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Products
Perkins 2506-15 engine repair operation maintenance


Detailed Description:

Operation and Maintenance Manual

2506-15 industrial engine

MGA (engine)

MGB (engine)

MGD (engine)

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


table of Contents

Filling capacity .................. ......... 34

Maintenance schedule ... ... 44

Warranty section

Preface ... ....... 4

Security section

Safety Signs................................................ .......... 5

General hazard information ... .... 6

Preventing burns ... .......... 7

Fire protection and explosion protection ............... .........8

Preventing bruises and cuts ... ...9

Before starting the engine ............... ... 10

Engine start ............ ..... 10

Engine shutdown ... ..... 10

Electrical System................................................ ........ 11

Engine electronics .............. 12

Product information data section

Warranty information ............... ... 64

Index section

index................................................. ............... 65

Overview ... ............... 13

Model view description ............... .... 14

Product identification information ............... 17

Operation part

Lifting and storage ... ......twenty one

Gauges and indicators ... ....twenty two

Functional parts and controls ... 23

Engine diagnostics ... ..... 27

Engine start ............ ..... 28

Engine operation ... ..... 30

Engine shutdown ... ..... 31

Cold weather operation ... ... 32

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


Foreword

4

SCBU8313

Foreword

Maintenance cycle

When performing maintenance, it should be done at a time smaller than the specified time

Maintenance items for previous levels. We recommend copying a maintenance plan

The watch is displayed near the engine as a convenient reminder.

We also recommend that maintenance records be used as a permanent record of the engine

Keep a part.

reference

This manual contains safety information, operating instructions, lubrication and maintenance information

material. This manual should be stored in a folder near the engine

Or file storage. Read, analyze this manual and document it

Keep it with the engine data.

Perkins authorized agents or Perkins distributors can help

You adjust your maintenance plan according to the needs of the machine's operating environment

Draw.

English is the primary language for all Perkins publications. Use English

Language facilitates translation and consistency.

Overhaul

Details or options shown on some photos and illustrations in this manual

Parts may differ from those on your engine. To illustrate the side

Then, some shields and covers may have been removed. Product design

Continuous improvement and development may change the engine, and these

Changes may not be incorporated in this manual. When you are on the engine or your own

If you have any questions, please contact your Perkins dealer or

Perkins distributors consult the latest information.

In addition to the overhaul time and maintenance items during this cycle,

Details of engine overhauls are not included in the operation and maintenance manual. only

Perkins authorized personnel should perform overhaul. Perkins generation

Managers and Perkins distributors can provide a variety of overhaul procedures

Program. In the event of a major engine failure, there are many

Options for overhaul after failure. With Perkins agents or

Contact Perkins distributors to obtain these programs.

Safety

Warning in California Proposition 65

The security section lists basic security considerations. In addition, this

Sections also indicate various dangerous situations and warnings. Fucking

Before operating, lubricating, maintaining and repairing this engine, read and

Understand the basic considerations listed on the safety section.

California believes that diesel engine exhaust and one of them

These ingredients can cause cancer, cause birth defects and other reproductive effects

harm. Battery terminals, terminals and related accessories included

Lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after contact.

operating

The method of operation indicated in this manual is the most basic. They can

Help operators improve their skills and skills to be more effective and economical

Run the engine economically. When the operator gains knowledge of the engine and

After mastering its performance, operation skills and methods will be improved.

The operation part is for the reference of the operator, various photos and illustrations

Instruct operators to inspect, start, run, and

Stop. This section also contains a discussion of electronic diagnostics.

maintenance

The maintenance section is a guide to engine maintenance. Illustrated by

Step instructions are maintenance intervals by working hours and / or calendar time

Choreography. For the items in the maintenance cycle, please refer to the detailed description later.

Bright.

Recommendations should be made at the appropriate intervals indicated in the maintenance cycle schedule.

maintenance. The actual working environment of the engine will also affect the maintenance week

period. Therefore, in extremely harsh, dusty, humid or frozen cold

Operation under cold conditions may require more than specified in the maintenance schedule

Frequent lubrication and maintenance.

The maintenance items in the maintenance plan are based on preventive maintenance management procedures

Prepared. If you follow the preventive maintenance management procedures

Support, then there is no need to make regular adjustments. Perform preventive maintenance

Management procedures due to reduced unplanned downtime and failures

Loss of costs will minimize operating costs.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

5

Security section

Safety Signs

Security section

i06151140

Safety Standard Logo

There may be several special warning signs on the engine. This section

Review the exact location and description of these warning signs. Please be familiar with

There are safety signs.

Make sure all safety signs are legible. If the warning sign

The caption text or illustration of the log cannot be recognized, please clean or replace it.

Wash the warning signs with a cloth, water and soap. Do not use solvent

Agents, gasoline, and other harsh chemicals. Solvent, gasoline or

Irritating chemicals may make adhesives affixed to safety signs

Loss of stickiness. Loss of sticky warning signs may come from the engine

Fall off.

Replace any damaged or missing warning signs. If there are warning signs

The post is attached to the replaced part, and it should be pasted on the replaced part.

New warning sign. Your Perkins agent or distributor can

To provide new warning signs.

(1) General warning

The instructions and warnings in the "Operation Manual for Maintenance and Maintenance of Handbooks"

Before that, please do not operate the machine. . Failure to comply with these warnings may lead to

Causes personal injury or death. .

figure 1

g01154807

Typical example

General warning labels (1) are located on both sides of the engine. Refer to Figure 2.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


6

SCBU8313

Security section

General hazard information

figure 2

g01294688

Typical example

i03018725

General danger information

Figure 4

g00702020

Wear hard hats, goggles, and other protective equipment as required.

Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry because they may

Hold the controls or other parts of the engine.

image 3

g00037887

Make sure all guards and covers are properly seated in the engine

Place it on.

Before servicing or repairing the equipment,

Hang a "No Operation" or similar warning label.

Keep the engine free of foreign objects. Clear machine floor board, aisle

And debris, oil, tools and other objects on the steps.

Never put maintenance liquids in glass containers. Drain all the liquid

Place in a suitable container.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

7

Security section

Prevent burns

Dispose of liquids in accordance with local regulations.

Use all cleaning solutions with care.

Report all items that need repair.

Do not allow unauthorized persons to board the machine.

Before working on the busbar or glow plug, make sure the power is off

open.

Maintain the engine while the equipment is in the service position. About putting the device

For information on repair locations, see the OEM documentation.

Compressed air and water

Compressed air and / or pressurized water may blow debris and / or hot water out

Come. This may cause personal injury.

Figure 5

g00687600

Always use planks or cardboard to check for leaks. under pressure

The sprayed liquid may penetrate human tissues. Liquid penetrates into

Entering the body can cause serious personal injury and may even lead to death

Perish. Even a pinhole-sized hole can cause

Serious personal injury. If liquid is sprayed onto your skin, you must

Treat immediately. Seek treatment from a doctor familiar with this type of injury.

Using compressed air or pressurized water directly on the case may cause

Personal injury.

Wear protective clothing when washing with compressed air and / or water

Clothing, protective shoes and eye protection. Eye protection includes goggles and

Protective mask.

Contain spilled liquid

The maximum air pressure used during cleaning must be lower than 205kPa

(30psi). The maximum water pressure used during cleaning must be lower than

275kPa (40psi).

Inspecting, maintaining, testing, adjusting and repairing the engine

Always pay attention when making sure that the spilled liquid is contained in the container.

Device. Before opening any chamber or disassembling any parts, please

Be prepared to collect the effluent with a suitable container.

Liquid penetration

Even if the engine has been off for a long time, there may still be

Pressure exists. If pressure is not released properly,

Objects such as hydraulic oil or pipe plugs fire at high speed.

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for collecting liquids.

• Use only tools and equipment suitable for holding liquids.

