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Products
Perkins 1506A-E88TA and 1506C-E88TA Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual


Detailed Description:

Operation and Maintenance Manual

1506A-E88TA and 1506C-E88TA industrial engines

LG (engine)

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


Important safety matters

Most accidents in the operation, maintenance and repair of the product are caused by failure to observe basic safety rules or precautions. If it works

Therefore, before the occurrence of various potential dangers, accidents can often be avoided. Staff must be alerted to potential dangers

Report. Staff must also be trained to acquire the necessary skills and the proper use of tools.

Improper handling, lubrication, maintenance or repair of the product is dangerous and can cause personal injury or death.

You must read and understand the information on the operation, lubrication, maintenance and repair of the product before performing these tasks.

Safety precautions and warnings are provided in this manual and on the product. Failure to heed these warnings will give you or others

Causes personal injury or death.

Identify hazards with "safety warning symbols" and "mark text" such as "danger", "warning", or "beware". The Warning label is shown below.

The meaning of the safety warning symbol is as follows:

note! Be alert! It's about your safety.

Below the warnings are described dangerous situations, some written in words and some graphically.

Operations that can cause product damage are indicated on the product and in this manual by the "Caution" sticker.

Not every situation that could be dangerous can be expected. Therefore, the warnings presented in this manual and the product do not cover all

Happening. If tools, procedures, work methods or techniques are not specifically recommended by Perkins, you must protect yourself and yourself

The safety of others. Also ensure that the method of operation, lubrication, maintenance or repair procedures you choose will not damage the product or cause unsafe conditions.

The materials, technical specifications and diagrams in this manual have been compiled based on information available at the time of writing. Listed technical specifications, torque, pressure

Forces, measured values, adjusted values, charts, and other items are subject to change at any time, and these changes will affect the repair of the product. So in progress

Before carrying out various operations, you must obtain complete and up-to-date information. The agent has the latest information.

When this product needs to be replaced, it is recommended to use

Perkins original parts or parts of the same technical specification

Pieces. The same technical specifications include, but are not limited to, overall dimensions,

Type, strength and material.

Ignoring this warning can cause premature failure, product damage, or even human

Casualties.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

3

table of Contents

table of Contents

Filling capacity .................. ......... 42

Maintenance recommendations ... ........ 55

Maintenance schedule ... ... 58

Warranty section

Preface ... ....... 4

Security section

Safety Signs................................................ .......... 5

General hazard information ... .... 6

Preventing burns ... ..........9

Fire protection and explosion protection ............... ... 10

Preventing bruises and cuts ... .11

Up and down equipment ............... ....... 11

Before starting the engine ............... ... 12

Engine start ............ ..... 12

Engine shutdown ... ..... 12

Electrical System................................................ ........ 12

Engine electronics .............. 13

Product information data section

Warranty information ............... ... 80

Reference section

Engine rated power .............. 81

References ...................................... ........ 82

Index section

index................................................. ............... 84

Overview ... ............... 14

Product identification information ............... 21

Operation part

Lifting and storage ... ......twenty three

Functional parts and controls ... 26

Engine diagnostics ... ..... 34

Engine start ............ ..... 35

Engine operation ... ..... 38

Cold weather operation ... ... 39

Engine shutdown ... ..... 41

Maintenance section

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


Foreword

4

SCBU9070

Foreword

Maintenance cycle

When performing maintenance, it should be done at a time smaller than the specified time

Maintenance items for previous levels. We recommend copying a maintenance plan

The watch is displayed near the engine as a convenient reminder.

We also recommend that maintenance records be used as a permanent record of the engine

Keep a part.

reference

This manual contains safety information, operating instructions, lubrication and maintenance information

material. This manual should be stored in a folder near the engine

Or file storage. Read, analyze this manual and document it

Keep it with the engine data.

Perkins authorized agents or Perkins distributors can help

You adjust your maintenance plan according to the needs of the machine's operating environment

Draw.

English is the primary language for all Perkins publications. Use English

Language facilitates translation and consistency.

Overhaul

Details or options shown on some photos and illustrations in this manual

Parts may differ from those on your engine. To illustrate the side

Then, some shields and covers may have been removed. Product design

Continuous improvement and development may change the engine, and these

Changes may not be incorporated in this manual. When you are on the engine or your own

If you have any questions, please contact your Perkins dealer or

Perkins distributors consult the latest information.

In addition to the overhaul time and maintenance items during this cycle,

Details of engine overhauls are not included in the operation and maintenance manual. only

Perkins authorized personnel should perform overhaul. Perkins generation

Managers and Perkins distributors can provide a variety of overhaul procedures

Program. In the event of a major engine failure, there are many

Options for overhaul after failure. With Perkins agents or

Contact Perkins distributors to obtain these programs.

Safety

Warning in California Proposition 65

The security section lists basic security considerations. In addition, this

Sections also indicate various dangerous situations and warnings. Fucking

Before operating, lubricating, maintaining and repairing this engine, read and

Understand the basic considerations listed on the safety section.

California believes that diesel engine exhaust and one of them

These ingredients can cause cancer, cause birth defects and other reproductive effects

harm. Battery terminals, terminals and related accessories included

Lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after contact.

operating

The method of operation indicated in this manual is the most basic. They can

Help operators improve their skills and skills to be more effective and economical

Run the engine economically. When the operator gains knowledge of the engine and

After mastering its performance, operation skills and methods will be improved.

The operation part is for the reference of the operator, various photos and illustrations

Instruct operators to inspect, start, run, and

Stop. This section also contains a discussion of electronic diagnostics.

maintenance

The maintenance section is a guide to engine maintenance. Illustrated by

Step instructions are maintenance intervals by working hours and / or calendar time

Choreography. For the items in the maintenance cycle, please refer to the detailed description later.

Bright.

Recommendations should be made at the appropriate intervals indicated in the maintenance cycle schedule.

maintenance. The actual working environment of the engine will also affect the maintenance week

period. Therefore, in extremely harsh, dusty, humid or frozen cold

Operation under cold conditions may require more than specified in the maintenance schedule

Frequent lubrication and maintenance.

The maintenance items in the maintenance plan are based on preventive maintenance management procedures

Prepared. If you follow the preventive maintenance management procedures

Support, then there is no need to make regular adjustments. Perform preventive maintenance

Management procedures due to reduced unplanned downtime and failures

Loss of costs will minimize operating costs.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

5

Security section

Safety Signs

Security section

i06043752

Safety Standard Logo

There may be several special warning signs on the engine. This section

Review the exact location and description of these warning signs. Please be familiar with

There are safety signs.

Make sure all safety signs are legible. If the warning sign

The caption text or illustration of the log cannot be recognized, please clean or replace it.

Wash the warning signs with a cloth, water and soap. Do not use solvent

Agents, gasoline, and other harsh chemicals. Solvent, gasoline or

Irritating chemicals may make adhesives affixed to safety signs

Loss of stickiness. Loose warning signs may come off the engine

drop.

Replace any damaged or missing warning signs. If there are warning signs

The post is attached to the replaced part, and it should be pasted on the replaced part.

New warning sign. Your Perkins dealer can provide you

For new and new warning signs.

(1) General warning

The instructions and warnings in the "Operation Manual for Maintenance and Maintenance of Handbooks"

Before that, please do not operate the machine. . Failure to comply with these warnings may lead to

Causes personal injury or death. .

figure 1

g01154807

Typical example

The universal warning label (1) is located in two places. The warning label is located

Valve mechanism covers right and left.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


6

SCBU9070

Security section

General hazard information

figure 2

g03732105

Typical example

i06043783

• Tampering with engine equipment or tampering with OEM-provided wiring

of. May cause personal injury, property damage, or trigger

Machine is damaged.

General danger information

• When the engine is running in a closed place, exhaust the engine exhaust

Go outdoors.

• If the engine is not running, do not release the auxiliary brake or stop

Vehicle braking system unless the vehicle is blocked or restricted from moving.

• Wear hard hats, goggles, and other protective equipment as required.

• To prevent hearing damage when working around a running engine,

Hearing protective equipment should be worn.

• Do not wear loose clothes or jewelry as they may catch

Controls or other parts of the engine.

• Make sure all guards and covers are fixed in the correct position of the engine

on.

• Never pour maintenance liquids into glass containers. Because glass containers

Easily broken.

image 3

g00037887

Before servicing or repairing the engine, at the start switch or control

Hang a "No Operation" warning label or similar warning label

sign. Warnings on the engine and each operator console

label. If necessary, disconnect the starter control.

• Use all cleaning solutions with care.

• Report all necessary repairs.

Unless otherwise stated, maintenance should be performed under the following conditions:

When servicing the engine, no unauthorized person may

Motivation or around the engine.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

7

Security section

General hazard information

• The engine is stopped. Make sure the engine cannot be started.

• The protective locking device or control should be in the active position.

• Engage the auxiliary brake or parking brake.

• Block or restrict the vehicle from maintenance or repairs before performing maintenance or repairs

Can move.

• Disconnect the battery when performing maintenance or repairing the electrical system.

Disconnect the battery ground lead. Cover the wires with tape to prevent fire

Flowers are produced. If equipped, purify the diesel before disconnecting the battery

Exhaust treatment fluid.

• If equipped, disconnect the single fuel injector located on the valve cover base

head. This action will help prevent high voltage

Personal injury. When the engine is running, do not touch the monomer spray

Oiler terminal.

Figure 4

g00702020

• Wear hard hats, goggles, and other protective equipment as required.

• Do not attempt to make any repairs or adjustments while the engine is running.

• To prevent hearing damage when working around a running engine,

Hearing protective equipment should be worn.

• Don't try to repair something you don't understand. Use proper work

With. Replace or repair damaged equipment.

• Do not wear loose clothes or jewelry as they may catch

Controls or other parts of the engine.

• For a new engine that is started for the first time or a repaired engine, do

Ready for shutdown when overspeed occurs. Can be broken

Turn on the fuel and / or air supply to shut off the engine. Make sure only

The fuel supply pipe is cut off. Make sure the oil return pipe is open.

• Make sure all guards and covers are fixed in the correct position of the engine

on.

• Never pour maintenance liquids into glass containers. Because glass containers

Easily broken.

• The engine should be started from the operator console (cab). never

Start the engine by shorting the starter motor terminal or battery.

This action bypasses the engine neutral starting system and / or electrical system

May be damaged.

• Use all cleaning solutions with care.

• Report all necessary repairs.

