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Products
Perkins 1104D engine operation and maintenance manual


Detailed Description:

Operation and Maintenance Manual

1104D engine

NH (Engine)

NJ® engine)

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


Important safety matters

Most accidents in the operation, maintenance and repair of the product are caused by failure to observe basic safety rules or precautions. If it works

Therefore, before the occurrence of various potential dangers, accidents can often be avoided. Staff must be alerted to potential dangers

Report. Staff must also be trained to acquire the necessary skills and the proper use of tools.

Improper handling, lubrication, maintenance or repair of the product is dangerous and can cause personal injury or death.

You must read and understand the information on the operation, lubrication, maintenance and repair of the product before performing these tasks.

Safety precautions and warnings are provided in this manual and on the product. Failure to heed these warnings will give you or others

Causes personal injury or death.

Identify hazards with "safety warning symbols" and "mark text" such as "danger", "warning", or "beware". The Warning label is shown below.

The meaning of the safety warning symbol is as follows:

note! Be alert! It's about your safety.

Below the warnings are described dangerous situations, some written in words and some graphically.

Operations that can cause product damage are indicated on the product and in this manual by the "Caution" sticker.

Not every situation that could be dangerous can be expected. Therefore, the warnings presented in this manual and the product do not cover all

Happening. If tools, procedures, work methods or techniques are not specifically recommended by Perkins, you must protect yourself and yourself

The safety of others. Also ensure that the method of operation, lubrication, maintenance or repair procedures you choose will not damage the product or cause unsafe conditions.

The materials, technical specifications and diagrams in this manual have been compiled based on information available at the time of writing. Listed technical specifications, torque, pressure

Forces, measured values, adjusted values, charts, and other items are subject to change at any time, and these changes will affect the repair of the product. So in progress

Before carrying out various operations, you must obtain complete and up-to-date information. The agent has the latest information.

When this product needs to be replaced, it is recommended to use

Perkins original parts or parts of the same technical specification

Pieces. The same technical specifications include, but are not limited to, overall dimensions,

Type, strength and material.

Ignoring this warning can cause premature failure, product damage, or even human

Casualties.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

3

table of Contents

table of Contents

Maintenance schedule ... ... 56

Warranty section

Preface ... ...... 4

Warranty information ............... ... 87

Security section

Index section

Safety Signs................................................ ........... 5

General hazard information ... ..... 8

Preventing burns ... ........... 9

Fire protection and explosion protection ............... ........ 9

Preventing bruises and cuts ... ... 11

Up and down equipment ............... ....... 11

High-pressure fuel pipe .................. ... 11

Before starting the engine ............... ... 13

Engine start ............ ..... 13

Engine shutdown ... ..... 13

Electrical System................................................ ......... 13

Engine electronics ... 14

index................................................. .............. 88

Product information data section

Model view description ............... .... 16

Product identification information ................. 20

Operation part

Lifting and storage ... ...... twenty two

Gauges and indicators ... .... twenty four

Functional parts and controls ................. 25

Engine diagnostics ... ..... 31

Engine start ............ ..... 34

Engine operation ... ..... 37

Engine shutdown ... ..... 38

Cold weather operation ... ... 39

Maintenance section

Filling capacity .................. .......... 42

Maintenance recommendations ... ......... 55

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


4

Foreword

SCBU8172-02

Foreword

Maintenance cycle

When performing maintenance, you should also do the first few times smaller than the specified time interval.

Maintenance items. According to your specific maintenance practice, operation and use

Way, each maintenance item in each level and / or each level can be adapted

When early or late. We recommend copying a maintenance schedule and showing

Near the engine as a convenient reminder. We also recommend that

Maintenance records are kept as part of the engine's permanent records.

reference

This manual contains safety information, operating instructions, lubrication and maintenance information

material. This manual should be stored in a folder near the engine or

File storage. Read, analyze and compare this manual with documents and

Engine information is put together.

Relevant documents in this Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Maintenance Log"

Usually used as evidence for maintenance and repairs. Authorized Caterpillar

Managers can adjust maintenance plans based on the needs of your operating environment.

English is the primary language for all Caterpillar publications. use English

Easy to translate and consistent with electronic media output.

Details or options shown on some photos and illustrations in this manual

Parts may differ from those on your engine. For convenience,

Some shields and covers may have been removed. Constant change in product design

Development and development may change the engine, and these changes may

Not included in this manual. When you have any questions about the engine or this manual

When in doubt, check with your Cat dealer for the latest information.

Overhaul

In addition to the overhaul period and maintenance items during this period,

Details of engine overhauls are not included in the Operation and Maintenance Manual. Main dimension

Repairs should be performed by trained personnel and Cat authorized dealers

Row. Cat dealers can provide multiple solutions for overhaul. Such as

In case of major engine failure, return from Cat dealer

Many options are available for overhaul after failure. About these choices

For information, contact your Cat dealer.

Safety

The security section lists basic security considerations. In addition, the headquarters

The points also indicate various dangerous situations and warnings. In operation,

Before skidding, maintaining and repairing this engine, read and understand

Basic notes on the safety section.

Warning in California Proposition 65

California believes that diesel engine exhaust and some of its components

Branches cause cancer, cause birth defects and other reproductive harm.

operating

Lead and lead in battery terminals, terminals, and related accessories

组合。 The compound. Wash hands after contact.

The method of operation indicated in this manual is the most basic. They can help

Assist operators to improve technology and skills to be more effective and economical

Run the engine. When the operator gains knowledge and mastery of the engine

After performance, operation skills and methods will be improved.

The operation part is for the operator's reference. Various photos and illustrations

The operator inspects, starts, runs, and stops the engine.

This section also contains a discussion of electronic diagnostics.

maintenance

The maintenance section is a guide to engine maintenance. Illustrated step by step

Maintenance is based on fuel consumption, working hours and / or calendar time

cycle. For the items in the maintenance cycle, please refer to the detailed description later.

Use fuel consumption or working hours to determine maintenance intervals. Such as

Provides a more convenient planning cycle by calendar time

Meter readings are similar, the calendar period is available (daily, yearly, etc.)

Alternative timepiece cycle.

The recommended warranty should be performed at the corresponding intervals indicated in the maintenance cycle table.

support. The actual operating environment of the engine will also affect the maintenance cycle. because

Therefore, it is operated in extremely harsh, dusty, humid or frozen cold conditions

The number of revolutions, lubrication and maintenance needs to be more than specified in the maintenance cycle.

Maintenance items in the maintenance plan are prepared according to the preventive maintenance management program

of. If maintenance is performed in accordance with preventive maintenance management procedures, then

No regular adjustments are required. Implement preventive maintenance management procedures,

By reducing the cost of unplanned downtime and failures,

Minimize operating costs.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

5

Security section

Safety Signs

Security section

i03616496

Safety Signs

There may be specific warning signs on the engine. This section returns

Consider the exact location and description of these safety signs. Please familiarize yourself with all

Safety Signs.

Make sure all safety signs are legible. If safety signs

The description text or figure is not recognized, please wipe or replace. Wipe

Cloth, water and soap wash safety sign. Do not use solvents, gasoline

Or other harsh chemicals. Solvents, gasoline, or harsh chemicals

The article may lose the tackiness of the adhesive to which the safety sign is affixed. funeral

Lost viscosity safety signs may come off the engine.