Dispose of liquids in accordance with local regulations.

Do not disassemble any hydraulic components until pressure is released, no

Will cause personal injury. Do not disassemble until pressure is released

Any hydraulic parts, otherwise it will cause personal injury. Related releases

For any steps required to release hydraulic pressure, see OEM

material.

i03546292

Prevent scald burns

Do not touch any part of the running engine. Must stay

Do not service the engine until it has cooled down.

Contact with high-pressure and high-pressure compression-ignition fuel oil may cause the penetration of liquids and fluids and the danger of burns and burns. . High pressure

Fuel oil spills may cause fires and fires. . If you do not follow the inspection, check and maintain

Hehewei Maintenance and Repair Guide Guide may cause adult injuries or deaths. .

After the engine is stopped,

Before servicing or repairing, you must wait 60 seconds to eliminate high pressure ignition

Fuel pressure in the oil line.

Before disconnecting any pipes, fittings or related items,

Air pressure in the system, hydraulic system, lubrication system or cooling system

exclude.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


8

SCBU8313

Security section

Fire and explosion protection

Coolant

After pressing the emergency stop button, make sure to wait 15 minutes before disassembling

Lower the engine end cap.

When the engine is at operating temperature, the engine's coolant is hot

of. And the coolant is under pressure. Radiator and access

There is hot coolant in all pipes of the heater or engine.

Determine if the engine is in a position where flammable gases can be drawn into the intake system

Operating in the environment. These gases can cause the engine to overspeed (fly

car). This may cause personal injury, property damage, or

Motivation is damaged.

Contact with hot coolant or steam can cause severe burns. row

Allow the cooling system components to cool before placing the cooling system.

If the application type involves the presence of flammable gases, please consult

Ask your Perkins agent and / or your Perkins distributor,

For more information on proper protection.

After the engine has stopped and cooled down, check the coolant level.

Before removing the filler cap, make sure that the filler cap is cold. plus

The nozzle cap must be cool enough to be touched with bare hands. Remove the filler port slowly

Cover to relieve pressure.

Remove all flammable or conductive materials from the engine, such as fuel, engine

Oil and debris. Do not allow any flammable or

导 材料。 Guide material.

Cooling system additives contain alkali. Alkaline substances can cause personal injury

harm. Do not allow the alkali to come in contact with the skin, or let it get into the eyes or

mouth.

Store all fuel and lubricants in marked containers.

Access to unauthorized persons is prohibited. Mix the oily rag with

Store any flammable materials in protective containers. Never store flammable

Place for smoking.

Motor oil

Hot oil and hot lubricating parts can cause personal injury. Don't

Let hot oil touch the skin. At the same time, don't let the hot parts

Pieces in contact with the skin.

Do not expose the engine to any open flame.

If pipes, piping and seals are damaged,

Equipped) prevents oil or fuel from being injected into hot exhaust pipes

Parts. The exhaust bulkhead must be installed correctly.

Accumulator

The electrolyte is acidic. Electrolyte can cause personal injury. avoid

Avoid electrolyte contact with skin or eyes. Be sure to maintain the battery

Wear protective glasses. Wash hands after touching batteries and terminals.

Use of gloves is recommended.

It is forbidden to perform welding on pipelines or tanks filled with flammable liquids.

Never use flames to cut pipes or tanks containing flammable liquids. in

Before welding or flame cutting these pipes or tanks, use non-combustible

Wash it thoroughly with solvents.

Wiring must be kept in good condition. All wires must be correct

Arrange and connect securely. Check all wires daily.

Repair loose or frayed wires before running the engine. clear

Clean and tighten all line connectors.

i03546263

Fire protection and explosion protection

Remove all unconnected or unnecessary connectors. Do not use than

It is recommended to use small wires or cables. Do not place any fuses

And / or circuit breaker bypass.

An arc or spark can cause a fire. Strong connection, with one recommended

Consistent wiring and properly maintained battery cables help prevent

Generate arcs and sparks.

Contact with high-pressure and high-pressure compression-ignition fuel oil may cause the penetration of liquids and fluids and the danger of burns and burns. . High pressure

Fuel oil spills may cause fires and fires. . If you do not follow the inspection, check and maintain

Hehewei Maintenance and Repair Guide Guide may cause adult injuries or deaths. .

After the engine is stopped,

Before servicing or repairing, you must wait 60 seconds to eliminate high pressure ignition

Fuel pressure in the oil line.

Figure 6

g00704000

All fuels, most lubricants, and some coolant mixtures are

flammable.

Make sure the engine is stopped. Check all pipes and hoses

Worn or aged. The routing of the hoses must be appropriate. Pipeline

And the hose must have adequate support and a strong clamp.

When flammable liquids leak or splash onto hot surfaces or electrical components,

May cause fire. Fire can cause personal injury and property damage

Missed.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

9

Security section

Prevent crushing and cuts

The oil filter and fuel filter must be installed correctly. Must put

The filter housing is tightened to the correct torque. For more information, see

Read the disassembly and assembly manual.

Improper jumper cable connections can cause explosions that can cause people

Bodily injury. For specific instructions, please refer to the operation of this manual

section.

Do not charge frozen batteries. Doing so can cause an explosion.

The battery must be kept clean. Every battery grid cell must

Close the lid (if equipped). When the engine is running, make sure

Use recommended cables, connectors, and battery box covers.

Fire extinguisher

Make sure you have a fire extinguisher. Be familiar with the use of fire extinguishers.

Check fire extinguishers frequently. Follow the instructions on the dashboard.

Pipelines, pipes and hoses

Do not bend high-pressure lines. Do not strike high-pressure lines. Don't

Install any damaged pipeline.

Leaks can cause fire. For replacement parts, please consult

Your Perkins agent or your Perkins distributor.

Replace the parts if any of the following conditions occur:

• Remove the high-pressure fuel pipe.

Figure 7

g00704059

• The end fitting is damaged or leaking.

• The cover is worn or cut.

• Metal wires are exposed.

Use caution when refueling the engine. Don't send

Smoking while motivated. Also don't go near open flames or fire

Flower ground refuels the engine. Remember to remember before adding fuel

Stop the engine.

• Outer bulge.

• Twisted hose.

• Armored sheath is embedded in the outer layer.

• Displacement of end fittings.

Ensure that all pipe clamps, shields and insulation panels are installed correctly

Indeed. This helps prevent engine vibration and parts

Mutual friction and excessive heat generation.

i02122385

Prevents pressure injuries and cut injuries

When working under a component, the component should have reliable support.

If no additional maintenance instructions are provided, run the engine

Do not attempt to make adjustments during the time.

Figure 8

g00704135

Avoid all rotating and moving parts. Until maintenance

Remove the protective cover. Replace the cover after maintenance.

The gas emitted from the battery can explode. Keep fire or sparks away

Off the top of the battery. Do not suck in places where the battery is charged

smoke.

Keep objects away from rotating fan blades. Fan blades will throw or

Cutting objects.

Do not connect metal objects to the terminals.

Check the battery charge. Must use voltmeter or specific gravity

meter.

Wear protective goggles when hitting objects to avoid eye injury.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


10

SCBU8313

Security section

When the object is struck, debris or other debris can fly around. knock

Before hitting an object, make sure that no one around is hit by flying debris

hurt.

i06043726

Start the engine

i02122355

Check steps, handrails and work areas before boarding the engine. Guarantee

Keep steps, handrails and work areas clean and in good condition.

Do not use auxiliary sprays and aerosols similar to ethyl ether to help start. . Otherwise it may be possible to guide

The explosion caused an explosion and personal injury. .

The engine must be loaded and unloaded where pedals and / or armrests are installed.

Do not climb on the engine or jump off the engine.

If a warning is attached to the engine start switch or controls

Do not start the engine or pull the operating device. Starting

Before the engine, consult the person with the warning label.

