

Check antifreeze (glycol concentration) for adequate protection against boiling and

freeze. Perkins recommends using a refractometer to check glycol concentration

degree. A hydrometer should be used.

15 L (4 US gal)

× 0.014

0.2 L (7 oz)

Clean heavy duty antifreeze system

Perkins engine cooling system should be tested every 500 hours

Secondary SCA concentration.

• After draining the old coolant or filling the cooling system with new coolant

Before cleaning the cooling system.

Add SCA based on the results of the test. May need every 500 hours

Add liquid SCA.

• Whenever you find that the coolant is contaminated or foaming, clean

But the system.

Add SCA to heavy-duty coolant during the first fill

i06059629

Use the calculation formula in Table 15 to determine the initial filling of the cooling system

The amount of SCA required.

Oil and fluid construction recommendations

Table 15

Formula for adding SCA to heavy-duty coolant during the first filling

V × 0.045 = X

General lubricant information

V is the total capacity of the cooling system.

In view of government regulations on engine exhaust emissions certification,

Follow lubricant recommendations.

X is the number of SCA required.

Table 16 illustrates how to do this using the formula in Table 15.

Calculation.

American Petroleum Institute (API) Engine Oil

Perkins recognizes the launch of the American Petroleum Institute (API)

Engine oil approval and certification system. Detailed information about the system

Information, please refer to the latest edition of API Publication 1509

this. Engine oil with API symbol is recognized by API authority

Yes.

Table 16

Example of adding SCA to heavy-duty coolant during initial filling

Total cooling system capacity

multiplier

Number of SCA required

(X)

(V)

15 L (4 US gal)

× 0.045

0.7 L (24 oz)

Add SCA to heavy-duty coolant during maintenance

All types of heavy duty antifreeze require regular addition of SCA.

Test the SCA concentration of antifreeze regularly. For specific cycles, please

Refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual Maintenance Periodic Table (Maintenance Section).

Coolant Additive for Cooling System Supplement (SCA)-Test / Add

plus.

Add SCA based on the results of the test. Cooling system capacity decision

The required amount of SCA.

If necessary, use the calculation formula in Table 17 to determine the required

SCA volume:

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


38

SCBU7833

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

Three new engine tests have been developed for APICH-4 oil.

The first test specifically evaluates the launch with a two-piece steel piston

Carbon deposit of the piston of the machine. This test (piston deposits) is also measured

Oil consumption control. The second test is in the soot content of motor oil.

And so on. The second test will measure the following criteria:

Piston ring wear, cylinder liner wear and corrosion resistance. The third new test

Test the following characteristics in the case of high soot content in motor oil:

Worn valve mechanism, resistance to oil filter clogging and sludge control.

In addition to new tests, for viscosity control in high-soot applications

System, APICH-4 oil has more stringent restrictions. The oil is still

Has improved oxidation resistance. For aluminum pistons (single piece)

Engine), APICH-4 oil must pass additional tests

(Piston deposits). It is also determined that

Oil performance of engines in the diesel area.

Figure 26

g00546535

All these improvements allow APICH-4 motor oil to reach the best

Drain interval. APICH-4 oil is recommended for extended oil change intervals.

Case. APICH-4 oil is recommended for use where high quality is required

The condition of the motor oil. Your Perkins distributor has optimized oil changes

Specific guidelines for the cycle.

Typical API symbols

Table 19

API grades for industrial engines

Oil specifications

Use of some commercially available motor oils that meet API grades may require shortening

Drain interval. To determine the oil change interval, closely monitor the oil condition

And perform wear metal analysis.

CH-4 minimum technical specifications

CI-4

the term

Perkins engines can accept engine oil specifications higher than CH-4

grid.

Some acronyms follow the nomenclature of SAEJ754. Certain ratings

Follow SAEJ183 abbreviations. In addition to the definition of Perkins,

There are other definitions that will help when buying lubricants. About push

Recommended oil viscosity, please refer to this publication

Engine oil theme (maintenance section).

note

Failure to follow these oil recommendations can shrink due to carbon build-up and / or excessive wear

Short engine life.

Engine oil

Total base number (TBN) of a direct injection (DI) diesel engine

Commercial motor oil

And fuel sulfur

The performance differentiation of commercially available diesel engine oils is based on U.S. Petroleum

Institute (API) level. These API levels are developed for operation

A wide range of diesel engines available under different conditions

lubricating oil.

The total base number (TBN) of the engine oil depends on the sulfur content of the fuel. for

Direct injection engine with distillate fuel, minimum TBN for new oil

Must be 10 times the sulfur content of the fuel. TBN by ASTMD2896

definition. No matter the sulfur content of the fuel, the minimum TBN of the oil

Yes 5. The TBN range is illustrated in FIG. 27.

Use only commercially available motor oils that meet the following levels:

• APICH-4 lowest multi-grade oil

• APICI-4

• ACEAE3

In order to choose the right commercial motor oil, please refer to the following instructions:

APICH-4–APICH-4 oil is to meet new high performance

Developed to meet the requirements of diesel engines. And, the engine oil is

Designed to meet the requirements of low emission diesel engines. APICH-4

Motor oil is also allowed to be used in older diesel engines and used

High-sulfur diesel on diesel engines.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

39

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

Generally, under the premise of meeting the starting temperature requirements,

Highest viscosity motor oil.

Figure 27

g00799818

(Y) TBN specified by ASTMD2896

(X) Fuel sulfur content by weight

(1) TBN of new oil

(2) Change the oil when the TBN is reduced to 50% of the initial TBN.

For fuels with more than 1.5% sulfur, follow these guidelines

in principle:

Select the highest TBN oil that meets one of the following grades: API

CH-4 and APICI-4.

Figure 28

g03329687

Synthetic base oil

•缩短换油周期。根据机油分析结果来确定换油周

period.确保机油分析过程中涵盖了机油状况和金属

磨损分析。

如果合成基础油满足发动机特定的性能要求,这

些机油就可以用在这些发动机上。

TBN高的机油可能产生过多的活塞积碳。这些积

碳会导致无法控制机油的消耗量并导致缸径磨

Light.