Replace any damaged or missing safety signs. If there are safety signs

The sticker is on the replaced engine part, it should be on the replacement part

Paste new safety signs. Your Perkins agent or distributor can

To provide new safety signs.

(1) General warning

Read and understand the instructions and warnings in the Operation and Maintenance Manual

Do not operate the machine before. Failure to follow these warnings may result in

Casualties.

g01154807

figure 1

Typical example

General warning labels (1) are located on both sides of the base of the valve cover. Please refer to

figure 1.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


6

Security section

Safety Signs

SCBU8172-02

g01268960

figure 2

(1) General warning

(2) Hand (high voltage)

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. high pressure

Fuel spills can cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and

Maintenance instructions may cause personal injury or death.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

7

Security section

Safety Signs

g01426636

image 3

(2) Hand (high voltage)

(3) ether

g01154858

g01154809

Figure 4

Figure 5

Typical example

Typical example

A hand (high pressure) warning label (2) is located on the top of the fuel manifold. Please refer

Consider Figure 4.

The ether warning label (3) is located on the intake manifold cover. Please refer to Figure 4.

Note: The location of this label depends on the engine application.

(3) Ether

Do not use an ether-like spray to aid starting. Otherwise it may lead

Causes explosion and personal injury.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


8

Security section

General hazard information

SCBU8172-02

i03018725

Before working on the busbar or glow plug, make sure the power is disconnected.

General hazard information

Maintain the engine while the equipment is in the service position. About placing the device

For information on repair locations, see OEM information.

Compressed air and water

Compressed air and / or pressurized water may blow debris and / or hot water out.

This may cause personal injury.

Using compressed air or pressurized water directly on the case may cause

Personal injury.

When using compressed air and / or water for cleaning, wear protective clothing,

Footwear and eye protection. Eye protection includes goggles and protective masks.

The maximum air pressure used for cleaning must be below 205 kPa (30 psi).

The maximum water pressure used during cleaning must be below 275 kPa (40 psi).

g00104545

Liquid penetration

Figure 6

Before servicing or repairing the equipment, hang on the start switch or joystick

A "No Operation" or similar warning label.

Even if the engine has been off for a long time, there may still be pressure in the hydraulic circuit

Force exists. If pressure is not released properly, hydraulic pressure can result

Objects such as oil or pipe plugs shoot out at high speed.

Do not disassemble any hydraulic components before releasing pressure, otherwise

May cause personal injury. Do not disassemble anything until pressure is released

Hydraulic components, otherwise it may cause personal injury. About releasing hydraulic pressure

Refer to the OEM information for any steps required for stress.

g00702020

Figure 7

Wear hard hats, goggles, and other protective equipment as required.

Don't wear loose clothes or jewelry as they may catch

Controls or other engine parts.

g00687600

Figure 8

Make sure all guards and covers are properly seated in the engine

Place it on.

Always use planks or cardboard to check for leaks. Under pressure

The sprayed liquid may penetrate human tissues. Liquid penetrates into the body

It can cause severe personal injury and even death. which is

A pinhole-sized loophole can also cause serious people

Bodily injury. If liquid is sprayed onto your skin, it must be treated immediately.

Seek treatment from a doctor familiar with this type of injury.

Keep the engine free of foreign objects. Clear machine floor, aisles and

Debris, oil, tools, and other items on the steps.

Never put maintenance liquids in glass containers. Drain all liquids

Into a suitable container.

Contain spilled liquid

Dispose of liquids in accordance with local regulations.

Use all cleaning solutions with care.

When inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and servicing the engine,

Take care to ensure that spilled liquid is contained in the container.

Before opening any chamber or disassembling any part, be ready to use

Appropriate container to collect effluent.

Report all items that need repair.

Do not allow unauthorized persons to board the machine.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

9

Security section

Prevent burns

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for collecting liquids.

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for containing liquids.

Dispose of liquids in accordance with local regulations.

i04952392

Fire and explosion protection

i03546292

Prevent burns

Do not touch any part of the running engine. Must wait

Do not service the engine until the motive has cooled down.

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. high pressure

Fuel spills can cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and

Maintenance instructions may cause personal injury or death.

g00704000

Figure 9

All fuel, most lubricants, and some coolant mixtures

Are flammable.

After the engine is stopped, perform any maintenance on the fuel line of the engine.

Before repairing or repairing, you must wait 60 seconds to remove the high pressure fuel

Fuel pressure in the line.

When flammable liquid leaks or splashes on hot surfaces or electrical components,

Can cause fire. Fire can cause personal injury and property damage.

Before disconnecting any pipes, connections or related items,

Exhaust air pressure in system, hydraulic system, lubrication system or cooling system.

After operating the emergency stop button, be sure to wait 15 minutes before

Can remove hood.

Coolant

Determine if the engine is in a ring where flammable gases can be drawn into the intake system

Environment. These gases can cause the engine to overspeed. This might

Causes personal injury, property damage, or engine damage.

When the engine is at operating temperature, the engine's coolant is hot.

And the coolant is under pressure. Radiator and access to heater or

There is hot coolant in all the pipes of the engine.

If the application type involves the presence of flammable gases, please consult you

Perkins agents and / or Perkins distributors to obtain information about

More information on appropriate protective equipment.

Contact with hot coolant or steam can cause severe burns. emission

Allow the cooling system components to cool before cooling the system.

After the engine has stopped and cooled down, check the coolant level.

Remove all flammable or conductive materials from the engine, such as fuel,

Motor oil and debris. Do not allow any flammable or conductive material to accumulate on the engine.

电 材料。 Electric materials.

Before removing the filler cap, make sure that the filler cap is cold. Raise

The cover must be cold enough to touch with bare hands. Remove the filler cap slowly,

In order to relieve stress.

Fill fuel and lubricants in properly labeled containers and store them away

Away from unauthorized personnel. Store oilcloths and other flammable materials in

Inside a protective container. Never smoke in a place where flammable materials are stored.

Cooling system additives contain alkali. Alkaline substances can cause personal injury.

Do not allow the alkali to come in contact with the skin, or let it get into your eyes or mouth.

Do not expose the engine to any open flame.

Motor oil

If piping, piping and seals are damaged,

(Equipped) protects hot exhaust pipe parts from oil or fuel injection

Here. The exhaust heat shield must be installed correctly.

Hot oil and hot lubricating parts can cause personal injury. do not let

Hot oil touches the skin. Also, don't let hot parts

In contact with skin.

It is forbidden to perform welding on pipelines or tanks filled with flammable liquids. ban

Stop flame cutting on pipes or tanks containing flammable liquids.

Before welding or flame cutting these pipes or tanks, use nonflammable

Wash it thoroughly with solvents.

Accumulator

The electrolyte is acidic. Electrolyte can cause personal injury. avoid

The electrolyte contacts the skin or eyes. Always wear it when servicing batteries

protection goggle. Wash hands after touching batteries and terminals. build

It is recommended to use gloves.

The wires must be kept in good condition. Make sure all wires are routed correctly

And securely connected. Check all wires daily. Please send while running

Fix loose or frayed wires before motive. Clean and fasten

There are line connectors.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


10

Security section

Fire and explosion protection

SCBU8172-02

Remove all irrelevant or unnecessary wires. Do not use than recommended

Small wire or cable. Do not open any fuses and / or circuits

Device bypass.

An arc or spark can cause a fire. Connect securely, follow recommended cloth

Designed wiring and properly maintained battery cables help prevent

Arcs and sparks.