Face the engine when going on and off the engine. Protected with stairs and handrails

Hold three points of contact. With both feet and one hand or with one foot and both hands.

Do not use the controls as armrests.

The engine must be started if servicing is required and must be installed

All protective covers and covers. To prevent accidents caused by rotating parts,

Be careful when working around the rotating parts.

Do not stand on components that cannot support your weight. Use proper

Ladder or use work platform. Fix the climbing equipment so that it does not

Will move.

Start the engine from the cab or with the engine start switch.

Do not carry tools or objects when getting on or off the engine. Use hand

Lift or drop tools or items from the rope.

Be sure to start the engine according to the operation and maintenance manual (operation

Start the engine in the steps described in points). Learn about proper startup

The steps help prevent major damage to engine components. To understanding

Proper startup procedures help prevent personal injury.

i03546308

Start the engine before the engine

To ensure that the water jacketed water heater (if equipped) works properly,

During heater operation, check the water temperature gauge and / or oil temperature gauge.

Engine exhaust contains combustion products that are harmful to the human body. must

Start and run the engine in a well-ventilated area. If at

A confined space to start the engine

Go outdoors.

Starting a new engine for the first time or an engine after repair or repair

When doing so, be prepared to stop the operation to stop overspeed. This can

This is done by shutting off the engine fuel supply and / or ignition.

Engine overspeed should be shut down automatically, it is controlled electronically. Such as

If the automatic shutdown is not performed automatically, press the emergency stop button to switch

Shut off fuel and / or air to the engine.

Note: The engine may be equipped with cold start equipment. If the engine will be in

In severe cold conditions, cold starting aids may be required. through

Often, the engine will be equipped with an auxiliary starting gear suitable for the working area

彩乐乐网.

Inspect the engine for potential hazards.

i02128733

Before starting the engine, make sure that there is no

people. Make sure no one is nearby.

Engine stop machine

If equipped, ensure that the lighting system for the engine is suitable for the job

Condition conditions. If equipped, make sure all lights are working properly.

Follow the operation and maintenance manual. Engine shutdown (operation section)

Engine shutdown operation to avoid engine overheating and engine

Accelerated wear of components.

If the engine must be started for maintenance procedures, then

Install all protective covers and covers. To prevent rotating parts from causing trouble

Therefore, work carefully around the rotating parts.

The emergency stop button can only be used in emergency situations (if any

Equipped). Do not use the emergency stop button when the engine is stopped normally.

button. Do not start until the problem that caused the emergency shutdown is resolved

Start the engine.

Do not bypass the automatic shutdown circuit. Do not make the automatic shutdown circuit

kick in. This circuit is set up to prevent personal injury,

It also prevents engine damage.

For repair and adjustment information, refer to the service manual.

If a new or overhauled engine starts for the first time

An overspeed condition causes the engine to stop. This can be done by cutting the hair

Motive fueling and / or gas supply.

To stop the electronically controlled engine

source.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

11

Security section

Electrical System

i02856947

Electrical, Electrical and Gas System

When the charging device is working, do not disconnect the charging device from the battery.

Install the circuit or battery circuit cable. Flammable by battery

The gas may be ignited by a spark.

To prevent sparks from igniting flammable gases from some batteries

Body, the negative “−” jump start cable should be last from the external power supply

Connect to the negative “−” terminal of the starter motor. If you start the motor

Not equipped with negative “−” terminal, please connect jumper start cable

To the cylinder.

Check the wires every day for looseness. Before the engine starts,

Tighten any loose wires. Repair before engine starts

All frayed wires. For specific startup instructions, refer to

"Engine Start" section of this operation and maintenance manual.

Grounding method

Figure 10

g00771487

Typical example

Another wiring arrangement of ground studs to battery ground

It is necessary to start the engine for the best performance and reliability of the engine

The electrical system of the machine is properly grounded. Improper grounding can cause

Control and unreliable circuit paths.

Uncontrolled circuits can cause damage to main bearings, crankshaft journal surfaces, and aluminum

Damage to quality parts.

Engines without an engine-to-frame ground strap may be electrically

Damage due to discharge.

To ensure that the engine and engine electrical system work properly, you must

Use engine-to-rack ground strap, this ground strap and battery

There is a direct connection between them. This approach can be accessed by the starter motor

The starter motor is grounded to the frame or directly from the engine

Racks, etc. to provide.

All ground points must be tight and free of corrosion. Engine AC

The generator must pass one foot to withstand its full charge current

The wire is grounded to the negative "-" terminal of the battery.

Figure 9

g00771448

Typical example

Ground stud to battery ground

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


12

SCBU8313

Security section

Engine electronics

i06151138

Engine, electromechanical and electronic subassembly

Unauthorized modification and modification of the electrical and electronic subsystem system or the original original original equipment and equipment manufacturer (OEM) 's connection cable

Installation is dangerous and may cause personal injury or death and / or damage to the engine

Harm. .

This engine has a comprehensive, programmable engine monitoring system

System. The engine control module (ECM)

Ability. If any engine parameters exceed the allowable range

Around, ECM will take immediate action.

Engine monitoring control can take the following actions: warning, action report

Alarm and shutdown.

Many parameters monitored by ECM can be based on engine monitoring functions

Programming. As part of the engine monitoring system,

The following parameters can be monitored:

•Atmospheric pressure

• Intake manifold pressure

• Coolant temperature

• Engine oil pressure

• Crankshaft position

• Camshaft position

• Fuel temperature

• Intake manifold temperature

• System voltage

Engine monitoring package may be poor due to engine model and application

Varies. But for all engines, the monitoring system

And engine monitoring control will be similar.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

13

Product information data section

Welding on engines with electronic controls

Product information data section

Overview

i03616510

On an engine that is equipped with a backup electronic electronic control device

Welding

note

Proper welding procedures are necessary to avoid damage to the engine

ECM, sensors and related components. Remove from device if possible

Lower the parts before soldering them. If parts cannot be removed, correct

When welding a device equipped with an electronically controlled engine,

Program to operate. The following procedures are considered to be the safest component welding

program. The procedure should provide minimal risk of damage to electronic components.

Figure 11

g00765012

Use the example above. Current from the welder to the grounding clamp of the weld

Will not damage any related parts.

note

Do not connect the ground wire of the welding machine to electrical components such as electronic control modules

(ECM) or sensor. Improper grounding method

Damage to bearings, hydraulic components, electrical components, and other components.

(1) Engine

(2) electrode

(3) The key switch is in the OFF position.

(4) The battery disconnect switch is in the open position

(5) Disconnect the battery cable

Use the ground clip of the welding machine to clamp the component to be welded. As much as possible

The son is placed near the welding point. This will help reduce the possibility of damage.

(6) Battery

(7) Electrical / electronic components

(8) Maximum distance between soldered parts and any electrical / electronic parts

(9) Components to be welded

(10) Current path at the weld

(11) Welded ground clamp

1.1. Stop the engine. Turn off the power controlled by the switch

(OFF) position.

2.2. Separate the battery negative cable from the battery. If provided

The battery disconnect switch is turned off.

4.4. Connect the welding ground cable directly to the part to be welded.

Place the ground cable as close as possible to the solder joint to reduce soldering

Current damage to bearings, hydraulic components, electrical components and ground straps

Possibility.

3.3. Separate the connector J1 / P1 from the ECM. Move the harness to disallow

The position where the wire harness is accidentally moved back and contacts the ECM pins

彩乐乐网.

Note: If electrical / electronic parts are used as welding ground, or electrical / electronic

The part is located between the welding ground and the welding point.

Flow can severely damage components.

5.5. Protect the wiring harness from welding debris and spills.

6.6. Weld using standard welding practices.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


14

SCBU8313

Model view description

Model view

Model view description

i06151167

Machine model type view

The following model views show 2506 engine characteristics. As specific

Depending on the application, your engine may look like

The difference.

