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Products
Perkins2206-E13 Industrial Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual


Detailed Description:

Operation and Maintenance Manual

2206-E13 Industrial Engine

TGB (Engine)

TGD (engine)

TGF (Engine)

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE

table of Contents

Filling capacity .................. ......... 33

Maintenance schedule ... ... 45

Warranty section

Preface ... ....... 4

Security section

Safety Signs................................................ .......... 5

General hazard information ... .... 6

Preventing burns ... .......... 7

Fire protection and explosion protection ............... ......... 7

Preventing bruises and cuts ... ...9

Before starting the engine ............... ....9

Engine start ............ ..... 10

Engine shutdown ... ..... 10

Electrical System................................................ ........ 10

Engine electronics .............. 11

Product information data section

Warranty information ............... ... 69

Index section

index................................................. ............... 70

Overview ... ............... 12

Model view description ............... .... 13

Product identification information ......... 16

Operation part

Lifting and storage ... ... 20

Gauges and indicators ... ....twenty one

Functional parts and controls ... 22

Engine diagnostics ... ..... 26

Engine start ............ ..... 27

Engine operation ... ..... 29

Engine shutdown ... ..... 30

Cold weather operation ... ... 31

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


Foreword

4

SCBU8337

Foreword

Maintenance cycle

When performing maintenance, it should be done at a time smaller than the specified time

Maintenance items for previous levels. We recommend copying a maintenance plan

The watch is displayed near the engine as a convenient reminder.

We also recommend that maintenance records be used as a permanent record of the engine

Keep a part.

reference

This manual contains safety information, operating instructions, lubrication and maintenance information

material. This manual should be stored in a folder near the engine

Or file storage. Read, analyze this manual and document it

Keep it with the engine data.

Perkins authorized agents or Perkins distributors can help

You adjust your maintenance plan according to the needs of the machine's operating environment

Draw.

English is the primary language for all Perkins publications. Use English

Language facilitates translation and consistency.

Overhaul

Details or options shown on some photos and illustrations in this manual

Parts may differ from those on your engine. To illustrate the side

Then, some shields and covers may have been removed. Product design

Continuous improvement and development may change the engine, and these

Changes may not be incorporated in this manual. When you are on the engine or your own

If you have any questions, please contact your Perkins dealer or

Perkins distributors consult the latest information.

In addition to the overhaul time and maintenance items during this cycle,

Details of engine overhauls are not included in the operation and maintenance manual. only

Perkins authorized personnel should perform overhaul. Perkins generation

Managers and Perkins distributors can provide a variety of overhaul procedures

Program. In the event of a major engine failure, there are many

Options for overhaul after failure. With Perkins agents or

Contact Perkins distributors to obtain these programs.

Safety

Warning in California Proposition 65

The security section lists basic security considerations. In addition, this

Sections also indicate various dangerous situations and warnings. Fucking

Before operating, lubricating, maintaining and repairing this engine, read and

Understand the basic considerations listed on the safety section.

California believes that diesel engine exhaust and one of them

These ingredients can cause cancer, cause birth defects and other reproductive effects

harm. Battery terminals, terminals and related accessories included

Lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after contact.

operating

The method of operation indicated in this manual is the most basic. They can

Help operators improve their skills and skills to be more effective and economical

Run the engine economically. When the operator gains knowledge of the engine and

After mastering its performance, operation skills and methods will be improved.

The operation part is for the reference of the operator, various photos and illustrations

Instruct operators to inspect, start, run, and

Stop. This section also contains a discussion of electronic diagnostics.

maintenance

The maintenance section is a guide to engine maintenance. Illustrated by

Step instructions are maintenance intervals by working hours and / or calendar time

Choreography. For the items in the maintenance cycle, please refer to the detailed description later.

Bright.

Recommendations should be made at the appropriate intervals indicated in the maintenance cycle schedule.

maintenance. The actual working environment of the engine will also affect the maintenance week

period. Therefore, in extremely harsh, dusty, humid or frozen cold

Operation under cold conditions may require more than specified in the maintenance schedule

Frequent lubrication and maintenance.

The maintenance items in the maintenance plan are based on preventive maintenance management procedures

Prepared. If you follow the preventive maintenance management procedures

Support, then there is no need to make regular adjustments. Perform preventive maintenance

Management procedures due to reduced unplanned downtime and failures

Loss of costs will minimize operating costs.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8337

5

Security section

Safety Signs

Security section

i06151055

Safety Standard Logo

figure 1

g01384682

Location of safety signs

There may be several specific safety signs on your engine. this

A partial review of the exact location and description of these safety signs. Please cooked

Learn about all safety signs.

Make sure all safety signs are legible. If safe

The caption or illustration of the logo is not recognizable, please clean or

change. Clean these safety signs with cloth, water, and soap. Do not

Use solvents, gasoline, and other harsh chemicals. These ones

Solvents, gasoline, or corrosive chemicals may

The adhesive for all signs loses its stickiness. These loss of safety

The full mark may come off the engine.

Replace any damaged or missing safety signs. If safe

The mark is affixed to the replaced part and should be glued

Post new safety signs. Your Perkins dealer may

Provide new safety signs.

Universal warning (1)

General warning safety signs are located on both sides of the base of the valve cover.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


6

SCBU8337

Security section

General hazard information

figure 2

g00934493

Figure 4

g00702020

Wear hard hats, goggles, and other protective equipment as required.

Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry because they may

Hold the controls or other parts of the engine.

The instructions and warnings in the "Operation Manual for Maintenance and Maintenance of Handbooks"

Before that, please do not operate the machine. . Failure to comply with these warnings may lead to

Causes personal injury or death. .

Make sure all guards and covers are properly seated in the engine

Place it on.

Keep the engine free of foreign objects. Clear machine floor board, aisle

And debris, oil, tools and other objects on the steps.

i03018725

General danger information

Never put maintenance liquids in glass containers. Drain all the liquid

Place in a suitable container.

Dispose of liquids in accordance with local regulations.

Use all cleaning solutions with care.

Report all items that need repair.

Do not allow unauthorized persons to board the machine.

Before working on the busbar or glow plug, make sure the power is off

open.

Maintain the engine while the equipment is in the service position. About putting the device

For information on repair locations, see the OEM documentation.

Compressed air and water

Compressed air and / or pressurized water may blow debris and / or hot water out

Come. This may cause personal injury.

image 3

g00037887

Before servicing or repairing the equipment,

Hang a "No Operation" or similar warning label.

Using compressed air or pressurized water directly on the case may cause

Personal injury.

Wear protective clothing when washing with compressed air and / or water

Clothing, protective shoes and eye protection. Eye protection includes goggles and

Protective mask.

The maximum air pressure used during cleaning must be lower than 205kPa

(30psi). The maximum water pressure used during cleaning must be lower than

275kPa (40psi).

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8337

7

Security section

Prevent burns

Liquid penetration

Coolant

Even if the engine has been off for a long time, there may still be

Pressure exists. If pressure is not released properly,

Objects such as hydraulic oil or pipe plugs fire at high speed.

When the engine is at operating temperature, the engine's coolant is hot

of. And under pressure. Radiator and heater

Or there is hot coolant in all the pipes of the engine. Touch heat

Coolant or steam can cause severe burns. Drain cooling system

Before cooling the system, let the cooling system components cool down.