Generally speaking, synthetic base oils surpass traditional engine oils in two ways:

•合成基础油具有改进的低温流动性,特别是在极冷

环境。

note

使用含硫量超过0.5 % 的燃油操作直喷(DI)柴油发

动机将需要缩短机油更换间隔。 缩短机油更换间隔将

有助于保持适当的磨损保护。

•合成基础油具有改进的氧化稳定性,特别是在高温

运行时。

有些合成基础油具有提高润滑油使用寿命的性能

特性。Perkins不推荐自动延长任何类型的机油

的换油周期。

表 20

燃油含硫百分比

低于 0.5

机油换油周期

normal

Re-refined base oil

0.5 至 1.0

高于 1.0

正常的 0.75

正常的 0.50

再精炼基础油可以用在Perkins发动机上,只

要这些机油符合Perkins规定的性能要求。 again

精炼基础油可以广泛地单用在成品油中或与新的

基础油混合使用。美国军用技术规格和其他重

型设备制造商的技术规格也允许使用符合同一标

准的再精炼基础油。

直喷式(DI)柴油发动机的润滑油粘度建议

正确的机油SAE粘度等级是由发动机冷起动时的

最低环境温度和发动机运转时的最高环境温度决

Fixed.

再精炼基础油的生产工艺应该足以清除用过机油

中的所有磨损金属屑和添加剂。再精炼基础油的

生产工艺通常涉及用过机油的真空蒸馏和氢化处

理过程。过滤足以生产出高质量的再精炼基础

油。

请参阅图28(最低温度)以确定发动机冷起动

时所需要的机油粘度。

请参阅图28(最高温度)以选择发动机在预期

的最高环境温度下运行时所需要的机油粘度。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


40

SCBU7833

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

用于寒冷天气的润滑油

•选择正确的机油,或符合EMA柴油发动机机油推荐

指导准则要求的或推荐的API等级的市售机油。

当发动机在低于−20°C(− 4°F)的环境温度下

起动和运转时,使用能够在低温下流动的多级机

油。

•参阅相应的“润滑油粘度”表,以便找到适用于您

的发动机的正确的机油粘度等级。

这些机油的润滑油粘度等级为SAE0W或SAE5W。

•在规定的保养周期对发动机进行维修。使用新机

油并安装新机油滤清器。

当发动机在低于−30°C(− 22°F)的环境温度

下起动并运转时,请使用粘度等级为0W或5W的

合成基础油多级机油。使用倾点低于 −50°C

(− 58°F)的机油。

•按照操作和保养手册保养周期表中规定的保养周期

进行保养。

机油分析

在寒冷天气条件下可接受的润滑油的种类有限。

Perkins建议寒冷天气条件下使用以下润滑油:

有些发动机配有机油取样阀。如果需要进行机油

分析,可使用机油取样阀获取发动机机油样本。

机油分析将作为预防性保养程序的补充。

第一选择–使用符合EMADHD-1推荐指导准则

Motor oil.使用具有API许可的CH-4机油。 Motor oil

的润滑油粘度等级应为SAE0W20、SAE0W30、SAE

0W40、SAE5W30或SAE5W40。

机油分析是一种诊断工具,用于确定机油性能和

部件磨损率。通过机油分析,可确定和测量杂

quality.机油分析包括以下测试:

第二选择–使用含有CH-4添加剂组合的机油。

尽管这种机油未经测试可满足API许可要求,但

机油必须为SAE0W20、SAE0W30、SAE0W40、SAE

5W30或SAE5W40。

•磨损率分析将监测发动机金属部件的磨损。 analysis

机油中的磨损金属数量和磨损金属类型。机油中

发动机磨损金属率的增加和机油中发动机磨损金属

量同样重要。

•进行测试以检测机油中的水、乙二醇或燃油等杂

quality.

note

Use of a second choice oil may result in shortened engine life

Life.

•机油状况分析可确定机油润滑特性的损失情况。

红外线分析用来把旧机油油样的特性与新机油的特

性相比较。该分析使技术人员能够确定使用过程

中机油性能的退化量。该分析也使技术人员在整

个换油周期内依照技术规格核实机油的性能。

Aftermarket oil additives

Perkins不建议在机油中使用售后市场添加剂。

没必要使用售后市场上的添加剂来使发动机达到

其最长使用寿命。完整配方的成品油包含了基础

油和市售添加剂组合。这些添加剂组合以精确的

百分比混合到基础油中,以便使成品油能提供满

足行业标准的性能特性。

i06059607

Oil recommendations

(燃油建议)

不存在有关评估在成品油中添加售后市场机油添

加剂后的性能及其兼容性的行业标准测试。 After sale

市场添加剂有可能和成品油中的添加剂组合不相

容,从而降低成品油的性能。售后市场添加剂可

能无法和成品油良好混合。售后市场添加剂可能

会在曲轴箱中产生油泥。Perkins不鼓励在成

品油中使用售后市场添加剂。

为使Perkins发动机发挥其最佳性能,请遵循

以下指导原则:

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


•词词汇汇表表

SCBU7833

41

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

•ISO国际标准化组织

•ASTM美国材料试验协会

•HFRR用于对柴油进行润滑性测试的高频往复移动

式装置

•FAME脂肪酸甲酯

•CFR协调燃油研究

•LSD低硫柴油

•ULSD超低硫柴油

•RME菜籽油甲酯

•SME大豆油甲酯

•EPA美国环保署

General information

note

我们尽一切努力提供准确、及时的信息。 使用此文

档,即表示您同意Perkins Engines Company Limited

对其中的错误和疏漏不承担任何责任。

note

这些建议随时可能改变,恕不另行通知。 请与本地

Perkins 经销商联系以获得最新建议。

柴油要求

Perkins不负责持续评估和监测全球各地区政府

和技术协会发布的馏出柴油技术规格。

表21提供已知的可靠基准,用于判断从传统来

源获得的馏出柴油的预期性能。

令人满意的发动机性能取决于使用的优质燃油。

使用优质燃油将可产生以下效果:发动机使用寿

命长和可接受的废气排放水平。燃油必须达到

表21中所述的最低要求。

note

脚注是Perkins 馏出柴油技术规格表的重要部分。 please

阅读全部脚注。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


42

SCBU7833

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

表 21

Perkins 馏出柴油技术规格

characteristic

unit

Claim

ASTM测试方法

D1319

ISO测试方法

ISO3837

芳香族化合物

Ash

体积百分比

重量百分比

重量百分比

最高 35%

最高 0.01%

最高 0.35%

D482

ISO6245

10% 的底部区域内的碳残

D524

ISO4262

Slag

十六烷值(1)

-

最低 40?