Figure 12

g01289036

Typical example

Left view

(1) Front timing gear housing

(2) Fuel injection pump

(3) Electronic control module (ECM)

(4) Flywheel housing

(5) Fuel filter

(6) Oil transfer pump

(7) Damper

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SCBU8313

15

Model view description

Engine description

Figure 13

g01289038

Typical example

right elevation

(8) Exhaust manifold

(9) Turbocharger

(10) Thermostat housing

(11) Water pump

(12) Oil cooler

(13) Oil filter

i06151152

The electronic engines covered in this manual have the following characteristics:

Fuel injection, mechanically driven electronic unit injection, turbocharging

And air-to-air aftercooler (ATAAC).

Description of engine

The electronic engine control system provides the following functions: electronic speed regulation,

Automatic air-fuel ratio control, fuel injection timing control and system diagnosis.

Table 1

Electronic governor controls the output of the unit injector to maintain the ideal

Engine speed.

2506 Engine Technical Specifications

Cylinder and layout

Cylinder bore

Inline 6-cylinder

Single injectors driven by electronically controlled machinery produce very high

Injection pressure. Collects pump oil and electronic fuel metering during fuel injection

(Duration and timing) in one. Single fuel injector precise control

Smoke control, white smoke and engine acceleration.

137.2 mm (5.4 in)

171.5 mm (6.8 in)

15.2 L (928 in3)

stroke

Displacement

Ignition sequence

Direction of rotation (flywheel end)

1-5-3-6-2-4

Counterclockwise

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


16

SCBU8313

Model view description

Engine description

There is a single fuel injector per cylinder. Each single fuel injector measures fuel

oil. Each individual injector also pumps oil. Go under high pressure

Dosing and pumping oil. High injection pressure helps reduce fuel consumption

And emissions. This type of single fuel injector provides full electronic control

Timing of fuel injection. Fuel injection timing varies with engine operating conditions

Into. Engine performance is optimized in the following areas:

•start

•emission

•noise

• Fuel consumption

Advance timing is achieved by precisely controlling the injection of the injector. launch

The engine speed is controlled by adjusting the injection duration. Information through song

Shaft position sensor and camshaft position sensor are provided for electronic control

Control module (ECM). This information is used to detect the cylinder position and

Motive speed.

Engine has built-in diagnostics to ensure that all components are

Works fine. When a system component deviates from a programmed limit

Case, the diagnostic light mounted on the control panel will

Warn the operator. Electronic repair tools provided by Perkins

The numeric code used to read the diagnostic flash code. Diagnostic code

Divided into three categories: current, records and events. These codes record and

Saved in ECM. For more information, refer to Operation and warranty

Maintenance Manual Engine Diagnostics.

The cooling system consists of the following components: a gear-driven centrifugal pump,

Water temperature regulator, oil cooler and diffuser with integrated shunt system

Heater.

Engine oil is supplied by a gear pump. Engine oil

After cooling and filtering. When the oil viscosity is high or if the oil cools

When the oil filter or oil filter element (paper core) is blocked, bypass

The valve provides unrestricted lubricating oil flow to engine parts.

Engine efficiency, emission control efficiency and engine performance

Large utilization depends on adherence to proper operating and maintenance recommendations. This bag

This includes the use of recommended fuels, coolants and lubricants.

Aftermarket products and Perkins engines

Use of auxiliary from other manufacturers on Perkins products

Equipment, accessories or consumables (filters, additives, catalysts

Etc.) will not affect Perkins' warranty solely for such use.

repair.

However, install and use equipment, accessories or

Failures due to consumables are not part of Perkins product shortage

trap. Therefore, these defects are not covered by the Perkins warranty

within.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

17

Product identification information

Location of signs and films

Product identification information

i06151136

Position of the signage plate and the film

Figure 14

g01291895

(1) Serial number plate

Perkins engines are identified by a serial number. These figures show

It is shown on the engine serial number plate. Perkins dealers need

These numbers determine the parts included on the engine. This can

To accurately identify the part number of the replacement part.

i06151086

Reference number

Serial number plate (1)

When ordering parts, you may need information about

material. Find out your engine information. Record this in place

Some information. Make a copy of the record sheet. Save this information for

Future reference.

The engine serial number plate is located on the lower right side of the engine block.

Engine serial number

name

Archival records for reference

Engine rating

engine model

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


18

SCBU8313

Product identification information

Emission certification film

Engine serial number

Engine speed

Total lubrication system capacity

Total cooling system capacity

Air filter element

Fan drive belt

Primary fuel filter

Fine fuel filter element

Lubricant filter element

Alternator belt

i06151139

Emission emission certification certificate sticker film

Emissions-compliant engine label

Figure 15

g01290846

Typical example of a sign mounted on an engine that meets emission requirements

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

19

Product identification information

User-specified parameters

Figure 16

g01290859

Typical example of a sign mounted on an engine that meets emission requirements

i06151157

• Intake manifold temperature sensor

• Coolant temperature sensor

Specify the number of fixed parameters with the user's account

• Engine oil pressure sensor

• Engine crankshaft / camshaft sensor

• Intake manifold pressure sensor

• Fuel temperature sensor

Use the form below to record the technical specifications prepared.

Customer password (if required).

• first password

• Second password

Rated rated constant power power rate and other level selection (L (L--N) N)

Equipment ID

Programmable Monitoring System (PMS)

The programmable monitoring system determines the electronic control module (ECM)

The degree of action that can damage the state of the engine and react. These ones

The condition is determined by the ECM using signals generated by the following sensors

of.

Table 2

Event code

parameter

status

Trigger point

delay

E162

High boost pressure

(Continued)

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SCBU8313

Product identification information

User-specified parameters

(Table 2, continued)

-1

Warning operator (1)

Action Alarm (2)

turn on

300 kPa (43.5 psi)

30 seconds

5 seconds

-2

Always on

no

E360

-1

Low engine oil pressure

Warning operator (1)

Action Alarm (2)

turn on

300 kPa (43.5 psi)

60 seconds

2 seconds

-2

Always on

Always on

no

no

-3

E361

-1

Engine shutdown (3)

High engine coolant temperature

Warning operator (1)

2 seconds

turn on

104 ° C (2190 ° F)

105 ° C (221 ° F)

108 ° C (226 ° F)

60 seconds

10 seconds

10 seconds

-2

-3

Action Alarm (2)

Engine shutdown (3)

Engine overspeed

Always on

Always on

E362

-1

Warning operator (1)

Action Alarm (2)

turn on

2000 RPM

2050 RPM

2140 RPM

1 second

1 second

0 seconds

-2

Always on

Always on

-3

E363

-1

Engine shutdown (3)

Fuel supply temperature is high

Warning operator (1)

turn on

60 ° C (140 ° F)

68 ° C (154 ° F)

60 seconds

60 seconds

-2

Action Alarm (2)

Always on

E368

-1

High engine intake manifold air temperature

Warning operator (1)

turn on

75 ° C (167 ° F)

78 ° C (172 ° F)

60 seconds

10 seconds

-2

Action Alarm (2)

Always on

See Troubleshooting and Troubleshooting System Configuration Parameters for details

More information on programmable monitoring systems.

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SCBU8313

twenty one

Operation part

Equipment lifting

Operation part

There are three different levels of engine storage. Level "A, B and C".

Level "A"

Lifting and storage

Level "A" provides 6 months of protection for diesel engines, while

Gas engines provide 1 year of protection. This level applies to

Engines transported by container or truck.

i03616633

Set up equipment for lifting

Level "B"

This level is in addition to level "A". Level "B" will provide

Normal storage conditions: (− 15 ° to + 55 ° C

(5.0000 ° to 99.0000 ° F) at "90%" relative humidity

One year of protection.