Do not disassemble any hydraulic components until pressure is released, no

Will cause personal injury. Do not disassemble until pressure is released

Any hydraulic parts, otherwise it will cause personal injury. Related releases

For any steps required to release hydraulic pressure, see OEM

material.

After the engine has stopped and cooled down, check the coolant level. Disassembly

Before filling the filler cap, make sure that the filler cap is cold. Filling port

The cover must be cool enough to be touched with bare hands. Remove the filler cap slowly,

In order to relieve stress.

Cooling system additives contain alkali. Alkali can cause personal injury. Do not

Keep the alkali in contact with the skin, and do not allow it to enter the eyes or mouth.

Motor oil

Hot oil and hot components can cause personal injury. do not let

Hot oil and parts come in contact with the skin.

If an oil supplement tank is installed in your application, the engine is stopped

Remove the supplemental fuel tank cover after the machine. The filler cap must be cool enough to touch

touch.

Accumulator

The liquid in the battery is an electrolyte. Electrolyte is likely to cause people

Bodily injury to acidic liquids. Do not let the electrolyte contact the skin or eyes

eye.

Figure 5

g00687600

Always use planks or cardboard to check for leaks. under pressure

The sprayed liquid may penetrate human tissues. Liquid penetrates into

Entering the body can cause serious personal injury and may even lead to death

Perish. Even a pinhole-sized hole can cause

Serious personal injury. If liquid is sprayed onto your skin, you must

Treat immediately. Seek treatment from a doctor familiar with this type of injury.

Do not smoke when checking the electrolyte level. The battery emits

Gas can cause an explosion.

Always wear goggles when working on batteries. After touching the battery

Please wash your hands. Use of gloves is recommended.

Contain spilled liquid

i03018720

Inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and repairing the engine

Always pay attention when making sure that the spilled liquid is contained in the container.

Device. Before opening any chamber or disassembling any parts, please

Be prepared to collect the effluent with a suitable container.

Fire protection and explosion protection

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for collecting liquids.

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for holding liquids.

Dispose of liquids in accordance with local regulations.

i02128729

Prevent scald burns

Do not touch any part of the running engine. In progress

Allow the engine to cool down before any maintenance of the motive.

Before disassembling any pipes, joints or related parts, release

All pressures in the corresponding system.

Figure 6

g00704000

All fuel, most lubricants, and some coolant mixtures

Is flammable.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


8

SCBU8337

Security section

Fire and explosion protection

When flammable liquids leak or splash onto hot surfaces or electrical components,

May cause fire. Fire can cause personal injury or property damage

Missed.

Remove engine crankcase cover within fifteen minutes after emergency shutdown

It may cause a flame.

Determine if the engine is in a position where flammable gases can be drawn into the intake system

Operating in the environment. These gases can cause the engine to overspeed. This

May cause personal injury, property damage or engine damage

Bad.

If the application type involves the presence of flammable gases, please consult

Ask your Perkins agent and / or your Perkins distributor,

For more information on proper protection.

Remove all flammable or conductive materials from the engine, such as fuel, engine

Oil and debris. Do not allow any flammable or

导 材料。 Guide material.

Store all fuel and lubricants in marked containers.

Access to unauthorized persons is prohibited. Mix the oily rag with

Store any flammable materials in protective containers. Never store flammable

Place for smoking.

Figure 7

g00704059

Use caution when refueling the engine. Don't send

Smoking while motivated. Also don't go near open flames or fire

Flower ground refuels the engine. Remember to remember before adding fuel

Stop the engine.

Do not expose the engine to any open flame.

If pipes, piping and seals are damaged,

Equipped) prevents oil or fuel from being injected into hot exhaust pipes

Parts. The exhaust bulkhead must be installed correctly.

It is forbidden to perform welding on pipelines or tanks filled with flammable liquids.

Never use flames to cut pipes or tanks containing flammable liquids. in

Before welding or flame cutting these pipes or tanks, use non-flammable

Wash it thoroughly with solvents.

Wiring must be kept in good condition. All wires must be correct

Arrange and connect securely. Check all wires daily.

Repair loose or frayed wires before running the engine. clear

Clean and tighten all electrical connections.

Remove all unconnected or unnecessary connectors. Do not use than

It is recommended to use small wires or cables. Do not place any fuses

And / or circuit breaker bypass.

An arc or spark can cause a fire. Strong connection, with one recommended

Consistent wiring and properly maintained battery cables help prevent

Generate arcs and sparks.

Inspect all pipes and hoses for wear or deterioration. Hose

The laying route must be appropriate. Pipes and hoses must be properly supported

Brace or firm pipe clamp. Tighten all fittings to the recommended torque.

Leaks can cause fire.

Figure 8

g00704135

The gas emitted from the battery can cause an explosion. Battery top

Keep away from open flames or sparks. Do not suck in places where the battery is charged

smoke.

The oil filter and fuel filter must be installed correctly. Must put

The filter housing is tightened to the correct torque.

Do not connect metal objects to the terminals.

Check the battery charge. Must use voltmeter or specific gravity

meter.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8337

9

Security section

Prevent crushing and cuts

Improper jumper cable connections can cause explosions that can cause people

Bodily injury. For specific instructions, please refer to the operation of this manual

section.

Keep objects away from rotating fan blades. Fan blades will throw or

Cutting objects.

Wear protective goggles when hitting objects to avoid eye injury.

Do not charge frozen batteries. Doing so can cause an explosion.

When the object is struck, debris or other debris can fly around. knock

Before hitting an object, make sure that no one around is hit by flying debris

hurt.

The battery must be kept clean. Every battery grid cell must

Close the lid (if equipped). When the engine is running, make sure

Use recommended cables, connectors, and battery box covers.

i02122355

Fire extinguisher

Make sure you have a fire extinguisher. Familiar with the use of fire extinguishers. Regular inspection

Check and maintain fire extinguishers. Follow the recommendations on the instruction plate.

Check steps, handrails and work areas before boarding the engine. Guarantee

Keep steps, handrails and work areas clean and in good condition.

Pipes, tubes and hoses

The engine must be loaded and unloaded where pedals and / or armrests are installed.

Do not climb on the engine or jump off the engine.

Do not bend high-pressure lines. Do not strike high-pressure lines. Don't

Install any bent or damaged pipes. Don't be on high pressure pipe

Clip anything else.

Face the engine when going on and off the engine. Protected with stairs and handrails

Hold three points of contact. With both feet and one hand or with one foot and both hands.

Do not use the controls as armrests.

Repair any loose or damaged pipes. Leaks can cause fire

disaster. Please distribute to your Perkins agent or your Perkins distributor

Consult the parts for repair or replacement.

Do not stand on components that cannot support your weight. Use proper

Ladder or use work platform. Fix the climbing equipment so that it does not

Will move.

Carefully inspect the pipes, tubes and hoses. Don't come with bare hands

Check for leaks. Use wooden boards or cardboard to check for leaks. press

Tighten all fittings to the recommended torque.

Do not carry tools or objects when getting on or off the engine. Use hand

Lift or drop tools or items from the rope.

Replace the parts if any of the following conditions occur:

• The end fitting is damaged or leaking.

• The outer layer is worn or cut.

• Metal wires are exposed.

i03018734

Start the engine before the engine

Before starting a new, serviced or repaired engine for the first time,

Prepare for shutdown in advance to stop overspeeding. This can be used off

Shut off the engine fuel supply and / or ignition to complete.

• Outer bulge.

• Twisted hose.