Engine exhaust contains combustion products that may be harmful to the human body. One

Be sure to start and run the engine in a well-ventilated area. in case

The engine is in a closed area and the engine exhaust should be vented to the outside

go with.

Unless otherwise stated, guarantees should be made in the following situations:

support:

• The engine is stopped. Make sure the engine cannot be started.

Carefully remove the following parts. In order to prevent spraying of pressurized liquid,

Cover the removed part with a cloth.

• Disconnect the battery when performing maintenance or repairing the electrical system.

Disconnect the battery ground lead. Cover the wires with tape to prevent fire

Flowers are produced.

• Filling cap

• Butter mouth

• Measuring port

• Respirator

• Drain plug

• Don't try to repair something you don't understand. Use proper work

With. Replace or repair damaged equipment.

Compressed air and pressurized water

Compressed air and / or pressurized water can blow debris and / or hot water out

Come. This behavior may cause personal injury.

Use caution when removing the cover. Gradually loosen without removing the cover

Or the last two bolts or nuts on opposite ends of the device. Demolishing

Before removing the last two bolts or nuts, pry the cover loose to release it.

Release spring pressure or other pressure.

Wear when washing with compressed air and / or pressurized water

Protective clothing, protective shoes and eye protection. Eye protection includes eye protection

Glasses and protective masks.

The maximum pressure for cleaning must be below 205kPa

(30psi). The maximum water pressure used for cleaning must be lower than

275kPa (40psi).

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


8

SCBU9070

Security section

General hazard information

Liquid penetration

Even if the engine has been off for a long time,

Stay stressed. Failure to release pressure properly can result in hydraulic pressure

Objects such as oil or pipe plugs fire at high speed.

Avoid the danger of static electricity when supplying oil. Higher sulfur content than earlier

Diesel formulation, Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) will cause greater static electricity

Ignition hazard. Avoid serious injury or death caused by fire or explosion.

Consult with your fuel or diesel system supplier to ensure that the fuel delivery system

Meet the standards for proper grounding and bonding methods.

Do not disassemble any hydraulic components until pressure is released, no

Will cause personal injury. Do not disassemble until pressure is released

Any hydraulic parts, otherwise it will cause personal injury. Related releases

Refer to the OEM information for any steps required to release hydraulic pressure.

Inhale

Figure 5

g00687600

Figure 6

g00702022

Always use planks or cardboard to check for leaks. under pressure

The sprayed liquid may penetrate human tissues. Liquid penetrates into

Entering the body can cause serious personal injury and may even lead to death

Perish. Even a pinhole-sized leak can cause severe

Serious personal injury. If oil is sprayed into your skin, you must

Treat immediately. Seek a doctor who is familiar with this type of trauma.

exhaust

Please be careful. Exhaust fumes can be harmful to health. Such as

If you operate the equipment in a closed area, it is necessary to

ventilation.

Contain leaking liquid

Asbestos Information

When inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting, and servicing the product,

Be sure to catch the oil. Before opening any compartment or disassembling any

Before using oily parts, please prepare suitable containers for liquids.

Device.

Perkins equipment shipped from Perkins Engine Co., Ltd.

And replacement parts are asbestos-free. Perkins recommends using only original

Perkins replacement parts. When you deal with any asbestos containing

When changing parts or asbestos shavings, follow these guidelines.

Dispose of all fluids in accordance with local regulations and requirements.

Please be careful. Avoid inhalation when handling zero containing asbestos fibers

Powder that may be produced when the pieces are used. Inhaling this dust may be harmful to you

health. Parts that may contain asbestos fibers include: brake grinding

Rubbing pads, brake bands, padding materials, clutch friction pads

And some gaskets. Asbestos fibers in these parts, usually

It is dipped in resin or sealed in some way. except

Non-generated asbestos dust floats in the air, otherwise it is generally handled

The way is harmless.

Electrostatic hazard when filling with ultra low sulfur diesel

Removes sulfur and other compounds from ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD fuel)

Materials can reduce ULSD conductivity and increase ULSD storage static electricity

Ability. Refinery may have treated overburns with antistatic additives

oil. Various factors reduce additives over time

Effectiveness. As fuel flows through the fuel delivery system, ULSD fuel

Can accumulate static charges. When flammable vapors are present, electrostatic discharge can

It may cause fire or explosion. Ensuring the entire oil supply system of the machine

(Fuel tank, fuel pump, fuel hose, injector and others)

The grounding and connection methods are correct. Ask your fuel or fuel system

Suppliers to ensure that the oil delivery system is properly grounded and connected

Fuel supply standards.

If dust that may contain asbestos appears, the following should be followed

Guidelines:

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

9

Security section

Prevent burns

• Never use compressed air for cleaning.

• Avoid scrubbing materials containing asbestos.

• Avoid sanding materials containing asbestos.

• Wet cleaning of asbestos materials.

Coolant

When the engine is at operating temperature, the engine's coolant is hot

Yes, and under pressure. Radiator and access to heater or

Hot coolant in all pipes of the engine

Touching hot coolant or steam can cause severe burns. Vent

Allow the cooling system components to cool before cooling the system.

• It is also possible to use true filters equipped with HEPA

Empty the vacuum cleaner to clean up.

After the engine has stopped and cooled down, check the coolant level.

• For long-term machining operations, use exhaust ventilation.

Ensure that the filler cap is cooled before opening it. Cover must reach

Temperature that can be touched with bare hands. Remove the filler cap slowly so that

release stress.

• If there is no other way to control dust, wear an effective dust-proof surface

With.

Cooling system additives contain alkali. Alkaline substances can cause personal injury

harm. Do not allow the alkali to come in contact with the skin, or let it get into the eyes or

mouth.

• Follow the rules and regulations that apply to the workplace. In the U.S,

Meet the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

These Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements are available at

Found in 29CFR1910.1001.

Motor oil

• Dispose of asbestos waste in compliance with environmental regulations.

• Keep away from places where there may be asbestos particles in the air.

After repeated or prolonged contact with mineral and synthetic base oils,

Skin may be allergic. See your supplier's material safety data

Table for details. Hot oil and lubricating components can cause

Personal injury. Do not allow hot oil to come in contact with the skin. should

Wear appropriate personal protective equipment

Dispose of waste appropriately

Diesel

Diesel may irritate the eyes, respiratory system, and skin. Long-term connection

Exposure to diesel can cause various skin conditions. Should wear appropriate

Person protective equipment. Please refer to the supplier's material safety data sheet,

Learn more.

Accumulator

Electrolyte is acidic and it can cause personal injury. avoid

Avoid electrolyte contact with skin or eyes. Be sure to maintain the battery

Wear protective glasses. Wash hands after touching batteries and terminals.

Use of gloves is recommended.

Figure 7

g00706404

Improper disposal of waste poses a threat to the environment. Please press

Local regulations to handle potentially hazardous liquids.

Use leak-proof containers for drained liquid. Never dispose of waste

Dump on the ground, in a drain, or into any water source.

i06043745

Prevent scald burns

Do not touch any part of the running engine. Must stay

Do not service the engine until it has cooled down. Off

Before opening any pipes, fittings or related parts, release the empty

Pneumatic, hydraulic, lubrication, fuel system or cooling

Total pressure in the system.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


10

SCBU9070

Security section

Fire and explosion protection

i06043784

The wires must be kept in good condition. Make sure all wires are properly installed

Install and connect securely. Check all wires daily. please at

Repair loose or worn wires before running the engine. Clean and

Tighten all line connectors.

Fire protection and explosion protection

Remove all irrelevant or unnecessary wires. Do not use than push

Small wires or cables are recommended. Do not place any fuses and /

Or the circuit breaker is bypassed and shorted.

An arc or spark can cause a fire. Connect securely, follow recommended cloth

Designed wiring and properly maintained battery cables can help prevent

Generate arcs and sparks.

Make sure the engine is stopped. Check all pipes and hoses for wear

Damage or aging. Make sure the hoses are routed correctly. Pipes and hoses must

There must be proper support or strong pipe clamps.

The oil filter and fuel filter must be installed correctly. Filter

The housing must be tightened to the correct torque. For more information please

See the disassembly and assembly manual.

Figure 8

g00704000

All fuel, most lubricants, and some coolants are mixed

Everything is flammable.

When flammable liquid leaks or splashes on hot surfaces or electrical components,

May cause fire. Fire can cause personal injury and property damage

Missed.

After operating the emergency stop button, be sure to wait 15 minutes, and then

To remove the hood.

Determine if the engine is in a position where flammable gases can be drawn into the intake system

Environment. These gases can cause the engine to overspeed. This

May cause personal injury, property damage, or engine damage.

If the application type involves the presence of flammable gases, please consult

Your Perkins agent and / or Perkins distributor to

Get more information on appropriate protective devices.

Remove all flammable or conductive materials from the engine, such as

Oil, motor oil and debris. Do not allow any flammables to accumulate on the engine

Or conductive materials.

Figure 9

g00704059

Use caution when refueling the engine. Don't send

Smoking while motivated. Also don't go near open flames or fire

Flower ground refuels the engine. Remember to start before refueling

The machine is off.

Fill fuel and lubricants in properly labeled containers and store

Away from unauthorized personnel. Put tarpaulin and other flammable

Store items in protective containers. Never store flammable materials

Place for smoking.

Avoid the danger of static electricity when supplying oil. Higher sulfur content than earlier

Volume diesel formula, ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD fuel) will cause

Large static ignition hazard. Avoid severe fire or explosion

Casualties. Consult your fuel system supplier to ensure fuel delivery

The system meets the oil supply standards for proper grounding and bonding methods.

Do not expose the engine to any open flame.

Exhaust pipe insulation if pipelines, pipes and seals are damaged

(If equipped) can protect hot exhaust pipe parts from oil

Or injection of fuel. The exhaust heat shield must be installed correctly.

It is forbidden to perform welding on pipelines or tanks filled with flammable liquids.

Never cut flames on pipes or tanks containing flammable liquids

Cut. Before welding or flame cutting these pipes or tanks, use

Wash it thoroughly with a non-flammable solvent.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

11

Security section

Prevent crushing and cuts

Leaks can cause fire. Contact your Perkins agent or

Contact your Perkins distributor for replacement parts.

Replace the parts if any of the following conditions occur:

• The end fitting is damaged or leaking.

• The outer layer is worn or cut.

• Metal wires are exposed.

• Outer bulge.

• The elastic parts of the hose are twisted.

• Armored sheath is embedded in the outer layer.

• Displacement of end fittings.