Level "C"

This level is in addition to level "B". Level "C" will provide

Five years of protection in tropical or arctic climates. Engine storage

Class "C" in non-heating buildings or under outdoor waterproof covers

It also complies with European MODNES724 level "J".

Figure 17

g00103219

note

Never bend eyebolts and brackets. Eyebolts and brackets only

Withstand tension load. Remember when the angle between the support member and the object

When it is less than 90 °, the bearing capacity of the eyebolt becomes small.

When parts must be moved at an angle, use

Constant load link bracket.

Use a crane to remove heavy components. Use an adjustable

The lifting beam lifts the engine. All load-bearing components (chains and wires

Rope) should be parallel to each other. Top surface of chain and rope

Stay as vertical as possible.

Some disassembly jobs require lifting with lifting tools to ensure balance

And safety.

Use the lifting ears on the engine only when disassembling the engine.

Lifting ears are designed and installed for specific engine configuration assemblies.

Changes to eye bolts and / or engines can cause eye bolts and spreaders

Loss of applicability. If changes have been made to the lifting eyes and / or the engine

When moving, you should ensure that suitable lifting devices are provided. About right start

For information on engine spreaders, please consult your Perkins dealer.

i03619073

Equipment storage and storage

For information on engine storage, see PerkinsEngine

Companylimited, Stafford.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


twenty two

SCBU8313

Gauges and indicators

Gauges and indicators

Gauges and indicators

i06151163

Gauges and indicator lights

The gauges on your engine may be different or non-

Prepare all the following instruments. For more information about the instrument cluster, see

Read the OEM information.

Gauge indicates engine performance. Make sure the meter is in good working order

status. After observing the meter for a while, you can be sure that it is normal

Operating range.

Significant changes in meter readings may mean a meter or start

Machine is malfunctioning. Even if the meter reading is within the technical specifications,

A change in its reading may also indicate a problem. Identify and correct guidance

Any cause of a significant change in the reading. Ask your Perkins

An agent or your Perkins dealer asks for help.

note

If inorganic oil pressure is displayed, stop the engine. If the engine cools

If the fluid exceeds the maximum coolant temperature, stop the engine. This may cause

Engine damage.

Engine Oil Pressure-The range of engine oil pressure is

420 kPa (61 psi).

Water jacket water coolant temperature-typical water temperature in an engine is

88 ° C (190 ° F). In some cases there may be more

High temperature. Engine cools with load

Fluid temperature readings are different. The reading must never exceed 107 ° C (224 ° F)

.

1.1. A high water temperature switch is installed in the cooling system.

Tachometer-This meter indicates the engine speed.

Ammeter – This meter indicates the charge in the battery charging circuit.

Electricity or discharge. Meter hands should operate at "0"

(Zero) bit to the right.

Hour Meter-This gauge indicates the number of hours the engine has been operating.

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SCBU8313

twenty three

Functional components and controls

Monitoring System

Functional components and controls

If the engine is in a warning condition, the memory of the ECM will be

Events are logged. Will be sent over the Perkins data link

A fault code and hardwired warning output will be activated. If the engine

Under warning conditions, faults will be retained when conditions exist

Code and output. Electronic repair tool for clearing ECM memory

Fault code in. The alarm trigger point will be set in production to

Factory default. Electronic repair tools can be used to change within predetermined limits

Change the warning trigger point.

i06151151

Monitoring System

The engine has three stages of protection:

•caveat

Action alarm

• Action alarm

The action alarm informs the OEM that the engine is approaching critical conditions. launch

The machine should be stopped in a controlled manner, otherwise the load on the engine

Will decrease. Running the engine further may cause an immediate shutdown.

• downtime

Engine protection may be exceeded by critical condition modes.

ECM memory if engine is in action alarm condition

Events will be logged. Will be sent over the Perkins data link

Send a fault code and the hardwired action alarm will be activated. If posted

Motivation is in the action alarm condition. When the condition exists, it will

Retain fault codes and outputs. Faults will remain in ECM memory

in.

All alarms and downtime are via Perkins data link

send. The electronic control module (ECM) monitors the following parameters:

• Engine temperature

• Engine pressure

•Engine speed

Downtime

If the parameter exceeds the trigger point for longer than the delay time,

The ECM will record an event code and the indicator switch will turn on.

If the engine parameters reach a shutdown condition, the following may occur

Fault: oil pressure, coolant temperature or overspeed. Events will be recorded

Recorded in the ECM's memory. The engine will stop. Will pass

Perkins data link sends a fault code, hardwired downtime

The output will be activated. The shutdown condition is locked until the ECM is reset.

The following parameters are monitored for event codes:

•hydraulics pressure

Critical protection beyond

• Coolant temperature

If the engine is in critical safety applications,

Protection system to ensure uninterrupted power during engine failure conditions

Rate supply.

• Speeding

• Intake manifold air temperature

• Intake manifold pressure

• Fuel temperature

Critical protection will be set via a switching input from the OEM

Beyond. For example, this could be a switch to the positive terminal of the battery, to

Disable critical override. Using the factory password can

Enable critical protection override input.

When the engine is cranked, the temperature protection is disabled for a period of time to compensate

Compensate for heat leaching.

When critical protection override is enabled, the ECM will record this condition. hair

Motivation will be in all fault conditions except overspeed and emergency stop

Continue to run. If the engine goes into a fault condition, the ECM will

Record events in memory. ECM will document the transcendence of failures

number. When critical protection override is enabled, the ECM will activate a warning,

Action alarm and shutdown output. Need time.

If due to oil pressure, coolant temperature, or overspeed fault conditions

Alarm or action output, ECM will turn on the special alarm

Report output.

If the engine is in a warning state and the malfunction is further worsened,

When the shutdown limit is reached, the ECM logs a failure. Subsequently, ECM will

Shut down the engine. If the engine due to oil pressure, coolant temperature

The speed or overspeed is turned off and the corresponding alarm output is activated.

Records generated when the ECM works in critical protection override mode

Outage events cannot be cleared from the recorded events screen.

Note:

Siren

If the engine is under critical conditions with

The engine warranty will be invalidated when working in the protection overrun mode. When launched

When the machine works in critical protection override mode, the oil pressure and cold

The liquid temperature event will be displayed in the "critical

File "screen.

The alarm notifies the user that the engine is approaching critical conditions.

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twenty four

SCBU8313

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Standard warning output

The following sensors will be monitored to determine if the sensors are

Constant range, open or short:

ECM provides separate outputs to drive warning lights or relays,

Indicate the following fault conditions:

•hydraulics pressure

• Diagnose faults

•hydraulics pressure

• Coolant temperature

• Speeding

• Intake manifold pressure

• Intake manifold temperature

• Fuel temperature

• Coolant temperature

•Engine speed

• Demand speed input

• Action alarm

•caveat

• downtime

The diagnostic output is different from the warning and shutdown outputs. Output means launch

Machine operation. Diagnostic output refers to electronic and software systems

Condition.

If the ECM detects a coolant temperature warning, the coolant temperature is lost.

Out and warning outputs will be activated. If ECM detects low oil pressure

Force warning, oil pressure output and warning output will be activated.

Diagnosing the fault may be in the oil pressure or coolant temperature sensor

上 形成。 On the formation. For example, if the shutdown protection sensor fails,

This will cause the engine to stop unless the system is

More. When the engine is running, if one of the engine speeds

Sensor has a diagnostic failure. Engine timing sensor

Continue operation for reference.

If action alarm alert is enabled and ECM detects coolant temperature

Temperature conditions, coolant temperature output and action alarm output will activate

live.

If the engine is stopped due to low oil pressure, low oil pressure output

And shutdown outputs will be activated. If the engine is affected by coolant temperature or

Over speed shutdown, dedicated output and shutdown output will be activated.

i06151165

Transducer sensors and electrical and electronic components

Stop reset

After the engine is stopped, reset the input or cut off the power by operating the shutdown reset

The controller can clear the fault.