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. high pressure

Fuel spills can cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and

Maintenance instructions may cause personal injury or death.

After the engine is stopped,

Before repairing or repairing, wait 60 seconds to release the

Fuel pressure.

Make sure the engine is stopped. Inspect all pipes and hoses for wear

Or aging. The hose must be routed properly. Pipes and hoses must

There must be proper support or strong pipe clamps.

g02298225

Figure 11

Install the oil filter and fuel filter properly. Filter housing must

Must be tightened to the correct torque. For more information, see Disassembly

And assembly manuals.

The gas emitted from the battery can cause an explosion. Keep fire or sparks away

Off the top of the battery. Do not smoke where the battery is being charged.

Do not use metal objects across the terminals to check

Check the battery charge. A voltmeter or hydrometer must be used.

Improper connection of jumper cables can cause an explosion and cause personal injury.

For specific instructions, refer to the operation section of this manual.

Do not charge frozen batteries. Charging frozen batteries

May cause explosion.

The battery must be kept clean. Each battery grid cell must be covered

Good lid (if equipped). When the engine is running, use the push

Recommended cables, connectors, and battery box covers.

Fire extinguisher

Make sure fire extinguishers are available. Be familiar with the use of fire extinguishers

law. Check fire extinguishers frequently. Follow the instructions on the dashboard.

Pipes, pipes and hoses

g00704059

Do not bend high-pressure lines. Do not strike high-pressure lines. Don't

Install any damaged lines.

Figure 10

Use caution when refueling the engine. Don't move towards the engine

Smoking while refueling. And don't stay near open flames or sparks.

Fuel the engine. Remember to stop the engine before refueling.

Leaks can cause fire. Contact your Perkins agent or

Contact your Perkins distributor for replacement parts.

Replace the parts if any of the following conditions occur:

• The high-pressure fuel line has been removed.

• The end fitting is damaged or leaking.

• The outer layer is worn or cut.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

11

Security section

Prevent crushing and cuts

• Metal wires are exposed.

• Outer bulge.

i03592472

High pressure fuel pipe

• The flexible parts of the hose are twisted.

• The sheath is embedded in the outer layer.

• Displacement of end fittings.

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. high pressure

Fuel spills can cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and

Maintenance instructions may cause personal injury or death.

Make sure all clamps, shields and heat shields are installed

Vibration, friction between components, and excessive heat generation.

i03018585

Prevent crushing and cuts

When working under a component, the component should have reliable support.

If no additional maintenance instructions are provided, while the engine is running,

Do not attempt to make adjustments.

Avoid all rotating and moving parts. Until maintenance

Remove the protective cover. Replace the cover after maintenance.

Keep objects away from rotating fan blades. Fan blades will throw or

Cutting objects.

Wear protective goggles when hitting objects to avoid eye injury.

When the object is struck, debris or other debris can fly around. tap

Before objects, make sure that no one is injured by flying debris.

i03546296

Up and down equipment

Check steps, handrails and work areas before boarding the engine. maintain

Stairs, handrails and work areas are clean and in good condition.

The engine must be loaded and unloaded where pedals and / or armrests are installed. Do not

Climb to the engine and do not jump off the engine.

Face the engine when going on and off the engine. Keep with stairs and handrails

Three points of contact. With both feet and one hand or with one foot and both hands. do not make

The controls are used as armrests.

Do not stand on components that cannot support your weight. Use proper ladder

Or use a work platform. Secure the climbing equipment so that it does not move.

Do not carry tools or objects when getting on or off the engine. Use one hand

A rope pulls up and down tools or items.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


12

Security section

High pressure fuel pipe

SCBU8172-02

g01425090

Figure 12

(1) High-pressure pipeline

(2) High-pressure pipeline

(3) High-pressure pipeline

(4) High-pressure pipeline

(5) High-pressure fuel manifold (oil rail)

(6) High-pressure pipeline

High-pressure fuel pipe refers to the connection between the high-pressure fuel pump and the high-pressure fuel manifold.

And the fuel line between the fuel manifold and the cylinder head. These fuel lines

Different from other fuel systems.

Do not loosen the high-pressure fuel pipe to exhaust air from the fuel system. The step

Steps are not necessary.

Visually inspect the high-pressure fuel pipe before starting the engine. Every day

Perform this check.

This is due to the following differences:

• The high-pressure fuel pipe is continuously charged with high pressure.

If you check a running engine, always use the correct

Check procedures to avoid danger of liquid penetration. See Operation and warranty

Manual, "General Hazard Information".

• The internal pressure of the high-pressure fuel pipe is higher than other types of fuel systems

high.

• Inspect the high pressure tubing for any of the following conditions: Damaged, deformed, engraved

Marks, cuts, creases or dents

• The high-pressure fuel pipe is first processed and shaped, and then

Art for reinforcement.

• Do not run the engine with fuel leaks. If it happens

Leaks. Do not tighten fittings to prevent leaks. Connector must only be

Tighten to the recommended torque. Please refer to the Disassembly and Assembly Manual,

"Fuel injectors-removal and installation."

Do not step on high-pressure fuel lines. Do not deflect the high-pressure fuel lines. Don't

Bend or knock the high-pressure fuel pipe. Deformation or damage of high-pressure fuel pipe

May cause weak spots and potential failures.

Do not check the high-pressure fuel lines while the engine or starter motor is running.

After the engine is stopped, perform any maintenance on the fuel line of the engine.

Before repairing or repairing, you must wait 60 seconds to remove the high-pressure fuel pipe

Fuel pressure in the road.

• If the high-pressure fuel pipe is tightened to the correct torque, but leaks occur

Leakage, the high-pressure fuel pipe must be replaced.

• Make sure all clips on the high-pressure fuel pipe are in place. Don't

Run the engine with the clips damaged, missing, or loose.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

13

Security section

Before starting the engine

• Do not tie anything to high-pressure fuel lines.

Be sure to follow the "Operation and Maintenance Manual", "Engine Starting" topic

Start the engine as described in (Operation section). Understand positive

Correct start-up procedures help prevent major damage to engine components.

Knowing the starting procedure can help prevent personal injury.

• Loose high-pressure fuel lines must be replaced. Removed high-pressure fuel

The tube must also be replaced. Refer to the Disassembly and Assembly Manual, "

Oil injection pipe-installation ".

To ensure water jacket heater (if equipped) and / or lube oil heating

Heater (if equipped) is working properly, check during heater operation

Check the water temperature gauge and / or oil temperature gauge.

i03018734

Before starting the engine

Engine exhaust contains combustion products that are harmful to the human body. Must be in

Start and run the engine in a well-ventilated place. If in a secret

Start the engine in a closed space and exhaust the engine exhaust outdoors.

Before starting a new, serviced, or repaired engine for the first time,

Be prepared to stop in order to stop overspeeding. This can be done with the switch off

Motive fuel supply and / or ignition is done.

Note: The engine is equipped with a cold starter. If the engine will be in severe

In cold conditions, cold starting aids may be required.

Normally, the engine will be equipped with assisted starting suitable for the work area

Device.

Engine overspeed should be shut down automatically, it is controlled electronically. in case

Automatic shutdown is not performed automatically. Press the emergency stop button to cut off the supply.

Fuel and / or air to the engine.

These engines are equipped with glow plugs in each individual cylinder to assist starting

Moving device to heat intake air and improve starting efficiency.

Inspect the engine for potential hazards.

i03616502

Before starting the engine, make sure that no one is on, under or near the engine.