D613 或 D6890

ISO5165

ISO3015

浊点

° C

浊点绝不能超过最低预期环

境温度。

D2500

铜带腐蚀

Distillation

-

最高3 号

D130

ISO2160

ISO3405

° C

在282 °C (539.6 °F) 条件下 D86

最高 10%

在360 °C (680 °F) 条件下

最高 90%

15 °C (59 °F) 时的密度(2) Kg / M

3

最低800,最高 860

无同等测试

ISO3675 或 ISO12185

Flash point

° C

-

法定限度

D93

ISO2719

Thermal stability

在150 °C (302 °F) 条件下

180 分钟后至少80% 的反射

ratio

D6468

无同等测试

Pour point

° C

6 °C(10°F)

D97

ISO3016

最小低于环境温度

质量百分比

(3)

D5453 或 D26222

ISO20846 或 ISO20884

运动粘度(4)

2

“MM” “/S (cSt)”

输送到喷油泵的燃油粘度。

D445

ISO3405

“最低1.4 和最高 4.5”

水和沉淀物

water

重量百分比

重量百分比

重量百分比

mg/100ml

mm

最高 0.05%

D1796

D1744

D473

ISO3734

无同等测试

ISO3735

ISO6246

最高 0.05%

沉淀物

最高 0.05%

胶质物和树脂(5)

最大10 mg/100 mL

D381

60 °C (140 °F) 时经过润

滑性校正的磨斑直径。 (6)

最高 0.46

D6079

ISO12156-1

燃油清洁度(7)

-

ISO18/16/13

7619

ISO4406

(1)

(2)

(3)

为确保最小十六烷值为40,在使用ASTM D4737 测试方法的条件下,馏出柴油的最小十六烷值应为40。 建议使用高十六烷值的燃油以在高

海拔地区或寒冷天气中运行。

允许的密度范围包括夏季和冬季柴油等级。 燃油密度随含硫量不同而不同,含硫量高的燃油有较高的密度。 一些未混合的备选燃料的密度较

低,如果所有其它特性都符合此技术规格,则这点是可接受的。

地区法规、全国法规或国际法规可能会要求燃油达到特定的含硫量限制。在为指定发动机应用选择燃油之前,请查询所有适用的法规。 in case

当地排放法规允许,则可以使用高含硫量燃油操作Perkins 燃油系统和发动机部件。 燃油含硫量水平影响废气排放。 高含硫量燃油也增加内

部部件腐蚀的可能性。 燃油含硫量超过0.5% 可显著缩短机油更换周期。 有关更多信息,参考通用润滑剂信息。

燃油粘度的数值是燃油输送到燃油喷射泵时的数值。 燃油还应达到最低粘度要求,并达到在40 °C (104 °F) 条件下使用"ASTM D445" 测试方

法或"ISO 3104" 测试方法测得的最大粘度要求。 如果使用了低粘度的燃油,可能需对其进行冷却,以便将喷油泵处的燃油粘度保持在不低于

1.4 cSt。 高粘度的燃油可能需要在喷油泵处加装燃油加热器以将粘度降到4.5 cSt 。

(4)

(5)

(6)

请遵循针对汽油(马达)的测试条件和程序。

燃油润滑性是低硫和超低硫燃油可能出现的问题。 要确定燃油润滑性,请进行ISO12156-1或ASTMD6079高频往复移动式装置(HFRR) 测

test.如果燃油润滑性未满足最低要求,请咨询燃油供应商。不要在未咨询燃油供应商的情况下处理燃油。某些添加剂是不兼容的。这些添

加剂可能导致燃油系统出现故障。

(7)

按照ISO 4406,分配至机器或发动机燃油箱的建议燃油清洁度等级为"ISO 18/16/13 或更高等级。 参考本章中的"有关燃油的污染控制建

议"。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU7833

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density

note

使用不符合Perkins 推荐的燃油可能造成以下后果:

起动困难, 燃烧不充分, 燃油喷油器积碳, 燃油系统使

用寿命缩短, 燃烧室积碳和发动机使用寿命缩短。

密度是特定温度下单位体积的燃油质量。此参数

对发动机的性能和排放都会产生直接影响。此影

响决定了指定喷射体积的燃油所产生的热输出。

下文提到的是15°C(59°F)下的参数值,单

位为kg/m。

Perkins 制造的发动机通过了美国环保署规定的燃油

认证。 Perkins 制造的发动机通过了欧洲认证体系和

其它管理机构规定的燃油认证。 Perkins 不授权柴油

发动机使用其它任何燃油。

Perkins建议使用密度为841kg/m的燃油以获得

正确的功率输出。更轻的燃油可以接受,但是那

些燃油的输出达不到额定功率。

注:发动机业主和操作员有责任使用美国环保署(EPA)