Engine overspeed should be shut down automatically, it is controlled electronically. Such as

If the automatic shutdown is not performed automatically, press the emergency stop button to switch

Shut off fuel and / or air to the engine.

• Armored sheath is embedded in the outer layer.

• Displacement of end fittings.

Make sure that all clamps, guards and insulation panels are installed correctly.

This helps prevent vibration during engine operation,

Friction and excessive heat generation.

Inspect the engine for potential hazards.

Before starting the engine, make sure that there is no

people. Make sure no one is around.

i02122385

If equipped, ensure that the lighting system for the engine is suitable for the job

Condition conditions. If equipped, make sure all lights are working properly.

Prevents pressure injuries and cut injuries

If the engine must be started for repair work, it must be installed

All protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful when working around the rotating parts.

When working under a component, the component should have reliable support.

Do not bypass the automatic shutdown circuit. Do not make the automatic shutdown circuit

kick in. This circuit is provided to prevent personal injury.

It also prevents engine damage.

If no additional maintenance instructions are provided, run the engine

Do not attempt to make adjustments during the time.

Avoid all rotating and moving parts. Until maintenance

Remove the protective cover. Replace the cover after maintenance.

For repair and adjustment information, refer to the service manual.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


10

SCBU8337

Security section

Engine start

i06043726

i06151068

Start the engine

Electrical, Electrical and Gas System

Never disconnect any charger from the battery while the charger is working

Electrical circuit or battery circuit cable. Otherwise, some power storage

Flammable gases from the pool may be ignited by sparks.

Do not use auxiliary sprays and aerosols similar to ethyl ether to help start. . Otherwise it may be possible to guide

The explosion caused an explosion and personal injury. .

To help prevent sparks from igniting flammable gases from some batteries

Body, negative “−” cable should be connected to

The negative “−” terminal of the moving motor. If the starter motor is not equipped

Prepare a “−” terminal, and connect the cable to the cylinder.

If a warning is attached to the engine start switch or controls

Do not start the engine or pull the operating device. Starting

Before the engine, consult the person with the warning label.

Check the wires daily for looseness or scratches. Before the engine starts

Before tightening all loose electrical connections. Of engine start

Before doing so, repair all torn wires. See Operation and warranty

Maintenance manual for specific start-up instructions.

The engine must be started if servicing is required and must be installed

All protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful when working around the rotating parts.

Grounding regulations

Start the engine from the cab or with the engine start switch.

Be sure to start the engine according to the operation and maintenance manual (operation

Start the engine in the steps described in points). Learn about proper startup

The steps help prevent major damage to engine components. To understanding

Proper startup procedures help prevent personal injury.

To ensure that the water jacketed water heater (if equipped) works properly,

During heater operation, check the water temperature gauge and / or oil temperature gauge.

Engine exhaust contains combustion products that are harmful to the human body. must

Start and run the engine in a well-ventilated area. If at

A confined space to start the engine

Go outdoors.

Note: The engine may be equipped with cold start equipment. If the engine will be in

In severe cold conditions, cold starting aids may be required. through

Often, the engine will be equipped with an auxiliary starting gear suitable for the working area

彩乐乐网.

i02128733

Engine stop machine

Figure 9

g01403749

Typical example

Follow the operation and maintenance manual. Engine shutdown (operation section)

Engine shutdown operation to avoid engine overheating and engine

Accelerated wear of components.

(1) Start the motor to the engine block

(2) Start the motor to the battery negative

In order to obtain the best performance and reliability of the engine, it is necessary to start

The machine electrical system is properly grounded. Improper grounding can cause circuit runaway

And unreliable.

The emergency stop button can only be used in emergency situations (if any

Equipped). Do not use the emergency stop button when the engine is stopped normally.

button. Do not start until the problem that caused the emergency shutdown is resolved

Start the engine.

Runaway circuits can cause damage to crankshaft bearing journal surfaces and aluminum components

Cause damage.

If a new or overhauled engine starts for the first time

An overspeed condition causes the engine to stop. This can be done by cutting the hair

Motive fueling and / or gas supply.

Engines without an engine-to-frame ground strap may be electrically

Damage due to discharge.

To stop the electronically controlled engine

source.

To ensure that the engine and engine electrical system work properly, you must

Use engine-to-frame grounding directly connected to battery

band. This direct connection can be achieved by directly connecting the engine ground

To the rack to achieve.

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SCBU8337

11

Security section

Engine electronics

The ground connection should be compact and non-corrosive. Engine alternator

Must be connected through a wire sufficient to withstand its full-load charging current

Ground to the negative “-” terminal of the battery.

The engine power connection and ground connection should be separated from the battery.

From the device.

i06151108

Engine, electromechanical and electronic subassembly

Unauthorized modification and modification of the electrical and electronic subsystem system or the original original original equipment and equipment manufacturer (OEM) 's connection cable

Installation is dangerous and may cause personal injury or death and / or damage to the engine

Harm. .

This engine has a comprehensive, programmable engine monitoring system

System. The engine control module (ECM)

Ability. If any engine parameters exceed the allowable range

Around, ECM will take immediate action.

Engine monitoring control can take the following actions: warning, action report

Alarm and shutdown.

Many parameters monitored by ECM can be based on engine monitoring functions

Programming. As part of the engine monitoring system,

The following parameters can be monitored:

•Atmospheric pressure

• Intake manifold air pressure

• Coolant temperature

• Engine oil pressure

• Crankshaft position

• Camshaft position

• Fuel temperature

• Intake manifold temperature

• System voltage

Engine monitoring package may be poor due to engine model and application

Varies. But for all engines, the monitoring system

And engine monitoring control will be similar.

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12

SCBU8337

Product information data section

Welding on engines with electronic controls

Product information data section

Overview

i03616510

On an engine that is equipped with a backup electronic electronic control device

Welding

note

Proper welding procedures are necessary to avoid damage to the engine

ECM, sensors and related components. Remove from device if possible

Lower the parts before soldering them. If parts cannot be removed, correct

When welding a device equipped with an electronically controlled engine,

Program to operate. The following procedures are considered to be the safest component welding

program. The procedure should provide minimal risk of damage to electronic components.

Figure 10

g00765012

Use the example above. Current from the welder to the grounding clamp of the weld

Will not damage any related parts.

note

Do not connect the ground wire of the welding machine to electrical components such as electronic control modules

(ECM) or sensor. Improper grounding method

Damage to bearings, hydraulic components, electrical components, and other components.

(1) Engine

(2) electrode

(3) The key switch is in the OFF position.

(4) The battery disconnect switch is in the open position

(5) Disconnect the battery cable

Use the ground clip of the welding machine to clamp the component to be welded. As much as possible

The son is placed near the welding point. This will help reduce the possibility of damage.

(6) Battery

(7) Electrical / electronic components

(8) Maximum distance between soldered parts and any electrical / electronic parts

(9) Components to be welded

(10) Current path at the weld

(11) Welded ground clamp

1.1. Stop the engine. Turn off the power controlled by the switch

(OFF) position.

2.2. Separate the battery negative cable from the battery. If provided

The battery disconnect switch is turned off.

4.4. Connect the welding ground cable directly to the part to be welded.

Place the ground cable as close as possible to the solder joint to reduce soldering

Current damage to bearings, hydraulic components, electrical components and ground straps

Possibility.