Ensure that all pipe clamps, shields, and heat shields are installed correctly. correct

Installation helps to prevent vibration and parts during engine operation

Mutual friction and excessive heat generation.

Figure 10

g00704135

i03018585

The gas emitted from the battery can cause an explosion. Let open flame or fire

Spend away from the top of the battery. Do not place where the battery is charged

Smoking.

Prevents pressure injuries and cut injuries

Do not connect metal objects to the terminals.

Check the battery charge. Must use voltmeter or specific gravity

meter.

When working under a component, the component should have reliable support.

If no additional maintenance instructions are provided, run the engine

Do not attempt to make adjustments during the time.

Improper connection of jumper cables may cause an explosion, resulting in personal injury

harm. For specific instructions, please refer to the operation section of this manual

Minute.

Avoid all rotating and moving parts. Until maintenance

Remove the protective cover. Replace the cover after maintenance.

Keep objects away from rotating fan blades. Fan blades will throw or

Cutting objects.

Do not charge frozen batteries. Frozen batteries may

Caused an explosion.

Wear protective goggles when hitting objects to avoid eye injury.

The battery must be kept clean. Every battery grid cell must

Close the lid (if equipped). When the engine is running, make sure

Use recommended cables, connectors, and battery box covers.

When the object is struck, debris or other debris can fly around. knock

Before hitting an object, make sure that no one around is hit by flying debris

hurt.

Fire extinguisher

Make sure fire extinguishers are available. Be familiar with the use of fire extinguishers

law. Check fire extinguishers frequently. Follow the instructions on the dashboard.

i05738738

Up, down, down equipment

Diethyl ether

Ether is a toxic and flammable substance.

Do not climb the engine. Engine is not suitable for installation or removal

position.

Do not smoke when changing the ether tank or using an ether spray device.

Do not store ether tanks in living areas or engine compartments. and also

Do not store ether cans in direct sunlight,

Where the temperature exceeds 49 ° C (120 ° F). Keep the ether tank away

Open flames or sparks.

See OEM Information for Hand and Foot Grab in Specific Applications

Where to live.

Pipes, pipes and hoses

Do not bend high-pressure lines. Do not strike high-pressure lines. please

Do not install any damaged pipes.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


12

SCBU9070

Security section

Before starting the engine

i04384340

Be sure to start the engine according to the operation and maintenance manual (operation

Start the engine in the steps described in points). Learn about proper startup

The steps help prevent major damage to engine components. To understanding

Proper startup procedures help prevent personal injury.

Start the engine before the engine

To ensure that the water jacketed water heater (if equipped) works properly,

During heater operation, check the water temperature gauge and / or oil temperature gauge.

note

First start of new engine or overhauled engine and starter repaired

When the engine is passing, be prepared to stop when overspeed occurs. This can

This is achieved by shutting off the air and / or fuel supply to the engine.

Engine exhaust contains combustion products that are harmful to the human body. must

Start and run the engine in a well-ventilated area. If at

A confined space to start the engine

Go outdoors.

Note: The engine may be equipped with cold start equipment. If the engine will be in

In severe cold conditions, cold starting aids may be required. through

Often, the engine will be equipped with an auxiliary starting gear suitable for the working area

彩乐乐网.

The exhaust gas of the engine contains the combustion products that are harmful to the human body. . Must be in Liangliang

Start and start the engine in a well-ventilated field, if it is closed in a closed field

Therefore, it is necessary to exhaust the exhaust gas to the outside. .

i02128733

Inspect the engine for potential hazards.

Engine stop machine

If there is an "No Operation" on the start switch or control

Warning labels or similar warning labels, never start the engine or move

Move any controls.

Follow the operation and maintenance manual. Engine shutdown (operation section)

Engine shutdown operation to avoid engine overheating and engine

Accelerated wear of components.

Before starting the engine, make sure that there are

Nearly nobody. Make sure no one is nearby.

The emergency stop button can only be used in emergency situations (if any

Equipped). Do not use the emergency stop button when the engine is stopped normally.

button. Do not start until the problem that caused the emergency shutdown is resolved

Start the engine.

If equipped, ensure that the lighting system for the engine is suitable for the job

Condition conditions. Make sure all lights are working properly.

The engine must be started if servicing is required and must be installed

All protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful when working around the rotating parts.

If a new or overhauled engine starts for the first time

An overspeed condition causes the engine to stop. This can be done by cutting the hair

Motive fueling and / or gas supply.

Do not start the engine when the governor lever is disconnected.

To stop the electronically controlled engine

source.

Do not bypass the automatic shutdown circuit. Do not disable auto power off

road. This circuit is set to prevent personal injury.

It also prevents engine damage.

i06043758

Electrical, Electrical and Gas System

i06043726

Start the engine

Never disconnect any charger from the battery while the charger is working

Electrical circuit or battery circuit cable. Otherwise, some power storage

Flammable gases from the pool may be ignited by sparks.

To help prevent sparks from igniting flammable gases from some batteries

Body, negative “−” cable should be connected to

The negative “−” terminal of the moving motor. If the starter motor is not equipped

Prepare a “−” terminal, and connect the cable to the cylinder.

Do not use auxiliary sprays and aerosols similar to ethyl ether to help start. . Otherwise it may be possible to guide

The explosion caused an explosion and personal injury. .

If a warning is attached to the engine start switch or controls

Do not start the engine or pull the operating device. Starting

Before the engine, consult the person with the warning label.

Check the wires daily for looseness or scratches. Before the engine starts

Before tightening all loose electrical connections. Of engine start

Before doing so, repair all torn wires. See Operation and warranty

Maintenance manual for specific start-up instructions.

The engine must be started if servicing is required and must be installed

All protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful when working around the rotating parts.

Start the engine from the cab or with the engine start switch.

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SCBU9070

13

Security section

Engine electronics

Grounding regulations

i06043733

Engine, electromechanical and electronic subassembly

Unauthorized modification and modification of the electrical and electronic subsystem system or the original original original equipment and equipment manufacturer (OEM) 's connection cable

Installation is dangerous and may cause personal injury or death and / or damage to the engine

Harm. .

This engine has a comprehensive, programmable engine monitoring system

System. The engine control module (ECM) will monitor engine operation

condition. If any engine parameter is out of tolerance, ECM will

Take immediate action.

Engine monitoring controls can take the following actions: warning, derating and

Stop. These engine monitoring modes may limit engine speed

And / or engine power.

Many parameters monitored by ECM can be based on engine monitoring functions

Programming. As part of the engine monitoring system,

The following parameters can be monitored:

Figure 11

g03741350

Typical example

• Working altitude

(1) Stud bolt from battery to ground

(2) Battery to starter motor to ground stud

• Engine coolant level

• Engine coolant temperature

• Engine oil pressure

•Engine speed

In order to obtain the best performance and reliability of the engine, it is necessary to start

The machine electrical system is properly grounded. Improper grounding can cause circuit runaway

And unreliable.

Runaway circuits can cause damage to crankshaft bearing journal surfaces and aluminum components

Cause damage.

• Fuel temperature

Engines without an engine-to-frame ground strap may be electrically

Damage due to discharge.

• Intake manifold air temperature

• System voltage

To ensure that the engine and engine electrical system work properly, you must

Use engine-to-frame grounding directly connected to battery

band. This direct connection can be achieved by directly connecting the engine ground

To the rack to achieve.

Engine monitoring package may be poor due to engine model and application

Varies. But for all engines, the monitoring system

And engine monitoring control will be similar.

The ground connection should be compact and non-corrosive. Engine alternator

Must be grounded to the battery negative “-” terminal. The guide used

The line must be sufficient to handle the full charge current of the alternator.

Note: Many engine control systems and Perkins engines are available

The display module will work in coordination with the engine monitoring system. Both controls

Together the systems will provide the engine monitoring needed for specific engine applications

Features. For more information, refer to the troubleshooting and troubleshooting manual.

The engine power connection and ground connection should be separated from the battery.

From the device.

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14

SCBU9070

Product information data section

Model view

Product information data section

Overview

i06043777

Machine model type view

The following model views show typical engine characteristics. due to

Depending on the application, your engine may look different from what is shown in the picture

Display is different.

Engine and radiator

Figure 12

g03733708

Typical example

(1) Engine air filter maintenance indicator

(2) Check the shield

(3) Radiator

(4) Radiator pressure cover

(5) Air-to-air aftercooler

(6) Rain cover

(7) Air filter

(8) Vacuum valve (dust valve)

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SCBU9070

15

Overview

Model view

Engine view

Figure 13

g03734120

Typical example

(9) Cooling fan

(10) Oil filler cap

(11) Starter motor assembly

(12) Fuel injection pump

(13) Fine fuel filter

(14) Primary fuel filter

(15) Fan belt

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16

SCBU9070

Overview

Model view

Figure 14

g03734121

Typical example

(16) Rear lifting ears

(20) Coolant pump belt

(21) Crankshaft shock absorber

(22) Coolant belt idler

(23) Coolant pump

(24) Oil filter

(25) Oil gauge (oil dipstick)

(26) Engine oil sampling valve

(17) Coolant sampling valve

(18) Coolant temperature regulator housing

(19) Front lifting position

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SCBU9070

17

Overview

Model view

Figure 15

g03734133

Typical example

(27) Turbocharger

(28) Alternator

(29) Oil pan

(30) Drain port

(31) Flywheel housing

(32) Flywheel

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18

SCBU9070

Overview

Device Description

Figure 16

g03734135

Typical example

(33) Injector hydraulic pump

(34) Oil transfer pump

(35) Crankcase Breather

(36) Electronic control module

(37) Respirator outlet hose

(38) Oil drain plug

i06043802

Engine technical specifications

Equipment description

Note: The front end of the engine is opposite to the flywheel end of the engine. At the end of the flywheel

Look around and determine the left and right sides of the engine. No. 1 cylinder is at the forefront

Cylinder.

1506 has two different emission levels,

A and C. These engines have a constant speed design and are available in five

Different power ratings. The engine looks similar, with the difference

Software loaded into the engine electronic control module (ECM).

Perkins 1506A and 1506C industrial engines have the following features

Sex:

• Inline 6 cylinder

• 4-stroke cycle

• Hydraulic-actuated electronic unit fuel injection (HEUI)

• Turbocharged air-to-air aftercooling (ATAAC)

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SCBU9070

19

Overview

Device Description

• Cold start capability

• Abuse detection

•diagnosis

Hydraulic electronic single fuel injector

Hydraulically actuated electronic unit injector (HEUI) performs the following functions

can:

• Atomized fuel

The single fuel injector uses the camshaft position and engine speed signal.