及其它相关管理机构指定的燃油。

柴油特性

含硫量水平通过排放法规管理。地区法规、全

国法规或国际法规可能会要求燃油达到特定的含

硫量限制。燃油的含硫量和燃油质量必须符合现

有的当地排放法规。

Perkins推荐

Cetane number

强烈建议这些发动机型号使用含硫量为0.05%

(≤15ppm(mg/kg))的LSD燃油。

高十六烷值的燃油点火延迟更短。高十六烷值可

提高点火质量。燃油的十六烷值通过燃油在CFR

发动机中的十六烷和七甲基壬烷比例得出。 please

参阅ISO5165以了解测试方法。

所有发动机型号都可使用ULSD和含硫柴油。 press

照ISO12156-1的标准,这些燃油的润滑性不得

超过0.46mm(0.01811in)的磨斑直径。有关详

细信息,请参阅“润滑性”。在法规允许的地

区,可使用含硫量高于0.05%(500PPM)的燃

油。

目前的柴油预计十六烷值通常超过45。 but,

有些地区可能会出现40的十六烷值。美国就是

上述可能出现低十六烷值的地区之一。在普通起

动条件下,要求十六烷值最低达到40。如果在

高海拔地区或在寒冷天气中运行,可能需要更高

的十六烷值。

在世界上有些地区以及部分应用中,可以使用质

量比超过0.5%的高含硫量燃油。高含硫量燃油

可能会造成发动机磨损。高含硫量燃油对微粒的

排放也有不利影响。如果当地排放法规允许,

则可以使用高含硫量燃油。在对排放没有规定的

国家/地区,也可使用高含硫量燃油。

低十六烷值的燃油是冷起动故障的根本原因。

Viscosity

当只有高含硫量燃油时,可能需要使用高碱性润

滑油。或者缩短润滑油更换间隔。请参阅操作

和保养手册油液建议(润滑剂信息)以了解燃油

含硫量信息。

粘度是对剪切或流动形成阻力的液体性质。 along with

温度升高,粘度将会降低。对于普通的矿物燃

油,粘度下降符合对数关系。通常涉及的是运动

粘度。运动粘度为动态粘度与密度之商。 motion

粘度一般通过标准温度下重力流量式粘度计的读

数确定。请参阅ISO3104以了解测试方法。

润滑性

燃油粘度很重要,因为燃油对燃油系统部件起着

润滑剂的作用。燃油必须达到足够的粘度才能在

寒冷天气和高温天气条件下润滑燃油系统。 in case

喷油泵处的燃油运动粘度低于1.4cSt,则可能

会损坏喷油泵。这种损坏可能包括过度刮擦和卡

Stuffed.低粘度可能会导致难以热重新起动、失速和

性能下降。高粘度可能会导致泵卡塞。

润滑性指燃油防止泵磨损的能力。液体的润滑性

描述液体减少负荷面之间的摩擦力的能力。 This

能力可减少由于摩擦造成的损坏。燃油的润滑属

性关系到燃油喷射系统的运作。在强制实施燃油

含硫量限制之前,人们认为燃油的润滑性是燃油

粘度的函数。

润滑性对目前的低粘度、低硫燃油和低芳香烃矿

物燃油都有特别重要的意义。生产这些燃油是

为了达到严苛的尾气排放要求。

Perkins建议输送到喷油泵的燃油粘度为1.4到

4.5cSt。如果使用了低粘度的燃油,可能需对

其进行冷却,以便将喷油泵处的燃油粘度保持在

不低于1.4cSt。高粘度的燃油可能需要在喷油

泵处加装燃油加热器以将粘度降到4.5cSt。

这些燃油的润滑性不得超过0.46mm

(0.01811in)的磨斑直径。必须在60°C

(140°F)条件下使用HFRR执行燃油润滑性测

test.请参阅ISO12156-1。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


44

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Oil recommendations

•MIL-DTL-83133NATOF34(JP-8)

•MIL-DTL-83133NATOF35

•MIL-DTL-5624NATOF44(JP-5)

•MIL-DTL-38219(USAF)(JP7)

•NATOXF63

note

按照ISO12156-1 的测试结果,燃油系统适合使用润

滑性达到0.46 mm (0.01811 in)磨斑直径的燃油。 mill

斑直径超过0.46 mm (0.01811 in) 的燃油将会降低燃

油系统使用寿命,使燃油系统过早出现故障。

如果燃油未达到指定的润滑性要求,可使用适当

的润滑性添加剂增加燃油的润滑性。 UMK8276

Perkins柴油调节剂为许可添加剂,参考

“Perkins柴油调节剂”。

•ASTMD1655JETA

•ASTMD1655JETA1

有关需要使用燃油添加剂的环境条件,请联系您

的燃油供应商。您的燃油供应商会针对添加剂的

使用和正确处理给出相关建议。

note

只有在配用适当的润滑性添加剂时才能使用这些燃

油,且必须达到表 21 中列出的最低要求。 according to

“ISO 12156-1” 的标准,这些燃油的润滑性不得超过

0.46 mm (0.01811 in) 的磨斑直径。 请参阅“润滑

性”。

Distillation

蒸馏表示燃油中不同碳氢化合物的混合比例。 high

比例的轻质碳氢化合物会影响燃烧性能。

注:推荐的最小十六烷值为40,否则可能会出现冷起

动问题或轻载点火不良。由于航油技术规格未提到十

六烷要求,Perkins建议采集燃油样本以确定十六烷

value.

燃油分类

柴油发动机可以燃烧各种燃油。下面列出了通常

会遇到的燃油技术规格,对其可接受性进行评估

后分为若干类别:

注:输送到喷油泵的燃油最低粘度必须达到1.4cSt。

可能需要冷却燃油,以便在喷油泵处保持不低于1.4

cSt的燃油粘度。Perkins建议测量燃油的实际粘度

以确定是否需要燃油冷却器。请参阅“粘度”。

第1 组:优先选用燃油

通常认为以下燃油技术规格可以接受。

•表21中列出了符合要求的燃油。

•EN590-A到F级,0到4类

•ASTMD9751-D到2-D级

注:与柴油相比,航油密度过低或粘度过低可造成高

达10%的额定功率损失。

Biodiesel

生物柴油是一种可定义为脂肪酸单烷基酯的燃

油。生物柴油可使用各种原料制成。欧洲最常

见的生物柴油是菜籽油甲酯(REM)。这种生物柴

油使用菜籽油制成。大豆油甲酯(SME)是美国

最常见的生物柴油。这种生物柴油使用大豆油

制成。主要原料是大豆油或菜籽油。这些燃油

都称为脂肪酸甲酯(FAME)。

•如果按照 “ISO12156-1”测试标准得出的润滑性磨

斑直径未超过0.46mm(0.01811in),则JIS

K22041级、2级和3级以及特3级可以接受。

•BS2869-A2类非公路用汽油、红柴油

注:按照 “ISO12156-1”的标准,这些燃油的润滑性

不得超过0.46mm(0.01811in)的磨斑直径。 See

“润滑性”。

任何浓度的生植物油都不能作为燃油用于压缩发

动机。不经过酯化作用,这些植物油会在曲轴

箱和燃油箱中形成凝胶。这些燃油可能与如今生

产的发动机中使用的许多人造橡胶部件不兼容。

这些植物油的原形不适合用在压缩发动机中作为

燃油。生物柴油的替代原料包括动物油脂、废

食用油和各种其它原料。为了将列出的各种产

品用作燃油,这些油类必须酯化。

第2 组:航空煤油

以下煤油和航油技术规格属于可接受的备选用

油,在无法获得标准柴油且法规允许的情况下,

可偶尔应急使用或连续使用:

由100%FAME制成的燃油一般称为B100生物柴油

或纯生物柴油。生物柴油可以与馏出柴油燃料混

合使用。混合生物柴油表示为"BXX","XX"代表

矿物柴油混合物中所含的纯生物柴油量。 E.g

(B5、B10和B20)。最常用的混合生物柴油是

由5%的生物柴油和95%的馏出柴油混合而成的

B5。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


注:上述百分比是容积百分比。 美国馏出柴油技术参

Perkins强烈建议季节性工作的发动机在长时间

停机之前使用常规柴油冲洗燃油系统,包括燃油

箱。例如,联合收割机应当季节性地冲洗燃油系

统。

SCBU7833

45

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Oil recommendations

数 “ASTMD975-09a”包括最高为B5(5%)的生物柴

油。

欧洲馏出柴油技术参数 “EN590:2010”包括最高

为B7(7%)的生物柴油。

微生物污染和生长可能导致燃油系统腐蚀和燃油

滤清器过早堵塞。请向供应商咨询如何选择适当

的抗微生物添加剂。

注:Perkins制造的发动机通过了美国环保署(EPA)和

欧洲认证体系规定的燃油使用认证。Perkins不授权

发动机使用其它任何燃油。发动机用户负责使用制造

商推荐并得到EPA及其它相应管理机构许可的正确燃

油。

水会加快微生物的污染和生长。与馏出燃油相

比,生物柴油中自然更容易存在水。务必要经常

检查,如有必要,排放油水分离器。

黄铜、青铜、红铜、铅、锡和锌会加速生物柴油

的氧化过程。在氧化过程中可能会形成沉积物,

因此燃油箱和燃油管路不能使用这些材料。

Technical specifications

清洁的生物柴油必须符合EN14214或ASTMD6751

(在美国)技术规范且只可在可接受的馏出柴油

中体积比高达7%的混合燃料中混合。用于混合

的馏出柴油和混合产生的最终生物柴油必须满足

表21中的要求。或者满足EN590或ASTMD975

商用标准的最新版本。

用于寒冷天气运行的燃油

欧洲标准EN590包含与天气有关的要求以及选择

范围。这些选择可分别应用于每个国家/地区。

有五类属于北极气候和严冬气候。0,1,2,3和

这些发动机型号还未发布有高于B7的混合燃

material.

4.