Sensor location

Power-off electronic control by operating the key switch to enter sleep mode

制 module。 System module. Power can be cut off by isolating the power of the electronic control module

Electronic control module.

Figure 18 shows a typical location of the sensors on the engine. specific

The engine may differ from the position in the illustration due to application differences

with.

Note: Before the engine is stopped, it cannot be reset by using the reset input

ECM.

Derating

The engine will not be derated at high altitudes or high ambient temperatures. can

Taking applications from Perkins Engine Co., Stafford

Obtain engine derating information by department. These reductions must be observed

Amount limit, or serious engine damage may occur.

Note: There is no requirement for manual derating of the engine. When the engine is at high altitude

When working, the power output needs to be reduced by the operator. No need to adjust hair

motivation.

diagnosis

If the engine protection sensor on the engine is defective, start

The machine will activate a diagnostic code. The engine passes the diagnostic output

The diagnostic code is transmitted to the operator. Diagnostic code provided to operator

Engine protection system fault indication. Long under these conditions

Running the engine at intervals may cause engine failure. Output usually

Used to drive lights or relays.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

25

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Figure 18

g01279775

(1) Engine coolant temperature sensor

(2) Camshaft position sensor

(3) Intake manifold pressure sensor

(4) Fuel temperature sensor

(5) Intake manifold temperature sensor

(6) Electronic control module (ECM)

(7) Engine oil pressure sensor

(8) Atmospheric pressure sensor

(9) Crankshaft position sensor

Sensor failure

Coolant temperature sensor failed

The ECM detects the failure of the coolant temperature sensor. Consultation

Turning off the light will warn the operator of the status of the coolant temperature sensor.

Failure of the coolant temperature sensor can cause the engine to stop. Should be more

Replace the faulty sensor. See the disassembly and assembly manual

Liquid temperature sensor-removal and installation.

All sensors

Sensor failure may be caused by one of the following failures:

• The sensor output is open.

• The sensor output is short for "battery negative" or "battery positive"

road.

Intake manifold pressure sensor 3

The intake manifold pressure sensor measures the boost pressure of the intake manifold.

The signal is sent to the ECM. Failure of the intake manifold pressure sensor will

Limit engine power.

• Sensor measurement reading is out of specification.

Programmable Monitoring System (PMS)

Intake manifold temperature sensor 5

Programmable monitoring system determines the possibility of damage to the electronic control module (ECM)

The level of action in response to the state of the engine. These conditions are

Determined by the ECM through signals generated by the following sensors.

The intake manifold temperature sensor measures the intake air temperature. Signal is sent

To ECM. ECM also uses an intake air temperature sensor to determine the cold state

Start of the launch strategy.

Engine coolant temperature sensor 1

Engine oil pressure sensor 7

The coolant temperature transmitter monitors the engine coolant temperature. The

ECM output can indicate coolant temperature through relay or indicator

high. ECM uses a coolant temperature sensor to determine cold start

Start of strategy.

The engine oil pressure sensor is an absolute pressure sensor used to

Measure the engine oil pressure in the main oil gallery. Engine oil pressure

The force sensor detects the engine oil pressure for diagnostic purposes.

The engine oil pressure sensor sends a signal to the ECM.

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26

SCBU8313

Functional components and controls

Sensors and electrical components

Low oil pressure warning

The low pressure warning setpoint depends on the engine speed. Only in hair

The fault cannot be detected and recorded after the motive has been running for 8 seconds.

Low oil pressure

Very low oil pressure set point depends on engine speed. in case

A very low oil pressure is detected and the ECM will immediately turn off and start

Machine unless critical events go beyond activation.

Engine oil pressure sensor failure

The ECM will detect the failure of the engine oil pressure sensor. Consultation

The off lamp warns the user of the state of the engine oil pressure sensor. in

When the engine oil pressure sensor fails,

Strategies related to engine oil pressure will be deactivated. Engine

Failure of the oil pressure sensor will cause the engine to stop. Should be replaced with

Faulty sensor. See disassembly and assembly manual

Oil pressure sensor-removal and installation.

Crankshaft position sensor 9

If the ECM does not receive a letter from the crankshaft position sensor

Number, the "diagnostics" light will indicate the diagnostic fault code, which will

It will be recorded in the ECM memory.

If the ECM does not receive the

Signal, ECM will read from the camshaft position sensor (2)

signal. ECM constantly checks to see if there are

Sensor signal. If any sensor fails, it should be replaced.

Obstacle sensor. See Disassembly and Assembly Manual

Sensor-Disassembly and Installation or Disassembly and Assembly Manual Camshaft Position

Sensor-removal and installation.

Intermittent sensor failure will cause abnormal engine control.

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SCBU8313

27

Engine diagnosis

Self-diagnosis

Engine diagnosis

i06151150

The operation of the engine that generates the active diagnosis diagnosis code

Row

i02128776

Self diagnosis

If the diagnostic light is on when the engine is running normally, the system has

Identified a condition outside the specifications. Using electronic dimensions

The repair tool checks the activated diagnostic code.

The electronic control module has certain self-diagnostic capabilities. When entering or losing

When an electrical fault is detected, the diagnostic code is generated.

Raw. This indicates a specific problem with the line.

The active diagnostic code should be identified. The cause of the problem should be corrected as soon as possible

because. If the cause of the diagnostic code activation has been resolved and only

Activate the diagnostic code and the diagnostic light will go out.

When abnormal operating conditions are detected, the diagnostic code will also

produce. For example, when a low oil pressure alarm is triggered, a diagnostic

The code will be generated. In this case, the diagnostic code states the

Symptoms. This diagnostic code is called an event. Event is

Caused by abnormal engine conditions detected.

Engine operation and performance may be affected by the diagnosis of activation

Code. Acceleration rate may decrease significantly, power output

May be reduced automatically. See troubleshooting guide

Troubleshooting Codes, learn about each current diagnostic code and

More information on the relationship between possible engine performance impacts.

Representing a currently existing diagnostic code is called an active code.

The diagnostic code stored in memory is called a record code. for sure

The activity code is repaired first and then the record code is repaired. recording

The encoding may include the following types:

i06151159

The operation of the engine that causes the intermittent intermittent diagnostic diagnosis code

Row

• Intermittent problems

• Record events

• Performance history

If the diagnostic light is on when the engine is running normally, then the diagnostic light

Off again, indicating that an intermittent fault may have occurred. If it happens

If a fault occurs, it will be logged to the electronic control module (ECM)

In memory.

Record coding may not mean that repairs are needed. Self-encoded

After recording, related problems may have been repaired. Record

Codes may be helpful in troubleshooting intermittent problems.

i06043778

In most cases, there is no need to let the engine because of intermittent codes

Stop. However, the operator should retrieve the recorded fault codes.

Consider appropriate information to identify the nature of the event. Operator

The operator should record any observations that may cause the diagnostic light to light up.

Now.

Diagnosis

The "diagnostics" light is used to indicate that there is an existing fault.

The diagnostic code will remain active until the problem is resolved

Decision.

• Low power

• Engine speed limit

• Excessive smoking, etc.

i06151160

This information can help troubleshoot the situation. This information also

Can be used for future reference. More information on diagnostic codes

For more information, see the troubleshooting and troubleshooting guide for this engine.

Fault record

The system provides the ability to record faults. When the electronic control module

(ECM) When an active diagnostic code is generated, this code is remembered

Record to ECM memory. Perkins electronic repair tools

Retrievable record code. Perkins electronic repair available

The tool clears the recorded code. Generation recorded in ECM memory

The code will be automatically cleared from memory 100 hours after recording.