And ECM control of the intake pressure sensor. ECM Controlled Fuel Injection

Time to enter each cylinder. The rated speed is indicated in the engine data

Card.

Figure 17

g00609479

Cylinder and valve positions

(A) Exhaust valve

(B) Intake valve

Engine diagnosis

Engine has built-in diagnostics to ensure all components

All work fine. If there is a deviation from the programmed limit, the operator should

Note the condition of the DIAGNOSTIC indicator. in

In some cases, engine horsepower and speed may be limited.

Electronic repair tools can be used to display diagnostic codes.

Table 1

1506 engine technical specifications

Arrangement and number of cylinders

Cylinder bore

Inline 6-cylinder

112.0 mm (4.41 in)

149.0 mm (5.87 in)

ATAAC

There are 3 types of diagnostic codes: activation, logging and events

stroke

Intake method

Displacement

Most diagnostic codes are recorded and stored in the ECM. For details

For detailed information, please refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual

question.

8.8 L (537 in)

3

Ignition sequence

1-5-3-6-2-4

ECM has control of injector output to maintain ideal engine rotation

Speed electronic governor.

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

Counterclockwise

Engine cooling and lubrication

Electronically controlled engine characteristics

The cooling system includes the following components:

Monitor engine running status. ECM controls these conditions

And engine response to operator requirements. These conditions and operations

The crew requirements determine the precise control of fuel injection by the ECM. Electronic hair

The motivation control system has the following functions:

• Belt driven centrifugal pump

• Belt driven cooling fan

• Engine governor

• Air-fuel ratio automatic control

• Torque curve drawing

• Fuel injection timing control

• System diagnostics

• Water temperature regulator to regulate engine coolant temperature

• Oil cooler and radiator

The lubricating oil supplied to the engine needs to be cooled. Engine oil also

Get filtered. In the following cases, the bypass valve

Provides resistance-free lubricant flow:

• Oil viscosity is too high

For details on the characteristics of electronically controlled engines, see Operation and

Maintenance manual on engine diagnostics.

• Oil cooler or oil filter element is blocked

Engine life

Other characteristics

Maximize engine efficiency and maximize engine performance

Depends on adherence to proper operation and maintenance recommendations. this

In addition, use recommended fuels, coolants, and lubricants. will

The operation and maintenance manual is used as a guide to the maintenance required for the engine

south.

The following additional features improve the fuel economy and availability of the engine

Maintainability:

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20

SCBU9070

Overview

Device Description

The expected life of the engine is usually determined by the average power required

Predict it. The average power required is based on

The fuel consumption of the motive is determined. Reduced full throttle operation

Hours and / or operation with reduced throttle settings can result in

Low average power requirements. Reducing operating hours will extend

Motivation requires uptime before overhaul.

Aftermarket products and Perkins engines

Perkins quality or performance for non-Perkins fluids and filters

Can not provide any guarantee.

Use auxiliary equipment from other manufacturers on Perkins products

Equipment, accessories or consumables (filters, additives, catalysts)

, Perkins' warranty will not be affected by such use alone.

However, installing and using equipment, accessories, or

Failure caused by consumables is not a defect of Perkins products. because

Therefore, these defects are not covered by Perkins warranty.

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SCBU9070

twenty one

Product identification information

Location of signs and films

Product identification information

Serial number plate 1

i06043803

Position of the signage plate and the film

Figure 19

g01403841

Engine identification

Perkins engines are identified by the engine serial number.

A typical example of the engine serial number is

LGEF **** N00001W.

Figure 18

g03735788

Typical example

L

Engine type

(1) Position of engine serial number plate.

G

Application type (Table 2)

Rated power type (Table 3)

Number of cylinders (Table 4)

Fixed manufacturing number

made in America

Perkins engines are identified by a serial number. These numbers show

On the engine serial number plate. Perkins dealers need this

These numbers identify the parts included on the engine. This information is available

To accurately identify the part number of the replacement part.

E

F

*****

N

00001

Engine number

W

Year of manufacture

Table 2

application

G

generator

table 3

Engine type (diesel)

A

B

D

TAG1

TAG2

TAG3

(Continued)

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twenty two

SCBU9070

Product identification information

Emission certification film

(Table 3, continued)

E

F

TAG4

TAG5

TAG6

H

Table 4

Number of cylinders

F

6

H

M

R

8

12

16

Perkins agents or Perkins distributors need all of this

These numbers are used to identify the components included on the engine. This information

The part number of the replacement part can be accurately identified.

i06043750

Emission emission certification certificate sticker film

Note: This information applies to the United States, Canada, and Europe.

The discharge label is located on the top of the valve mechanism cover.

i06043755

Refer to the section of the appraisal materials

When ordering parts, you may need information about

material. Find out your engine information. Record this in place

Some information. Make a copy of the record sheet. Save this information for

Future reference.

Archival records for reference

engine model

Engine serial number

Engine speed

Primary fuel filter

Fine fuel filter element

Lubricant filter element

Total lubrication system capacity

Total cooling system capacity

Air filter element

Fan drive belt

Coolant pump belt

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SCBU9070

twenty three

Operation part

Equipment lifting

Operation part

Lifting and storage

i06043781

Set up equipment for lifting

Figure 21

g00103219

note

Never bend eyebolts and brackets. Eyebolts and brackets only

Withstand tension load. Remember when the angle between the support member and the object

When it is less than 90 °, the bearing capacity of the eyebolt becomes small.

When parts must be moved at an angle, use

Constant load link bracket.

Use a crane to move heavy components. Use an adjustable hanging beam

Lift the engine. All supporting members (chains and ropes)

They should be parallel to each other. The top surface of the chain and wire rope as much as possible

Can stay vertical.

Some removals require lifting with lifting tools to ensure balance

And safety.

Figure 20

g03735832

Lifting ears are designed and installed for specific engine installations. replace

Lifting lugs and / or engines may render lifting lugs and spreaders unusable. Such as

If eyebolts and / or engines are replaced, be sure to provide

Suitable lifting device. A spreader letter about properly lifting the engine

For more information, consult your Perkins dealer.

The lifting eyes (1) are the lifting positions for lifting the engine and radiator.

i06043790

Equipment storage and storage

Your Perkins dealer can help you prepare the engine to

It will be stored for a long time.

Storage conditions

The engine must be stored in a waterproof building. Must be maintained in the building

constant temperature. Engines filled with PerkinsELC can operate at − 36 ° C

Coolant protection at ambient temperature (−32.8 ° F). hair

Motives cannot be used in environments where temperature and humidity vary greatly.

Shelf life

Following all recommendations, the engine can be stored for up to 6 months.

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twenty four

SCBU9070

Lifting and storage

Equipment storage

Store the program

2. Before tightening the belt, check the coolant pump belt and fan drive leather

The condition of the belt. Tensioning coolant pump belt and fan drive leather

band. For more information, refer to this operation and maintenance manual

Belt-check / adjust.

Keep proper records of the procedures performed on the engine.

Note: When storing the engine, there must be no biodiesel in the fuel system.

1. Make sure the engine is clean and dry.

3. Check the coolant level. Refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual

Liquid level-check

a. If the engine is running on biodiesel, it must emit

System and install new filters. The fuel tank needs to be flushed.

4.Remove the valve cover

-Removal and installation. Lubricate the valve mechanism. Installing the valve cover

cover.

b. Fill the fuel system with fuel of the correct specifications. Such as

For more information on acceptable fuels, see this

Operation and maintenance manual Oil recommendations. Running engine

15 minutes to remove all biodiesel from the system.

5. Replace the fuel filter. See operation and maintenance manual

The following sections.

2. Drain all the water from the water filter of the strainer. Make sure

Fuel tank is full.

• Fuel system primary filter (oil-water separator) filter element-more

change

3. Replace the engine oil and filter. See this operation and

Maintenance Manual Engine Oil and Filters-Replace. Change machine

After oil and filters, ensure engine operation. Flameout engine

Before making sure that the engine oil pressure is correct.

• Fuel system fine filter-replacement

• Fuel System-Filled

6. Use a lever or a turning tool to start in the normal rotation direction

machine. This step ensures that there is no hydraulic blockage or resistance.

4. For the correct specification of engine oil, please refer to this operation

Operation and Maintenance Manual Oil Recommendations.

5. Loosen the fan drive belt, and then loosen the coolant pump belt.

For more information, refer to this operation and maintenance manual

-Check / adjust.

Sealed cooling system

Make sure the cooling system is filled with PerkinsELC or meets ASTM

Antifreeze of the D6210 specification.

Turn on the cooling system

Make sure all cooling system drain plugs are open. Let the coolant drain

Out. Install the drain plug. Put a vapor phase inhibitor in the system.

After adding the vapor phase inhibitor, the cooling system must be sealed. If it's cold

However, the system is connected to the atmosphere, which will cause the vapor phase inhibitor to lose

use.

For maintenance procedures, refer to this Operation and Maintenance Manual.

Monthly check

The crankshaft must be rotated to change the spring load of the valve train. Jiangqu

The shaft rotates more than 180 degrees. In addition, the rotating coolant pump belt

wheel. Visually inspect the engine for damage or corrosion.

Figure 22

g03774288

(1) stopper

7. If the engine is stored for more than 1 year, Perkins recommends pre-lubrication

Slip the engine to avoid dry starts. Using a suitable pump,

Engine oil is injected into the engine oil system.

Before storing, make sure that the engine is completely covered. In engine records

Make a note of the procedure.

Disassemble after storage

1. Remove all covers from the engine and air cleaner. an examination

Condition of the air cleaner element.

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SCBU9070

25

Lifting and storage

Equipment storage

The pump needs to form 0.25 bar (3.6 psi) in the engine

Minimum pressure. This pressure needs to last 15 seconds for lubrication

Interior surface. Remove plug (1) to connect to engine

Oil system. The required connection is 9/16 "x18tpi. Make sure

Use correct engine oil specifications, see this operation and warranty

Nutrition manual oil recommendations for more information. Lubricate the engine

After the internal surface, remove the connector and install the plug (1). Screw the plug

Tighten to a torque of 30 N · m (265 lbin). Perkins built

It must be at an ambient temperature of at least 10 ° C (50 ° F)

Perform this step.

8. Before starting the engine, check the engine oil level and visually

Check all hoses and connections. Start the engine, see this

Operation and Maintenance Manual Start the engine for more information.