符合EN5904类要求的燃油可在 −44°C

(−47.2°F)的低温条件下使用。请参阅EN590

以了解燃油物理性质的详细判断标准。

在北美,生物柴油和混合生物柴油必须从经过

BQ-9000认可的制造商和经过BQ-9000认证的经

销商购买。

在美国使用的柴油ASTMD9751-D可用于温度低

于−18°C(−0.4°F)的寒冷环境。

在世界其他地区,要求使用经过BQ-9000认可和

认证的生物柴油,或者使用经过同等生物柴油质

量机构认可和认证且符合类似生物柴油质量控制

标准的生物柴油。

在极寒环境中,您还可使用“第2组:航空煤

油”中指定的航空煤油。这些燃油适合在温度低

至−54°C(−65.2°F)的环境中使用。有关更

多信息,参考“第2组:航空煤油”了解使用航

空煤油的详细和具体情况。

General requirements

已知生物柴油和混合生物柴油可导致燃油系统沉

淀物增加,其中喷油器中的沉淀物增加最为明

显。这些沉淀物会导致由于喷油受限或改变而产

生能量损耗,或者导致与这些沉淀物相关的其他

功能问题。PerkinsT400012燃油清洁剂对于清

洁和预防沉积形成最为有效。请参阅“Perkins

柴油系统清洁剂”以了解详细信息。Perkins

UMK8276Perkins柴油调节剂通过提高生物柴

油的稳定性同时阻碍新沉淀物的生成来帮助限制

沉淀物。有关更多信息,参考“Perkins柴油

调节剂”。

售后燃油添加剂

note

Perkins 对非Perkins 油液和滤清器的质量或性能不

提供任何保证。

在Perkins 产品上使用其它制造商生产的辅助设备、

附件或消耗品(滤清器、添加剂)时,不会仅因这种

使用而影响Perkins 保修。

但是,安装和使用其他制造商的设备、附件或消耗品

而导致的故障不属于 Perkins 产品缺陷。 So this

些缺陷不在Perkins 保修范围之内。

混有FAME的柴油不建议用于不经常使用且可能

长期存放的应用。例如,备用发电机组和一些应

急车辆。此建议的原因是,相比碳氢化合物柴

油,FAME的氧化稳定性较低。使用FAME可能会

导致形成酸或固体沉淀物。

不建议补充性柴油添加剂,因为可能会对燃油系

统或发动机带来潜在损坏。燃油供应商或燃油制

造商会添加适当的补充性柴油添加剂。

如果必须使用生物柴油,则必须定期测试燃油品

quality.特别是必须测试燃油的稳定性,燃油的稳定

性要符合EN15751,此类测试通常被称为

Rancimat测试。

Perkins承认在有些特殊环境中需要使用添加

Agent.需要小心使用燃油添加剂。有关需要使用

燃油添加剂的环境条件,请联系您的燃油供应

Business.燃油供应商可能会为您推荐适当的添加剂以

及正确的处理用量。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


注:为了获得最佳效果,燃油供应商应在必要时使用

为使整体利益最大化,要求您的燃油供应商在输

送燃油前以建议的处理速率添加燃油添加剂。 or

者您可在燃油存放的前几个星期以建议的处理速

率添加燃油调节剂。

46

SCBU7833

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Oil recommendations

添加剂处理燃油。经过处理的燃油必须达到表21中

所述的要求。

Perkins 柴油系统清洁剂

有关燃油的污染控制建议

PerkinsT400012燃油清洁剂是Perkins推荐

的唯一一种燃油清洁剂。

应使用ISO18/16/13清洁度等级的燃油或分配给

发动机或应用燃油箱的清洁剂。从而减少功率损

失、故障和相关的发动机停机时间。对于新燃油

系统设计,例如共轨喷射系统和单体喷射系统,

此清洁度等级非常重要。喷射系统设计采用了更

高的燃油压力和移动部件之间更紧密的间隙,以

满足要求的严格排放法规。当前燃油喷射系统的

峰值喷射压力可能超过30,000psi。这些系统中

的间隙小于5µm。因此,即使是4µm小的颗粒

污染物也可能会导致泵和喷油器内表面以及喷嘴

出现划痕和擦伤。

如果需要使用生物柴油或混合生物柴油,

Perkins要求使用Perkins燃油清洁剂。如需

生物柴油和混合生物柴油使用方面的详细信息,

请参阅“生物柴油”。

Perkins燃油清洁剂可清除燃油系统中因使用生

物柴油和混合生物柴油而形成的沉积物。这些沉

积物可能会造成功率和发动机性能损失。

如果向燃油中加入燃油清洁剂,发动机运行30

个小时后即可清除燃油系统中的沉积物。为了获

得最佳效果,燃油清洁剂可一直使用到运行时间

达到80个小时。Perkins燃油清洁剂可连续使

用,不会对发动机或燃油系统的耐用性产生任何

不利影响。

燃油中的水会导致气穴和燃油系统零件腐蚀,并

提供一个促使微生物在燃油中繁荣生长的环境。

其它燃油污染源有肥皂、凝胶剂或其它可能会导

致燃油(特别是ULSD)中产生不良化学反应的化

合物。低温生物柴油或长期存放的生物柴油中还

可能会析出凝胶剂或其它化合物。微生物污染、

燃油添加剂或冷温凝胶剂的最佳指示是散装燃油

滤清器或应用燃油滤清器的快速滤清器堵塞。

容器上详细注明了必须遵循的燃油清洁剂使用比

率说明。

Perkins 柴油调节剂

为减少因污染而造成的停机时间,请遵循这些燃

油保养指南。

与本手册有关的工业用发动机均可使用

UMK8276Perkins柴油调节剂。柴油调节剂

采用专属无金属和灰分配方,经大量测试,适于

与馏出柴油燃料一起用在Perkins柴油发动机

on.调节剂有助于解决世界范围内各种燃油在燃

油寿命/稳定性、发动机稳定性、喷油器积碳、

燃油系统寿命及长期发动机性能方面所面临的诸

多难题。

注:柴油燃料添加剂/调节剂不会改善明显不良的柴油

燃料特性,使其足以适于使用。

柴油调节剂是历经证实的高性能、多功能柴油燃

料调节剂,其设计用于改善:

•燃油经济性(通过燃油系统净化)

•润滑性

•氧化稳定性

•去垢性/分散性

•水气分散性

•防腐蚀性

•十六烷(通常十六烷值为2-3)

柴油调节剂还可减少胶质物、树脂和油泥的生

成,同时可以分散不溶胶质物。

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Oil recommendations

•按照建议的或要求的技术规格使用高品质燃油

•使用ISO18/16/13清洁度等级或更高等级的燃油

加注燃油箱,特别是对于带共轨和单体喷射系统的

engine.加注燃油箱时,通过一个绝对值为4µm

的滤清器(Beta4=75至200)过滤燃油,以达到

建议的清洁度等级。应该在将燃油注入燃油箱的

装置上执行此过滤操作。另外,分配点处的过滤

应去除水分,以确保分配燃油的含水量在500ppm

或以下。

•Perkins建议使用可清除燃油中的颗粒污染物和

单程水分的散装燃油滤清器/coalescer装置,

•务必使用Perkins高效燃油滤清器。按照建议的

保养要求或根据需要更换燃油滤清器。

•每天排放油水分离器。

•按照操作和维护手册说明排放燃油箱中的沉淀物和

水。

•安装并保持正确设计的散装滤清器/coalescer过

滤系统。可能需要连续的散装过滤系统,以确保

分配的燃油符合清洁度目标。有关散装过滤产品

的可用性,请咨询您的Perkins分销商。

•对于含水量超标和/或含有大颗粒污染物等严重污

染的燃油,可能需要使用离心滤清器作为预滤器。

离心滤清器可有效清除大污染物,但可能无法清除

为达到建议的“ISO”清洁度等级而需要清除的小

研磨颗粒。需要使用散装滤清器/凝聚式过滤器

作为最终滤清器,以达到建议的清洁度等级。

•安装绝对效率为4µm或以下且能去除散装储罐水

分的干燥剂型呼吸器。

•遵守有关燃油运输的正确规程。储罐到应用的过

滤可提高供应燃油的清洁度。可在每一个运输阶

段安装燃油过滤,以确保燃油清洁。

•盖住和保护所有连接软管、管接头和分配喷嘴,并

确保它们清洁。

有关Perkins设计和生产的过滤产品的更多信

息,请咨询您当地的Perkins分销商。

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保养周期表

i06059658

软管和卡箍-检查/更换.................73

散热器-清洁..........................74

保保养养周周期期表表

Every 1000 working hours

发动机气门间隙-检查/调整.............63

需要时即进行的保养

每2000工作小时

蓄电池-更换..........................51

蓄电池或蓄电池电缆-断开..............51

发动机-清洁..........................57

发动机空气滤清器滤芯(双滤芯)-清洁/更换57

发动机空气滤清器滤芯(双滤芯)-清洁/更换59

发动机机油油样-采样..................61

燃油喷油器-测试/更换.................63

燃油系统-充油........................64

恶劣条件作业-检查....................74

后冷器芯-检查........................49

交流发电机-检查......................49

发动机安装支座-检查..................60

起动马达-检查........................75

涡轮增压器-检查......................75

水泵-检查............................77

每2 年

冷却系统冷却液-更换..................55

每3000个工作小时

每天的保养

燃油喷油器-测试/更换.................63

冷却系统冷却液液位-检查..............55

被驱动设备-检查......................56

发动机空气滤清器保养指示器-检查.......59

发动机机油油位-检查..................60

燃油系统粗滤器/油水分离器-放水........68

燃油系统细滤器/油水分离器-放水........69

围绕检查..............................76

每3000个工作小时或每2年

冷却系统冷却液(市售重载)-更换.......52

每4000工作小时

后冷器芯-清洁/测试...................48

每6000个工作小时或3年

冷却系统长效冷却液(ELC)延长剂-添加....55

每50个工作小时或每周一次的保养

每12000个工作小时数或每6年的保养

燃油箱中的水和沉渣-排放..............73

冷却系统冷却液[长效冷却液(ELC)]-更换..53

每500个工作小时的保养

i03616473

交流发电机和风扇皮带-检查/调整/更换...50

后后冷冷器器芯芯-清清洁洁/测测试试

每500个工作小时或1年

蓄电池电解液液位-检查................51

发动机空气滤清器滤芯(双滤芯)-清洁/更换57

发动机空气滤清器滤芯(双滤芯)-清洁/更换59

发动机接地-检查/清洁.................60

发动机机油和滤清器-更换..............61

燃油系统粗滤器(油水分离器)滤芯-更换...66

燃油系统细滤清器-更换................70

1.1.拆下芯。关于正确程序,请参见OEM资料。

2.2.将后冷器芯倒置,以便倒掉碎屑。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


high

高压压空空气气会会造造成成人人身身伤伤害害。 .

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Filling capacity

后冷器芯- 检查

i03616454

后后冷冷器器芯芯-检检查查

不不按按下下面面的的适适当当步步骤骤进进行行操操作作会会造造成成人人身身伤伤害害。 . Make

用用压压缩缩空空气气时时,,戴戴防防护护面面罩罩及及穿穿防防护护服服。 .