Make sure no one is around.

Engine shutdown

If equipped, ensure that the lighting system for the engine is suitable for the conditions

condition. If equipped, make sure all lights are working properly.

Follow the Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Engine Shutdown (Operation

Points) "for engine shutdown operations to avoid engine overheating and

Accelerated wear of engine components.

If the engine must be started for maintenance work,

There are protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful around the moving parts.

The emergency stop button should only be used in emergency situations (if any

Equipped). Do not use the emergency stop button when the engine is stopped normally

. After the emergency stop of the engine, solve the problem that caused the emergency stop

Never start the engine before.

Do not bypass the automatic shutdown circuit. Don't make the automatic shutdown circuit fail

effect. This circuit is provided to prevent personal injury. Simultaneously

It also prevents engine damage.

For repair and adjustment information, refer to the Service Manual.

If a new or overhauled engine first starts

Overspeed conditions, stopping the engine.

i03616477

To stop the electronically controlled engine, cut off the engine power and / or

Do not supply air to the engine.

Engine start

i03591697

Electrical System

Do not use an ether-like spray to aid starting. Otherwise it may lead

Causes explosion and personal injury.

Never disconnect any charging device circuit while the charging device is working

Or disconnect the battery circuit cable from the battery. Generated by battery

Flammable gases may be ignited by sparks.

If a warning label is attached to the engine start switch or joystick,

Do not start the engine or move the joystick. Before starting the engine,

Ask the person who posted the warning label.

To prevent sparks from igniting flammable gases from some batteries,

The negative “−” cable should finally be connected to the starter motor from an external power source

Negative “−” terminal. If the starter motor is not equipped with a negative “−” connection

Column, connect the jumper start cable to the cylinder.

If the engine must be started for maintenance procedures, it must be installed

Install all protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Use caution when working around rotating parts.

Check the wires daily for looseness or scraping. Before the engine starts,

Tighten all electrical connections. Repair the engine before starting

All frayed wires. For specific startup instructions, see

Operation and Maintenance Manual.

In the operator's operating room or using the engine start switch

Start the engine.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


14

Security section

Engine electronics

SCBU8172-02

Grounding method

Engines without an engine-to-frame ground strap may be electrically

Damage due to discharge.

To ensure proper functioning of the engine and engine electrical system,

Use engine-to-frame ground straps that go straight to the battery. The pass path

Can be grounded directly to the frame through the engine.

The ground joint should be tightly connected without corrosion. Engine AC

The motor must pass a current sufficient to support its full charge current.

The wire is grounded to the negative "-" terminal of the battery.

The power and ground wires of the engine electronics should always be routed from the insulator

Connect to battery.

i03616494

Engine electronics

g01162916

Figure 13

Tampering with electronic system or original equipment manufacturer (OEM) wiring

Installation is dangerous and can cause personal injury and / or engine damage.

Typical example

(1) Engine starter

(2) Grounding of starter motor

(3) Battery ground

Risk of electric shock. Electronic unit injectors use DC voltage. ECM

Send this voltage to the electronic unit injector. When the engine is running,

Never touch the harness connector of the electronic unit injector. Non-compliance

It may cause personal injury or death.

This engine has a comprehensive, programmable engine monitoring system.

The engine control module (ECM) has a

ability. If the parameters of any engine are out of tolerance, ECM

Something will happen immediately.

The engine monitoring control has the following actions:

• caveat

• Deductions

• downtime

The following monitored engine operating conditions can limit the engine

Speed and / or engine power:

g01162918

Figure 14

• Engine coolant temperature

• Engine oil pressure

• Engine speed / timing

• Intake manifold air temperature

Typical example

(4) Engine ground

(5) Battery ground

In order to obtain the best performance and reliability of the engine, it is necessary to make the engine

The electrical system is properly grounded. Improper grounding can cause uncontrollable

And unreliable circuit paths.

Engine monitoring components may vary by engine model and application

Into. However, for all engines, monitoring systems and engines

The monitoring controls will be similar

Uncontrolled circuits can cause damage to crankshaft journal surfaces and aluminum components

成 Damage.

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SCBU8172-02

15

Security section

Engine electronics

Note: Many engine control systems that can be used on Perkins engines

The display module will work in coordination with the engine monitoring system. This

Both control systems will work together to provide the required

Engine monitoring function. More about "Engine Monitoring System"

For information, see Troubleshooting.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


16

Product information data section

Model view description

SCBU8172-02

Product information data section

Model view description

i03616499

Model view

The following model views show typical characteristics of the engine. As specific

Depending on the application, your engine may look different from what is shown.

g01425089

Figure 15

The 1104D NJ engine is turbocharged and aftercooled.

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SCBU8172-02

17

Product information data section

Model view description

g01428165

Figure 16

The 1104D NH engine is turbocharged.

Engine left front view

(1) Front lifting ear

(6) Fine fuel filter

(7) Water pump

(11) Oil filter

(12) Crankshaft pulley

(13) Transmission belt

(2) Outlet

(3) Rear lifting ears

(4) Fuel manifold (oil rail)

(5) Electronic control module

(8) Oil filler port

(9) Oil gauge

(14) Belt tensioner

(10) Oil sampling valve

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


18

Product information data section

Model view description

SCBU8172-02

g01428176

Figure 17

Right rear view of engine

(15) Alternator

(16) Exhaust manifold

(17) Turbocharger

(18) Wastegate solenoid valve

(19) Drain plug or coolant sampling valve

(20) Starter motor

(23) Charge pump

(24) Flywheel

(25) Flywheel housing

(21) Oil drain plug

(22) Primary fuel filter

Engine specifications

Note: The primary fuel filter may not be installed on the engine.

Note: The front end of the engine is the one opposite the flywheel end of the engine.

another side. Looking at the flywheel end, make sure the left and right sides of the engine

side. The first cylinder is the foremost cylinder.

i04952393

Engine description

Emission control system

NH-Direct Diesel Injection, Turbocharger and Engine Control Module

1104 electronically controlled engine models NH and NJ are designed for the following applications:

Use: machinery and industrial mobile equipment. The engine can use the following

Inspiratory type:

NJ-direct diesel injection, air-cooled charge air cooler and generator

Turbocharger for motive control module

• Turbocharged

• Turbocharged aftercooling

• Inline 4 cylinder

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SCBU8172-02

19

Product information data section

Model view description

• Cold start measures

• Air-fuel ratio automatic control

• Adjustable torque curve

• Fuel injection timing control

• System diagnostics

For more features of electronically controlled engine, please refer to Operation and Maintenance

Manual, "Features and Controls" topic (operational section).

Engine diagnosis

The engine has a built-in diagnostic device to ensure the normal operation of the engine system

Make. The status warning is issued to the operator by a "stop or warning" light.

In some cases, the horsepower and speed of the engine may be limited.

Electronic repair tools can be used to display diagnostic codes.

There are 3 types of diagnostic codes: activation, logging and events

g01187485

Figure 18

Most diagnostic codes are recorded and stored in the ECM. Within details

Content, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual Engine Diagnostics topic (Operation

section). "", ""

(A) Exhaust valve

(B) Intake valve

Table 1

ECM has control of injector output to maintain ideal engine rotation

Speed electronic governor.