After starting the engine and achieving normal operation, stop the engine,

Check the engine oil level again. Ensure engine oil

The bit is correct.

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26

SCBU9070

Functional components and controls

Gauges and indicators

Functional components and controls

Tachometer-This gauge indicates the engine speed. Without negative

When loaded, move the throttle lever to the full throttle position.

Motivation runs at high idle speed. Under the maximum rated load,

Throttle lever is in full throttle position, the engine runs at full load

turn.

i06043785

Gauges and indicator lights

Ammeter – This meter indicates the charge in the battery charging circuit.

Electricity or discharge. Meter hands should operate at "0"

(Zero) bit to the right.

The gauges on your engine may be different or non-

Prepare all the following instruments. For more information on instrument components, please

See the information provided by the OEM.

Hour Meter-This instrument indicates that the total clock for engine operation is small

Hours. Hours of operation are recorded in the engine control

Module (ECM). Need to use repair tools

The hours were retrieved from the ECM. A worker may be installed on the engine

Timepiece.

Gauge indicates engine performance. Make sure the meter is in good working order

status. After watching the meter for a while, you can be sure that it is normal

Operating range.

Significant changes in meter readings may mean a meter or start

Machine is malfunctioning. Even if the meter reading is within the technical specifications,

A change in its reading may also indicate a problem. Identify and correct guidance

Any cause of a significant change in the reading. Please consult your

Perkins Dealer or Perkins Agent for help

help.

Fuel level-This gauge indicates the fuel level in the fuel tank

Bit. Fuel level gauge only when ignition switch is on

The fuel level is only displayed when set.

Warning light

Two warning lights are available.

• Warning lights

Engine oil pressure – fill SAE 10W30 or

SAE 15W40 engine oil at rated speed

Typical oil pressures from 240 to 480 kPa

(35 to 70 psi).

• Stop light

Dashboards and displays

Engine Oil Temperature-This gauge indicates the engine oil temperature

degree. Oil temperature higher than normal indicates lubrication system and / or

The cooling system has heating problems. This problem may be damaged

Cylinder head, liner, piston and crankshaft bearings.

Engines can be monitored through numerous dashboards. These dashboards

May contain application indicators and meters.

It also includes low-power displays and performance monitors.

Water jacket water coolant temperature-typical temperature range is

88 to 102 ° C (190 to 215 ° F). Pressure cooling system

The maximum allowable temperature of the system is 105 ° C (220 ° F). in

Higher temperatures may be available in some cases. With different loads,

Engine coolant temperature readings are different. For in-pressurization

System, the reading should never exceed the boiling point.

i06043759

Monitoring System

If the engine is running above normal range or steam is generated,

Then proceed with the following procedures:

The engine has three stages of protection:

•caveat

1.1. Reduce engine load.

• Action alarm

2.2. Check the cooling system for leaks.

• downtime

3.3. Decide if the engine must be shut down immediately or if it is possible

Cool the engine by reducing the load.

Engine protection may be exceeded by critical condition modes.

The electronic control module (ECM) monitors the following parameters:

• Engine temperature

Pressurized system: Hot and cold cooling but liquid can cause severe burns. . In the hair

The motive machine stops and stops, wait for the cooling and cooling, but the system components are cooled down, and then turn it on again.

However, the system is filled with filler caps. . Slowly and slowly loosen the open cooling and cooling system, but the system fills the filler cap cover in order to

Releasing releases all pressure. .

• Engine pressure

•Engine speed

When the trigger point is triggered, the indicator will light up. ECM will record

This event code.

4.4. Check the coolant level.

The following parameters are monitored for event codes:

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SCBU9070

27

Functional components and controls

Monitoring System

•hydraulics pressure

• Coolant temperature

• Speeding

Critical protection will be set via a switching input from the OEM

Beyond. For example, switch to battery positive to disable critical overage

More. Use the factory password to enable Pro in the electronic repair tool

Industry protection goes beyond input.

When the critical protection override feature is activated, the ECM will exceed the shutdown

Continue to run the engine except for all shutdown conditions. If out

If the shutdown is exceeded, an event code will be generated. ECM will

Record this event code. ECM will inspire the following: warnings,

Action alarm, shutdown, oil pressure, coolant temperature and overspeed

The output is normal. If the engine operates under the following conditions,

Motivation warranty will expire: current event code and critical protection

The more mode.

• Intake manifold temperature

• Intake manifold pressure

• Fuel temperature

When the engine is cranked, the temperature protection is disabled for a period of time to compensate

Compensate for heat leaching.

The ECM provides dedicated alarm outputs for each of the three protection phases.

In addition, there are also events for oil pressure, coolant temperature, and overspeed.

The dedicated alarm output of the device can be activated at any protection stage.

Standard warning output

ECM provides separate outputs to drive warning lights or relays,

Indicate the following fault conditions:

Siren

• Diagnose faults

•hydraulics pressure

• Coolant temperature

• Speeding

The alarm notifies the user that the engine is approaching critical conditions.

If the engine is in a warning condition, the memory of the ECM will be

Events are logged. Will be sent over the Perkins data link

Event code, the hardwired warning output will be activated. If launched

The machine is in a warning condition. When the condition exists, the event will be retained.

Code and output. Electronic repair tool for clearing ECM storage

Event code in the browser. Alarm trigger point will be set in production

Is the factory default. Electronic repair tools can be used within predetermined limits

Change the warning trigger point.

• Action alarm

•caveat

• downtime

Action alarm

If the ECM detects a warning from the coolant temperature sensor,

The ECM will stimulate the warning output.

The action alarm informs the OEM that the engine is approaching critical conditions. launch

The machine should be switched off in a controlled manner. Further operation of the engine may lead

Causes immediate shutdown.

If the ECM detects a warning from the coolant temperature sensor,

The ECM will stimulate the warning output. If ECM detects oil pressure

Low warning will motivate oil pressure output. Will motivate warning

Output.

ECM memory if engine is in action alarm condition

Events will be logged. Will be sent over the Perkins data link

Send an event code and the hardwired action alarm will be activated. Such as

If the engine is in an action alarm condition, when the condition exists,

The event code and output will be preserved. Without using the factory password, there will be no

You cannot clear the event code from the ECM memory.

If action alarm alert is enabled and ECM detects coolant temperature

Temperature conditions, will stimulate the coolant temperature output. Will motivate

Action alarm output.

Downtime

If the engine stops due to low oil pressure, it will motivate

Low force output. The shutdown output will be stimulated. If the engine

Coolant temperature or overspeed shutdown, will stimulate dedicated output and shutdown

Machine output.

If the engine reaches a shutdown condition, the following events have occurred

One: low oil pressure, high coolant temperature, or overspeed. event

Will be recorded in the ECM's memory. The engine will stop. will

Send an event code over the Perkins data link, hard

The line shutdown output will be energized. Stop conditions will be locked until

ECM reset. Unable to use ECM memory without using factory password

Clear the shutdown event code.

Stop reset

The cause of the engine shutdown must be investigated. Before resetting the system,

Take corrective action to operate the engine.

After the engine is stopped, operate the reset input of ECM or power off control

Device.

Critical protection beyond

If the engine is in a critical safety application, the protection system can

To be surpassed. This action is to ensure that the engine failure condition period

Between power supplies.

Power-off electronic control by operating the key switch to enter sleep mode

制 module。 System module. Power can be cut off by isolating the power of the electronic control module

Electronic control module.

Note: The ECM cannot be reset using the reset input until the engine has stopped.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


28

SCBU9070

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

diagnosis

If the engine protection sensor on the engine is defective, start

The machine will activate a diagnostic code. The engine passes the diagnostic output

The diagnostic code is transmitted to the operator. Diagnostic code provided to operator

Engine protection system fault indication. Long under these conditions

Running the engine at intervals may cause engine failure. This output can

Used to drive lights or relays.

The following sensors will be monitored to determine if the sensors are

Constant range, open or short:

•Atmospheric pressure

•hydraulics pressure

• Intake manifold pressure

• Intake manifold temperature

• Fuel temperature

• Coolant temperature

•Engine speed

• Demand speed input

The diagnostic output is different from the warning and shutdown outputs. Warning and shutdown input

Out refers to engine operation. Diagnostic output refers to electronic system

And the status of the software system.

Diagnosing faults may be in the oil pressure or coolant temperature

上 形成。 On the formation. For example, if the shutdown protection sensor fails,

This fault will cause the engine to stop. Unless the system is at critical

Protecting beyond. When the engine is running, if one of them starts

The machine speed sensor has a diagnostic fault. Engine with other timing

The sensor continues to operate for reference.

i06043760

Transducer sensors and electrical and electronic components

The illustrations in this section show the sensors and their

Typical location of other electrical components. Specific engines may vary by application

It's slightly different.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

29

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Figure 23

g03745560

Typical example

(1) Coolant sensor

(6) Injector wiring harness connection

(7) Atmospheric pressure sensor

(8) Probe at top dead center

(9) Electronic control module

(10) Starting motor

(11) Oil pressure sensor

(2) Fuel injection driven pressure control valve

(3) Fuel rail pressure sensor

(4) Intake pressure sensor

(5) Intake temperature sensor

(12) Fuel temperature sensor

(13) Fuel pressure sensor

(14) Speed / timing sensor

(15) Speed / timing sensor

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30

SCBU9070

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Figure 24

g03745561

Typical example

(16) Alternator

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

31

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Figure 25

g03745623

Typical example

(1) Coolant sensor

(2) Fuel injection driven pressure control valve

(3) Fuel rail pressure sensor

(4) Intake pressure sensor

(5) Intake temperature sensor

(6) Injector wiring harness connection

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


32

SCBU9070

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Figure 26

g03746096

Typical example

(7) Atmospheric pressure sensor

(8) Probe at top dead center

(9) Electronic control module

(10) Starting motor

(11) Oil pressure sensor

(12) Fuel temperature sensor

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

33

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Figure 27

g03746099

Typical example

(13) Fuel pressure sensor

(14) Speed / timing sensor

(15) Speed / timing sensor

Figure 28

g03746100

Typical example

(16) Alternator

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


34

SCBU9070

Engine diagnosis

Self-diagnosis

Engine diagnosis

Engine operation and performance may be affected by the current diagnostic code.

Born to be restricted. Acceleration may slow down significantly, and power output may be

Can be automatically reduced. For each active diagnostic code

For more information on the relationship between machine performance that may affect, see

See Troubleshooting and Troubleshooting.

i06043765

Self diagnosis

i06043764

The electronic control module has certain self-diagnostic capabilities. When entering or losing

When an electrical fault is detected, the diagnostic code is generated.