3.3. Separate the connector J1 / P1 from the ECM. Move the harness to disallow

The position where the wire harness is accidentally moved back and contacts the ECM pins

彩乐乐网.

Note: If electrical / electronic parts are used as welding ground, or electrical / electronic

The part is located between the welding ground and the welding point.

Flow can severely damage components.

5.5. Protect the wiring harness from welding debris and spills.

6.6. Weld using standard welding practices.

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SCBU8337

13

Model view description

Model view

Model view description

i06151092

Machine model type view

Figure 11

g01385634

Typical example

Engine left view

(1) Connection of respirator

(2) Electronic control module (ECM)

(3) Fuel injection pump

(4) Fine fuel filter

(5) Primary fuel filter

(6) Fuel pump

(7) Crankshaft damper

(8) Refueling port

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14

SCBU8337

Model view description

Engine description

Figure 12

g01385635

Typical example

Engine right view

(9) Water temperature regulator housing

(10) Alternator

(11) Water pump

(13) Oil filter

(14) Oil drain plug

(15) Oil cooler

(16) Exhaust manifold

(12) Turbocharger

i06151066

The electronic engines covered in this manual have the following characteristics:

Fuel injection, mechanically driven electronic unit injection, turbocharging

And air-to-air aftercooler (ATAAC).

Description of engine

The electronic engine control system provides the following functions: electronic speed regulation,

Automatic air-fuel ratio control, fuel injection timing control and system diagnosis.

Table 1

Electronic governor controls the output of the unit injector to maintain the ideal

Engine speed.

2206 Engine Technical Specifications

Cylinder and layout

Cylinder bore

Inline 6-cylinder

Single injectors driven by electronically controlled machinery produce very high

Injection pressure. Collects pump oil and electronic fuel metering during fuel injection

(Duration and timing) in one. Single fuel injector precise control

Smoke control, white smoke and engine acceleration.

130 mm (5.2 in)

157 mm (6.2 in)

12.5 L (763 in3)

stroke

Displacement

Ignition sequence

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

1-5-3-6-2-4

Counterclockwise

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15

Model view description

Engine description

There is a single fuel injector per cylinder. Each single fuel injector measures fuel

oil. Each individual injector also pumps oil. Go under high pressure

Dosing and pumping oil. High injection pressure helps reduce fuel consumption

And emissions. This type of single fuel injector provides full electronic control

Timing of fuel injection. Fuel injection timing varies with engine operating conditions

Into. Engine performance is optimized in the following areas:

•start

•emission

•noise

• Fuel consumption

Advance timing is achieved by precisely controlling the injection of the injector. launch

The engine speed is controlled by adjusting the injection duration. Information through song

Shaft position sensor and camshaft position sensor are provided for electronic control

Control module (ECM). This information is used to detect the cylinder position and

Motive speed.

Engine has built-in diagnostics to ensure that all components are

Works fine. When a system component deviates from a programmed limit

Case, the diagnostic light mounted on the control panel will

Warn the operator. Electronic repair tools provided by Perkins

Used to read diagnostic codes. These codes are recorded and stored in the ECM

in. For more information, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual

Machine diagnosis.

The cooling system consists of the following components: a gear-driven centrifugal pump,

Water temperature regulator, oil cooler and diffuser with integrated shunt system

Heater.

Engine oil is supplied by a gear pump. Engine lubrication

The oil is cooled and filtered. When the oil viscosity is high or if the oil is cold

When the air filter or oil filter element (paper core) is blocked,

The on-off valve provides unrestricted lubricating oil flow to engine parts.

Engine efficiency, emission control efficiency and engine performance

Large utilization depends on adherence to proper operating and maintenance recommendations. This bag

This includes the use of recommended fuels, coolants and lubricants.

Aftermarket products and Perkins engines

Use of auxiliary from other manufacturers on Perkins products

Equipment, accessories or consumables (filters, additives, catalysts

Etc.) will not affect Perkins' warranty solely for such use.

repair.

However, install and use equipment, accessories or

Failures due to consumables are not part of Perkins product shortage

trap. Therefore, these defects are not covered by the Perkins warranty

within.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


16

SCBU8337

Product identification information

Location of signs and films

Product identification information

i06151079

Position of the signage plate and the film

Figure 13

g01385686

(1) Serial number plate

Perkins engines are identified by a serial number. These figures show

It is shown on the engine serial number plate. Perkins distributors need

These numbers are required to identify the components included on the engine. such

The part number of the replacement part can be accurately identified.

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SCBU8337

17

Product identification information

Reference No

Serial number plate (1)

i06151086

Reference number

When ordering parts, you may need information about

material. Find out your engine information. Record this in place

Some information. Make a copy of the record sheet. Save this information for

Future reference.

Archival records for reference

engine model

Engine serial number

Engine speed

Primary fuel filter

Fine fuel filter element

Lubricant filter element

Total lubrication system capacity

Total cooling system capacity

Air filter element

Fan drive belt

Figure 14

g01403841

Typical example

The engine serial number plate is located on the right side of the engine block.

Engine serial number

name

Alternator belt

Engine rating

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18

SCBU8337

Product identification information

Emission certification film

i06151076

Emission emission certification certificate sticker film

Figure 15

g01385765

Typical example

The emission certification film is located on the left side of the valve mechanism cover.

• Intake manifold temperature sensor

• Coolant temperature sensor

i06151075

• Engine oil pressure sensor

• Engine crankshaft / camshaft sensor

• Intake manifold pressure sensor

• Fuel temperature sensor

Specify the number of fixed parameters with the user's account

Use the form below to record the technical specifications prepared.

Customer password (if required).

• first password

• Second password

Rated rated constant power power rate and other level selection (L (L--N) N)

Equipment ID

Programmable Monitoring System (PMS)

The programmable monitoring system determines the electronic control module (ECM)

The degree of action that can damage the state of the engine and react. These ones

The condition is determined by the ECM using signals generated by the following sensors

of.

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SCBU8337

19

Product identification information

User-specified parameters

Table 2

Event code

parameter

status

Trigger point

delay

E162

-1

High boost pressure

Warning operator (1)

Action Alarm (2)

turn on

300 kPa (43.5 psi)

60 seconds

5 seconds

-2

Always on

Figure

E360

-1

Low engine oil pressure

Warning operator (1)

Action Alarm (2)

turn on

200 kPa (29 psi)

60 seconds

2 seconds

-2

Always on

Always on

Figure

Figure

-3

E361

-1

Engine shutdown (3)

High engine coolant temperature

Warning operator (1)

2 seconds

turn on

104 ° C (2190 ° F)

105 ° C (221 ° F)

108 ° C (226 ° F)

60 seconds

10 seconds

10 seconds

-2

-3

Action Alarm (2)

Engine shutdown (3)

Engine overspeed

Always on

Always on

E362

-1

Warning operator (1)

Action Alarm (2)

turn on

2000 RPM

2050 RPM

2140 RPM

1 second

0 seconds

0 seconds

-2

Always on

Always on

-3

E363

-1

Engine shutdown (3)

Fuel supply temperature is high

Warning operator (1)

turn on

60 ° C (140 ° F)

68 ° C (154 ° F)

60 seconds

60 seconds

-2

Action Alarm (2)

Always on

E368

-1

High engine intake manifold air temperature

Warning operator (1)

turn on

75 ° C (167 ° F)

78 ° C (172 ° F)

60 seconds

10 seconds

-2

Action Alarm (2)

Always on

See Troubleshooting and Troubleshooting System Configuration Parameters for details

More information on programmable monitoring systems.