1104 Technical Specifications for Electric Engines

Speed working range (rpm)

750 to 2640

(1)

Inline 4-cylinder

Engine cooling and lubrication

The cooling system includes the following components:

• Gear driven centrifugal water pump

Number of cylinders

Cylinder bore

105 mm (4.13 in)

127 mm (5.0 in)

stroke

Inhale

NH turbocharged engine

NJ Aftercooled Turbocharged Engine

• Water temperature regulator to regulate engine coolant temperature

• Gear driven rotor type oil pump

• Oil cooler

Compression ratio

16.2: 1

Displacement

4.4 L (269 in)

3

Ignition sequence

1, 3, 4, 2

Counterclockwise

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

Valve clearance setting (intake)

Valve clearance setting (exhaust)

Engine oil is supplied by a rotor-type oil pump. Engine oil

After cooling and filtering. If the oil filter element is blocked, bypass

The valve provides the engine with unlimited flow of lubricating oil.

0.35 mm (0.013 in)

0.35 mm (0.013 in)

Maximum efficiency of engine efficiency, emission control efficiency and engine performance

Application depends on adherence to proper operating and maintenance recommendations. Engine sex

Energy and efficiency also depend on the use of recommended fuels, lubricants and cooling

Liquid situation. For more information on maintenance issues, please refer to the

Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Maintenance Schedule".

(1) Operating speed depends on engine rating, application and throttle configuration.

Electronically controlled engine characteristics

Monitor engine running status. Electronic control module

(ECM) Control engine makes these conditions and operator requirements

reaction. These conditions and operator requirements determine the ECM's

Precise control. The electronic engine control system provides the following functions:

• Engine monitoring

• Engine speed

• Control of injection pressure

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


20

Product information data section

Product identification information

SCBU8172-02

Product identification information

Serial number plate (1)

The engine serial number plate is located on the left side of the cylinder block near the rear of the engine

The place.

i03616511

Location of signs and films

g01094203

Figure 20

Serial number plate

i02890279

Reference No

When ordering parts, information on the following items may be required.

Find out your engine information. Fill in these information in the appropriate places

material. Make a copy of this list for your records. Save this information to

For future reference.

Archival records for reference

g01248563

Figure 19

engine model _________________________________________________________

Engine production serial number __________________________________________________

Engine low idle ______________________________________________________

Engine full load speed ________________________________________________

Primary fuel filter _________________________________________________________

Water separator element ______________________________________________________

Fuel secondary filter element __________________________________________________

Lube filter element part number _______________________________________________

Auxiliary oil filter element part number ___________________________________________

Total lubrication system capacity __________________________________________________

Total cooling system capacity __________________________________________________

Air filter element __________________________________________________

Fan drive belt ______________________________________________________

Location of serial number plate

Perkins engines can be identified by the engine serial number.

For example, the engine number is NH ***** U000001J.

***** ____________________________________________ Engine List Number

UL _____________________________________________________ Engine Type

U __________________________________________________________ Made in the UK

000001 ___________________________________________ Engine serial number

J ___________________________________________________________ Year of manufacture

Perkins agents or Perkins distributors need these numbers to confirm

Determine the components included on the engine. This can accurately identify the replacement

Change the part number of the part.

Digital storage of electronically controlled engine fuel settings in the personalized module

in. These numbers can be read by electronic repair tools.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


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twenty one

Product information data section

Product identification information

Alternator belt __________________________________________________

i03616514

Emission certification film

g01440937

Figure 21

Typical example

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


twenty two

Operation part

Lifting and storage

SCBU8172-02

Operation part

Lifting ears are designed and installed for specific engine configuration assemblies. change

Moving the lifting eyes and / or the engine will invalidate the lifting eyes and lifting gear. If you hang

Ears and / or engines have been modified to ensure proper lifting

Device. Ask your Perkins dealer or your Perkins distributor

To obtain information on proper engine lifting fixtures.

Lifting and storage

i03616497

i03018702

Engine storage

Engine lifting

If the engine will no longer start within a few weeks, the oil should be removed from the cylinder wall and

Drop in the piston ring. There may be rust on the tank wall. Corrosion on the cylinder wall

Will lead to increased engine wear and reduced engine life.

Perkins does not treat the engine during storage after a period of maintenance

Responsible for damage.

Your Perkins agent or your Perkins distributor can help you

Prepare the engine for long-term storage.

If the engine is not running or you plan not to use more than one engine

It is recommended to implement a complete protection procedure.

To prevent excessive engine wear and corrosion, follow these guidelines:

1. Thoroughly clean the outside of the engine.

2. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.

3. Drain the fuel system and fill it with antiseptic fuel.

1772204 POWERPART Lay-Up 1

Mix oil to convert fuel into antiseptic oil.

If there is no antiseptic fuel, ordinary fuel can be injected into the fuel system

oil. This fuel must be filtered with the fuel filter at the end of the storage period

The core is discarded together.

g01097527

Figure 22

Hot coolant can cause personal injury. Contact with hot coolant

Or steam can cause severe burns. Drain cooling system before, let

The cooling system components are cooled down first.

note

Never bend eyebolts and brackets. Eyebolts and brackets only

Can withstand tension load. Remember when the angle between the support member and the object

When the degree is less than 90 °, the bearing capacity of the eyebolts becomes small.

4. Drain and fill cooling system. Refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual,

"Cooling System Coolant (commercially available heavy duty-replace or cool the system

Liquid (ELC)-Replacement "for information on emptying, cleaning and filling

Information on cooling systems.

When parts must be moved at an angle, use

Constant load link bracket.

Use a crane to remove heavy components. Use an adjustable crane

Beam lifting engine. All load-bearing components (chains and ropes)

They should be parallel to each other. The top surface of the chain and wire rope as much as possible

Can stay vertical.

Exposure to high-pressure fuel can cause liquid penetration and burn hazards. high pressure

Fuel spills can cause a fire. If inspection, maintenance and

Maintenance instructions may cause personal injury or death.

Some removals require lifting with lifting tools to ensure correct

Balance and safety.

Use the lifting ears on the engine only when disassembling the engine.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

twenty three

Operation part

Lifting and storage

5. Run the engine until the engine has reached normal operating temperature. Make

Engine shutdown. After the engine is stopped, the fuel pipe to the engine

You must wait 60 seconds before any service or repair is performed on the road.

This eliminates the fuel pressure in the high-pressure fuel line. If necessary,

Make minor adjustments. Repair of low-pressure fuel systems and cooling,

Slippage or any leaks in the air system. Replace leaking high voltage

Fuel pipe. See Disassembly and Assembly Manual, "Fuel Injection

Shooting Line-Installation ".

6. Drain the lubricant from the oil pan.

Replace the canister of the lube filter.

Fill new oil pan with engine oil until engine oil

Full scale position of the dipstick. Add 1762811 to the oil

POWERPART Lay-Up 2 to protect the engine from corrosion

eclipse. Without 1762811 POWERPART Lay-Up

2. Please replace the oil with a preservative with the correct technical parameters.

If preservatives are used, they must be removed after the end of the storage period

Fully drained and refilled into the oil pan with the correct grade

Normal lubricant.

7. Operate the engine to circulate the engine oil.

8. Disconnect the battery. Make sure the battery is fully charged.

Protect the terminals from rust. 1734115 POWERPART

Lay-Up 3 can be used on terminals. Store the battery safely

Come.

9. If equipped, replace the crankcase breather filter. Sealed respirator

The end of the pipe.