Raw. This indicates a specific problem with the line.

The operation of the engine that causes the intermittent intermittent diagnostic diagnosis code

Row

Diagnostic codes that represent current problems are called active codes.

If the diagnostic light is on when the engine is running normally, then the diagnostic light

Off again, indicating that an intermittent fault may have occurred. If it happens

If a fault occurs, it will be logged to the electronic control module (ECM)

In memory.

The diagnostic code stored in memory is called a record code. for sure

The activity code is repaired first and then the record code is repaired. recording

The code may indicate an intermittent failure.

The recorded code may not mean that it needs to be repaired. Since the code was

After recording, the fault may have been eliminated. Record encoding may be correct

Troubleshooting intermittent problems can help.

In most cases, there is no need to let the engine because of intermittent codes

Stop. However, the operator should retrieve the recorded fault codes.

Consider appropriate information to identify the nature of the fault. Operator

The operator should record any observations that may cause the diagnostic light to light up.

Now.

i06043778

Diagnosis

• Low power

The "diagnostics" light is used to indicate that there is an existing fault.

• Engine speed limit

• Excessive smoking, etc.

The diagnostic code will remain active until the problem is resolved

Decision.

This information can help troubleshoot the situation. This information also

Can be used for future reference. More information on diagnostic codes

For more information, see the troubleshooting and troubleshooting guide for this engine.

i06043772

Fault record

i06043801

Number of configuration parameters

The system provides the ability to record faults. When the electronic control module

(ECM) When an active diagnostic code is generated, this code is remembered

Record to ECM memory. Perkins electronic repair tools

Retrievable record code. Perkins electronic repair available

The tool clears the recorded code. Generation recorded in ECM memory

The code will be automatically cleared from memory 100 hours after recording.

There are two types of configuration parameters for the engine electronic control module (ECM)

number. System configuration parameters and customer-specific parameters.

Electronic repair tools are required to change configuration parameters.

System configuration parameters

i03616498

System configuration parameters affect engine emissions or engine power

rate. Configuration parameters are programmed at the factory. Usually

It is not necessary to change the system during the entire life of the engine

System configuration parameters. If the ECM is replaced, the settings must be reprogrammed

Set system configuration parameters. Not required if ECM software is replaced

To reprogram the system configuration parameters. When modifying these parameters

Requires factory password.

The operation of the engine that generates the active diagnosis diagnosis code

Row

If the diagnostic light is on when the engine is running normally, the system has

Identified a condition outside the specifications. Using electronic dimensions

Repair Tool (ET) checks the current diagnostic code.

For more information, see Troubleshooting and Troubleshooting Configuration Parameters

number.

The current diagnostic code should be investigated. The problem should be solved as soon as possible

because. If the cause of the current diagnostic code is resolved, and

With only this active diagnostic code, the diagnostic light will go out.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

35

Engine start

Before starting the engine

Engine start

• If there is a “Do Not Operate” alarm on the start switch or controls

Warning labels or similar warning labels, never start the engine or move

Any controls.

i06043723

• Make sure that the area around the rotating part is free of obstacles.

Before starting the engine

• All shields must be in place. Check for damaged or missing care

cover. Repair any damaged guards. Replace damaged and / or missing

Shroud.

Before the engine starts, perform the required daily maintenance and other

Regular maintenance content. Check the engine compartment. This check is available

To help prevent future major repairs.

• Disconnect the high voltage generated when the electric starter motor (if equipped) is not engaged.

Battery charger protected by current consumption. Check the cables,

Inspect the battery for proper connections and corrosion.

• In order to obtain the maximum service life of the engine,

Before doing a thorough inspection. Find the following: oil drain

Leaks, coolant leaks, loose bolts and waste accumulation. Clear the heap

Accumulated waste and arrange for repairs as needed.

• Reset all broken parts or alarm parts.

• Check engine oil level. Keep the oil level at the oil

Between the "Add" mark and the "Full" mark on the oil level gauge.

• Inspect the cooling system hoses for cracks and loose clamps.

• Check the coolant level and keep the coolant level away from the radiator

Cover the neck within 13mm (0.5in).

• Check the alternator and auxiliary drive belt for cracks and breaks

And other damage.

• Observe the air filter maintenance indicator. When the yellow diaphragm goes red

Maintain air filter when color area or red piston is locked in visible position

Cleaner.

• Check if the wiring and harness are loosely connected, and the wires are not worn or rubbed

hurt.

• Check fuel supply. From the oil-water separator (if equipped)

water. Open the fuel supply valve.

i06043795

Cold weather

note

All fuel lines must be opened before and during engine operation.

There are valves to prevent excessive fuel pressure. High fuel pressure may lead

Failure or other damage to the filter housing.

It is not necessary to use a spray-mist-type starting auxiliary auxiliary installation device similar to that of ethyl ether. . No coco otherwise

Can lead to detonation explosions and injuries. .

If the engine has not been started for several weeks, fuel may be removed from the fuel system

Leaked. Air may enter the filter housing. In addition, when

After replacing the fuel filter, air will remain in the housing. In these

In this case, the fuel system should be charged. More about pumping fuel

System information, please refer to the operation and maintenance manual

System-Pumping.

Before starting the engine, make sure the water jacket water heater is operating.

Before starting the engine, make sure to perform all routine maintenance checks.

If the engine has not been running for several weeks, the fuel can be

Can already be discharged. Air may enter the filter housing. this

In addition, after the fuel filter is replaced,

Partial air. See Operation and Maintenance Manual Fuel System-Charge

Note to remove air from the fuel system.

The exhaust gas of the engine contains the combustion products that are harmful to the human body. . Must be in Liangliang

Start and start the engine in a well-ventilated field, if it is closed in a closed field

Therefore, it is necessary to exhaust the exhaust gas to the outside. .

note

Do not engage the starter motor while the flywheel is spinning. Don't carry a load

Start the engine.

If the engine does not start within 30 seconds, you are trying to restart

Before the engine, release the starter switch or button and wait 30 seconds,

To allow the starter motor to cool.

1.1. Disconnect any engine-driven equipment.

2.2. If equipped, press the start button. If equipped, place the key

Turn the key switch to the start position to engage the electric starter motor

And cranking.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


3.

3. Investigate if the warning light is activated during the start-up procedure

Reason for warning.

3

3. If the engine fails to start, investigate the cause of the failure. use

Perkins electronic repair tools. After the engine is started,

Can indicate system failure. If this happens, the table

The ECM has detected a system failure. Find out the source of the problem

because. Use Perkins electronic repair tools.

36

SCBU9070

Engine start

Cold weather start

4.4. If the engine fails to start, repeat step 2 three times. Such as

If the engine does not start, see Troubleshooting and troubleshooting.

The motive is cranking but not starting.

Note: The oil pressure should rise within 15 seconds after the engine is started. Electricity

The sub-engine control monitors the oil pressure. If the oil pressure is below normal

Value, the electronic control will stall the engine.

Note: Check that all meters and indicators are operating correctly. Engine from

After operation, system failure may be indicated. If this indication appears, then

Indicates that ECM has detected a system failure. The cause of the failure must be investigated.

5.5. Oil pressure should rise within 15 seconds after engine start

Come. Engine electronic control monitors engine oil pressure.

If the oil pressure is lower than normal, the electronic control will extinguish

motivation.

4.4. Operate the engine at no load until all coolant temperatures start to increase.

Rise. During warm-up, check the meter.

Note: The readings of the oil pressure and fuel pressure on the dashboard should be at

normal range. Until the oil pressure gauge indicates the minimum normal pressure, do not

Apply load to the engine. Inspect the engine for leaks and / or abnormalities

Often noisy.

i06043730

Note: After the ECM completes the cold start mode, before the ECM is turned off, the cold start mode

Style cannot be enabled again.

Cold weather

Note: Do not attempt to restart the engine until the engine has completely stopped.

machine.

i06043766

It is not necessary to use a spray-mist-type starting auxiliary auxiliary installation device similar to that of ethyl ether. . No coco otherwise

Can lead to detonation explosions and injuries. .

Start the engine

The engine will start at a temperature of −10 ° C (14 ° F). Make

A block coolant heater or crankcase oil heating device will improve

Startability at temperatures below 10 ° C (50 ° F). When

When the motive starts in a cold climate, this helps reduce white smoke and

Lack of fire.

1.1. Disconnect any engine-driven equipment.

2.2. Turn the key switch to the ON position, check the meter and indicator

Whether it is operating correctly. See original equipment manufacturer for

有关起动控制面板的信息。

如果发动机已经有几个星期没有运行,则燃油可

能已经排出。空气可能会进入滤清器壳体。 this

外,在更换燃油滤清器后,滤清器壳体中会留有

部分空气。请参阅操作和保养手册燃油系统-充

注,以便清除燃油系统中的空气。

note

当飞轮正在转动时,不要合上起动马达。 不要带负载

起动发动机。

请遵循寒冷天气下的起动步骤。

如果发动机没有在30秒内起动,松开起动开关或起动

按钮并等待2分钟,在再次起动发动机以前,让起动

马达先冷却下来。

note

当飞轮正在转动时,不要接合起动马达。 不要带负荷

起动发动机。

3.3.转动钥匙开关以便盘动发动机,当发动机点火

后,释放钥匙开关。

如果发动机在 30 秒内没有起动,则在试图重新起动

发动机之前,松开起动机开关或按钮并等待 30 秒,

以使起动马达冷却。

4.4.如果发动机无法起动,重复步骤2至3,仅重

复这些步骤三次。

1.1.如有配备,按下起动按钮。如有配备,将钥

匙开关转到起动位置,以便接合电动起动马达

和盘车。

5.5.如果发动机无法起动,请参阅故障诊断与排除

发动机盘车但不起动。

2.2.如果发动机无法起动,重复步骤1三次。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

37

发动机起动

用跨接起动电缆起动

i06043798

跨接起动后,交流发电机可能不会把严重放电的

蓄电池重新充足电。发动机停止后,必须更换蓄

电池或使用充电器将蓄电池充电到正确电压。 Xu

多被认为已不可用的蓄电池仍是可以再充电的。

请参阅操作和保养手册蓄电池-更换以及测试和

调整手册蓄电池-测试。

用用跨跨接接起起动动电电缆缆起起动动

i06043736

不不正正确确的的跨跨接接起起动动电电缆缆连连接接会会引引起起爆爆炸炸,,造造成成人人身身

伤伤害害。 .