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20

SCBU8337

Operation part

Equipment lifting

Operation part

There are three different engine storage levels. "A, B, and C"

level.

"A" grade

Lifting and storage

Class "A" is provided separately for diesel and gas engines

12 months protection. This applies to shipping by container or truck

Lost engine. Level "A" applies to UK and European borders

Items shipped within.

i03616633

Set up equipment for lifting

"B" grade

This level is in addition to the "A" level. Level "B" is

−15 ° to + 55 ° C (5 ° to 99 ° F) and "90%"

Relative humidity provides two years of protection under normal storage conditions. Wait

Class "B" applies to items shipped overseas.

"C" level

To provide "C" protection to your product, contact Perkins

Motivation Ltd., Stafford.

Figure 16

g00103219

note

Never bend eyebolts and brackets. Eyebolts and brackets only

Withstand tension load. Remember when the angle between the support member and the object

When it is less than 90 °, the bearing capacity of the eyebolt becomes small.

When parts must be moved at an angle, use

Constant load link bracket.

Use a crane to remove heavy components. Use an adjustable

The lifting beam lifts the engine. All load-bearing components (chains and wires

Rope) should be parallel to each other. Top surface of chain and rope

Stay as vertical as possible.

Some disassembly jobs require lifting with lifting tools to ensure balance

And safety.

Use the lifting ears on the engine only when disassembling the engine.

Lifting ears are designed and installed for specific engine configuration assemblies.

Changes to eye bolts and / or engines can cause eye bolts and spreaders

Loss of applicability. If changes have been made to the lifting eyes and / or the engine

When moving, you should ensure that suitable lifting devices are provided. About right start

For information on engine spreaders, please consult your Perkins dealer.

i06151059

Equipment storage and storage

For information on engine storage, consult Perkins Engines

Ltd., Stafford.

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SCBU8337

twenty one

Gauges and indicators

Gauges and indicators

Gauges and indicators

i06151101

Gauges and indicator lights

The gauges on your engine may be different or non-

Prepare all the following instruments. For more information about the instrument cluster, see

Read the OEM information.

Gauge indicates engine performance. Make sure the meter is in good working order

status. After observing the meter for a while, you can be sure that it is normal

Operating range.

Significant changes in meter readings may mean a meter or start

Machine is malfunctioning. Even if the meter reading is within the technical specifications,

A change in its reading may also indicate a problem. Identify and correct guidance

Any cause of a significant change in the reading. Ask your local

Perkins dealer asks for help.

note

If inorganic oil pressure is displayed, stop the engine. If the engine cools

If the fluid exceeds the maximum coolant temperature, stop the engine. This may cause

Engine damage.

Engine Oil Pressure-The range of engine oil pressure is

420 kPa (61 psi).

Water jacket water coolant temperature-typical water temperature in an engine is

88 ° C (190 ° F). In some cases there may be more

High temperature. Engine cools with load

Fluid temperature readings are different. The reading must never exceed 107 ° C (224 ° F)

.

1.1. A high water temperature switch is installed in the cooling system.

Tachometer-This meter indicates the engine speed.

Ammeter – This meter indicates the charge in the battery charging circuit.

Electricity or discharge. Meter hands should operate at "0"

(Zero) bit to the right.

Hour Meter-This gauge indicates the number of hours the engine has been operating.

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twenty two

SCBU8337

Functional components and controls

Monitoring System

Functional components and controls

Action alarm

The action alarm informs the OEM that the engine is approaching critical conditions. hair

The motive should be switched off in a controlled manner. Further running the engine may

Causes immediate downtime.

i06151089

Monitoring System

The engine has three stages of protection:

•caveat

ECM memory if engine is in action alarm condition

Events will be logged. Will be sent over the Perkins data link

Send an event code and the hardwired action alarm will be activated. in case

The engine is in an action alarm condition. When the condition exists, the engine will

Event codes and output are preserved. No use without factory password

Clear event code from ECM memory.

• Action alarm

• downtime

Downtime

Engine protection may be exceeded by critical condition modes.

The electronic control module (ECM) monitors the following parameters:

• Engine temperature

If the engine reaches a shutdown condition, the following events have occurred

One: low oil pressure, high coolant temperature, or overspeed. event

Will be recorded in the ECM's memory. The engine will stop. will

Send an event code over the Perkins data link, hard

The line stop output will be activated. Shutdown conditions will lock until ECM

Reset. Cannot clear from ECM memory without using factory password

Divide downtime event code.

• Engine pressure

•Engine speed

Critical protection beyond

If the parameter exceeds the trigger point for longer than the delay time,

The ECM will record an event code and the indicator switch will turn on.

If the engine is in critical safety applications,

Protection system to ensure uninterrupted power during engine failure conditions

Rate supply.

The following parameters are monitored for event codes:

•hydraulics pressure

Critical protection will be set via a switching input from the OEM

Beyond. For example, this could be a switch to the positive terminal of the battery, to

Disable critical override. Using the factory password can

Enable critical protection override input.

• Coolant temperature

• Speeding

• Intake manifold temperature

• Intake manifold pressure

• Fuel temperature

When the critical protection override feature is activated, the ECM will exceed the shutdown

Continue to run the engine except for all shutdown conditions. If out

If the shutdown is exceeded, an event code will be generated. ECM will

Record this event code. ECM will inspire the following: warnings,

Action alarm, shutdown, oil pressure, coolant temperature and overspeed

The output is normal. If the engine operates under the following conditions,

Motivation warranty will expire: current event code and critical protection

The more mode.

When the engine is cranked, the temperature protection is disabled for a period of time to compensate

Compensate for heat leaching.

The ECM provides dedicated alarm outputs for each of the three protection phases.

In addition, there are also events for oil pressure, coolant temperature, and overspeed.

The dedicated alarm output of the device can be activated at any protection stage.

Standard warning output

ECM provides separate outputs to drive warning lights or relays,

Indicate the following fault conditions:

Siren

The alarm notifies the user that the engine is approaching critical conditions.

• Diagnose faults

•hydraulics pressure

• Coolant temperature

• Speeding

If the engine is in a warning condition, the memory of the ECM will be

Events are logged. Will be sent over the Perkins data link

Event code, hard-wired warning output will be activated. If the engine

Under warning conditions, events will be retained when conditions exist

Code and output. Electronic repair tool for clearing ECM memory

Event code in. The alarm trigger point will be set in production to

Factory default. Electronic repair tools can be used to change within predetermined limits

Change the warning trigger point.

• Action alarm

•caveat

• downtime

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SCBU8337

twenty three

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

If the ECM detects a coolant temperature warning, the coolant temperature is lost.

Out and warning outputs will be activated. If ECM detects low oil pressure

Force warning, oil pressure output and warning output will be activated.

Diagnosing the fault may be in the oil pressure or coolant temperature sensor

上 形成。 On the formation. For example, if the shutdown protection sensor fails,

This will cause the engine to stop unless the system is

More. When the engine is running, if one of the engine speeds

Sensor has a diagnostic failure. Engine timing sensor

Continue operation for reference.

If action alarm alert is enabled and ECM detects coolant temperature

Temperature conditions, coolant temperature output and action alarm output will activate

live.