注:根据作业环境影响的情况调整清洁工作的频率。

用用做做清清洗洗用用途途时时,,喷喷嘴嘴处处最最大大空空气气压压力力必必须须低低于于

202055kPkPaa(3030pspsii)。

就下列项目检查后冷器:损坏的散热片,腐蚀,

污垢,油脂,昆虫,树叶,机油和其他碎屑.必要

时清洁后冷器。

3.3.压缩空气是清除松动碎屑的首选方法。将压

缩空气对着与散热片气流相反的方向吹。 maintain

喷嘴离散热片大约6mm(.25in)远。在与管

平行的方向缓慢移动空气喷嘴。这将清除管子

之间的碎屑。

对于空对空后冷器,应使用与清洁散热器同样的

方法进行清洁。

4.4.加压水也可用于进行清洗。清洗用的最大水

压必须低于275kPa(40psi)。用高压水来软

化污泥。从两侧清洁芯。

高高压压空空气气会会造造成成人人身身伤伤害害。 .

不不按按下下面面的的适适当当步步骤骤进进行行操操作作会会造造成成人人身身伤伤害害。 . Make

用用压压缩缩空空气气时时,,戴戴防防护护面面罩罩及及穿穿防防护护服服。 .

用用做做清清洗洗用用途途时时,,喷喷嘴嘴处处最最大大空空气气压压力力必必须须低低于于

202055kPkPaa(3030pspsii)。

note

不要用高浓度的腐蚀性清洁剂来清洗芯子。 高浓度腐

蚀性清洁剂会腐蚀芯子内部的金属从而引起渗漏。 only

使用推荐浓度的清洗剂。

清洁后,起动发动机并将发动机加速至高怠速。

这有助于清除碎屑和干燥芯。 Stop the engine. in

芯的后方放置一个灯泡可检查芯是否清洁。 necessary

时重复清洁步骤。

5.5.用适当的清洁剂反冲洗芯。

检查散热片有无损坏。弯曲了的散热片可用一把

“梳刀(comb)”梳开。

6.6.用蒸汽清洗芯子,以便清除所有残留物。 Rush

洗后冷器芯的散热片。去除其它积存的碎屑。

注:如果修理或更换了后冷器的零件,高度推荐进行

渗漏测试。

7.7.用热的肥皂水清洗芯子。用清洁水彻底冲洗

芯。

检查这些项目是否处于良好状态:焊接处,安装

支架,空气管路,连接处,卡箍和密封件.必要

时进行修理。

高高压压空空气气会会造造成成人人身身伤伤害害。 .

i04651969

不不按按下下面面的的适适当当步步骤骤进进行行操操作作会会造造成成人人身身伤伤害害。 . Make

用用压压缩缩空空气气时时,,戴戴防防护护面面罩罩及及穿穿防防护护服服。 .

交交流流发发电电机机-检检查查

用用做做清清洗洗用用途途时时,,喷喷嘴嘴处处最最大大空空气气压压力力必必须须低低于于

202055kPkPaa(3030pspsii)。

Perkins recommends checking the alternator regularly.检查交流发电

机接头是否松动以及蓄电池是否正常充电。 In the hair

动机运转过程中,检查电流表(如有配备),以

确保蓄电池和/或电气系统正常的工作性能。 root

据需要进行修理。

8.8.用压缩空气吹干芯。让压缩空气沿空气正常

流动的反方向吹。

9.9.检查后冷器芯,确保它已干净。加压测试

芯。必要时,修理芯。

Check that the alternator and battery are charging properly. Such as

果蓄电池充电正常,电流表读数应该几乎为零。

All batteries should remain charged.蓄电池应保暖,

因为温度会影响盘车功率。如果蓄电池太冷,蓄

电池将无法盘机。当发动机长时间不运转或只是

短时间运转时,蓄电池可能未充足电。充电低的

蓄电池比充足电的蓄电池更容易冻结。

1010..安装芯。关于正确程序,请参见OEM资料。

1111..清洁后,起动发动机并将发动机加速至高怠

速。这有助于清除碎屑和干燥芯。停止发动

machine.在芯的后方放置一个灯泡可检查芯是否清

洁。必要时重复清洁步骤。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


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交流发电机和风扇皮带- 检查/调整/更换

i06059639

Adjustment

交交流流发发电电机机和和风风扇扇皮皮带带-检检查查/

调调整整/更更换换

an examination

为使发动机性能最大化,检查皮带是否磨损和断

crack. Replace damaged or worn belts.

对于需要多根传动皮带的应用,要更换相配的整

组传动皮带。由于旧皮带已被拉伸,只更换一组

中的一条皮带会使新皮带承受更多的负载。额外

负载就会加到新皮带上,从而造成皮带断裂。

如果皮带过松,振动会引起皮带和皮带轮不必要

的磨损。 A slack belt may slip and cause overheating.

要精确检查皮带紧度,应使用合适的量规。

Figure 30

g03716557

1.1.把交流发电机枢轴螺栓(2)松开。

Figure 29

g03716511

Typical example

(1)Burroughs量规

将量规(1)安装在最长自由长度的中心,检查张

紧度。正确的张力为535N(120lb)。如果皮带

张紧力低于250N(56lb),将其调整到535N

(120lb)。

如果安装了双皮带,检查并调整两条皮带的张

force.

图31

g03716558

2.2.松开连杆螺栓(3) 。移动交流发动机以增加或

降低皮带张紧度。将交流发电机枢轴螺栓和连

杆螺栓拧紧至22N·m(16lbft)。(1)。

replace

有关皮带的安装和拆卸步骤,请参阅拆解和装配

手册。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


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蓄电池- 更换

i03018721

i03018722

蓄蓄电电池池-更更换换

蓄蓄电电池池电电解解液液液位位-检检查查

当发动机长时间不运转或只是短时间运转时,蓄

电池可能未充足电。确保蓄电池充足电以防止蓄

电池结冻。如果蓄电池经正确充电,发动机运转

时电流表读数应快接近零位。

蓄蓄电电池池释释放放出出可可能能会会爆爆炸炸的的可可燃燃气气体体。 .火火花花可可能能引引

起起此此可可燃燃气气被被点点燃燃。 .由由此此可可能能导导致致人人身身伤伤亡亡。 .

确确保保置置于于密密闭闭处处的的蓄蓄电电池池的的适适当当通通风风。 .遵遵循循正正确确程程

序序以以便便帮帮助助防防止止在在蓄蓄电电池池周周围围产产生生电电弧弧和和/或或火火花花。 .