发发动动机机起起动动后后

防防止止在在蓄蓄电电池池周周围围产产生生火火花花。 .火火花花会会引引起起气气体体爆爆

炸炸。 .不不要要让让跨跨接接起起动动电电缆缆端端部部互互相相接接触触或或与与发发动动机机

接接触触。 .

带载操作发动机前,确保监测系统(如有配备)

完成自检。

注:如有可能,首先诊断无法起动的原因。更多信

息,请参阅故障排除发动机无法盘车和发动机盘车但

不起动。进行任何必要的修理。如果发动机无法起

动仅是由于蓄电池的状况,给蓄电池充电,或者通过

跨接起动电缆使用其他蓄电池起动发动机。

发动机将以恒定转速工作。转速将编程设定到电

子控制单元中。起动后,检查所有仪表和指示灯

的读数和操作是否正确。

目视检查冷却液、机油或燃油有无泄漏。

施加负载前,让发动机暖机3分钟。

在发动机关闭后,还可再次检查蓄电池的状况。

note

注:温度在0-60°C(32-140°F)时,暖机时间约

为3分钟。温度低于0°C(32°F)时,可能需要额

外的暖机时间。

使用一个与电起动马达有相同电压的蓄电池电源。 Cross

接起动只允许使用相同电压。 使用更高电压会损坏电

气系统。

注:发动机运行时,应观察仪表读数,经常记录数

according to.比较长期数据将有助于确定每一个仪表的正常读

数。比较长期数据也将有助于发觉非正常运行的发展

变化。应调查读数中的明显变化。

不要反向连接蓄电池电缆。 否则交流发电机可能损

Bad.接地电缆要在最后连接并要最先断开。

在连接跨接起动电缆之前,将所有电气附件关闭。

在将跨接起动电缆连接到被起动发动机之前,确保主

电源开关是在断电(OFF)位置。

1.1.把停转的发动机的起动开关旋转至断开位置。

关闭所有发动机附件。

2.2.将跨接起动电缆的一个正极端连接到已放电蓄

电池的正极电缆端子上。将跨接起动电缆的另

一正极端连接到电源的正极电缆端子上。

3.3.将跨接起动电缆的一个负极端连接到电源的负

极端子。将跨接起动电缆的另一负极端连接到

发动机缸体或底盘接地上。该步骤有助于防止

潜在火花点燃某些蓄电池产生的易燃气体。

注:起动马达运转前,发动机ECM必须通电,否则将

造成损坏。

4.4.按正常的操作步骤起动发动机。参阅操作和

保养手册起动发动机。

5.5.发动机起动之后,立即按与连接相反的顺序拆

下跨接起动电缆。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


38

SCBU9070

发动机运行

发动机运行

发动机运行

损坏的蓄电池单元会过度使用交流发电机,并将

消耗过多的电力和燃油。

i06043794

•确保传动带调整适当。传动带应状况良好。

•确保所有软管连接紧密。连接处不应泄漏。

•确保从动设备状况良好。

发发动动机机运运行行

正确的运转和保养是获得发动机最大寿命和经济

性的关键因素。如果按照操作和保养手册中的指

示去做,使用费用可以降至最低,使用寿命可以

最大限度地延长。

•冷发动机消耗过多的燃油。保持冷却系统部件清

洁和得到良好维护。决不能运转未安装水温调节

器的发动机。所有这些项目将有助于保持工作温

degree.

使发动机达到正常工作温度所需要的时间要少于

对发动机进行绕机检查所需要的时间。

发动机起动并达到正常工作温度之后,即可带载

操作发动机。

发动机运行时,应观察仪表读数,经常记录数

according to.比较长期数据将有助于确定每一个仪表的正

常读数。比较长期数据也将有助于发觉非正常运

行的发展变化。应调查读数中的明显变化。

i06043780

接接合合被被驱驱动动设设备备

如可能,不带载接合从动设备。在发动机处于稳

定的操作模式时,施加负载。

施加负载后,检查仪表和指示灯是否正确操作。

i06043767

燃燃油油省省油油准准则则

发动机的效率会影响燃油经济性。Perkins设

计和制造技术为所有应用提供最大燃油效率。遵

循建议的步骤以便获得发动机使用寿命期的最佳

performance.

•避免燃油溢出。

燃油受热会膨胀。燃油可能会从燃油箱溢出。

检查燃油管路是否有泄漏。对燃油管路进行所需

的维修。

•知道不同燃油的特性。只使用推荐的燃油。

•避免不必要的无负荷运行。

让发动机停机,而不要使发动机无负荷运行很长

time.

•经常观察空气滤清器的保养指示器。保持空气滤

清器清洁。

•保持电气系统处于良好状态。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

39

寒冷天气操作

散热器气流限制

寒冷天气操作

购买柴油时,请注意这些属性。考虑发动机应用

的平均环境空气温度。在一种气候条件下加油的

发动机,运送到更寒冷的气候下可能无法正常工

作。引起问题的原因可能是温度变化。

i06043728

散散热热器器气气流流限限制制

如果冬季中发动机功率过低或性能太差,进行故

障检修之前先检查燃油是否析蜡

以下部件有助于尽可能减少寒冷气候下的燃油析

蜡问题:

Perkins不鼓励使用安装在散热器前部的气流限

制装置。气流阻力可能导致以下情况:

•燃油加热器,可能为OEM选装件。

•燃油管绝缘件,可能为OEM选装件。

•排气温度高

•功率损失

在冬季严寒的国家和地区可以买到冬季和极地级

柴油。有关更多信息,请参阅操作和保养手册寒

冷天气工作用油

•风扇使用过度

•燃油经济性降低

如果必须使用气流限制装置,此装置应该具有一

个与风扇轮毂正对的永久开口。该装置的最小开

2 2

口尺寸必须不低于770cm(120in)。

可影响冷起动和柴油发动机操作的另一重要燃油

属性是十六烷值。此属性的详细信息和要求见于

操作和保养手册油液建议。

与风扇轮毂正对的中心设有开口,以便防止阻断

流向风扇叶片的气流。流向风扇叶片的气流受到

阻断可能导致风扇损坏。

i06043773

寒寒冷冷天天气气下下与与燃燃油油有有关关的的部部件件

Perkins建议使用进气歧管温度报警装置和/或

安装进气温度表。进气歧管温度报警装置的温度

应设定为75°C(167°F)。进气歧管中的空气

温度不应超过75°C(167°F)。超过此界限的

温度可能导致功率损失和潜在的发动机损害。

Fuel tank

未注满的燃油箱会出现凝结。在您运行发动机后

请加满燃油箱。

i06043743

燃油箱应包括一些从底部排放水和沉积物的措

Shi.某些燃油箱使用补充管让水和沉淀物沉淀在

供油管末端的下部。

燃燃油油和和寒寒冷冷天天气气的的影影响响

一些燃油箱使用的供油管路能够直接从燃油箱底

部汲取燃油。如果发动机配备了这种系统,定期

保养燃油系统滤清器相当重要。

注:仅使用Perkins推荐的燃油等级。请参阅本操作

和保养手册油液建议。

柴油属性对于发动机冷起动能力具有很大影响。

柴油低温属性必须符合发动机操作中预期会出现

的最低环境温度。

在以下情况下从燃油储油箱中放掉水和沉淀物:

•每周

以下属性用于定义燃油的低温性能:

•更换机油时

•向燃油箱加油时

•浊点

•倾点

排空燃油箱将有助于防止水和沉淀物从燃油储油

箱中泵吸进发动机燃油箱中。

•冷滤堵塞点(CFPP)

Fuel heater

燃油浊点是指天然存在于柴油中的蜡开始形成结

晶的温度。燃油浊点必须低于最低环境温度以防

止滤清器堵塞。

在寒冷天气时,燃油加热器帮助防止燃油滤清器

因燃油结蜡而堵塞。应安装燃油加热器,以便在

燃油进入燃油粗滤器之前被加热。

冷滤堵塞点是特定燃油将通过一个标准化的过滤

装置的温度。此CFPP给出估计的燃油最低可操

作温度

倾点是燃油停止流动,开始析蜡前的最后温度。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


40

SCBU9070

寒冷天气操作

寒冷天气下与燃油有关的部件

选择一种结构简单且适用的燃油加热器。燃油加

热器还应防止燃油过度加热。燃油温度高会降低

发动机性能和可利用的发动机功率。选择具有较

大加热表面积的燃油加热器。燃油加热器的尺寸

应符合实际要求。小加热器可能会因其表面积有

限而过热。

温暖天气时断开燃油加热器。

注:此发动机上应使用由水温调节器控制的燃油加热

器或自动调节的燃油加热器。不受水温调节器控制的

燃油加热器可能把燃油加热到超过65°C(149°F)

.如果供油温度超过37°C(100°F),发动机便可

能发生功率损失。

注:热交换器型燃油加热器应该有旁通设施以便防止

温暖天气工作时发生过热现象。

有关燃油加热器的更多信息,请咨询您的

Perkins代理商或Perkins经销商。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU9070

41

Engine shutdown

Emergency stop

Engine shutdown

注:仅使用本操作和保养手册油液建议中推荐的机

油。如果未使用推荐的机油,可能会导致发动机损

Bad.

i06043775

•如有必要,进行小的调整。修理每一处泄漏并拧

紧所有松动的螺栓。

紧紧急急停停机机

•记下工时计的读数。按本操作和保养手册保养周

期表所述进行保养。

note

紧急停机控制装置只用于紧急情况。 切勿把紧急停机

装置或控制装置用于正常的停机过程。

•加满燃油箱以便于防止燃油中积聚湿气。 Fuel tank

不要加油过满。

•让发动机冷却。 Check the coolant level.将冷却液液位

保持在加注管底部以下13mm(0.5in)处。

OEM可能已装配了紧急停机按钮。更多关于紧急

停机按钮的信息,请参阅OEM资料。

注:仅使用本操作和保养手册油液建议中推荐的冷却

liquid.如果未使用推荐的机油,可能会导致发动机损

Bad.

确保发动机停机后支持发动机运行的外部系统的

所有部件安全可靠。

•如果预计发动机会在冰冻温度下运转,则检查冷却

液是否具有正确的防冻保护。必须保护冷却系

统,以防其在预计的最低外部温度下结冻。 in case

必要,添加合适的冷却液/水混合液。

i06043769

手手动动停停机机程程序序

•对所有从动设备进行必需的定期保养。此保养会

在OEM的使用说明书中述及。

停止发动机

note

在发动机一直带着负荷运转的情况下立即停机,会引

起过热并加速发动机零部件的磨损。

关闭发动机之前避免进行加速操作。

要避免发动机热态停机可增加涡轮增压器轴和轴承的

life.