If the engine is stopped due to low oil pressure, low oil pressure output

And shutdown outputs will be activated. If the engine is affected by coolant temperature or

Over speed shutdown, dedicated output and shutdown output will be activated.

i06151084

Transducer sensors and electrical and electronic components

Stop reset

Sensor location

The cause of the engine shutdown must be investigated. Before resetting the system,

Take corrective action to operate the engine.

Figure 17 shows the typical location of sensors on the engine. specific

The engine may differ from the position in the illustration due to application differences

with.

After the engine is stopped, operate the reset input of ECM or power off control

Device.

Power-off electronic control by operating the key switch to enter sleep mode

制 module。 System module. Power can be cut off by isolating the power of the electronic control module

Electronic control module.

Note: Before the engine is stopped, it cannot be reset by using the reset input

ECM.

Derating

At high altitudes or high ambient temperatures, the engine will derate. can

Application from Perkins Engine Co., Stafford

Department obtains engine derating information.

diagnosis

If the engine protection sensor on the engine is defective, start

The machine will activate a diagnostic code. The engine passes the diagnostic output

The diagnostic code is transmitted to the operator. Diagnostic code provided to operator

Engine protection system fault indication. Long under these conditions

Running the engine at intervals may cause engine failure. Output usually

Used to drive lights or relays.

The following sensors will be monitored to determine if the sensors are

Constant range, open or short:

•Atmospheric pressure

•hydraulics pressure

• Intake manifold pressure

• Intake manifold temperature

• Fuel temperature

• Coolant temperature

•Engine speed

• Demand speed input

The diagnostic output is different from the warning and shutdown outputs. Warning and shutdown input

Out refers to engine operation. Diagnostic output refers to electronic system

And the status of the software system.

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twenty four

SCBU8337

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Figure 17

g01386180

(1) Engine coolant temperature sensor

(2) Intake manifold pressure sensor

(3) Intake manifold air temperature sensor

(4) Atmospheric pressure sensor

(5) Auxiliary position sensor (camshaft)

(6) Engine oil pressure sensor

(7) Fuel temperature sensor

(8) Main position sensor (crankshaft)

(9) Electronic control module (ECM)

Sensor failure

Engine coolant temperature sensor 1

The coolant temperature transmitter monitors the engine coolant temperature. The

ECM output can indicate coolant temperature through relay or indicator

high. ECM uses a coolant temperature sensor to determine cold start

Start of strategy.

All sensors

Sensor failure may be caused by one of the following failures:

• The sensor output is open.

Coolant temperature sensor failed

• The sensor output is short for "battery negative" or "battery positive"

road.

The ECM detects the failure of the coolant temperature sensor. Consultation

Turning off the light will warn the operator of the status of the coolant temperature sensor.

Failure of the coolant temperature sensor can cause the engine to stop. Should be more

Replace the faulty sensor. See the disassembly and assembly manual

Liquid temperature sensor-removal and installation.

• Sensor measurement reading is out of specification.

Programmable Monitoring System (PMS)

Programmable monitoring system determines the possibility of damage to the electronic control module (ECM)

The level of action in response to the state of the engine. These conditions are

Determined by the ECM through signals generated by the following sensors.

Intake manifold pressure sensor 2

Intake manifold pressure sensor measures boost pressure in the intake manifold

force. The signal is sent to the ECM. Intake manifold pressure sensor

Obstacles will limit engine power.

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SCBU8337

25

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Intake manifold air temperature sensor 3

Main speed / timing sensor 8

The intake manifold air temperature sensor measures the intake air temperature. Signal was

Sent to ECM. ECM also uses intake manifold air temperature sensing

To determine the start of the cold start strategy.

If the ECM does not receive

Signal, the "diagnostics" light will indicate a diagnostic fault code, the

The code will be recorded in the ECM memory.

Atmospheric pressure sensor 4

If the ECM does not receive from the main speed / timing sensor (9)

ECM will read the signal from the auxiliary speed / timing sensor

(2) The signal. ECM constantly checks to see if any

Signal from two sensors. If any sensor fails,

Replace the faulty sensor. See disassembly and assembly manual for crankshaft

Position Sensor-Disassembly and Installation or Disassembly and Assembly Manual Cam

Shaft position sensor-removal and installation.

During calibration, all output signals of the pressure sensor and atmospheric pressure

The output signals of the force sensors match. ECM uses atmospheric pressure to transmit

Sensor signal to determine the engine's operating altitude. If necessary

Yes, ECM can derate the engine.

Auxiliary speed / timing sensor 5

Intermittent sensor failure will cause abnormal engine control.

When the engine is started, the ECM uses the auxiliary speed / timing sensor.

Signal to determine piston stroke. If main speed / timing sensing

Device failure, the ECM may use an auxiliary speed / timing sensor to

Operate the engine.

Electronic control module 9

ECM via software in ECM and inputs from various sensors

Control engine operating parameters. By installing a new flash file

To change the software in the ECM. The flash file defines the

The following characteristics: engine power, torque curve, engine speed

(rpm), engine noise, smoke and emissions.

To check if the sensor is working properly, see Troubleshooting and

Exclude engine speed / timing sensor-test.

Engine oil pressure sensor 6

The engine oil pressure sensor is an absolute pressure sensor used to

Measure the engine oil pressure in the main oil gallery. Engine oil pressure

The force sensor detects the engine oil pressure for diagnostic purposes.

The engine oil pressure sensor sends a signal to the ECM.

Low oil pressure warning

The low pressure warning setpoint depends on the engine speed. Only in hair

The fault cannot be detected and recorded after the motive has been running for 8 seconds.

Low oil pressure

Very low oil pressure set point depends on engine speed. in case

A very low oil pressure is detected and the ECM will immediately turn off and start

Machine unless critical events go beyond activation.

Engine oil pressure sensor failure

The ECM will detect the failure of the engine oil pressure sensor. Consultation

The off lamp warns the user of the state of the engine oil pressure sensor. in

When the engine oil pressure sensor fails,

Strategies related to engine oil pressure will be deactivated. Engine

Failure of the oil pressure sensor will cause the engine to stop. Should be replaced with

Faulty sensor. See disassembly and assembly manual

Oil pressure sensor-removal and installation.

Fuel temperature sensor 7

The fuel temperature sensor monitors the fuel temperature. Sensor signal allowed

ECM compensates for fuel temperature changes by adjusting the constant power fuel rate

Into.

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26

SCBU8337

Engine diagnosis

Self-diagnosis

Engine diagnosis

Engine operation and performance may be affected by the current diagnostic code.

Born to be restricted. Acceleration may slow down significantly, and power output may be

Can be automatically reduced. For each active diagnostic code

For more information on the relationship between machine performance that may affect, see

See Troubleshooting and Troubleshooting.

i06043765

Self diagnosis

i06043764

The electronic control module has certain self-diagnostic capabilities. When entering or losing

When an electrical fault is detected, the diagnostic code is generated.

Raw. This indicates a specific problem with the line.

The operation of the engine that causes the intermittent intermittent diagnostic diagnosis code

Row

Diagnostic codes that represent current problems are called active codes.

If the diagnostic light is on when the engine is running normally, then the diagnostic light

Off again, indicating that an intermittent fault may have occurred. If it happens

If a fault occurs, it will be logged to the electronic control module (ECM)

In memory.

The diagnostic code stored in memory is called a record code. for sure

The activity code is repaired first and then the record code is repaired. recording

The code may indicate an intermittent failure.