在在维维护护蓄蓄电电池池时时不不要要吸吸烟烟。 .

所所有有铅铅酸酸蓄蓄电电池池含含有有硫硫酸酸,,硫硫酸酸能能烧烧蚀蚀皮皮肤肤和和腐腐蚀蚀

衣衣服服。 .对对蓄蓄电电池池作作业业或或, 在在其其附附近近工工作作时时,,必必须须戴戴防防

护护面面罩罩和和穿穿防防护护服服。 .

1.1.拆下加注口盖。蓄电池的电解液位保持在蓄

电池的 “满(FULL)”标记位置。

在在拆拆卸卸蓄蓄电电池池电电缆缆或或蓄蓄电电池池之之前前,,应应先先拆拆下下蓄蓄电电池池

盖盖。 .进进行行任任何何维维护护之之前前,,应应先先拆拆下下蓄蓄电电池池盖盖。 .

未未拆拆下下蓄蓄电电池池盖盖的的情情况况下下就就拆拆卸卸蓄蓄电电池池电电缆缆或或蓄蓄电电

池池可可能能会会引引发发爆爆炸炸,,导导致致人人身身伤伤害害。 .

If water needs to be added, use distilled water. Without distillation

Water, use low-mineral clean water. Don't use artificial

Soften the water.

1.1.把发动机起动开关转动断开(OFF)位置。卸掉

所有电气负载。

2.2.使用适当的蓄电池测试仪检查电解液的状况。

3.3.安装盖。

2.2.关掉所有蓄电池充电器。断开所有蓄电池充

电器。

4.4.保持蓄电池清洁。

3.3.用负极 “-”电缆把蓄电池的负极 “-”端子与

起动马达的负极 “-”端子连接起来。从蓄电池

的负极 “-”端子断开电缆。

Clean the battery case with the following cleaners:

•使用0.1kg(0.2lb)碳酸氢钠与1L

(1qt)清水的溶液。

4.4.正极 “+”电缆把蓄电池的正极 “+”端子与起

动马达的正极 “+”端子连接起来。从蓄电池

的正极 “+”端子断开电缆。

•使用氢氧化铵溶液。

Rinse the battery case thoroughly with clean water.

注:一定要回收蓄电池。决不要废弃蓄电池。把废旧

蓄电池送到适当的回收工厂。

5.5.拆下废旧蓄电池。

i03840677

蓄蓄电电池池或或蓄蓄电电池池电电缆缆-断断开开

6.6.安装新蓄电池。

注:安装电缆之前,确保发动机起动开关在停机(OFF)

位置。

7.7.把来自起动马达正极端子的电缆连接到蓄电池

在在拆拆卸卸蓄蓄电电池池电电缆缆或或蓄蓄电电池池之之前前,,应应先先拆拆下下蓄蓄电电池池

盖盖。 .进进行行任任何何维维护护之之前前,,应应先先拆拆下下蓄蓄电电池池盖盖。 .

的正极 “+”端子。

未未拆拆下下蓄蓄电电池池盖盖的的情情况况下下就就拆拆卸卸蓄蓄电电池池电电缆缆或或蓄蓄电电

池池可可能能会会引引发发爆爆炸炸,,导导致致人人身身伤伤害害。 .

8.8.将蓄电池负极 “-”电缆连接到蓄电池负极 “-”

端子上。

1.1.将起动开关转到断开(OFF)位置。 Ignition switch

(如有配备)转到断开(OFF)位置,取下钥匙

和关掉所有电气负载。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


52

SCBU7833

Filling capacity

冷却系统冷却液(市售重载) - 更换

2.2.断开蓄电池负极端子。确保电缆无法与端子

接触。当使用4个12伏蓄电池时,必须断开

两个负极连接。

emission

加加压压的的系系统统::热热的的冷冷却却液液能能造造成成严严重重的的烫烫伤伤。 .在在发发

动动机机停停机机,,等等待待冷冷却却系系统统部部件件冷冷却却下下来来后后再再打打开开冷冷

却却系系统统加加注注口口盖盖。 .缓缓慢慢松松开开冷冷却却系系统统加加注注口口盖盖,,以以

释释放放掉掉所所有有压压力力。 .

3.3.断开正极连接。

4.4.清洁所有断开的接头和蓄电池端子。

5.5.用细砂纸清理端子和电缆卡箍。清洁这些项

目,直到其表面光亮为止。不要过度去除材

material.过分地去除材料可能会造成卡箍无法正常

配合。使用合适的硅油或凡士林涂沫卡箍和端

子表面。

1.1.发动机停机,使发动机冷却下来。缓慢地松

开冷却系统加注口盖,以释放掉所有压力。 Dismantle

下冷却系统加注口盖。

6.6.为了防止意外起动,将电缆线头用胶带包上。

7.7.进行必要的系统修理。

8.8.要连接蓄电池,需先连接正极接头,然后再接

Negative terminal.

i06059649

冷冷却却系系统统冷冷却却液液((市市售售重重载载))-

更更换换

note

Care must be taken when inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and repairing the product

To ensure that the drained oil is collected.在打开任何腔室或拆解

任何储有液体的部件之前,要准备好用合适的容器收

集液体。

Dispose of all liquids in accordance with local regulations and directives.

图32

g03716975

2.2.打开排放旋塞或取下发动机上的排放螺塞 (1)

.打开排放旋塞或拆下散热器上的排放螺塞。

note

Keep all parts clean and free of impurities.

使冷却液放出。

Contaminants cause rapid wear and shorten component life.

note

Used engine coolant should be properly disposed of or recycled.回收用过

的冷却液使之再利用于发动机冷却系统的方法有多

Species. But the only way Perkins has accepted to recycle used coolant is completely

Distillation.

如果有以下情况发生,在推荐的保养周期之前,

清洁和冲刷冷却系统:

•发动机频繁过热。

•观察到起泡沫。

有关用过冷却液的处置和循环再利用的资料,请

咨询您的Perkins代理商或您的Perkins分销

Business.

•机油已进入冷却系统,冷却液被污染。

•柴油已进入冷却系统,冷却液被污染。

注:清洁冷却系统时仅需要清水。

冲刷

1.1.用清洁水冲刷冷却系统以便清除所有碎屑。

注:冷却系统放水后,检查水泵和水温调节器。该检

查为在必要时更换水泵、水温调节器和软管提供了好

opportunity.

2.2.关闭排放旋塞或将排放螺塞装到发动机上。

关闭排放旋塞或安装散热器上的排放螺塞。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE

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