10. Remove the valve mechanism cover. Spray around rocker shaft assembly

1762811 POWERPART Lay-Up 2.

11. Remove the glow plug. Slowly rotate the crankshaft. Passed inspection

Valve, positioning the piston at BDC. Spraying 1762811

POWERPART Lay-Up 2 to bore for 2

Seconds. This procedure must be applied for each cylinder.

12. Install the glow plug. Install the valve mechanism cover.

13. Remove the air cleaner assembly and turbocharger.

Between the pipes. Injecting 1762811 into the turbocharger

POWERPART Lay-Up 2. Spray duration printed in volume

Device. Seal the turbocharger with waterproof tape.

14. Remove the exhaust pipe from the turbocharger output. Add to the turbine

The sprayer was sprayed with 1762811 POWERPART Lay-Up 2.

The spray duration is printed on the container. Seal with waterproof tape

Turbocharger.

15. Seal the fuel tank vent or fuel filler port with waterproof tape

cover.

16. Remove the alternator drive belt and store it.

17. To avoid corrosion outside the engine, use 1734115

POWERPART Lay-Up 3 to spray the engine. Do not spray

Sprinkle the internal area of the alternator.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


twenty four

Operation part

Gauges and indicators

SCBU8172-02

Gauges and indicators

Water jacket water coolant temperature gauge-typical temperature range is

83 ° to 95 ° C (181.4 ° to 171 ° F). Haiping

Surface, maximum pressure at 48 kPa (7 psi) with pressurized cooling system

The maximum allowable temperature is 103 ° C (217.4 ° F). OK in some cases

Can have higher temperatures. Water temperature readings vary depending on the load. temperature

The temperature reading must not exceed 7 ° C (44.6 ° F) (below the

Pressure system boiling point).

i03616493

Gauges and indicators

The gauges on your engine may be different or not available

All the following instruments. For more information on the instrument cluster, please refer to the original

Information provided by the original equipment manufacturer.

A 100 kPa (14.5 psi) fan can be installed on the cooling system

Heater cover. The temperature of the cooling system must not exceed 112 ° C

(233.6 ° F).

The gauge indicates engine performance. Make sure the meter is in good working order

status. After watching the meter for a while, you can be sure that it is normal

Operating range.

If the engine is operating within the normal range and steam is generated,

Do the following:

1. Reduce load and engine speed.

A significant change in the gauge reading indicates a potential gauge or engine problem.

question. Even if the meter reading is within the specification range, its reading can be changed.

Can indicate a problem. Identify and correct any significant change in readings

Cause. Ask your Perkins agent or your Perkins

Distributors ask for help.

2. Decide if the engine must be shut down immediately, or if it is accessible

Reduce the load to cool the engine.

3. Check the cooling system for leaks.

Some engine applications are equipped with indicator lights. Indicator lights can be used as diagnostics

assisting equipments. There are two lights. One lamp has an orange lens and the other

Each has a red lens.

Tachometer-This meter indicates the engine speed. Without negative

When loading, move the throttle lever to the full throttle position.

The engine is running at high idle speed. At maximum rated load

Down, the throttle lever is at full throttle, and the engine turns at full load.

Run at low speed.

These indicators can be used for two purposes:

• The indicator light can be used to determine the current operating status of the engine. Instruction

The lights also indicate if the engine is malfunctioning. The system passes points

The fire switch works automatically.

note

To help prevent engine damage, never exceed high idle speeds.

Overspeed can cause severe damage to the engine. Should be as small as possible over high

Run at idle speed.

• The indicator light can be used to identify an activated diagnostic code. Press shiny generation

Code button, the system is activated.

Ammeter-This meter indicates the

The amount of charge or discharge. The pointer should point to "0" (zero)

Positive numbers on the "+" side.

For more information, see the Troubleshooting and Troubleshooting Guide, "Instructions

light".

note

Fuel level-This gauge indicates the fuel level in the fuel tank.

The level of oil. Fuel level gauge at "Start / Stop

(START / STOP) "switch in the" ON "position

jobs.

If inorganic oil pressure is displayed, stop the engine. If launched

Engine coolant exceeds maximum coolant temperature, stop engine. no

It may cause engine damage.

Engine Oil Pressure-Cold Engine Start

After that, the oil pressure should be at the maximum. Rated launch

Engine Speed at SAE10W40

350 to 450 kPa (50 to 65 psi).

Hour Meter-This gauge indicates the total operating hours of the engine

between.

Low oil pressure is normal at low idle. If the load is stable but the meter reads

To change the number, perform the following steps:

1. Remove the load.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Check and maintain oil level.

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

25

Operation part

Functional components and controls

Functional components and controls

If the engine exceeds the preset operating limits

amount. By limiting the amount of fuel for each injection,

Deductions. This reduction in fuel volume depends on the engine derating

The severity of the fault is usually reduced to a limit of 50%. This fuel

Reduction results in a reduction in the preset engine power.

i03616517

Monitoring System

"Warning / Derate /

Shutdown "

"DIAGNOSTIC" light is "ON", warning

The signal (red light or buzzer) is activated. After the alarm, the engine

The momentum will be reduced. The engine will continue at the set derated speed

Run until engine shutdown occurs. The engine can be used in an emergency

Restart after stopping.

If the shutdown mode has been selected and the warning indicator has been activated, start

The machine may stop as short as 20 seconds after the warning light starts to work

machine. Depending on the application, special precautions should be taken to avoid

Free from personal injury. If necessary, the engine can be stopped during emergency operation

After restarting.

The engine may stop in as little as 20 seconds. The engine can be in an emergency

Restart after stopping. However, the reasons for the initial downtime can be

Can still exist. The engine may stop again in as little as 20 seconds.

note

Engine monitoring systems cannot guarantee the prevention of sudden accidents. Make up

Delay and derating procedures set by the process are designed to minimize errors

Alert and provide operator time to stop engine.

如果出现机油压力低或冷却液温度高的信号,将有 2

秒钟的延迟来确认该状况。

关于每个编程模式,请参看《故障诊断和排除》, “指

示灯” 以获取关于指示灯的更多信息。

船用动力显示器可显示下列参数:

• 冷却液温度

要获取更多信息或修理的协助,请联系您的 珀金斯

代理商或您的 珀金斯分销商。

• 进气温度

• 发动机进气歧管压力

• 发动机机油压力

• 燃油油轨的压力

• 发动机转速/正时

可编程选项和系统运作

如果选定了警告/减额/停机模式,同时报警指示灯点

亮,应尽可能让发动机停机。 取决于应用类型,应采

取专门的预防措施,以免发生人身伤害。

发动机可以被编程设置为以下模式:

“警告”

“诊断(DIAGNOSTIC)”灯和警告信号(红色灯或蜂

鸣器)被“接通(ON)”,警告信号持续工作以便警告

操作人员一个或多个发动机参数不在正常操作范围。

“警告/减额(Warning/Derate)”

“诊断(DIAGNOSTIC)”灯被“接通(ON)”,警告信

号(红色灯或蜂鸣器)被激活。 警报后,发动机动

力将发生减额。 减额发生时,警告灯将开始闪烁。

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


26

SCBU8172-02

Operation part

功能部件和控制装置

i03616482

Monitoring System

Table 2

报警灯

停机指示灯

灯状态

灯状态的说明

发动机状态

灯检查

当发动机的起动开关被拨到“ON”位置时,两

盏灯都点亮2 秒钟。

发动机还未起动。

接通(ON)

接通(ON)

关(OFF)