The recorded code may not mean that it needs to be repaired. Since the code was

After recording, the fault may have been eliminated. Record encoding may be correct

Troubleshooting intermittent problems can help.

In most cases, there is no need to let the engine because of intermittent codes

Stop. However, the operator should retrieve the recorded fault codes.

Consider appropriate information to identify the nature of the fault. Operator

The operator should record any observations that may cause the diagnostic light to light up.

Now.

i06043778

Diagnosis

• Low power

The "diagnostics" light is used to indicate that there is an existing fault.

• Engine speed limit

• Excessive smoking, etc.

The diagnostic code will remain active until the problem is resolved

Decision.

This information can help troubleshoot the situation. This information also

Can be used for future reference. More information on diagnostic codes

For more information, see the troubleshooting and troubleshooting guide for this engine.

i06043772

Fault record

The system provides the ability to record faults. When the electronic control module

(ECM) When an active diagnostic code is generated, this code is remembered

Record to ECM memory. Perkins electronic repair tools

Retrievable record code. Perkins electronic repair available

The tool clears the recorded code. Generation recorded in ECM memory

The code will be automatically cleared from memory 100 hours after recording.

i03616498

The operation of the engine that generates the active diagnosis diagnosis code

Row

If the diagnostic light is on when the engine is running normally, the system has

Identified a condition outside the specifications. Using electronic dimensions

Repair Tool (ET) checks the current diagnostic code.

The current diagnostic code should be investigated. The problem should be solved as soon as possible

because. If the cause of the current diagnostic code is resolved, and

With only this active diagnostic code, the diagnostic light will go out.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8337

27

Engine start

Before starting the engine

Engine start

If necessary, shut down the new engine in the event of an overspeed condition.

If necessary, press the emergency stop button.

i06151095

Start the engine

Before starting the engine

1.1. Move the ignition switch to the ON position. If the indication system fails

Obstacles, investigate the cause. Use Perkins if necessary

Child repair tools.

Before starting the engine, perform required daily maintenance and other dues

Regular maintenance. For more information, refer to Operation and Maintenance

Manual maintenance schedule.

2.2. Press the start button or turn the key switch to the start position to

Drag the engine.

• Open the fuel supply valve (if equipped).

3.3. If the engine fails to start within 30 seconds, release the ignition button

Button or ignition switch. Wait 30 seconds so that you can try again

Allow the starter motor to cool before starting the engine.

note

All fuel lines must be opened before and during engine operation.

There are valves to prevent excessive fuel pressure. High fuel pressure may lead

Failure or other damage to the filter housing.

Note: After the engine is started, system failure may be indicated. If it happens

In this case, ECM has detected a system failure. If any

If necessary, use Perkins repair tools to investigate the failure.

If the engine does not start for several weeks, fuel may be removed from the fuel system

Vented. Air may enter the filter housing. And replace

When the oil filter, some air bubbles will be trapped in the engine fuel system

in. In these cases, the fuel system should be charged. More

For information on pumped fuel systems, refer to Operation and Safety

Maintenance Manual Fuel System-Pumping.

Note: The oil pressure should rise within 15 seconds after the engine is started. hair

Electronic engine control monitors engine oil pressure. If the oil pressure is low

At normal values, the electronic control will stall the engine.

4.4. If possible, let the engine run for about three minutes at no load. air

Run the engine until the water temperature gauge starts to rise. Warming up

In the meantime, check all instruments.

i06043730

The exhaust gas of the engine contains the combustion products that are harmful to the human body. . Must be in Liangliang

Start and start the engine in a well-ventilated field, if it is closed in a closed field

Therefore, it is necessary to exhaust the exhaust gas to the outside. .

Cold weather

• If there is a “Do Not Operate” alarm on the start switch or controls

Warning labels or similar warning labels, never start the engine or move

Any controls.

It is not necessary to use a spray-mist-type starting auxiliary auxiliary installation device similar to that of ethyl ether. . No coco otherwise

Can lead to detonation explosions and injuries. .

• Reset all shutdown devices or alarm components (if equipped).

• Make sure that all engine-driven equipment is disconnected from the engine.

Minimize electrical loads and remove any electrical loads.

The engine will start at a temperature of −10 ° C (14 ° F). Make

A block coolant heater or crankcase oil heating device will improve

Startability at temperatures below 10 ° C (50 ° F). When

When the motive starts in a cold climate, this helps reduce white smoke and

Lack of fire.

• Make sure the coolant level is correct.

• Make sure the engine oil level is correct.

If the engine has not been running for several weeks, the fuel can be

Can already be discharged. Air may enter the filter housing. this

In addition, after the fuel filter is replaced,

Partial air. See Operation and Maintenance Manual Fuel System-Charge

Note to remove air from the fuel system.

i06151083

Start the engine

Note: Do not adjust the engine speed control when starting. When starting, electronic

The control module (ECM) will control the engine speed.

Follow the start-up procedure in cold weather.

New engine

Fill the turbocharger. This can be done in the absence of fuel

Lower the engine slightly to achieve.

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28

SCBU8337

Engine start

Start with jump start cable

When the engine is warming up and idling, observe the following conditions:

note

Do not engage the starter motor while the flywheel is spinning. Don't carry a load

Start the engine.

• Before applying load to the engine,

When the machine is under no load), check for liquid or gas.

leakage. This is not possible in some applications.

If the engine does not start within 30 seconds, you are trying to restart

Before the engine, release the starter switch or button and wait 30 seconds,

To allow the starter motor to cool.

• Run the engine at low idle speed until all systems reach operating temperature.

During warm-up, check all gauges.

Note: When the engine is running, the meter reading should be observed, and the number is often recorded.

according to. Comparing long-term data will help determine the normal reading of each meter

number. Comparing long-term data will also help detect abnormal developments

Variety. The cause of the significant change in reading should be identified.

1.1. If equipped, press the start button. If equipped, place the key

Turn the key switch to the start position to engage the electric starter motor

And cranking.

2.2. If the engine fails to start, repeat step 1 three times.

3.3. If the engine fails to start, investigate the cause of the failure. use

Perkins electronic repair tools. After the engine is started,

Can indicate system failure. If this happens, the table

The ECM has detected a system failure. Find out the source of the problem

because. Use Perkins electronic repair tools.

Note: The oil pressure should rise within 15 seconds after the engine is started. Electricity

The sub-engine control monitors the oil pressure. If the oil pressure is below normal

Value, the electronic control will stall the engine.

4.4. Operate the engine at no load until all coolant temperatures start to increase.

Rise. During warm-up, check the meter.

Note: The readings of the oil pressure and fuel pressure on the dashboard should be at

normal range. Until the oil pressure gauge indicates the minimum normal pressure, do not

Apply load to the engine. Inspect the engine for leaks and / or abnormalities

Often noisy.

Note: After the ECM completes the cold start mode, before the ECM is turned off, the cold start mode

Style cannot be enabled again.

Note: Do not attempt to restart the engine until the engine has completely stopped.

machine.

i03619140

Start the starter cable with a jumper cable

Do not use jumper starting cables to start the engine. Give the battery

Charge or replace the battery. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual

Pool-replacement.

i02128760

After starting the engine,

Note: The warm-up time is about 0 to 60 ° C (32 to 140 ° F)

It takes 3 minutes. For temperatures below 0 ° C (32 ° F), the amount may be required

Outside warm-up time.