注:不同应用采用不同的控制系统。确保理解停机程

序。运用以下一般性准则以便使发动机停机。

1.1.从发动机上卸下负载。让发动机空载运行5

分钟,以便冷却发动机。

2.2.经过发动机上的停机系统规定的冷却周期后,

关闭发动机,把点火钥匙开关转到断开位置。

如有必要,请参阅OEM提供的说明。

i06043792

发发动动机机停停机机后后

注:检查发动机机油之前,停止运行发动机至少10分

钟以便使发动机机油回到油底壳。

•检查曲轴箱机油油位。使机油油位保持在油位表

的“低”标记和“高”标记之间。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


42

SCBU9070

Maintenance section

Filling capacity

Maintenance section

Filling capacity

note

如果发动机贮存在或装运到低于结冻温度的区域,冷

却系统必须在最低外界温度下受到保护,或者完全放

掉以防止损坏。

i06043751

note

为了妥当地防冻和防沸腾, 要常常检查冷却液的比

weight.

加加注注容容量量

Lubrication system

基于以下原因,应清洁冷却系统:

•冷却系统受到污染

•发动机过热

发动机曲轴箱的加注容量反映了曲轴箱的近似容

量或集油槽与标准机油滤清器容量之和。辅助机

油滤清器系统需要额外的机油。有关辅助机油滤

清器的容量大小,请参阅OEM技术规格。关于润

滑剂规格的其他资料见操作和保养手册保养部

Minute.

•冷却液起泡

表 5

note

切勿在冷却系统中未装水温调节器的情况下运行发动

machine.水温调节器帮助保持发动机冷却液处于正确的工

作温度。 未装水温调节器时,冷却系统可能逐渐会产

生故障。

engine

Filling capacity

腔室或系统

调试时

Using

曲轴箱集油槽(1)

41 L

39 L

(1)

这些数值是曲轴箱集油槽(铝质)的近似容量,其中包括工厂

安装的标准机油滤清器的容量。 安装了辅助机油滤清器的发动

机将需要额外的机油。 有关辅助机油滤清器的容量大小,请参

阅OEM 技术规格。

许多发动机故障与冷却系统有关。以下问题与冷

却系统故障有关:过热,水泵泄漏和散热器或热

交换器堵塞。

cooling system

这些故障可以通过正确的冷却系统保养来加以避

免。冷却系统的保养与燃油系统和润滑系统的保

养一样重要。冷却液的质量与燃油和润滑油的质

量一样重要。

有关外部系统的容量,请查阅原始设备制造商

(OEM)的规格。需要知道这个容量数据以便确

定整个冷却系统需要多少冷却液。

表 6

冷却液通常由三种成分组成:水,添加剂和乙二

醇。

engine

Filling capacity

water

腔室或系统

Rise

14

33

Only for engines

水在冷却系统中被用来传递热量。

外部系统(原始设备制造商配备)(1)

建建议议在在发发动动机机冷冷却却系系统统中中使使用用蒸蒸馏馏水水或或去去离离子子

水水。 .

(1)

外部系统包括一个散热器或一个带有下列部件的膨胀箱:热交

换器和管道。 请参阅OEM 技术规格。 在本行中输入外部系统

容量值。

请勿在冷却系统中使用以下类型的水:硬水,用

盐调节后的软化水和海水。

i06043771

如果没有蒸馏水或去离子水,使用具有表7内所

列特性的水。

油油液液建建议议

表 7

可使用的水

一般冷却液信息

characteristic

最高限值

氯化物(Cl)

40 mg/L

note

切勿向过热的发动机中添加冷却液。 发动机可能因此

而损坏。 应首先使发动机冷却。

4

硫酸盐(SO )

100 mg / L

(续)

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


注:100%的纯乙二醇将在温度为−13°C(8.6°F)

SCBU9070

43

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

(表 7, 续)

时将冻结。

可使用的水

characteristic

total hardness

最高限值

大多数传统防冻剂使用乙二醇。也可以使用丙二

醇。当与水按照1:1比例混合时,乙二醇和丙二

醇提供相似的防冻和防沸腾保护。请参阅表8

和表9。

170 mg/L

总的固体含量

酸度

340 mg/L

表 8

pH 值为5.5 至 9.0

Ethylene glycol

有关水质分析,请咨询以下渠道之一:

•当地自来水公司

concentration

50%

60%

防冻保护

−36 °C (−33 °F)

−51 °C (−60 °F)

•农业机构

•独立实验室

note

不要使用乙二醇浓度超过 50% 的丙二醇,因为此时

丙二醇的热传导能力会降低。 需要额外的防冻或防沸

保护时,可使用乙二醇。

additive

添加剂帮助保护冷却系统的金属表面。缺乏冷却

液添加剂或添加剂量不足能够促使以下情况的发

Health:

表 9

Propylene glycol

•腐蚀

concentration

防冻保护

•矿物沉淀物的生成

•锈蚀

50%

−29 °C (−20 °F)

要检查冷却液中的乙二醇浓度,请测量冷却液比

weight.

•水垢

•冷却液起泡

推荐的冷却液

在发动机运行期间,许多添加剂会耗尽。这些添

加剂必须周期性补充。

•ELC

•SCA

•ASTM

长效冷却液

补充冷却液添加剂

美国材料试验协会

必须添加添加剂达到正确的浓度。添加剂浓度过

高会引起抑制剂从溶液中析出。这些沉淀物可能

促使以下问题的发生:

下面两种冷却液用在Perkins柴油发动机上:

首选–PerkinsELC

•凝胶体的生成

•传热的减少

•水泵密封件的泄漏

•散热器、冷却器和细小通道的堵塞

可接受–符合ASTMD6210技术规范的市售重负

荷防冻剂

Ethylene glycol

note

冷却液中的乙二醇帮助提供保护,防止以下情况

的发生:

1200 系列工业发动机必须使用水和乙二醇比例为 1:1

mixture.此浓度允许 NOx 降低系统在高温环境中

运行。

•沸腾

•结冻

note

•水泵气穴

不要使用仅符合 ASTM D3306 技术参数的市售冷却

液/防冻液。 这类冷却液/防冻剂是为轻型汽车应用而

配制的。

为获得最佳性能,Perkins建议使用水/乙二醇

溶液1:1的混合液。

注:使用将会在最低环境温度下提供保护的混合液。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


44

SCBU9070

Filling capacity

Oil recommendations

Perkins建议水和乙二醇的混合配比为1:1。 This

种乙二醇与水的混合液作为防冻液能达到最佳的

重负荷性能。如果需要提供极冷条件下的保护,

水/乙二醇的比例可提高到1:2。

为正确保持防冻液和添加剂之间的平衡,您必须

保持推荐的ELC的浓度。降低防冻液的比例同样

也会降低添加剂的比例。这将降低冷却液防止系

统出现点蚀、气穴、侵蚀和沉积的能力。

可以使用SCA抑制剂和水的混合液,但其防腐

蚀、防沸腾和防冻保护水平不如ELC。Perkins

建议在这类冷却系统中将SCA的浓度保持在6%

至8%。最好使用蒸馏水或去离子水。符合推荐

水质要求的水也可以使用。

note

不要使用传统冷却液来添补加注了长效冷却液 (ELC)

的冷却系统。

不要使用标准补充用冷却液添加剂(SCA)。

表 10

使用珀金斯 ELC 时,不要使用标准冷 SCA 或 SCA

Filter.

冷却液使用寿命

冷却液类型

使用寿命(1)

Perkins ELC

6000 个工作小时或3 年

ELC 冷却系统清洁

符合ASTMD6210 要求的市售重

负荷防冻剂

3000 个工作小时或2 年

注:如果冷却系统已经在使用ELC,则不需要在规定的

冷却液更换周期使用清洁剂。只有当系统已经被添加

的一些其他类型的冷却液或冷却系统损坏污染时,才

需要使用清洁剂。

市售SCA 抑制剂和水

3000 个工作小时或1 年

(1)

使用首个周期。 此时,还必须把冷却系统冲洗干净。

ELC

当ELC被排出冷却系统后,只需用净水冲洗。

Perkins提供用于以下应用的ELC:

•重载火花点火式燃气发动机

•重型柴油发动机

在加注冷却系统之前,必须将加热器控制装置

(如有配备)设置在热位置。请参阅OEM信息以

设置加热器控制装置。排空并重新加注冷却系统

后,运行发动机,直到冷却剂液位达到正常工作

温度时的液位并保持稳定。需要时,添加冷却液

混合液,把系统加注到规定的液位。

•汽车应用

ELC的防腐成份与其它冷却液的防腐成份不同。

ELC是以乙二醇为基础液的冷却液。但是,ELC

包含有机腐蚀抑制剂和抗沫剂,并且亚硝酸盐含

量低。PerkinsELC使用适量的上述添加剂配制

而成,能够为发动机冷却系统中的所有金属部件

提供卓越的防腐蚀保护。

更换为Perkins ELC

要将重负荷防冻液更换为PerkinsELC,执行以

下步骤:

note

Care must be taken when inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and repairing the product

To ensure that the drained oil is collected.在打开任何腔室或拆解

任何储有液体的部件之前,要准备好用合适的容器收

集液体。

提供与蒸馏水预先混合的ELC溶液。ELC混合比

为1:1。这种预混合ELC可提供 −36°C

(−33°F)的防冻保护。建议在冷却系统初次加

注时使用这种预混合ELC。也推荐在添补冷却系

统时使用这种预混合ELC。

Dispose of all liquids in accordance with local regulations and directives.

有几种不同尺寸的容器可供选用。请向您的

Perkins经销商咨询零件号。

1.把冷却液排放到适当的容器中。

2.按照当地法规处置冷却液。

ELC 冷却系统保养

长效冷却液的正确添加

3.用清水冲洗冷却系统以便清除所有碎屑。

4.使用适当的清洁剂清洁系统。遵照标签上的

说明。

note

仅对珀金斯产品使用预混合或浓缩冷却液。

5.把清洁剂排放到适当的容器中。用清洁的水

冲洗冷却系统。

把长效冷却液与其它产品混合降低长效冷却液的使用

life.不按照建议去做会降低冷却系统部件使用寿

命,除非采取正确的补救措施。

6.用清水加注冷却系统,运转发动机直到其升温

到49°C至66°C(120°F至150°F)。

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


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