Without using the factory password,

Failure: overspeed, low engine oil pressure and high engine cold

But the liquid temperature.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


28

SCBU8313

Engine start

Before starting the engine

Engine start

1.1. Move the ignition switch to the ON position. If the indication system fails

Obstacles, investigate the cause. Use Perkins if necessary

Child repair tools.

i06151149

Before starting the engine

2.2. Press the start button or turn the key switch to the start position to

Drag the engine.

3.3. If the engine fails to start within 30 seconds, release the ignition button

Button or ignition switch. Wait 30 seconds so that you can try again

Allow the starter motor to cool before starting the engine.

Before starting the engine, perform required daily maintenance and other dues

Regular maintenance. For more information, refer to Operation and Maintenance

Manual maintenance schedule.

• Open the fuel supply valve (if equipped).

Note: After the engine is started, system failure may be indicated. If it happens

In this case, ECM has detected a system failure. If any

If necessary, use Perkins repair tools to investigate the failure.

note

All fuel lines must be opened before and during engine operation.

There are valves to prevent excessive fuel pressure. High fuel pressure may lead

Failure or other damage to the filter housing.

Note: The oil pressure should rise within 15 seconds after the engine is started. hair

Electronic engine control monitors engine oil pressure. If the oil pressure is low

At normal values, the electronic control will stall the engine.

4.4. If possible, let the engine run for about three minutes at no load. air

Run the engine until the water temperature gauge starts to rise. Warming up

In the meantime, check all instruments.

If the engine does not start for several weeks, fuel may be removed from the fuel system

Vented. Air may enter the filter housing. And replace

When the oil filter, some air bubbles will be trapped in the engine fuel system

in. In these cases, the fuel system should be charged. More

For information on pumped fuel systems, refer to Operation and Safety

Maintenance Manual Fuel System-Pumping.

i06151142

Cold weather

The exhaust gas of the engine contains the combustion products that are harmful to the human body. . Must be in Liangliang

Start and start the engine in a well-ventilated field, if it is closed in a closed field

Therefore, it is necessary to exhaust the exhaust gas to the outside. .

It is not necessary to use a spray-mist-type starting auxiliary auxiliary installation device similar to that of ethyl ether. . No coco otherwise

Can lead to detonation explosions and injuries. .

• If there is a “Do Not Operate” alarm on the start switch or controls

Warning labels or similar warning labels, never start the engine or move

Any controls.

The engine will start at a temperature of −10 ° C (14 ° F). Make

A block coolant heater or crankcase oil heating device will improve

Startability at temperatures below 10 ° C (50 ° F). When

When the motive starts in a cold climate, this helps reduce white smoke and

Lack of fire.

• Reset all shutdown devices or alarm components (if equipped).

• Make sure that all engine-driven equipment is disconnected from the engine.

Minimize electrical loads and remove any electrical loads.

If the engine has not been running for several weeks, the fuel can be

Can already be discharged. Air may enter the filter housing. this

In addition, after the fuel filter is replaced,

Partial air. See Operation and Maintenance Manual Fuel System-Charge

Note to remove air from the fuel system.

i06151083

Start the engine

Follow the start-up procedure in cold weather.

Note: Do not adjust the engine speed control when starting. When starting, electronic

The control module (ECM) will control the engine speed.

note

Do not engage the starter motor while the flywheel is spinning. Don't carry a load

Start the engine.

New engine

Fill the turbocharger. This can be done in the absence of fuel

Lower the engine slightly to achieve.

If the engine does not start within 30 seconds, you are trying to restart

Before the engine, release the starter switch or button and wait 30 seconds,

To allow the starter motor to cool.

If necessary, shut down the new engine in the event of an overspeed condition.

If necessary, press the emergency stop button.

Start the engine

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SCBU8313

29

Engine start

Start with jump start cable

1.1. If equipped, press the start button. If equipped, place the key

Turn the key switch to the start position to engage the electric starter motor

And cranking.

2.2. If the engine fails to start, repeat step 1 three times.

3.3. If the engine fails to start, investigate the cause of the failure. use

Perkins electronic repair tools. After the engine is started,

Can indicate system failure. If this happens, the table

The ECM has detected a system failure. Find out the source of the problem

because. Use Perkins electronic repair tools.

Note: The oil pressure should rise within 15 seconds after the engine is started. Electricity

The sub-engine control monitors the oil pressure. If the oil pressure is below normal

Value, the electronic control will stall the engine.

4.4. Operate the engine at no load until all coolant temperatures start to increase.

Rise. During warm-up, check the meter.

Note: When the coolant temperature is below 17 ° C (63 ° F), it will activate

Cold start strategy. Cold start strategy will continue until coolant temperature

Reached 28 ° C (82 ° F), or the engine has been running for 14 minutes

Until now. After the maximum time of 14 minutes, the timer will be canceled

Cold start strategy.

Note: The readings of the oil pressure and fuel pressure on the dashboard should be at

normal range. Until the oil pressure gauge indicates the minimum normal pressure, do not

Apply load to the engine. Inspect the engine for leaks and / or abnormalities

Often noisy.

Note: After the ECM completes the cold start mode, before the ECM is turned off, the cold start mode

Style cannot be enabled again.

Note: Do not attempt to restart the engine until the engine has completely stopped.

machine.

i03619140

Start the starter cable with a jumper cable

Do not use jumper starting cables to start the engine. Give the battery

Charge or replace the battery. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual

Pool-replacement.

i03619141

After starting the engine,

For newly installed engines or recently rebuilt engines

Engine, be careful to monitor the engine in order to detect any engine

Abnormal performance.

Check for leaks in air and liquid systems.

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30

SCBU8313

Engine running

Engine running

Engine running

i06151100

Engine-driven operation

Proper operation and maintenance is to obtain the maximum service life of the engine and

A key factor in economics. If you follow the instructions in the operation and maintenance manual

Instructions to do, the cost of use can be minimized and the service life

Can be maximized.

When the engine is running, you should observe the meter readings and often record the numbers

according to. Comparing long-term data will help determine the positiveness of each meter

Often reading. Comparing long-term data will also help detect abnormal operations

Development and change. Obvious changes in the readings should be investigated.

i06151064

Fuel-Economy Standards

Engine efficiency affects fuel economy. Perkins

Design and manufacturing processes deliver the highest fuel economy for all application types

Oil efficiency. Follow the recommended steps to get engine life

The best performance of life.

• Avoid fuel spills.

The fuel expands when heated. Fuel may overflow from the fuel tank.

Inspect the fuel line for leaks. Required for fuel lines

Maintenance.

• Know the characteristics of different fuels. Use only recommended fuel.

• Avoid unnecessary no-load operation.

Stop the engine without running it for long periods without load

time.

• Observe the air cleaner maintenance indicator frequently, if equipped.

Keep the air filter clean.

• Keep the electrical system in good condition.

A bad battery unit will overwork the alternator.

This will consume additional power and fuel.

• Make sure the drive belt is properly adjusted. The drive belt should be in good condition.

• Make sure all hoses are tightly connected. The connection should not leak.

• Make sure that the driven equipment is in good condition.

• Cold engines consume too much fuel. Keep cooling system components clear

Clean and well maintained. Never run without water temperature adjustment

Engine. All these items will help keep the work temperature

degree.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


SCBU8313

31

Engine shutdown

Manual shutdown procedure

Engine shutdown

• Make small adjustments if necessary. Repair every leak and screw

Tighten all loose bolts.

i06151098

• Take down the readings from the hour meter. Maintenance week according to this operation and maintenance manual

Perform maintenance as described in the schedule.

Manual stop program sequence

• Fill the fuel tank to prevent moisture from accumulating in the fuel. Fuel tank

Do not overfill.

Stop the engine

• Allow the engine to cool. Check the coolant level. Coolant level

Keep 13mm (0.5in) below the bottom of the filler tube.

note

Stopping the engine immediately while the engine is running with load will lead to

Overheating and accelerated wear of engine components.