Note: Before applying load to the engine, ensure that the monitoring system (if equipped)

(Note) Complete the self-test.

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SCBU8337

29

Engine running

Engine running

Engine running

i06151100

Engine-driven operation

Proper operation and maintenance is to obtain the maximum service life of the engine and

A key factor in economics. If you follow the instructions in the operation and maintenance manual

Instructions to do, the cost of use can be minimized and the service life

Can be maximized.

When the engine is running, you should observe the meter readings and often record the numbers

according to. Comparing long-term data will help determine the positiveness of each meter

Often reading. Comparing long-term data will also help detect abnormal operations

Development and change. Obvious changes in the readings should be investigated.

i06151064

Fuel-Economy Standards

Engine efficiency affects fuel economy. Perkins

Design and manufacturing processes deliver the highest fuel economy for all application types

Oil efficiency. Follow the recommended steps to get engine life

The best performance of life.

• Avoid fuel spills.

The fuel expands when heated. Fuel may overflow from the fuel tank.

Inspect the fuel line for leaks. Required for fuel lines

Maintenance.

• Know the characteristics of different fuels. Use only recommended fuel.

• Avoid unnecessary no-load operation.

Stop the engine without running it for long periods without load

time.

• Observe the air cleaner maintenance indicator frequently, if equipped.

Keep the air filter clean.

• Keep the electrical system in good condition.

A bad battery unit will overwork the alternator.

This will consume additional power and fuel.

• Make sure the drive belt is properly adjusted. The drive belt should be in good condition.

• Make sure all hoses are tightly connected. The connection should not leak.

• Make sure that the driven equipment is in good condition.

• Cold engines consume too much fuel. Keep cooling system components clear

Clean and well maintained. Never run without water temperature adjustment

Engine. All these items will help keep the work temperature

degree.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


30

SCBU8337

Engine shutdown

Manual shutdown procedure

Engine shutdown

• Make small adjustments if necessary. Repair every leak and screw

Tighten all loose bolts.

i06151098

• Take down the readings from the hour meter. Maintenance week according to this operation and maintenance manual

Perform maintenance as described in the schedule.

Manual stop program sequence

• Fill the fuel tank to prevent moisture from accumulating in the fuel. Fuel tank

Do not overfill.

Stop the engine

• Allow the engine to cool. Check the coolant level. Coolant level

Keep 13mm (0.5in) below the bottom of the filler tube.

note

Stopping the engine immediately while the engine is running with load will lead to

Overheating and accelerated wear of engine components.

Note: Use only the cooling recommended in the fluid recommendations in this Operation and Maintenance Manual

liquid. Failure to use recommended oil may result in engine damage

Bad.

Avoid accelerating operations before shutting down the engine.

• If the engine is expected to run at freezing temperatures, check the cooling

Does the fluid have the correct frost protection? The cooling system must be protected

System in case it freezes at the expected minimum external temperature. in case

If necessary, add a suitable coolant / water mixture.

To avoid hot engine shutdown, increase the turbocharger shaft and bearings.

life.

Note: Different applications use different control systems. Make sure you understand the downtime

sequence. Use the following general guidelines to stop the engine.

• Perform all necessary periodic maintenance on all driven equipment. This maintenance meeting

It is described in the OEM's instruction manual.

1.1. Remove the load from the engine. Let the engine run without load 5

Minutes to cool the engine.

2.2. After the cooling period specified by the shutdown system on the engine,

Turn off the engine and turn the ignition key switch to the off position.

If necessary, refer to the instructions provided by the OEM.

Emergency stop

note

The emergency stop control is for emergency use only. Never put an emergency stop

The device or control is used for the normal shutdown process.

The OEM may have assembled an emergency stop button. More about emergency

See the OEM documentation for information on the stop button.

Ensure that external systems that support engine operation after engine shutdown

All components are safe and reliable.

i06043792

After the engine is shut down

Note: Before checking the engine oil, stop the engine for at least 10 minutes

Clock in order to return the engine oil to the sump.

• Check crankcase oil level. Keep the oil level at the oil level gauge

Between the "low" mark and the "high" mark.

Note: Use only the machine recommended in the fluid recommendations in this Operation and Maintenance Manual

oil. Failure to use recommended oil may result in engine damage

Bad.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8337

31

Cold weather operation

Cold weather operation

Cold weather operation

It is not necessary to use a spray-mist-type starting auxiliary auxiliary installation device similar to that of ethyl ether. . No coco otherwise

Can lead to detonation explosions and injuries. .

i06151102

Cold and cold weather operation

Engine oil viscosity

Perkins diesel engines can operate effectively in cold weather.

Starting and running of a diesel engine in cold weather depends on

The following:

You must use an engine oil of the correct viscosity. Oil viscosity

The value of the ratcheting torque. See repair and maintenance manual

Recommended for recommended oil viscosity information.

• Model of fuel used

• viscosity of engine oil

• Optional cold start assist

• Battery condition

Recommended coolant

The coolant should provide the cooling system with the lowest expected outside temperature.

Degree of protection. Refer to this service and maintenance manual for fluid recommendations.

Learn about recommended coolant mixtures.

In cold weather, often check the glycol concentration of the coolant

Is it correct to ensure adequate freeze protection?

The operation and maintenance of the engine at freezing temperatures is very complicated. This

Caused by:

Engine block heater

• Weather conditions

Engine block heater (if equipped) heats around the combustion chamber

Engine cylinder water. The heater provides the following functions:

• Engine applications

Perkins dealer's advice is proven in the past

Based on practice. The information contained in this section is cold days

Provides guidance on the operation of gas.

• Improve starting performance.

Once the engine is stopped, the electric block heater can be energized to work.

Typical electric power of effective block heater is 1250 / 1500W single

Bit. Consult your Perkins dealer for more information.

Cold weather operation recommendations

• If the engine can start, run the engine until it reaches

81 ° C (177.8 ° F) minimum operating temperature. Reach working temperature

The degree will help prevent the intake and exhaust valves from sticking.

i06151106

The influence of fuel oil and cold and cold weather

• The engine's cooling system and lubrication system will not immediately dissipate immediately after shutdown

Lose all heat. This means that after a period of engine shutdown

Still capable of starting easily.

Note: Use only fuel grades recommended by Perkins. See this operation

And maintenance manual oil recommendations.

• Before the cold weather arrives, raise the launch to reach the correct technical parameters

Machine lubricant.

This series of engines can use the following fuels.

• Check all rubber parts (hose, fan drive belt) weekly

Wait).

• Group 1

• Group 2

• Group 3

• Special fuel

• Inspect all electrical wiring and connections for any wear and insulation damage

Bad phenomenon.

• Keep all batteries fully charged and warm.

• Check air filters and air inlets daily.

In this series of engines, Perkins only prefers to use Group 1

And group 2 fuel.

Group 1 fuel is the fuel of choice for Perkins.

Group 1 fuel maximizes engine life and performance

can. Compared to Group 2 fuel, Group 1 fuel availability

small. Normally, No. 1 cannot be used in cold winter conditions

Set of fuel.

Alcoholic alcohol or starting fluids can cause personal injury to adults or damage to property. .

Alcoholic alcohol or starting fluid is a highly highly flammable product and is toxic and poisonous.

Dangdang, will cause adult injuries or damage to property or property. .

Note: Group 2 fuel must have a maximum wear mark of 650 microns

(HFRR to ISO12156-1).

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


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