关(OFF)

关(OFF)

无故障

没有现行诊断故障。

发动机在正常运转。

发动机在正常运转。

接通(ON)

现行诊断故障

现行诊断故障

检测到现行诊断故障。

检测到严重现行诊断故障,同时启动发动机

减额。

发动机在运转但是处于减

额状态。

接通(ON)

闪烁

闪烁

关(OFF)

闪烁

caveat

一个或更多的发动机保护值 被超越。

一个或更多的发动机保护值 被超越。

发动机在正常运转。

减额和警告。

发动机在运转但是处于减

额状态。

闪烁

发动机关机

一个或更多发动机保护值被超出或探测到严

重的现行诊断故障。

发动机关机或者即将关机。

接通(ON)

接通(ON)

i03592460

传感器和电气部件

传感器位置

图示23显示发动机上传感器和ECM的典型位置。 With

体发动机上传感器的位置可能会因应用不同而异。

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

27

Operation part

功能部件和控制装置

g01425443

Figure 23

(1) Coolant temperature sensor

(2) 进气歧管压力传感器

(3) 进气温度传感器

(4) 燃油压力传感器

(5) 电子控制模块

(6) 主位置传感器

(7) 辅助位置传感器

(8) 发动机机油压力传感器

图示24显示发动机上传感器和ECM的位置。

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


28

SCBU8172-02

Operation part

功能部件和控制装置

g01425468

Figure 24

传感器失效

可编程监测系统(PMS)

所有传感器

可编程监测系统决定电控模块(ECM)对可能损坏发动

机的状态作出反应的动作等级。 这些状态是由电子

控制模块(ECM)从以下传感器产生的信号确定的。

传感器的失效可能是由于下列故障之一造成的:

• 传感器输出开路。

• 冷却液温度传感器

• 进气歧管空气温度传感器

• 进气歧管压力传感器

• 燃油压力传感器

• 传感器输出与“蓄电池负极 (-)”或“蓄电池正极 (+)”

短接。

• 传感器测量读数超出规格范围。

• 发动机机油压力传感器

• 主转速/正时传感器

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

29

Operation part

功能部件和控制装置

• 辅助转速/正时传感器

如果电子控制模块(ECM)没有接收到来自主转速

/正时传感器(7)的信号,电子控制模块(ECM)将

会读取来自辅助转速/正时传感器(8) 的信号。 electronic

控制模块(ECM)不断检查以便确定是否有来自两

个传感器的信号。

冷却液温度传感器 1

冷却液温度传送器监测发动机冷却液温度。 ECM(5)

的输出可通过继电器或指示灯来指示冷却液温度

high. ECM使用冷却液温度传感器来确定冷态起动

策略的起动。

传感器间歇性失效将会导致发动机控制反常。

主转速/正时传感器故障

冷却液温度传感器失效

正常运转的主转速/正时传感器是必不可少的。 ECM

中的软件可保护发动机不反向运转。 如果主转速/正

时传感器失效,则对于反向转动没有自动保护。 in

某些场合,变速箱有可能反向带动发动机。 在这种

情况下,应立即停止发动机。 将钥匙开关转到“断开

(OFF)”位置。

ECM (5)会检测到冷却液温度传感器的失效。 诊断灯

将会警告操作员冷却液温度传感器的状态。 Coolant

温度传感器的失效将不会导致发动机停机或任何马

力改变。 为了检查传感器的正常运转,请参见 《故

障查寻》, “发动机温度传感器电路 - 测试”。

为了检查传感器的正常运转,请参见 《故障查寻》,

“发动机转速/正时传感器 - 测试”。

进气歧管空气温度传感器 2

注: 传感器可能有两个不同位置。 位置取决于发动

机类型。

辅助转速/正时传感器 7

ECM (5)使用来自辅助转速/正时传感器的发动机起

动信号,以便检查活塞冲程。 当主转速/正时传感

器有故障时,ECM会使用辅助转速/正时传感器操

纵发动机。

进气歧管温度传感器检测进气温度。 信号被发送到

ECM (5)。 ECM也使用进气歧管温度传感器来确定

冷态起动策略的启动。

为了检查传感器的正常运转,请参见 《故障查寻》,

“发动机温度传感器电路 - 测试”。

为了检查传感器的正常运转,请参见 《故障查寻》,

“发动机转速/正时传感器 - 测试”。

进气歧管压力传感器 3

发动机机油压力传感器 8

进气歧管压力传感器检测歧管压力。 信号被发送到

ECM (5)。

注: 传感器可能有两个不同位置。 位置取决于发动

机类型。

燃油压力传感器 4

发动机的机油压力传感器是绝对压力传感器,用来测

量主油道内的发动机机油压力。 发动机机油压力传感

器检测发动机机油压力以接进行诊断。 发动机机油压

力传感器向电子控制模块 (ECM) (5)发送一个信号 。

燃油压力传感器测量燃油歧管的燃油压力。 signal

被发送到ECM (5)。

电子控制模块 5

机油压力偏低警告

ECM是发动机的控制电脑。 ECM向电子设备电子设

备提供电力。 ECM监测来自发动机传感器的数据。

ECM作为调速器以控制发动机转速和功率。

低压警告设定点取决于发动机转速。 只在发动机已运

转超过8 秒钟之后故障才会处于活动状态并被记录。

机油压力非常低告警

ECM会调整喷油正时和燃油压力以便取得最佳发动

机性能、最佳燃油经济性和最佳尾气排放控制。

非常低机油压力设定点取决于发动机转速。 如果选

择了发动机监控系统的减额模式的话,电子控制模

块(ECM)(5)将会降低发动机功率。 Engine horsepower

将会被限制。

主转速/正时传感器 6

如果ECM (5)没有接收到来自主转速/正时传感器的信

号,“诊断(DIAGNOSTIC〕”灯将会指示一个诊断故

障代码,该代码将被记录到ECM的存储器中。

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


30

SCBU8172-02

Operation part

功能部件和控制装置

发动机机油压力传感器失效

冷却液温度 – 冷却液温度传感器会指示出水套冷

却水的温度过高。

ECM(5)会检测到发动机机油压力传感器的失效。 诊

断灯警告用户发动机机油压力传感器的状态。 在出

现发动机机油压力传感器失效的情况时,与发动机

机油压力有关的功能将会被禁用。 发动机机油压力

传感器的失效将不会导致发动机停机或任何马力改

变。 为了检查传感器的正常运转,请参见《故障查

寻》, “5 V传感器供电电路 - 测试”。

进气歧管空气温度 – 进气歧管空气温度传感器指示

进气歧管空气温度高。

进气歧管压力 – 进气歧管压力传感器检查发动机歧

管额定压力。

油轨压力 – 燃油导轨压力传感器检查燃油导轨的

高压或低压。

i03591676

发动机停机和发动机报警

发动机油压 – 当油压在一定发动机转速下降到低于

系统额定压力时,机油压力传感器会指示。

发动机超速 – 主转速/正时传感器检查发动机转速。

在3000转/分钟时警报器激活。

Cutting device

空气滤清器阻力 – 当发动机工作时,开关检查空

气滤清器。

切断装置为电子操作或机械操作。 电子操作切断

装置由ECM控制。

用户定义开关 – 该开关可远程关闭发动机。

切断装置被设定在以下各项的临界水平上:

燃油含水开关 – 该开关检查发动机运转时,粗燃油

滤清器内的水含量情况。

• 工作温度

• 工作压力

注: 为了使冷却液温度开关的敏感元件能够动作必须

把它浸没在冷却液中。

• 工作液位

发动机可能配备有各种报警装置,以便在发生不利

的运行条件时提醒操作员。

• 工作转速 (rpm)

在启动发动机之前,某个具体的切断装置需要复位。

note

某一警报被触发后,在情况变得紧急之前就必须采取

,,

纠正措施,以免可能对发动机造成损害。

note

一定要确定导致发动机停机的原因。 在试图重新起

动发动机之前,要进行必要的修理。

如果在适当时间内没有采取改正措施,可能会导致

发动机损坏。 警报将一直持续直到不利条件被纠正

为止。 The alarm may need to be reset.