Note: Use only the cooling recommended in the fluid recommendations in this Operation and Maintenance Manual

liquid. Failure to use recommended oil may result in engine damage

Bad.

Avoid accelerating operations before shutting down the engine.

• If the engine is expected to run at freezing temperatures, check the cooling

Does the fluid have the correct frost protection? The cooling system must be protected

System in case it freezes at the expected minimum external temperature. in case

If necessary, add a suitable coolant / water mixture.

To avoid hot engine shutdown, increase the turbocharger shaft and bearings.

life.

Note: Different applications use different control systems. Make sure you understand the downtime

sequence. Use the following general guidelines to stop the engine.

• Perform all necessary periodic maintenance on all driven equipment. This maintenance meeting

It is described in the OEM's instruction manual.

1.1. Remove the load from the engine. Let the engine run without load 5

Minutes to cool the engine.

2.2. After the cooling period specified by the shutdown system on the engine,

Turn off the engine and turn the ignition key switch to the off position.

If necessary, refer to the instructions provided by the OEM.

Emergency stop

note

The emergency stop control is for emergency use only. Never put an emergency stop

The device or control is used for the normal shutdown process.

The OEM may have assembled an emergency stop button. More about emergency

See the OEM documentation for information on the stop button.

Ensure that external systems that support engine operation after engine shutdown

All components are safe and reliable.

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After the engine is shut down

Note: Before checking the engine oil, stop the engine for at least 10 minutes

Clock in order to return the engine oil to the sump.

• Check crankcase oil level. Keep the oil level at the oil level gauge

Between the "low" mark and the "high" mark.

Note: Use only the machine recommended in the fluid recommendations in this Operation and Maintenance Manual

oil. Failure to use recommended oil may result in engine damage

Bad.

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR RESALE


32

SCBU8313

Cold weather operation

Cold weather operation

Cold weather operation

It is not necessary to use a spray-mist-type starting auxiliary auxiliary installation device similar to that of ethyl ether. . No coco otherwise

Can lead to detonation explosions and injuries. .

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Cold and cold weather operation

Engine oil viscosity

Perkins diesel engines can operate effectively in cold weather.

Starting and running of a diesel engine in cold weather depends on

The following:

You must use an engine oil of the correct viscosity. Oil viscosity

The value of the ratcheting torque. See repair and maintenance manual

Recommended for recommended oil viscosity information.

• Model of fuel used

• viscosity of engine oil

• Optional cold start assist

• Battery condition

Recommended coolant

The coolant should provide the cooling system with the lowest expected outside temperature.

Degree of protection. Refer to this service and maintenance manual for fluid recommendations.

Learn about recommended coolant mixtures.

In cold weather, often check the glycol concentration of the coolant

Is it correct to ensure adequate freeze protection?

The operation and maintenance of the engine at freezing temperatures is very complicated. This

Caused by:

Engine block heater

• Weather conditions

Engine block heater (if equipped) heats around the combustion chamber

Engine cylinder water. The heater provides the following functions:

• Engine applications

Perkins dealer's advice is proven in the past

Based on practice. The information contained in this section is cold days

Provides guidance on the operation of gas.

• Improve starting performance.

Once the engine is stopped, the electric block heater can be energized to work.

Typical electric power of effective block heater is 1250 / 1500W single

Bit. Consult your Perkins dealer for more information.

Cold weather operation recommendations

• If the engine can start, run the engine until it reaches

81 ° C (177.8 ° F) minimum operating temperature. Reach working temperature

The degree will help prevent the intake and exhaust valves from sticking.

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The influence of fuel oil and cold and cold weather

• The engine's cooling system and lubrication system will not immediately dissipate immediately after shutdown

Lose all heat. This means that after a period of engine shutdown

Still capable of starting easily.

Note: Use only fuel grades recommended by Perkins. See this operation

And maintenance manual oil recommendations.

• Before the cold weather arrives, raise the launch to reach the correct technical parameters

Machine lubricant.

This series of engines can use the following fuels.

• Check all rubber parts (hose, fan drive belt) weekly

Wait).

• Group 1

• Group 2

• Group 3

• Special fuel

• Inspect all electrical wiring and connections for any wear and insulation damage

Bad phenomenon.

• Keep all batteries fully charged and warm.

• Check air filters and air inlets daily.

In this series of engines, Perkins only prefers to use Group 1

And group 2 fuel.

Group 1 fuel is the fuel of choice for Perkins.

Group 1 fuel maximizes engine life and performance

can. Compared to Group 2 fuel, Group 1 fuel availability

small. Normally, No. 1 cannot be used in cold winter conditions

Set of fuel.

Alcoholic alcohol or starting fluids can cause personal injury to adults or damage to property. .

Alcoholic alcohol or starting fluid is a highly highly flammable product and is toxic and poisonous.

Dangdang, will cause adult injuries or damage to property or property. .

Note: Group 2 fuel must have a maximum wear mark of 650 microns

(HFRR to ISO12156-1).

This document has been printed from SPI2. NOT FOR R,, ESALE


SCBU8313

33

Cold weather operation

Fuel related components in cold weather

In the terms of the warranty, Group 2 fuel is considered acceptable. this

Group fuel may reduce engine life,

Maximum power and fuel efficiency.

The fuel tank should include measures to drain water and sediment from the bottom

Shi. Some fuel tanks use make-up pipes to allow water and sediment to settle in

The lower part of the end of the fuel supply pipe.

When using Group 2 diesel, the following components provide a maximum

Ways to Reduce Problems in Cold Weather:

The fuel supply lines used by some fuel tanks can be directly from the bottom of the fuel tank

The unit draws fuel. If the engine is equipped with this system, periodically

It is important to maintain the fuel system filter.

• Glow plug (if equipped)

Drain water and sediment from any storage tank in the following cycle:

Every week, when the oil is changed and when the fuel tank is refueled. This will have

Helps prevent water and / or sediment from being pumped from the tank to the engine

Engine fuel tank.

• Engine coolant heater, may be optional for OEM.

• Fuel heater, may be optional for OEM.

• Fuel pipe insulation, may be optional for OEM.

Fuel Filter

There are three main differences between Group 1 fuels and Group 2 fuels.

Compared with the second group of fuel, the first group of fuel has the following different characteristics

Sex.

Primary fuel filter between fuel tank and engine fuel inlet

Device. After replacing the fuel filter, be sure to charge the fuel system to

Remove air bubbles from the fuel system. See Operation and Maintenance Manual

Maintenance section to learn more about charging the fuel system.

• Low cloud point

Micron level and position of primary fuel filter during cold weather operation

Placement is important. The primary fuel filter and fuel supply pipe are affected by cold fuel.

The most common parts.

• Low pour point

• Lower energy per unit volume of fuel

Note: Group 3 fuel will reduce engine life. Use number 3

Group fuel is not covered by Perkins' warranty.

Group 3 fuel includes low temperature fuel and aviation kerosene.

Special fuels include biofuels.

The cloud point is the temperature at which paraffin crystals begin to form in the fuel. These ones

Crystals can cause the fuel filter to become clogged.

The pour point is the temperature at which the diesel will thicken. Diesel is flowing through the fuel

The resistance at the pipe, fuel filter and fuel pump becomes larger.

Be aware of these factors when buying diesel. Considering engine applications

Ambient temperature. Refueling works well in one climate

Engines that enter different climate zones may not work. cause

The cause of the problem may be a change in temperature.

If engine power is too low or performance is poor during winter,

Check the fuel for wax out before troubleshooting.

At temperatures below 0 ° C (32 ° F), the engine can

Use low temperature fuel. This fuel limits fuel at low temperatures

In the formation of paraffin.

For more information on operating in cold weather conditions, see Operating

Operation and maintenance manual Operations related to fuel in cold weather

component.

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Components related to fuel oil in cold and cold weather

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