Please familiarize yourself with the following:

• 切断装置的类型和所在部位

• 导致每一个切断装置起作用的条件

• 为启动发动机所需的复位步骤

test

将钥匙开关转到 运转位置可检查控制面板上的指示

灯。 当操作钥匙开关后,所有指示器灯亮两秒。

立即更换怀疑的灯泡。

Alarm

更多有关信息资料,请参阅《故障诊断与排除》。

警报器为电子操作。 ECM控制警报器操作。

i03616487

报警器由传感器或开关操作。 当传感器或开关被激

活,将发送信号到 ECM。 ECM创建了一个事件代

码。 ECM将发送信号使指示灯亮起。

超速(OVERSPEED)

您的发动机上可能配备了下列传感器和开关:

电子控制模块(ECM) 可检测到超速状态。 如果发动

机的速度超过3000 rpm,事件代码将会被记录。 “诊

断” 灯指示现行诊断代码。 现行诊断代码将保持有效

直到发动机的速度降到 2800 rpm。

冷却液液位 – 当冷却液液位低于设定值时,冷却液

低液位开关就会指出。

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

31

Operation part

发动机诊断

发动机诊断

如果发动机配备了“诊断(DIAGNOSTIC)”灯,请使用

以下程序来检索诊断编码:

1. 在3秒内转动钥匙开关“打开/关闭(ON/OFF)”两次。

i03616492

Self-diagnosis

闪烁的“黄”灯表示一个3 位发动机代码。 闪烁顺序表

示系统诊断信息。 点数闪烁的第一序列以便确定诊

断编码的第一位数字。 在2秒钟停顿之后,闪烁的第

二序列将确定诊断编码的第二位数字。 第二次停顿

后,闪烁的第三序列将确定诊断编码的第三位数字。

珀金斯电喷发动机有进行自诊断测试的能力。 当系

统检测到现有问题,启动诊断灯。 诊断代码将被储

存在电子控制模块(ECM)的永久性存储器中。 用下

列部件可检索诊断代码. 请参阅《故障诊断与排除》,

“电子维修工具”,了解详细资料。

任何其它诊断编码将在停顿后接续而来。 这些诊断

编码将以与以上同样的方式显示。 闪烁编码551表

示自从起动钥匙开关被转到通电(ON)位置,无检

测故障发生。

某些发动机安装了电子显示器,可以直接阅读发动机

诊断代码。 关于检索发动机诊断代码的详细资料,

请参阅原始设备制造商提供的手册。 请参阅《故障

诊断和排除指南》, “指示灯”以获取更多信息。

有关更多相关信息资料、修理帮助或故障诊断与排

除等事项,请参阅《维修手册》或咨询将授权的帕

金斯代理商。

现行代码代表目前存在的故障。 这些问题应首先

查明。

表3中列出闪烁代码和这些闪烁代码的简短描述。

注: 表3中指出了“活动”闪烁代码对发动机性能的影

响。

记录的代码代表下列情况:

• 间歇问题

一些编码记录事件。 某些编码可能也会指示机械系

统需要留心注意。 对于代码“551”无需进行故障查

寻。 代码001将不闪烁。 某些编码将限制发动机的

操作或性能。

• 记录事件

• 性能历史记录

表3指示活动闪烁代码对发动机性能的可能的影响。

表3也同时列出电子诊断代码及其描述。

自编码被记录后,与之有关问题可能已被维修解

Decision.这些代码并不意味着需要进行修理。这些代码

是存在某一状况的指南或信号。 代码可能对故障诊

断与排除有帮助。

当排除这些问题后,应清除相应的记录故障代码。

i03616485

诊断灯

诊断灯用于指示存在现行故障。 请参阅《故障检查

与排除》, “指示灯”以获取更多信息。 Diagnostic code

将保持现行状态直到问题得到解决。 可以通过使用

电子维修工具来提取诊断代码。 请参阅《故障检查

与排除》, “电子维修工具”以获取更多信息 。

i03616478

诊断闪烁代码的检索

“诊断”灯

使用“诊断(DIAGNOSTIC)”灯或电子维修工具来确

定诊断闪烁代码。

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


32

Operation part

发动机诊断

SCBU8172-02

table 3

工业发动机闪烁代码

对发动机性能的影响

(1)

建议的操作人员反应

诊断闪烁代码

engine

缺火

发动机转

速降低

使发动机

维修保

安排维修计

划.

(4)

功率低

发动机关停

停机:

(2)

(3)

111

112

113

114

气缸1 故障

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

气缸2 故障

X

X

X

气缸3 故障

气缸4 故障

进气歧管温度传感

133

141

X

X

X

X

器故障

(5)

主转速/正时传感器

malfunction

X

辅助转速/正时传感

器故障

142

143

144

正时标定故障

X

X

发动机操作模式选

择器开关故障

X

X

X

151

154

空气滤清器阻力高

X

X

油门位置传感器故障

X

X

辅助油门位置传感

器故障

155

157

X

X

机油压力传感器故

X

X

X

X

barrier

(5)

燃油轨压力传感器

malfunction

159

162

168

X

X

X

X

X

高压油泵故障

X

X

冷却液温度传感

器故障

X

X

169

177

185

发动机冷却液低

废气门电磁阀故障

排气温度高

X

X

X

X

X

X

进气歧管压力传感

器故障

197

预热塞起动继电器

malfunction

199

415

426

429

511

X

X

X

发动机软件不正确

机器安全系统模块

X

X

X

malfunction

(6)

钥匙开关故障

X

蓄电池向ECM供电

间歇性中断

X

X

X

X

SAE J1939 数据链

路故障

514

X

(续)

This document is printed from SPI². Not for RESALE


SCBU8172-02

33

Operation part

发动机诊断

(表3, 续)

工业发动机闪烁代码

对发动机性能的影响

(1)

建议的操作人员反应

诊断闪烁代码

engine

缺火

发动机转

速降低

使发动机

维修保

安排维修计

划.

(4)

功率低

发动机关停

停机:

(2)

(3)

5 伏传感器直流电源

516

517

527

X

X

X

X

malfunction

(5)

8 伏传感器直流电源

malfunction

X

X

检查用户参数或系

X

统参数

(5)

(1) “X”表示在此编码处于活动状态时可能对发动机性能发生影响。

(2) 使发动机停机: 小心操作发动机。 立即取得维修。 可能导致发动机严重损坏。

(3) 操作员应将车辆驶往最近的合格的维修场所。

(4) 安排维修计划: 应在操作人员有机会使用合格的维修程序时调查发生的问题。

(5) 这些闪烁代码可能会在特定环境情况下影响系统,比如发动机在寒冷温度条件下起动时和寒冷天气下在高海拔操作时。

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